Catalysis Science & Technology

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Aug 25, 2015 - many years, and the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of propane ... VOx/SiO2 catalysts, even a quite long reaction time.6 Similar results.

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Catalysis Science & Technology

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This article can be cited before page numbers have been issued, to do this please use: M. Botavina , Y. Agafonov, N. Gaidai, E. Groppo, V. CORTES CORBERAN, A. Lapidus and G. Martra, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2015, DOI: 10.1039/C5CY00998G.

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Open Access Article. Published on 25 August 2015. Downloaded on 08/09/2015 12:55:48. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.

Journal Name ARTICLE Towards efficient catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane in the presence of CO2: Cr/SiO2 systems prepared by direct hydrothermal synthesis Received 00th January 20xx, Accepted 00th January 20xx DOI: 10.1039/x0xx00000x

M.A.Botavina a, Yu.A.Agafonov b, N.A.Gaidai b, E.Groppo a, V. Cortés Corberánc, A.L.Lapidus band G.Martra a† Cr/SiO2 catalysts (Cr loading in the 0.25-2.0 wt% range) have been prepared by direct hydrothermal synthesis in the presence of templating agents, in order to attain porous systems with high specific surface area (in the 600-1000 m2⋅g-1 range), and then characterized and tested in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane in the presence of CO2 or CO2+O2 as oxidant. The extent and regularity of mesopores decreased significantly by increasing the Cr content (X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption, transmission electron microscopy), but this did not limit the catalytic performances of the catalysts with higher Cr loadings. In all cases the only chromium species found were surface chromates (diffuse reflectance electronic spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy), accompanied by Brønsted acid centres (infra-red spectra of adsorbed NH3). All catalysts appeared stable towards irreversible deactivation, even after ca. 900 min of testing, and yields in propene as high as 40% were attained. The combination of spectroscopic and catalytic results allowed to rationalize, at least in part, the role of different oxidants in defining the chromium oxidation state and a tentative correlation of the oxidation state of Cr species during the reaction (Cr2+/Cr3+) with selectivity in propene is suggested.

1. Introduction Propene (C3H6) is among the foundation feedstock for large volume commodities and specialty chemicals, such as cumene, acrylonitrile, propylene oxide and high-purity polypropylene, and its demand is 1 expected to increase significantly in the near future. At present, its industrial production is based on non-oxidative processing of petroleum-based materials, via steam cracking, fluid-catalytic2 cracking and catalytic dehydrogenation. As far as the catalytic dehydrogenation is concerned, commercial processes use Cr2O3/Al2O3 (18-20 Cr wt%; Catofin press) or Pt(