A Handbook of Industrial Districts

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Georges Benko and Bernard Pecqueur. 37. Industrial districts in Spain ..... Country and the northeast of Castile and Leon. The third goes from the centre to.

A Handbook

of Industrial Districts

Edited by

Giaeomo Beeattini University of Florence, Italy

Mareo Bellandi University of Florence, Italy

Lisa De Propris University ojBirmingham,

Edward Elgar

UK

~

© Giaeomo Beeattini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propris 2009 All rights reserved. No part of this publieation may be reprodueed, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, eleetronie, meehanieaI or photoeopying, reeording, or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher.

Contents

Published by Edward Elgar Publishing Limited The Lypiatts 15 Lansdown Road Cheltenham Glos GL50 2JA

UK Edward Elgar Publishing, Ine. William Pratt House 9 Dewey Court Northampton

Massachusetts

List of contributors Acknowledgements

xi xiv

Critical nodes and contemporary reflections on industrial districts: An introduction Giacomo Becauini, Marco Bellandi and Lisa De Propris

xv

PARTI

ORIGIN AND THEORIES OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS

01060

USA

1. EARLY INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS Introduction by Alberto Guenri

SECTlON

1. The genesis of a hybrid: Early industrial districts between eraft culture and factory training Caria Marco Belfanti 2. Flexibility and adaptation in the formation of three Italian industrial districts Corine Maitte 3. Apprenticeship and technical schools in the formation of industrial districts Elisabetta Merlo 4. The emergence and development of industrial districts in industrialising England, 1750-1914 Andrew Popp and John F. Wilson 5. Industrial districts and large firms: The stubborn persistence of a 'weak ' productive model Andrea Colli

A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Control Number: 2009930430

ISBN 978 1 847202673

3

(cased)

10

18

32

43

58

Printed and bound by MPG Books Group, UK

2. FROM THE ENGLlSH ROOTS TO Introduction by Tiziano Raffaelli

SECTION

THE hALlAN

REVIVAL

6. Forerunners of Marshall on the industrial districts Peter Groenewegen 7. Industrial districts in Marshall' s economics Brian J. Loasby

v

j

J.;

69

73

78

'

I:l

Contents

VI

Contents

8. External and internal economies NeilHart 9. The Italian revival of industrial districts and the foundations of political econorny Renro Bianchi 10. The Italian revival of industrial districts and the foundations of industrial policy Anna Natali and Margherita Russo 3. A MEETING GROUNO FOR THE Introduction by Carlo Trigilia

SECTION

SOCIAL SCIENCES

11. The Marshallian industrial districts and CUITenttrends in economic theory Marco Dardi 12. The economics of context, location and trade: Another great transformation? Michael Storper 13. Flow-fund model, decomposability of the production process and the structure of an industrial district Piero Tani 14. Clusters and industrial districts: Common roots, different perspectives \ Michael Porter and Christian Ketels PART II

5. KNOWLEDGE, LEARNING ANO Introduction by Luciana Lazzeretti

SECTION

ASPECTS

15. The industrial district as a local evolutionary phenomenon Maurizio Mistri 16. Semi-automatic and deliberate actions in the evolution of industrial districts Gabi Dei Ottati 17. The governance of industrial districts Amaldo Bagnasco 18. The new Argonauts, global search and local institution building AnnaLee Saxenian and Charles Sabel 19. Web of rules in industrial districts' labour markets lean Saglio

CREATIVITY

20. Conceptualizing the dynamics of industrial districts Michael1. Piore 21. Innovation processes and industrial districts Paul L. Robertson, David Jacobson and Richard N. Langlois 22. The creative capacity of culture and the new creative milieu Luciana Lazzeretti 2). Technology cJusters, industrial districts and regional innovation .systerns Philip Cooke 24. Culture as a productive resource, international networks and local development Olivier Crevoisier and Letla Kebir

103

111

123

129

253 .259 269 281

295

307

141

PART III

158

SECTION

323

25. The empirical evidence of industrial districts in Italy Fabio Sforzi 26. The empirical evidence of industrial districts in Spain Rafael Boix 27. The empirical evidence of industrial districts in Great Britain Lisa De Propris 28. Measuring the district effect Guido de Blasio, Massimo Omiccioli and Luigi Federico Signorini 29. Measuring the internationalisation of industrial districts Stefano Menghinello

327

EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATIONS DISTRICTS

ON INDUSTRIAL

6. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE Introduction by Fabio Sforzi

172

THE NATURE OF INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS

4. SOCIO-CULTURAL ANO INSTITUTlONAL Introduction by Paolo Giovannini

SECTlON

90

Vil

187 193

204

7. THE hALlAN EXPERIENCES Introduction by Michael Dunford

216

229 243

.

'1.:)

343 360 381 394

SECTION

411

30. Sectors of excellence in the Italian industrial districts Marco Fortis and Monica Carminati 31. Regional peculiarities in Italian industrial districts Francesco Musotti 32. Medium-sized firms, groups and industrial districts: An Italian perspective Fulvio Coltorti

417 429

441

viii

Contents

Conients

33. Knowledge dynamics in the evolution of Italian industrial districts Fiorenra Belussi 34. Banks' localism and industrial districts Pietro Alessandrini and Alberto Zazzaro 8. THE EXPERIENCES IN OTHER Introduction by Gabi Dei Ottati

SECTION

INOUSTRIALISEO COUNTRIES

35. Industrial districts in Europe Gioacchino Garofoli 36. Industrial districts and the governance of local econornies: The French example Georges Benko and Bernard Pecqueur 37. Industrial districts in Spain Josep-Antoni Ybarra 38. Industrial districts in Scandinavia Bengt Johannisson 39. Industrial districts in Japan Yoshiyuki Okamoto 40. The university research-centric district in the United States Donald Patton and Martin Kenney 9. THE EXPERlENCES IN EMERGING ANO Introduction by Wemer Sengenberger

SEcrION

DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

41. The industrial district model: Relevance for developing countries in the context of globalisation Anne Caroline Posthuma 42. Industrial districts in Latin America: The role of local learning for endogenous development Mario Davide Parrilli and Renato Garcia 43. Trajectories and prospects of industrial districts in China Jici Wang and Lixia Mei 44. The complexity ofupgrading industrial districts: Insights from the diesel engine industry of Ludhiana (India) Meenu Tewari 45. The scope of industrial districts in the Third World Wemer Sengenberger

PART IV

GLOBALISATION

IX

AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS

457 10. GLOBAL CHALLENGES Introduction by Enzo Rullani

SECTION

643 648

512

46. Massachusetts high tech: A 'rnanufactory of species' Michael H. Best 47. Industrial districts, sectoral clusters and global competition in the precious jewellery industry FrankPyke 48. The internationalisation of production activities ofItalian industrial districts Giuseppe Tattara 49. Lessons from industrial districts for historically Fordist regions Josh Whitford

521

SECTION

471

483 488

501

11. PUBLIC POLICIES ANO INDUSTRIAL Introduction by Giovanni Solinas

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGlES

666

682 694

705

535 50. External economies, specific public goods and policies Marco Bellandi 51. National industrial policies and the development of industrial districts: Reflections on the Spanish case Joan Trullén 52. Public policies for industrial districts and clusters Mikel Landabaso and Stuart Rosenfeld 53. The industrial district model in the development strategy of international organizations: The example of UNIDO Giovanna Ceglie and Anna Stancher

549

565

570

585

Bibliography Index

598

613 630

u

712

726 739

754

771 857

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