Biomimetic photonics

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Jan 31, 2019 - The Journal of Optics Special Issue on Biomimetic Photonics discusses a few .... mesoporous network metamaterials ACS Photonics 5 2120–8.

Journal of Optics

EDITORIAL

Biomimetic photonics To cite this article: Svetlana V Boriskina et al 2019 J. Opt. 21 030201

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Journal of Optics J. Opt. 21 (2019) 030201 (4pp)

https://doi.org/10.1088/2040-8986/aaffb0

Editorial

Biomimetic photonics 1

Svetlana V Boriskina , 2 Viktoria Greanya and 3 Kenny Weir 1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, United States of America 2 Morpho Sciences, LLC, VA, United States of America 3 Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom E-mail: [email protected]

(Some figures may appear in colour only in the online journal)

2040-8978/19/030201+04$33.00

The world is filled with nature-designed nanoscale materials for optical communications, sensing, thermoregulation, and camouflaging [1–4]. After studying these natural wonders for centuries, humans have recently started replicating and improving them by using nano-technology [5, 6]. The nature-inspired biomimetic technologies span a wide range of applications, including the structural color and polarization formation via selective light scattering from micro- and nano-structured materials [7–11], efficient light anti-reflectance and absorptance by nanopatterned surfaces [12], passive temperature regulation via radiative cooling through the atmospheric transparency window [13–23], adaptive visual camouflaging [24, 25], jamming-avoiding communication links [3], optical sensing [26–30], and so much more. The Journal of Optics Special Issue on Biomimetic Photonics discusses a few new approaches to converting natural optical solutions into useful nanotechnologies. The paper by Dinneen et al reports on the iterative correction approach to determine the refractive index of aerosols composed of pigments extracted from chromatophores of cephalopods such as the one shown in figure 1(a) [32]. These pigments play an important role in the dermal coloration, and offer potential for applications in scalable easy-to-apply spray-on-coatings. The work done by Chan et al focuses on the development of pitch-black surfaces, which exhibit efficient anti-reflection characteristics over a broad range of frequencies [33]. The anti-reflective structures developed by Chan and colleagues are inspired by the intricate grade-index nano-structure found in the eye of a moth (see figure 1(b)). Mendoza-Galván et al engineered selective Bragg reflection from chiral freestanding films made of nanocrystalline cellulose [34]. Selective Bragg reflection phenomenon can be commonly observed in appearance of some beetles (figure 1(c)), which selectively reflect unpolarized incident light with the same handedness as the chiral structure of the beetle skin, producing bright colors. The researchers imposed the chiral structure into their films through slow evaporation of aqueous cellulose in a nematic chiral liquid crystal phase. Potyrailo and colleagues report on the development and demonstration of multivariable photonic sensors, whose design was inspired by the structure of the Morpho butterfly scales (figure 1(d)) [35]. The researchers used their bio-inspired materials as gas sensors for detection of exemplary noncondensable gases such as H2, CO, and CO2. Finally, a review article by McDougal and colleagues examines and compares a variety of natural and synthetic fabrication strategies that yield nano-engineered materials with emergent functional properties. This comprehensive study paves the way to better understand and harness performance of micro- and nano-scaled materials as well as to develop new processes to fabricate them with cost efficiency and at industrial scales [36]. Certain images in this publication have been obtained by the author(s) from the Wikipedia/Wikimedia website, where they were made available under a Creative Commons licence or stated to be in the public domain. Please see individual figure captions in this publication for details. To the extent that the law allows, IOP Publishing disclaim any liability that any person may suffer as a result 1

© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK

J. Opt. 21 (2019) 030201

Editorial

Figure 1. (a) Longfin inshore squid (Loligo pealeii), one of many types of squid capable of

manipulating their color to vary in color from a deep red to a soft pink. (b) Smerinthus ocellata (Sphingidae) (eyed hawk moth), one of many moth species whose eyes’ nanoscale gradient index structure allows for efficient anti-reflectance with large field of view and bandwidth. (c) Jewel scarab (Chrysina gloriosa) is an example of a beetle specie whose cuticles reflect near circular left-handed polarized light in the visible range. (d) Blue morpho butterfly (Morpho achilles) reflects visible light selectively owing to its resonant scattering of the periodic arrangement of micro-scale lamellae, ribs, and ridges within its wings. Image credits: (a) Reproduced from https://commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/File:Loligo_pealeii.jpg. Image stated to be in the public domain. (b) This Smerinthus ocellata (Sphingidae) (eyed hawk moth) — (imago), Gent, Belgium’ image has been obtained by the author (s) from the Wikimedia website where it was made available by BartBotje under a CC BY 3.0 licence. It is included in this article on that basis. It is attributed to Dimitry De Wilde. (c) Reproduced with permission from [31], © AAAS. (d) This ‘Blue Morpho butterfly at Niagara Parks Butterfly Conservatory, 2010 E’ image has been obtained by the author(s) from the Wikimedia website where it was made available by Rlevse under a CC BY-SA 3.0 licence. It is included within this article on that basis. It is attributed to Rlevse.

of accessing, using or forwarding the image(s). Any reuse rights should be checked and permission should be sought if necessary from Wikipedia/Wikimedia and/or the copyright owner (as appropriate) before using or forwarding the image(s).

ORCID iDs Svetlana V Boriskina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6798-8082 Kenny Weir https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2409-3972

References [1] Vukusic P, Sambles J R, Lawrence C R and Wootton R J 1999 Quantified interference and diffraction in single morpho butterfly scales Proc. R. Soc. B 266 1403–11 [2] Shi N N, Tsai C-C, Camino F, Bernard G D, Yu N and Wehner R 2015 Keeping cool: enhanced optical reflection and radiative heat dissipation in Saharan silver ants Science 349 298–301 2

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[3] Lin R, Ge J, Tran P, Perea L A, Toole R and Fok M P 2018 Biomimetic photonics: jamming avoidance system in eigenmannia Opt. Express 26 13349 [4] Mason C W 1926 Structural colors in insects. III J. Phys. Chem. 31 1856–72 [5] Greanya V 2015 Bioinspired Photonics: Optical Structures and Systems Inspired by Nature (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press) [6] Lipomi D J, Kats M A, Kim P, Kang S H, Aizenberg J, Capasso F and Whitesides G M 2010 Fabrication and replication of arrays of single- or multicomponent nanostructures by replica molding and mechanical sectioning ACS Nano 4 4017–26 [7] Galinski H, Favraud G, Dong H, Gongora J S T, Favaro G, Döbeli M, Spolenak R, Fratalocchi A and Capasso F 2016 Scalable, ultra-resistant structural colors based on network metamaterials Light Sci. Appl. 6 e16233 [8] Boriskina S V, Lee S Y K, Amsden J J, Omenetto F G and Dal Negro L 2010 Formation of colorimetric fingerprints on nano-patterned deterministic aperiodic surfaces Opt. Express 18 14568–76 [9] Ruiz-Clavijo A, Tsurimaki Y, Caballero-Calero O, Ni G, Chen G, Boriskina S V and Martín-González M 2018 Engineering a full gamut of structural colors in all-dielectric mesoporous network metamaterials ACS Photonics 5 2120–8 [10] Zhu X, Vannahme C, Højlund-Nielsen E, Mortensen N A and Kristensen A 2015 Plasmonic colour laser printing Nat. Nanotechnol. 11 325–9 [11] Carter I E, Weir K, McCall M W and Parker A R 2016 Variation in the circularly polarized light reflection of lomaptera (scarabaeidae) beetles J. R. Soc. Interface 13 20160015 [12] Song Y M et al 2013 Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye Nature 497 95–9 [13] Raman A P, Anoma M A, Zhu L, Rephaeli E and Fan S 2014 Passive radiative cooling below ambient air temperature under direct sunlight Nature 515 540–4 [14] Kou J, Jurado Z, Chen Z, Fan S and Minnich A J 2017 Daytime radiative cooling using nearblack infrared emitters ACS Photonics 4 626–30 [15] Gentle A R and Smith G B 2010 Radiative heat pumping from the Earth using surface phonon resonant nanoparticles Nano Lett. 10 373–9 [16] Tong J K, Huang X, Boriskina S V, Loomis J, Xu Y and Chen G 2015 Infrared-transparent visible-opaque fabrics for wearable personal thermal management ACS Photonics 2 769–78 [17] Zhai Y, Ma Y, David S N, Zhao D, Lou R, Tan G, Yang R and Yin X 2017 Scalablemanufactured randomized glass-polymer hybrid metamaterial for daytime radiative cooling Science 355 1062–6 [18] Eriksson T S, Lushiku E M and Granqvist C G 1984 Materials for radiative cooling to low temperature Sol. Energy Mater. 11 149–61 [19] Boriskina S V, Tong J K, Hsu W-C, Liao B, Huang Y, Chiloyan V and Chen G 2016 Heat meets light on the nanoscale Nanophotonics 5 134–60 [20] Boriskina S V, Zandavi H, Song B, Huang Y and Chen G 2017 Heat is the new light Opt. Photonics News 28 26–33 [21] Bermel P, Boriskina S V, Yu Z and Joulain K 2015 Control of radiative processes for energy conversion and harvesting Opt. Express 23 A1533–40 [22] Boriskina S V et al 2016 Roadmap on optical energy conversion J. Opt. 18 073004 [23] Eriksson T S and Granqvist C G 1982 Radiative cooling computed for model atmospheres Appl. Opt. 21 4381–8 [24] Levenson R, DeMartini D G and Morse D E 2017 Molecular mechanism of reflectin’s tunable biophotonic control: opportunities and limitations for new optoelectronics APL Mater. 5 104801 [25] Kumar A, Osgood R M, Dinneen S R, Koker B D, Pang R and Deravi L F 2018 Natural lightscattering nanoparticles enable visible through short-wave infrared color modulation Adv. Opt. Mater. 6 1701369 [26] Potyrailo R A et al 2015 Towards outperforming conventional sensor arrays with fabricated individual photonic vapour sensors inspired by morpho butterflies Nat. Commun. 6 7959 [27] Amsden J J, Perry H, Boriskina S V, Gopinath A, Kaplan D L, Dal Negro L and Omenetto F G 2009 Spectral analysis of induced color change on periodically nanopatterned silk films Opt. Express 17 21271–9 [28] Zhang F et al 2015 Infrared detection based on localized modification of morpho butterfly wings Adv. Mater. 27 1077–82 [29] Zhu Y, Zhang W and Zhang D 2017 Fabrication of sensor materials inspired by butterfly wings Adv. Mater. Technol. 2 1600209 [30] Lee S Y, Amsden J J, Boriskina S V, Gopinath A, Mitropolous A, Kaplan D L, Omenetto F G and Dal Negro L 2010 Spatial and spectral detection of protein monolayers with deterministic aperiodic arrays of metal nanoparticles Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107 12086–90 [31] Sharma V, Crne M, Park J O and Srinivasarao M 2009 Structural origin of circularly polarized iridescence in jeweled beetles Science 325 449–51 [32] Dinneen S R, Deravi L F and Greenslade M E 2018 An iterative correction approach used to retrieve the refractive index of squid pigment aerosols J. Opt. 20 034003

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[33] Chan L, DeCuir E A, Fu R, Morse D E and Gordon M J 2017 Biomimetic nanostructures in ZnS and ZnSe provide broadband anti-reflectivity J. Opt. 19 114007 [34] Mendoza-Galván A, Muñoz-Pineda E, Ribeiro S J L, Santos M V, Järrendahl K and Arwin H 2018 Mueller matrix spectroscopic ellipsometry study of chiral nanocrystalline cellulose films J. Opt. 20 024001 [35] Potyrailo R A, Karker N, Carpenter M A and Minnick A 2018 Multivariable bio-inspired photonic sensors for non-condensable gases J. Opt. 20 024006 [36] McDougal A, Miller B, Singh M and Kolle M 2019 Biological growth and synthetic fabrication of structurally colored materials J. Opt. accepted (https://doi.org/10.1088/ 2040-8986/aaff39)

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