in (zr8 ec) in the (8th century ac) from that point ... I used to catch the bus to work
but now I go by bike. ..... I've lent my new bike, which Ireally like, to my brother.
estion tags Usequestion tagsin speech andinformal writingto checkinformation or askforagreement. Weusuallyput negative questiontagsafter affirmative sentences andaffirmative tagsafter negative sentences. It's warmto isn't it? Hedoesn'tlikeme,daeshe? lf themainsentence hasan auxiliary verb,e.g.is, con,etc.thisis repeated in thequestion tag. Yaucan'tplaytennisthisevening, canyou? lf themainsentence hasnoauxiliary, thequestion tag is a formof theverbdo. Theywentto AustralialastChristmas, didn't they? In speech, useintonation to showthemeaning of thequestion (we tag.lf thetagis a realquestion wantto knowsomething andarenotsureof the answer), usea risingintonation. lf thetagis not (wealready a realquestion thinkwe knowthe answer), usea fallingintonation. Thequestion tagforI om is aren'tl. l'm ng,aren't l? Afterimperatives we oftenusewon't you?to invite peopleto do things. Havea seot,won'tyou? After/ef's useshallwe? Let'swatrkalangthebeaeh,shallwe7 Afternegativewordslikenever,no, hordly,etc.we usean affirmative question tag. Youneverwantta ga aut to clubs,da yau? Afternothinqwe useif in question tags.
Anycanalsomean'lt doesn'tmatterwhichone'. A: ich bagshatlI bring?B: I don't mind.Anyof themarefine. Nothingmeansnot + anything. There'snothingweconda to changehismind. Someis usedin questions whenwe expectpeopleto answer'Yes'. Wouldyou likesomemorecaffee?
Usecould,moy or might to talk about presentor future possibility. A: Where'sJean?B; l'rn nat surebut shemight be in the go n. A: I think there will be an electionb year. * Youcould be right.
re the end of the
Useconto talk aboutmoregeneralor theoretical possibitity. Thesea conget roughherewith almostno warning. Usemusfto saythat you believesomethingis certai n. Youhaven't had anythingto eat all doy.Youmust be starving. Usecan'f to saythat you betievesomethingis not possible. Theycon't know manypeaple.They'veanly just nlavedhere.
Afternobody,somebody,everybody we usetheyin quesiion tags. Nabadywantsta ga auttonight,da they?
Family/Relationships step-sisterhalf-sisterco[[eagueacquaintance soulmate ctosefriend partner ex-wife to makea goodimpressionto click(withsomeone) to havea lot in common to seeeyeto eye(with someone)beonthesamewavelength
Any andeverycanbothbe usedto talk in general aboutallthemembers of a group.
Adjectives/ Nouns intellectua[/inte[[ect artistic/artjeatous/jeatousy lonely/[oneliness responsibte/responsibility successfu [/successimportant/im portance skilfut/skilt frustrated /frustration
in this street. Theyaredifferentin meaning, however. /ny looks at thingsoneat a time.lt meansthisor thator the other.Everylooksat thingstogether. lt meansall or thisand that ondthe other. Haven'tyauan ing ta da? There'senoughfoadfor eve ne.
Noises ring scream creak bang thud shout bark snore crash Phrasalverbs(relationships) to takeafter(someone)to lookup to (someone) to growup to showoff to bring(someone) up to geton (withsomeone)to go out (withsomeone) to sptitup (withsomeone)to fattout (with someone)to make(i0 up (withsomeone)
Futures overvie Forplansandintentions: Usewillto talkabouta decision madeat thetimeof (including speaking offersandpromises). I shopping afterlunch. I anythingto eat, going Use fo to tatkabouta planor intention(butno detailshavebeendecided). I' low,butl'm notsurewhereyet. Usethe Present Continuous to talkabouta future (whendetails, arrangement e.g.abouttimeand placehavebeendecided). Forpredictions: Usewillto makepredictions basedonwhatyou know/betieve. Weoftenusethink,hope,believe, etc.withwll in thiscase. I thinkBenwillbe thenewSchoolPresident. Usegoingfo to makepredictions basedon whatyou cansee/hear now. Becareful!You' off thatchairif youleon backlikethat!
Future Continuous and
Future Per ct Usethe Future Continuous to talkaboutsomething in progress at a definite timein thefuture. participle Formwill+ be+ present Don'tphonemetonight.I' thefootball. Wecanusethe Future Continuous to askabout plans,especially someone's if youwantsomething or youwantthemto do something. Usethe Future Perfect to talkaboutsomething whichwill becompleted beforea definite timein the future. Formwill + have+ postparticiple Weoftenusethe FuturePerfect withtimephrases with by, e.g.bythot time,by this timenextweek,by tomorrow,by then,by the end of the trip, etc.
In case to Wecanusein caseto talkaboutpastsituations, Whentatking exptainwhysomebody did something. aboutthe past,theverbthatfotlowsin casecanbe PastSimpleor PastPerfect.
Wecanalsousein caseto talkaboutfuture Whentalking situations or to talkaboutprecautions. aboutthe future,theverbthatfollowsin caseis normally in the present. Wecanusethe present, futureor a modalverbin theotherclause. it. Wecanuseiusfin caseto makein casea littlemore emphatic. l'm goingto apologise ogain she'sstill ongrywithme. Wecanuseiusfin coseat theendof a sentence (rather to talkaboutprecautions in general than specific situations). l'll takesomeextramoneywithme
Jobs/Phrasesabout jobs j o u r n a l i s t c i v i le n g i n e e r s o c i a w I orker n u r s e r yn u r s e s u r g e o n a c h a n g eo f c a r e e r a l a b o u ro f l o v e a c a r e e rp a t h t o t a k ea y e a ro u t i o b s a t i s f a c t i o n P e r s o n a l i t yt r a i t s f o r j o b s b e g o o dw i t h f i g u r e s b e a p e o p l ep e r s o n b e a g o o d[ i s t e n e r h a v ea ' c a n d o ' a t t i t u d e w o r kw e [ [i n a t e a m h a v ea n e y ef o r d e t a i I g e t t h e b e s to u t o f o t h e rp e o p l e be good at usingyour own initiative b e a b l et o m e e tt i g h td e a d l i n e s k e e pc a l mu n d e rp r e s s u r e Verb phrasesabout work to do voluntarywork to work part-time t o t a k ee a r l yr e t i r e m e n t t o b e m a d er e d u n d a n t to be sacked to resignfromyour job to be on strike to be on sicl