Application of Buck Boost Converter on Wind Power and Photovoltaic

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Electric Power Systems and Power Electronics ... wind energy and solar energy is a system that is being developed now ... Power electronics converter circuit.

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Research Article

Volume 6 Issue No. 8

Application of Buck Boost Converter on Wind Power and Photovoltaic Suratno Armayasari1 , M. Razali2 , Suwarno 3 Electric Po wer Systems and Power Electronics Institut Teknologi Medan [ITM), Medan, North Su matra, Indonesia Abstract: Radiat ion fro m the sun is a quantity that is generated every hour by the sun and is an important data for the design and determine the efficiency of a photovoltaic plant. An ambient temperature greatly affects the performance of the solar power. Wind speed is a kinetic energy to rotate the rotor shaft of the wind turbine that will be converted into electrical energy. A joint system between wind energy and solar energy is a system that is being developed now known as hybrid systems. Merging the two energies can be done if all this energy source has two output voltages equal, using a buck-boost converter to two energy sources can be synchronized. Applicat ions buck-boost converter on Wind Power (WP) and Photovoltaic (PV) can increase the storage of elect rical energy. The combination of the two plants is one of the solutions in resolving the energy crisis in developed countries. Keywords: buck-boost converter, wind power, photovoltaic. 1. INTRODUCTION The potential of renewab le energy that are classified into different categories, namely the potential technical and economic potential. The technical potential refers to the amount of energy that can be harnessed by using existing technology and depending on the time of measurement. The economic potential refers to the amount of potential energy that is economical with the availab ility of technology (Alam & Manfred, 2010). Abdessamad et al (2013), presents a performance co mparison between analog and digital control in DC-DC buck-boost converter four switches. Power electronics converter circuit design by modeling using a closed loop scheme and simu lation MATLAB / SIMULINK. DC-DC buck converter is operated as a step-down and DC-DC boost converter as Stepup. The simulat ion shows that the model of dig ital controllers provide excellent dynamic response as compared to the analog controller models. Menshsari et al (2013), presents a study of the feasibility of using renewable energy resources in remote reg ions was conducted independently of the electricity distribution network. MATLAB programming software is used to find the optimal co mbination of the proposed power plant. Planning the optimal comb ination is achieved in the presence of wind, solar, micro-hydro turbines, and fuel cell unit v ia software MATLAB and consider a1 = 0.85, a2 = 0.15 as the weight coefficients reflecting the effect of cost parameters and reliability index.

power to meet load demands. Modelling wind power (WP) and Photovoltaic (PV) systems to improve the efficiency and guarantee the reliability of the MPPT control. The results of this modeling simu lations to reduce the uncertainty of data fro m meteorological and coordination of different sources utility. 2. LITERATUR E REVIEW According Harin i et al (2012), model of the hybrid system of wind and photovoltaic (PV) and simulate using MATLA B. The simulat ion results showed that, the voltage and current on the grid has grid power factor one / unity. Shiau and Ma (2013), presents the analysis and simulation of the process of charging Liion battery for solar-powered battery management system and the system operates in buck, buck-boost or boost mode. success battery charging analysis and circuit simulat ion synchronous buck-boost converter is used for the design of management systems and experimental solar power as well as tracking the maximu m power point for the application. Lingareddy et al (2013), presents an additional conductance modeling and simu lation of MPPT algorith m used in the hybrid system PV / WP of the power system interconnection to electric utilit ies. The results that the optimal design of MPPT controller and converter control circuit PV / WP for all radiation and wind speed can increase maximu m power by using independent MPPT algorith m for different systems and connected to the grid.

Go wtham and Royrichard (2014), presents a hybrid design model generation system as a supplier of uninterruptible

Islam et al (2014), presents the elaborative models of hybrid energy systems (HES) and simulations were used to study the behavior of stand-alone solar-wind-diesel HES. The mathematical model of solar energy conversion systems and wind energy use MPPT technique and maximu m voltage settings and modeling results can be developed to analyze the reliability of the hybrid system. Chowdhury and Mannan (2014), presents a performance hybrid power systems between solar power and wind power and simulate using Maximu m Power Point Tracker. The simu lation results showed that the hybrid system has greater reliability for power generation. Both systems will work together to meet the load demand and supply power to the grid. Vimalraj et al (2014), the simulat ion

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Ku mar et al (2014), presents a simulat ion model of integration for renewable sources like wind and solar power that will be synchronized with the network direct ly to the AC or DC loads. The batteries are used as energy storage in parallel with the super capacitor. The proposed control is adaptive curve droop control voltage droop-electric modified to obtain optimal operational results.

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model generation hybrid system between wind, solar and fuel cell and battery storage systems using Matlab / Simulink. The simu lation results show satisfactory performance of the hybrid system microcontroller. Zadey and Dutt (2013), presents a series of mobile charging source PV. The structure of the proposed system circu it adopts PWM buck converter and MPPT co mbined technique is used as a charger for charging mobile phones. 3. METHODOLOGY Methodology The buck-boost converter applications in WP and PV are shown in Figure 3.

4. RES ULTS AND DIS CUSSION The results of measurements the output voltage (Vo) on a buck-boost module konverer for Wind Power (WP) is shown in Figure .2. This data was obtained from laboratory tests by changing a change of input voltage (Vin), then the output voltage of the buck-boost converter is measured. The results of measurements the output voltage (Vo) on a buck-boost module konverer for Photovoltaic (PV) is shown in Figure .3. This data was obtained from laboratory tests by changing the input voltage (Vin), then the output voltage of the buck-boost converter is measured. Buck-boost converter applications of laboratory tests on WP and PV showed that the two voltage source can be stabilized, although the input voltage changes.

Figure 1. Block diagram of the test buck-boost converter on the WP and PV

FIGURE 2. The curve between Vin and Vo buck-boost converter on the module WP

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FIGURE 3. The curve between Vin and Vo buck-boost converter on the PV modules 5. CONCLUS ION Buck-boost converter design results to work in accordance with its function is applied to the WP and PV. In WP, buck boost converter can stabilize the output voltage of 14.35V with a minimu m input voltage of 2.98V, while the buckboost converter in PV can stabilize the output voltage of 14.67V with a min imu m input voltage of 5.38V. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Researchers would like to thank the Director of Research and Commun ity Services are has been given the opportunity to do research, I hope the results of this research provide benefits to development of science. REFRENS I Abdessamad B, Salah-ddine K , Mohamed C E. (2013). Design and Modeling of DC/ DC Boost Converter for Mobile Device Applications. International Journal of Science and Technology Volu me 2 No. 5, May, 2013.

MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES A ND ENGINEERING, VOL. 5, NO. 8, AUGUST 2014. Cultura II A B and Salameh Z M. (2012). Design and Analysis of a 24 Vdc to 48 Vdc Bidirectional DC-DC Converter Specifically for a Distributed Energy Application. Energy and Power Engineering, 2012, 4, 315-323 http://d x.doi.org/ 10.4236/epe.2012.45041 Published Online September 2012 (http://www.SciRP.org/journal/epe). Islam M A, Merabet D, Beguenane R, Ibrahim H. (2014). Power Management Strategy for Solar Stand-alone Hybrid Energy System. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International, Journal of Electrical, Robotics, Electronics and Communicat ions Engineering Vo l:8 No:6, 2014.

Alam , H.M., & Manfred. (2010). Assessment of renewab le energy resources potential for electricity generation in Bangladesh. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 14,2401-2413

Jaiswal S, Chowdhury D, and Chattopadhyay M. (2014). PERFORMA NCE ANA LYSIS OF SENSORED A ND SENSORLESS DRIVE OF BLDC M OTOR USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF DC/DC CONVERTERS IN MATLAB/ SIMULINK PLATFORM . Proceedings of ITR International. Conference, 06th April-2014, Bhubaneswar, ISBN: 978-93-84209-02-5.

Chowdhury M S F and Mannan M A. (2014). Simu lating Solar and Wind Based Hybrid Systems Synchronized and Segmented for Grid Connectivity. INTERNATIONA L JOURNA L OF

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