IS-2014 November 25-28, 2014 Green Technologies for Sustainable ...

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Nov 28, 2014 - Martin, Bandie Harrison, Edwin van der Vossen, Robert Henry and .... Vo-Tong Xuan, Le Van Dinh, Nguyen Van Loc and Phm Hong Duong.

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International Conference : IS-2014 Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries November 25-28, 2014

Editors Yang-Rui Li l G.P. Rao l S. Solomon Li-Tao Yang l Zhong Liu l Wei-Zhong He Yuan Zeng l Qi-Zhan Tang l Shu-Yi Liu Hang Zhou l Rong-Hua Lu

Venue Xiangsihu International Hotel Nanning, P.R. China

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Published by International Association of Professionals in Sugar and Integrated Technologies (IAPSIT) Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 174 East Daxue Road, Nanning, 530007, P.R.China. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] or [email protected], Fax# 00 86 771 2230110, Phone # 00 86 771 3277580. Website : www.iapsit.org

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The global sugar industry is passing through an exciting phase of transformation with sugarcane and other sugar crops emerging as major source of sugar, bio-fuel, green energy, paper and pulp, bio-plastics, bio-polymers and other related products. With sugar production and productivity poised to reach new heights to take advantage of these opportunities, IAPSIT has been instrumental in playing a catalytic role in the holistic development of sugar and integrated industries, especially in the developing countries, through its conferences, publications, exchange programs for research personnel etc. This International Conference IS-2014 on “Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar and Integrated Industries in developing Countries” is another significant step in this direction. Our main focus in this conference, IS-2014 will be the new and emerging technologies which can harness the green power of sugar crops. The IS-2014 in Nanning celebrates a decade of service of IAPSIT to the global sugar industry. Looking back, we are overwhelmed by the immense opportunities this association has brought about through meetings, mentoring and sharing. Our journey of excellence started from this beautiful city of Nanning in 2004 - we travelled to Guilin in 2006, Egypt in 2008, India in 2011 and again gather together at Nanning in 2014, to remember and thank all those who have mattered in this remarkable journey. In these ten years, IAPSIT has grown into a global association. China is the world’s third largest sugar producing country after Brazil and India, with its annual white sugar production touching 11-14 MT in recent years. In addition, a large quantity of pulp, paper, alcohol, yeast, xylitol, chemicals, bio-manure, animal feed, bio-electricity etc. are also produced by the sugar mills. Production of sugarcane juice for consumption is also a small scale industry in China. During the past decade, more than 90 % of the sugar produced was from sugarcane. Guangxi, the dominant sugarcane and sugar producing region in China, has played a significant role in making China the third largest sugar producer in the world. Thus, this is by all means, a befitting venue for commemorating a decade of glorious service of IAPSIT to the sugar industry. We are happy that IAPSIT is celebrating its 10th anniversary with an International Conference IS-2014: Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries at Nanning, China from November 25-28, 2014. We are sure this conference will help in making us aware of the advancements in sugar crops and related industries in developing countries. This International Conference aims to discuss in detail, the challenges facing the sugar industry and the future prospects, taking into account the role of different sugar crops in the sugar industry in developing countries. This collection of articles is a sketch of the research and developmental activities and future prospects in the area of sugar crops, at a global level. A word of thanks to Dr. M. Swapna, Dr. Priyanka Singh and Mr Prasanth Gupta for their efforts in editing and compiling the articles and in bringing this publication to its present form. We hope that this Conference will provide an excellent opportunity for researchers, technologists, extension officers, industrialists, policy makers and other stakeholders to come together and share their views and experiences, for the benefit of the global sugar and allied industries We welcome all the IS-2014 delegates in the green city of Nanning in November 2014. Yang-Rui Li, G.P. Rao, S. Solomon Li-Tao Yang, Zhong Liu, Wei-Zhong He, Yuan Zeng Qi-Zhan Tang, Shu-Yi Liu, Hang Zhou & Rong-Hua Lu

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Contents Plenary Lectures Chinese Sugarcane and Sugar Industry Development in Recent Ten Years ........................................................................... 3 Yang-Rui Li and Li-Tao Yang Use of Bio-fertilizers in Sugarcane Agriculture in Brazil: Impact on Physiological Efficiency and Crop Productivity .... 9 Raffaella Rossetto Climate Change Impact on Sugarcane Production in Developing Countries ....................................................................... 11 Duli Zhao and Yang-Rui Li Toward a Reference Sequence of the Gene-rich Part of the Sugarcane Genome .................................................................. 15 Olivier Garsmeur, Bernard Potier, Karen Aitken, Paul Berkman, Gaetan Droc, Carine Charron, Guillaume Martin, Bandie Harrison, Edwin van der Vossen, Robert Henry and Angélique D’Hont Transgenic Sugarcane: The Global Scenario .............................................................................................................................. 16 Prakash Lakshmanan How Can Sugarcane Improvement Take Advantage of Next Generation Sequencing Technologies? ............................. 18 Anne L. Rae, Paul J. Berkman and Karen S. Aitken Seedpiece Transmissible Diseases in Sugarcane and their Management .............................................................................. 20 Jack C. Comstock Addressing the Nitrogen Problem in Sugarcane Production .................................................................................................. 22 S Schmidt, R Brackin, C Paungfoo-Lonhienne, T Lonhienne, M Westermann, M Salazar, YK Yeoh, P Hugenholtz, MA Ragan, M Redding, C Pratt, WJ Wang, B Granshaw, P Lakshmanan and N Robinson An Insight into the Future of Brazilian Bioethanol Program .................................................................................................. 25 Lee Tseng Sheng Gerald (DBV/CCA/UFSCar/Brazil) Application of Selection Indices in Sugarcane Breeding Programs ........................................................................................ 26 Phillip Jackson, Xianming Wei and Ting Luo Climate variability Trends over the Past Five Decades at Two Sugar Producing Districts in Fiji ..................................... 28 Jai S Gawander , Murari Lal , Pedro Rounds , Jyotika Prasad and Renil Kumar Innovation and Technology Transfer: Key Factors to Improve Production and Sustainability ......................................... 37 Fernando Muñoz and Alvaro Amaya Sugarcane for Water-limited Environments: Challenges and Opportunities ....................................................................... 38 Jaya Basnayake, Phillip Jackson, Sijesh Natarajan, Geoff Inman-Bamber Chris Stokes and Prakash Lakshmanan Agro-technologies and Water Management to Sustain Sugar Cane Productivity in Iran .................................................. 39 Abdolreza Sayad Mansour Determination of Site Specific Fertilizer Requirement of Sugarcane and Potato as Intercrop under Sugarcane Based Cropping System ......................................................................................................................................................... 40 SM Boiktiar , S Islam , MS Islam , MA Haque , A Hasnat and KM Alam Independently Segregating Simple Sequence Repeats (SSR) Alleles in Polyploid Sugarcane ............................................ 46 Yong-Bao Pan Pingwu Liu and Youxiong Que Improving Sugarcane Breeding Programs by Markers ........................................................................................................... 53 Xianming Wei, Phillip Jackson and Emily Deomano Biotechnology Applications in Sugar beet Breeding ................................................................................................................ 55 Piergiorgio Stevanato Development of Smut Resistant Varieties and their Economic Impact on Sugar Production in Australia ...................... 57 R.C. Magarey, S. Bhuiyan, B.J. Croft and M.B. Cox Emerging Sugarcane Diseases in Developing Countries ......................................................................................................... 59 G.P. Rao

Tissue Culture Technology for  Sustainable Cane Production ............................................................................................... 60 Upsorn Pliansinchai The Challenges to Develop the First Commercial Transgenic Sugarcane ............................................................................. 61 Willliam Burniquist, Juliana Maria Felix, Maria Cristina Falco, Cesar Bueno de Souza, Silvio Cristofoletti, Maria Lorena Sereno, Anne-Marie Kuijpers, Erich Stingel, Reinaldo Montrazi Barata, Enrico de Beni Arrigoni, Paulo de Lucca and Alessandro Pellegrineschi Sugar Industry in India and South East Asia : Potential and Prospects ................................................................................ 62 S. Solomon Strategies to Improve Sugar Production in Vietnam ................................................................................................................ 67 Vo-Tong Xuan, Le Van Dinh, Nguyen Van Loc and Phm Hong Duong Rehabilitation of Sugar Sector in Indonesia ............................................................................................................................... 69 Aris Toharisman and Triantarti Restructuring the Sugar Industry of Sri Lanka: Role of Sugarcane R&D .............................................................................. 71 A.P. Keerthipala

Technical Session 1 Sugar Crops Production Technologies and Mechanization Effects of Different Fertilizer Application and Planting Densities on Cane Yield of GT31 ................................................. 77 Fang Tan, Lun-Wang Wang , Yan Jing, Hai-Rong Huang, Ting-Hua Li, Feng-Liang Yu and Hong-Wei Tan Effect of Mung Bean Green Manureing on Soil Fertility and Cane Yield in Sugarcane ...................................................... 81 Wen-Bin Dong, Jin-Lan Xie, Wei-Zan Wang, Xiao-Yan Liu,Qiang Liang, Chang-Ning Li and Yi-Jie Li Change of Polysaccharide Content and its Relation with Nitrogen Level in Sugarcane Leaves under Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria Inoculation and Nitrogen Supply ............................................................................................. 84 Xi-Hui Liu, Hui-Ping Ou, Rong-Zhong Yang, Rong-Hua Zhang, Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li Bio-manured Multi-ratooning Enhances Sugarcane Plant –ratoon System Productivity ................................................... 90 T.K. Srivastava, K.P. Singh, Pushpa Singh and S. Solomon Fractions and Bioavailability of Phosphorus in Acidic Soil of South China Sugarcane Areas ........................................... 94 Jun-Hua Ao, Wen-Ling Zhou, Di-Wen Chen, Ying Huang, Yin-Lin Lu, Zhen-Rui Huang, Qi-Wei Li and Yong Jiang Effects of Plastic-Film Mulching on Yields of cane and Sugar in Sugarcane Grown in Arid Land ................................... 98 Shao-Chun Liu, Yue-Bin Zhang, Jia-Wen Guo, Jing-Mei Dao, Jun Deng, Xin-Xin Gao, and Zhi-CunFang Impact of Hot Water Treatment on the Germination of Sugarcane Bud Chips .................................................................. 101 Pei-Fang Zhao, Nilubon Taweekul, Taksinasansayavichai, Werapon Ponragdee, Amarawan Tippayawat, Kanjana Kirasak and Preecha Kapetch Approaches to Implement Proper Varietal Proportions of Sugarcane in Guangxi ............................................................ 105 Gui-Bo He, Ting-You Pang, Wen-Wu Huang, De-Bin Wei, Ying Xiang, Xuan Li and Fang-Mei Luo Effect of Drip irrigation on Sugarcane and Sugar Yield ......................................................................................................... 108 Yi-ie Li, Wei-Zan Wang, Hong He, Shu-Ning XU, Jin-Lan Xie, Tian Liang, Ya-Wei Luo, Qiu-Zhen Zhu, Qiang Liang and Xiao-Yan Liu Development Status of the Sugarcane Production in Yunnan Province ............................................................................. 113 Jun Deng, Xing-xiang Yin, Xiao-cui Li, Ru-dan Li, Xian Fan, Juan Yan, and Yue-bin Zhang, Yield Performance of Elite Sugarcane Genotypes Grown in Different Locations in Thailand ........................................ 116 P. Klomsa-ard, A. Patanothai, P.Jaisil, U. Pliansinchai AND P. Prammanee Dynamics of Deterioration of Fresh and Stale Cane Juice in Relation to Expression of Invertases and the Growth of Leuconostoc sp ...................................................................................................................................................... 120 Priyanka Singh, S.Solomon, C.P.Prajapati, Sanjay Kumar, Varucha Misra and A.Chandra Carbon Sequestration vis-a-vis Improved Crop Productivity through Crop Residue Recycling in Sugarcane and Rice-wheat Cropping Systems ..................................................................................................................................... 125 S K Shukla, S Solomon, T K Srivastava, Asha Gaur, S K Awasthi, Swaha Shee, Sanjai Kumar and Kedari Singh From Setts to Settlings: A Paradigm Shift in Sugarcane Agriculture ................................................................................... 129 T. Rajula Shanthy and S. Ramanjaneyulu ii

Polysaccharide Evaluation in Three Sugarcane Varieties and Effect of Harvesting Methods on Cane Juice Quality .. 132 R. Muangmontri, M. Sawatchupong and U. Pliansinchai Influence of Seasons on Stalk and Sugar Traits in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) ............................... 134 A.V. Umakanth, J.V. Patil, K. Yadagiri, V.K. Tanmay and V.A.Tonapi Influence of Post-harvest Trash Management Practices on Control of Vine Weeds in Sugarcane .................................. 138 A. Gaungoo and S. Seeruttun Control Efficiency of Mixed MCPA-Na, Ametryn and Diuron WP Against Weeds in Sugarcane Fields ....................... 145 Ke Shen,Ying-Kun Huang,Wen-Feng Li,Zhi-Ming Luo,Jiong Yin,Yong-Lei Mao,Hong Xu and Shao-Cong Yang Yield and Resistance Levels in Improved Indian Sweet Sorghum Genotypes ................................................................... 148 J. V. Patil, A. V. Umakanth, E. Rameshwar and ChBhupal Reddy The Selection Effect of Monogerm Beet under Different Soil Environment ........................................................................ 152 Hua-Zhong Wang, Ze-Dong Wu AND Mao-Qian Wang Changes Induced by Potassium Deficiency and Replacement of Potassium by Sodium in the 2-de Protein Profile Of Sugar Beet Plants ................................................................................................................................................. 155 Gui Geng and Zhi Pi Effect of Nutrient Application on Etiolated Ratoon Sugarcane Clumps in China ............................................................. 162 Gui-Fen Chen, Yu-Yi Huang, Liu-Mei Xiong, Zhong Liu, Yu-Mo Tan, Ying Xing and Qi-Zhan Tang Effect of Organic K Fertilizer (Kash) on Growth, Yield and Juice Quality of Sugarcane In Comparison With Chemical K Fertilizer ............................................................................................................................................................ 166 R.Pushpavalli, T.Arulthasan, K.G.Kandaswamy and M.Prakash Effects of Early Sowing on Root Yield and Sugar Content in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Cultivated by Paper Pot .... 170 Bing-Jin Han, Xiang-Ming Zhu, Ji Yang and Bai-Quan Song Effects of Different Seedling Spindling Control Measures on Yield and Quality of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) from Paper Pot Seedling in Northeast China Black Soil Area ......................................................................................... 173 Xiang-Ming Zhu, Bing-Jin Han, Ji Yang and Bai-Quan Song Impact of Hexazinone on Growth of Different Sugarcane Varieties at Seedling Stage ..................................................... 176 Huan Guan and Dong-qiang Zeng Evaluation of Floating Velocity of Sugarcane Leaf for optimization of chopper harvester .............................................. 179 Cheng-Yu Yuan, Ying-Gang Ou, Qing-Ting Liu and Yu-Da Liang Dynamic Changes of Organic Osmolytes Content in Sugar Beet Leaves  under  Salt Stress ............................................ 183 Ying-ying Fu Development of Diagnostic Expert System in Sugarcane using Object Oriented Knowledge Representation Technique ............................................................................................................................................................................... 186 S. S. Hasan, S. Solomon, A. Baitha, M. R. Singh, A. K. Sah, S. K. Shukla and R. Kumar The Study of Quality and Quantity of Drainage Water for Reusing in Iranian Sugarcane .............................................. 191 M. Nouri Green Techniques of Water Application in Sugarcane for Sub tropical India ................................................................... 194 A.K. Singh, T.K. Srivastava, Akhilesh Kr. Singh, S. N. Singh, D.V. Yadav, M. P. Sharma and P. N. Singh Improving Stubble Buds Sprouting and Productivity of Winter Initiated Ratoon in Subtropical Climatic Conditions of India ............................................................................................................................................................... 196 S.N. Singh and R. S. Chauhan Dynamic Changes of Sugar Beet Leaves Cell Membrane Permeability and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity under NaCl Stress ................................................................................................................................................................. 200 Zhi-Ting Liu and Z.-T. Liu Effect of Different Sugarcane Intercropping Systems on the Diazotrophs and Soil Chemical Properties ...................... 203 Manoj Kumar Solanki, Fei-Yong Wang, Chang-Ning Li, Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li

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Technical Session 2 Sugar Crops Improvement and Protection Technologies Recent Quarantine Measures in the Management of Important Plant Pests in South East Asia ...................................... 209 S.N.Sushil Sequence Characteristics and Phylogenetic Implications of the nrDNA Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) in Protospecies and Landraces of Sugarcane ......................................................................................................................... 210 Cui-Feng Yang, Li-Tao Yang, Yang-Rui Li, Ge-Min Zhang, Chun-Ya Zhang and Wei-Zan Wang Transcriptome Analysis of a Sugarcane Variety with High Sucrose Content ..................................................................... 217 Dong-Liang Huang, Yi-Jing Gao, Yi-Yun Gui, Zhong-Liang Chen, Cui-Xian Qin, Qing Liao, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li, Sugarcane an Ideal Crop for Biological Control ..................................................................................................................... 225 Harikesh Bahadur Singh Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Sugar Yield and its Contributing Traits of Promising Sugarcane Clones .......... 226 E.A.M. Amer ; H.A. Khalil ; K.I.M. Ibrahim and H.A. El-Rashidy Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Morpho-Agronomic Characteristics of Sugarcane (GT54-9) .......................................... 233 M.I. Nasr and A.M.H. Esh Sugarcane Crop Improvement Using Distant Relatives such as Sclerostachya .................................................................. 239 M. Krishnamurthi, Shini Sekhar and K. Shanmughasundaram Exploring Post-harvest Sucrose Loss in Sugarcane due to Exogenous and Endogenous Invertases vis A vis Molecular Aspects of its Management .................................................................................................................................................. 243 Amaresh Chandra, K. Roopendra, A. Sharma, P. Singh, C. P. Prajapati, R. Jain and S. Solomon Induction of Top Shoot Borer Tolerance in Sugarcane through Introgression of Genes from Saccharum complex ....... 248 A. D. Pathak, M. R. Singh, Sangeeta Srivastava, R. K. Rai, Rajesh Kumar and S. Solomon Cloning and Expression Analysis of Sucrose Synthase gene (SofSuSy4) from Sugarcane ................................................ 249 Zhong-Liang Chen, Yi-Yun Gui, Cui-Xian Qin, Miao Wang, Yang-Rui Li, and Dong-Liang Huang Understanding Regulatory Role of Small RNAs in the Adaptive Response of Sugarcane Challenged with Abiotic Stress ......................................................................................................................................................................... 255 Sangeeta Srivastava and A.D. Pathak The 16S rRNA Gene Sequence analysis and Growth Characteristics of Two Nitrogen Fixing Endophytic Bacterial Strains Isolated from Sugarcane Stalks .............................................................................................................................. 256 Yong-Xiu Xing, Chun-Yan Wei, Yao Mo, Li-Tao Yang, Si-Liang Huang and Yang-Rui Li Cloning and Sequence Analysis of nifH Gene of Klebsiella variicola DX120E Isolated from Sugarcane ........................... 262 Kun-Kun Zhang, Jun-Qi Niu, Chun-Yan Wei, Yong-Xiu Xing, Li-Tao Yang, Yang-Rui Li and Chun-Jin Hu, Exploration of Intraspecific Cytomorphological Diversity in S. spontaneum from Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal, India .......................................................................................................................................................... 268 V.P Sobhakumari, C. Jayabose and V.A. Amalraj Cloning and Functional Analysis of Thylakoidal Ascorbate Peroxidase (TAPX) Gene in Sugarcane ............................. 273 Sheng Wang, Kun-Kun Zhang, Xing Huang, Yan-Jiao Fan, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li Functional Analysis of Sugarcane A20/AN1 Zinc-finger Protein gene ShSAP1 in Transgenic Tobacco ........................ 283 Xiao-Jun Li, Yuan-Li Wu, Ben-Peng Yang, Jun-Gang Wang, Shu-Zhen Zhang and Mu-Qing Zhang A Core Collection Constructed for Sugarcane Hybrids by Using SSR Markers ................................................................. 293 Xin-Long Liu, Li Ma, Xiong-Mei Ying, Huo-Sheng, Su·Jun Mao AND Yuan-Hong Fan Promotion and Introduction of Early-mature and High Sugar Content, Sugarcane Varieties in Yunnan ..................... 298 Cai-Wen Wu, Jia-Yong Liu, Xue-Kuan Chen,Jun Zhao,Pei-Fang Zhao, Hong-Ming Xia, Hong-Chang Yang, Kun Yang, Feng-Gang Zan, Li Yao, Wei Qin, Zhuan-Di Wu,Li-Ping Zhao,Chun-Jia Li,Li-Ping Qi and Jian-Yong Zhu Sequence Analysis of 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer Regions of Sugarcane white leaf phytoplasma from Different Countries ................................................................................................................................................................................ 301 Xiao-Yan Wang, Wen-Feng Li, Ying-Kun Huang, Rong-Yue Zhang, Hong-Li Shan, Zhi-Ming Luo, Jiong Yin and Ke Shen

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Putative Candidate Genes Associated with Resistance to Different Races of Colletotrichum falcatum in Sugarcane ..... 305 R.K. Singh, N. Banerjee, R. Lal, S. Kumar, J.D. Patel, H. Guo, D. Zhang and A.H. Paterson Effects of Ratoon Stunting Disease on Vascular Structure, Endogenous Hormone Levels and Plant Growth in Sugarcane ............................................................................................................................................................................... 307 Li-Tao Yang, Ming-Hui Chen, Yang-Rui Li, Bao-Shan Chen and Jack C. Comstock Promoting Biocontrol-based Management of Sugarcane Borers by Factory-level R&D Networking: Status and Scope in India ........................................................................................................................................................................ 314 S.Sithanantham, C.Thamaraichelvi, S.Solomon and Arun Baitha Efficacy of Soil Bacteria in Controlling Sugarcane Smut Disease Fungi .............................................................................. 321 A.N.W.S. Thushari, A.L.I Piyathunga and G Chandrasena Green and Sustainable Management of Sugarcane Borers in China .................................................................................... 326 Han-Liang Xu, Ming-Jiang Lin, Ji-Hu Li, Yu-Wei Hu, Zhi-Wu Huang and Chu-Xiong Guan Occurrence and Damage of Pink Sugarcane Mealybug, Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Guangxi, China ................................................................................................................................... 330 Zhen-Qiang Qin,Wei-Hua Huang,Jin-Ju Wei,Amin Nikpay and Zhan-Yun Deng Trapping of Chilo infuscatellas (Snellen) by Sex Pheromones ................................................................................................ 334 Yang Lang, Huang Li-Fei, Liang Xue-Qiang, Jiang Jian-Jun, Chen Hong-Song, and Du Xiao-Li Isolation, Characterization and Promoter Analysis of Cell Wall Invertase Gene SoCIN1 from Sugarcane .................... 337 Jun-Qi Niu,Ai-Qin Wang,Jing-Li Huang,Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li Cell Structure, Polyclonal Antiserum Preparation and Whole Genome Re-sequencing of Leifsonia xyli Subsp. xyli, The Causal Bacterium of Ratoon Stunting Disease ........................................................................................................... 347 Xiao-Qiu Zhang, Xiao-Na Xie, Yong-Jian Liang, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li Analysis of Regional Trial for Sugarcane Varieties in 2012-2013 in Guangxi ..................................................................... 354 X. Li, Q.-Y. Huang, L.-W. Wang, Q. Liang, S.-Y. Tang, H.-R. Huang, W.-Z. Wang, J.-Y. Huang, H. Guan, H.-J. Pang, Zhi-Yong Luo and L.-P. Luo A Preliminary Survey of Asian Subterranean Termite on Sugarcane in Three Sectors of Lautoka, Fiji, Certainly A Threat Pest for the Fiji Sugar Industry .......................................................................................................... 358 J. A. Ram,S.N.Prakash, N.A.Chand and V.Soko Visacane, the CIRAD Quarantine Tool for the Exchange of Pest and Disease-free Sugarcane Germplasm ................... 363 I. Guinet-Brial, J.-C. Girard, P. Roumagnac, J.-H. Daugrois, E.Fernandez and P.Rott Response of Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to Callus Induction and Salt Stresses ....................................................... 364 Heikal, A. Hadia, M. A. Ghonema, O. M. Badawy and M. A. Seehy Improving Biomass in Sugarcane: Dual-purpose Clones from Commercial Matings ....................................................... 373 M Swapna, D.K. Pandey and Sangeeta Srivastava Genotype × Environment Interactions in Sugarcane Regional Trial in Yunnan ................................................................ 375 Xue-Kuan Chen, Jia-Yong Liu, Pei-Fang Zhao, Jun Zhao and Feng-Gang Zan Evaluation of Yunrui Series Sugarcane Families Based on the Method of Grey Closeness degree ................................. 378 Rong-Bin Lang, Xin Bian, Lia-Nan Tao, Ru-Dong An, Li-Hua Dong, Li-He Yang and Yan-Fen Jing Karyotype of BC1 Progenies Derived from Saccharum × Erianthus rockii ............................................................................ 382 Xiu-Qin Lin, Xin-Long Liu, Xin Lu, Jun Mao, Hong-Bo Liu, Li Ma, Chao-Hua Xu and Qing Cai Hybrids Identification and Character Representation of the Progeny from Saccharum spontaneum × Chewing Cane ....................................................................................................................................................................... 385 Lian-An Tao, Jian-Rong Zhu, Li-Hua Dong, Ru-Dong An, Xin Bian and Yan-Feng Jing Breeding Potential of Saccharum spontaneum L. Collected from Several Ecological Types in Yunnan ............................ 388 Jian-Rong Zhu, Lia-Nan Tao, Li-Hua Dong, Qing-Ming Zhou, Ru-Dong An, Li-He Yang, Hui-Fen Duan, Hong-Bo Liu and Yan-Fen Jing Establishment of Highly Efficient Genetic Transformation System of Sugarcane Callus Mediated by Agrobacterium ....................................................................................................................................................................... 392 Dong-Liang Huang, Cui-Xian Qin, Zhong-Liang Chen, Yi-Yun Gui, Miao Wang, Jian-Hui Zhou, Qing Liao, Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li

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Molecular Detection of Diseases in Sugarcane Varieties Introduced in Guangxi from other Countries ........................ 399 Jin-Ju Wei, Zhan-Yun Deng,Wei-Hua Huang, Zhen-Qiang Qin, Yang-Rui Li, Hong He, Hong-Qin Tang, Qiang Li, Wang-Zan Wang and Q. Li Characterization of Induced Sugarcane Somaclones and their Sources Varieties using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) ................................................................................................................................................. 402 Kuasha Mahmud, K M Nasiruddin, M A Hossain and L Hassan Genetic Variation and Relationships among Sugarcane Genotypes based on TRAP Markers of Sucrose Metabolism Gene Family and Juice Quality Traits ........................................................................................................... 406 M.I. Nasr, Hamdy M. El-Aref, A.A. Hemeida, S. M. Abouel-Khier Alaa and A. W. Fawaz An IPM Module for the Management of Major Insect Pests of Sugarcane in Indian Subtropics ..................................... 414 H. B. Singh Performance of the Newly Introduced Sugarcane Varieties ................................................................................................. 415 Xiao-Yan Liu, Wei-Zan Wang, Qiang Liang, Chang-Ning Li, Jin-Lan Xie, Yi-Jie Li, Wen-Bin Dong and Qiu-Zhen Zhu Performance of a Newly Released Sugarcane Variety GT38 with High Yield and High Sugar Content ........................ 419 Lun-Wang Wang, Xiang Li, Tao-Ju Lan, Shi-Yun Tang, Hai-Rong Huang, Yu-Chi Deng, Hong-Wei Tan, Song Luo and Yu-Ping Luo Assessment and Identification of Diseases on Sugar cane Accessions in the Germplasm of National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi, Nigeria .................................................................................................................................. 423 A.C. Wada, M.S.Bassey, I.Onyemobi and B.O. Ehirim Detection of 16Sr-I & 16Sr-XI Group Phytoplasmas Associated with Sugarcane Grassy Shoot Disease in India .......... 426 Shailender Kumar, Ajay K Tiwari, Vikas Jadon and G. P. Rao Trichoderma sp.: Current Status and implication for its Use in Sugarcane Disease Management and Enhancing Cane Productivity ................................................................................................................................................................. 430 Ram Ji Lal, Deeksha Joshi and A. K. Singh Whip Smut (Sporisorium scitaminem Syd.) Affected Ratoon Ability of Sugar Cane at Badeggi, Nigeria ......................... 433 A.C. Wada Proteomic Analysis of Water Stress Responsive Protein in TERF1 Overexpress Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Leaves ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 437 M. Anisur Rahman, Wei Wu and Yanchun Yan Yield, Quality and Susceptibility of Some Egyptian New Candidate Sugarcane Varieties to Insect Pests ..................... 447 Abd El-Razek, A. M., R. S. Besheit and K. S. El-Sogheir Biological Control of Colletotrichum falcatum - the Red rot Fungus of Sugarcane with Trichoderma asperellum .............. 454 David B.Olufolaji, Martins .A. Ajayi, Toyosi C. Ariyo and Marylin Rowland Transmission of Sugarcane Mosaic and Yellow Leaf Virus through Sugarcane Hybrid Seeds ........................................ 457 Feng-Jing Zhou, Xian-Kun Shang, Cheng-Hua Huang, Zheng-Wen Li, Qiong Zhou, Wei-Hua Huang, Jing-Chao Lei, Wei-Xing Duan, Xiang Li and Shan-Hai Lin The Effects of Intercropping Cowpea, Ground nut, Gingili and Sweet Melon on Termite Damage on Sugarcane in Sri Lanka ......................................................................................................................................................... 461 V.K.A.S.M.Wanasinghe, K.M.G. Chanchala, W.R.G .Witharama and N.C.Kumarasinghe Light traps: An Effective Method for Controlling the Sugarcane Giant Borer Phragmataecia castaneae Hubner In Vietnam .............................................................................................................................................................................. 464 Cao Anh Duong Natural Sweetener “Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni” and Differential Gene Expression ............................................................. 468 Nasr, M. I, M.A. Seehy, M. A. Ghonema and H. M. El-Sharnoby Managing Termites in Sugarcane by Entomopathogenic Fungi .......................................................................................... 474 V. K. Bhasin

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Technical Session 3 Sugar Crops Processing &Diversification Strategies: Sugar-energy Matrix in Developing Countries Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Commercialization and Challenges in India and Philippines ................. 477 P. Srinivasa Rao, Heraldo Layaoen, Rex B. Demafelis and Tony Arkangel Impact of Sugarcane and Sugar Industry on Socio-economic Status of Farmers in India ................................................. 479 Rajendra Kumar Progress and Problems in China Sugar Industrialization ...................................................................................................... 486 Yue-bin Zhang and Pei-fang Zhao The Current Situation of the Circular Economy Development of Guangxi Sugar Industry and its Challenges ............ 489 Gui-bo He Survey of Sugarcane Production in Guangxi in 2014 ............................................................................................................. 492 Xiang Li, Huan Guan, Qu-yan Huang, Yang-rui Li, Wei-zan Wang, Yu-chi Deng, Rong-hua Zhang, Qiang Liang, Wei-hua Huang, Cui-fang Yang, Hai-rong Huang, Guo-ying Lu, Shi-jian Han, You-zhong Huang and Li-ping Luo Research and Development Priorities for Sugar Industry of China: Recent Research Highlights  .................................. 496 Yang-Rui Li and Li-Tao Yang Sustainable Development Strategy of Guangxi Sugar Industry ........................................................................................... 500 Gui-bo He Sugar Beet Production and Sugar Industry in China ............................................................................................................. 503 Gui Geng and Ji Yang Effect of Sugarcane Crushing Period to Molasses Quality .................................................................................................... 511 R. Nootas, M. Sawatchupong and U. Pliansinchai Nigerian Sugar Cane Agriculture: Roadmap for Increasing sugar production .................................................................. 514 L.T. Ogunremi, A.C. Wada and A. Gbabo Status of Sugar Industry in Egypt ............................................................................................................................................. 521 Ayman Mohamed and Abd El-Razek Sustainability in Sugarcane Production: Opportunity and Restrictions(In Khuzestan, South West of Iran) ................ 524 Hassan Hamdi Kinetics of Carboxylated Bagasse Hemicellulose Adsorption to Cu2+ ....................................................................................................................................... 528 Meng-Ling Weng, Li-Jun Wang, Wei-Zan Wang, Lin Xu and Wei-Zhong He Thermodynamics of Adsorption to Pb2+ by Carboxylated Bagasse Hemicellulose ........................................................... 531 Li-Jun Wang, Meng-Ling Weng, Qiao-Ping Kong, Hong-Xiang Zhu and Shuang-Fei Wang Is Sugarcane Research, Extension and Farmer Training a Profitable Exercise ................................................................... 535 M. Krishnamurthi Development and Testing of Sugar Cane Bagasse Briquette Production Machine ............................................................ 539 Agidi Gbabo, S.A Alake and N.A Efomah Out Grower Model of Cane Development Transforming Farmers’ and Sugar Mill Economy: An Indian Experience ........................................................................................................................................................... 548 A. K. Sah and S. Solomon Mechanization of Sugarcane Cultivation in Developing Countries: IISR Efforts ............................................................... 554 A.K. Singh and S. Solomon Author Index ............................................................................................................................................................................... 560

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Sponsored by International Association of Professionals in Sugar and Integrated Technologies (IAPSIT) Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences (GXAAS) Sugarcane Research Center of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) Chinese Sugarcane Industry Association for Technological Innovation (CSIATI) Guangxi Sugar Association Guangxi Sugarcane Society Society for Sugar Research & Promotion Sugar Technologists Association of India

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SOCIETY FOR SUGAR RESEARCH AND PROMOTION (SSRP) (Registered Under Societies Registration Act 1860)

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To constitute a forum at international level for bringing together activities of individuals and organisations involved in sugar crops and related industry activities; To develop international research/development linkages and disseminate up-to-date technologies in the field of sugar production/by-product utilization/effluent treatment/alcohol production and environmental management through rapid information system; To promote and undertake Research and Development and Extension Services in the field of sugar crops and value added products; To explore new areas related to cane production technologies, cane developmental activity and logistic management; To propagate utilization of non-conventional and renewable sources of energy and development of improved systems and devices in sugar industry for sugar processing including fermentation and effluent plant technologies; To offer recognition and awards to professional groups and individuals for attainment of excellence in the field of sugar crops and related industries; To interact with government agencies, scientific organisations and NGOs to promote and protect interests of sugar crop growers and producers; To organise symposia, seminars and workshops and bring out publications to meet the objectives of the society. Sugar Tech is the official journal of SSRP. Fifty issues in sixteen volumes of Sugar Tech have already been published in last seven years. We have been receiving research articles from all over the world. Concerned libraries from all over the World have been subscribing Sugar Tech journal. Sugar Tech has come to be a leading international journal with its unique quality and standard. We have been covering current references on sugarcane, sugarbeet, industry and technology along with addresses of corresponding authors, so that interested person could contact them as per their own interest. Sugar Tech is being indexed in CAB International, UK; INSDOC, India and Elsevier Biobase, Netherlands and Chemical Abstracts, USA. The Society requests all the scientists/industrialists/technologists engaged in sugarcane, sugarbeet and related industries to contribute their research findings to Sugar Tech and also to become members of the society with their active participation so that the aims and objectives of the Society could be fulfilled in their true perspectives.

Executive Council President Vice-President Secretary Joint Secretary Treasurer Registered Office Corporate Office Lucknow Office

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Dr. S. Solomon, Lucknow, India : e-mail : [email protected] Dr. Yang-Rui Li, Nanning, P.R. China : e-mail : [email protected] Dr. G.P. Rao, New Delhi, India : e-mail : [email protected] Dr. Priyanka Singh, Lucknow, India : e-mail : [email protected] Mr. Ashok Dutta, Delhi, India : e-mail : [email protected] A-155, Weever’s Colony, Ashok Vihar, Phase IV, New Delhi - 110052, India B-707, MOD Apartment, Vasundhara Enclave, New Delhi 110096, India C-2/278, Sector F, Jankipuram, Lucknow 226 021, India; Phone : + 91-522-2365679

For membership and other activities of SSRP please write to Dr. G.P. Rao, Secretary, Society for Sugar Research & Promotion Div Plant Pathology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa Campus New Delhi 110012, India Phone: 91-9839293383\Cell: 91-9711763384 E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

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International Conference : IS-2014 Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries November 25-28, 2014

Souvenir de Presentation IS-2014

Compiled by Yang-Rui Li G.P. Rao S. Solomon Li-Tao Yang Zhong Liu Wei-Zhong He Yuan Zeng Qi-Zhan Tang Shu-Yi Liu Hang Zhou Rong-Hua Lu

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Published by International Association of Professionals in Sugar and Integrated Technologies (IAPSIT) Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 174 East Daxue Road, Nanning, 530007, P.R.China. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] or [email protected], Fax# 00 86 771 2230110, Phone # 00 86 771 3277580. Website : www.iapsit.org

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November 25-28, 2014 Organized by IAPSIT Venue : Xiangsihu International Hotel, Nanning, P.R. China International Advisory Committee Chairman Dr. Y.-R. Li, P.R. China Conference Secretary Dr. S. Solomon,India Joint Secretary Mr. Q.-Z. Tang, China Members: Mr. J.S. Gawander, Fiji Dr. K. F. Ng Kee Kwong, Mauritius Prof. M.I.Nasr, Egypt Dr. T. S. G. Lee, Brazil Mr. K.Nagendran, India Dr. Ariel Domingo Arencibia Rodríguez, Cuba Dr. G.P. Rao , India Dr. Ms. P.Upsorn, Thailand Dr. G.S.C.Rao, India Dr. Y.-B. Pan, USA Dr. Jack C. Comstock, USA Dr. Louis Jean Cloude Autrey, ISSCT Dr. P. Weerathaworn, Thailand Dr. R. C. Magarey, Australia Dr. Raffaella Rossetto, Brazil Prof. Li-Tao Yang (Treasurer) China Mr. Leon M. Arceo, Philippines Dr. Piergiorgio Stevanato, Italy Mr.Sayad Mansour, Iran Dr. Nguyen Duc Quang, Vietnam Prof. Hong He , China Prof. Hong-Wei Tan, China Prof. Yuan-Hong Fan, China Prof. Wei-Dong Sun, China Prof. Qi-Wei Li , China

Message Sugarcane and integrated industries have special socioeconomic importance in the developing countries due to their diversified multi-utility products of mass consumption and potential to generate employment in the developing countries. Recently, sugar industry is playing a complementary role in automobile and energy sectors which will tremendously reduce our dependence on fossil fuel. These socio-economic and environmental benefits have led to renewed interest and investment in sugar sector, especially in developing countries of Southeast Asia and Africa. The future growth and profitability of existing and new sugar complexes will depend on sugar crops productivity, sustainability, marketing and diversification on long term basis. In this regard, the agro-industrial processes, development of high-value products through bio-energy approach, green chemistry, production of bio-ethanol & bio-electricity etc. need to be optimized. This diversification is bound to have an impact on the socio-economic scenario of the sugar producing countries, the majority of which are the developing nations. The IAPSIT is concerned about the current status of global sugar industry, especially developing nations where production, productivity and sugar recovery per se is below economic threshold level. The cost of sugarcane production has registered a meteoric rise in recent years, exceeding US$ 50 per ton in some countries. Our association has been in the fore-front in facilitating linkages and networking among the various stakeholders, researchers and policy makers to improve economic health of sugar crops farmers and industry through introduction of new innovations and technologies in the industry. This International Conference on “Green Technologies for Sustainable Improvement of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries” is an ideal platform to discuss in detail, the challenges facing the sugar industry and the future prospects, for sustainable improvement of sugar and integrated industries in the developing countries. This compendium of research articles and technologies is a brief account of the on-going research and developmental activities in the sugar industry and how some of these could be implemented to augment sugar and energy production in a sustainable manner. I congratulate all the well wishers of IAPSIT on completion of our 10 years in service to global sugar industry. I hope that this Conference will provide an excellent networking opportunity for researchers, technologists, extension officers, industrialists, policy makers etc., for meaningful deliberations, through sharing of their views and experiences, thereby benefitting the sugar and integrated industries.

Prof. Gui Geng, China Prof. Yue-Bin Zhang, China Prof. Shu-Zhen Zhang, China

Yang-Rui Li President IAPSIT

International Conference Office (IS-2014) Academic Exchange Center of GXAAS No. 174, East Daxue Road, Nanning, Guangxi, 530007, China

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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SUGARCANE RESEARCH Rae Bareli Road, Post Dilkusha Lucknow-226 002, India

Message Sugar crops especially sugarcane, has tremendous significance not only as source of sugar and sweeteners, but also as source of sustainable energy and other value added products. This, and their impact on the socio-economic and environmental scenario of the sugar producing countries have led to an enhanced global interest in these crops. With an increasing demand for sugar and other sweeteners, coupled with emphasis on sugarcane/sugar crops based energy programs, there is immense scope for improvement in the production, management, marketing and relatedareasforthesecrops,necessitatingamanifoldimprovement in their productivity. Innovative green technologies which can aid in productive, profitable and sustainable growth are the need of the hour. The agro-industrial processes, development of high-value products through bio-energy approach, green chemistry, production of bioethanol/bio-electricity etc. need to be optimized. This diversification is bound to have an impact on the socioeconomicscenarioof thesugarproducingcountries,themajoritywhicharethedevelopingnations. In its efforts towards building a strong and sustainable sugar industry at the global level, IAPSIT has been playing a catalytic role in providing scientific and technological assistance to the industry, thereby striving for its holistic improvement. The Association has been in the fore-front in facilitating linkages and networking among the various stakeholders. The 5th International Conference is being organized by IAPSIT to celebrate its ten years of gloriousservicetotheglobalsugarindustry. This International Conference on “Green Technologies for Sustainable Improvement of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries” is an ideal platform to discuss in detail, the challenges facing thesugarindustryandthefutureprospects,forsustainableimprovementof sugarandintegratedindustries. This compendiumisasketchof theon-goingresearchanddevelopmentalactivitiesandwayforwardinthisdirection. I am sure that this Conference will provide an excellent networking opportunity for researchers, technologists, extension officers, industrialists, policy makers etc., for meaningful deliberations, through sharingof theirviewsandexperiences,therebybenefittingthesugarandintegratedindustries.

Lucknow

(S.Solomon)

08-11-2014

Telephones : +91-522-2480726 (Off.) +91-522-2365679 (Res.) EPBAX : +91-522-2480735, 36, 37 Telefax : +91-522-2480738 E-mail : [email protected], [email protected]

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Preface Ever since its inception in 2004, IAPSIT is committed to sustainable development of sugar and integrated industries in developing countries through introduction and dissemination of Green Technologies with the help of conferences, meetings, workshops, journal publication, newsletters and exchange of professionals. The organization of IS-2014 Conference on Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar and Integrated Industries in developing Countries is one such positive step in this direction. Sugarcane is endowed with Green Energy which is made available to common people in the form of bio-fuels, bio-electricity, bio-plastics, bio-compost, sugars as well as its invigorating impact on soil and climate. In IS-2014 conference, new and emerging technologies to harness the green power of sugar crops will be our main focus. The IS-2014 in Nanning marks the completion of a decade of IAPSIT in its service to global sugar industry. Looking back, we are amazed by the unexpected blessings and opportunities this association has brought to us through meetings, mentoring and sharing. Our journey of excellence started from this beautiful city of Nanning in 2004, we travelled to Guilin in 2006, Egypt in 2008, India in 2011 and now gather together at Nanning again for thanksgiving. In these ten years, IAPSIT has become a global association. China is the world's third largest sugar producing country after Brazil and India. The annual production of white sugar in China during recent year has touched 11-14 MT. In addition a large quantity of pulp, paper, alcohol, yeast, xylitol, chemicals, bio-manure, animal feed, bioelectricity are also produced by the sugar mills. Production of drinking sugarcane juice is also a small scale industry in China. During the past decade, more than 90 % of the sugar production was contributed by sugarcane. Sugarcane is a major crop in southern China, especially in Guangxi, Yunnan and western Guangdong. Guangxi is the dominant sugarcane and sugar producer region in China. It is the contribution of Guangxi which makes China the third biggest sugar producer in the world. We are happy that IAPSIT has been celebrating its 10th anniversary with an international conference IS-2014: Green Technologies for Sustainable Growth of Sugar & Integrated Industries in Developing Countries at Nanning, China from November 25-28, 2014. We are sure this conference will help in understanding the overall development in sugar crops and related industries in developing countries. This International Conference aims to discuss in detail, the challenges facing the sugar industry and the future prospects, taking into account the role of different sugar crops in the sugar industry in developing countries. This collection of articles is a sketch of the research and developmental activities and future prospects pertaining to various sugar crops at a global level. We hope that this Conference will provide an excellent networking opportunity for researchers, technologists, extension officers, industrialists, policy makers etc., for meaningful deliberations through sharing of views and experiences, thereby benefitting the sugar and integrated industries. We welcome all the IS-2014 delegates in the green city of Nanning in November 2014. Yang-Rui Li, G.P. Rao, S. Solomon Li-Tao Yang, Zhong Liu, Wei-Zhong He, Yuan Zeng Qi-Zhan Tang, Shu-Yi Liu, Hang Zhou & Rong-Hua Lu

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Contents Plenary Lectures Chinese Sugarcane and Sugar Industry Development in Recent 10 Years ................. 3 Yang-Rui Li and Li-Tao Yang Use of Bio-fertilizers in Sugarcane Agriculture in Brazil: Impact on Physiological Efficiency and Crop Productivity ....................................................................... 11 Raffaella Rossetto Climate Change Impact on Sugarcane Production in Developing Countries .......... 14 Duli Zhao and Yang-Rui Li Toward a Reference Sequence of the Gene-rich Part of the Sugarcane Genome ..... 19 Olivier Garsmeur, Bernard Potier, Karen Aitken, Paul Berkman, Gaetan Droc, Carine Charron, Guillaume Martin, Bandie Harrison, Edwin van der Vossen, Robert Henry and Angélique D’Hont Transgenic Sugarcane: The Global Scenario ........................................................... 20 Prakash Lakshmanan How Can Sugarcane Improvement Take Advantage of Next Generation Sequencing Technologies? .................................................................................. 22 Anne L. Rae, Paul J. Berkman and Karen S. Aitken Seedpiece Transmissible Diseases in Sugarcane and their Management ................... 24 Jack C. Comstock Addressing the Nitrogen Problem in Sugarcane Production ................................... 28 S Schmidt, R Brackin, C Paungfoo-Lonhienne, T Lonhienne, M Westermann, M Salazar, YK Yeoh, P Hugenholtz, MA Ragan, M Redding, C Pratt, WJ Wang, B Granshaw, P Lakshmanan and N Robinson An Insight into the Future of Brazilian Bioethanol Program ................................. 32 Lee Tseng Sheng Gerald (DBV/CCA/UFSCar/Brazil) Application of Selection Indices in Sugarcane Breeding Programs ......................... 33 Phillip Jackson, Xianming Wei and Ting Luo

Technical Session 1 T1-Plenary Lectures Climate Variability Trends over the Past Five Decades at Two Sugar Producing Districts in Fiji ................................................................................................... 37 Jai S Gawander, Murari Lal, Pedro Rounds, Jyotika Prasad and Renil Kumar Innovation and Technology Transfer: Key Factors to Improve Production and Sustainability ..................................................................................................... 50 Fernando Muñoz and Alvaro Amaya Sugarcane for Water-limited Environments: Challenges and Opportunities ............ 51 Jaya Basnayake, PhilipJackson, Sijesh Natarajan, Geoff Inman-Bamber Chris Stokes, Prakash Lakshmanan Agro-technologies and Water Management to Sustain Sugar Cane Productivity in Iran ................................................................................................................ 53 Abdolreza Sayad Mansour

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Determination of Site Specific Fertilizer Requirement of Sugarcane and Potato as Intercrop under Sugarcane Based Cropping System ........................................... 54 SM Boiktiar, S Islam, MS Islam, MA Haque, A Hasnat and KM Alam

T1 - Oral Effects of Different Fertilizer Application and Planting Densities on Cane Yield of GT31 ............................................................................................................. 55 Fang Tan, Lun-Wang Wang , Yan Jing, Hai-Rong Huang, Ting-Hua Li, Feng-Liang Yu and Hong-Wei Tan Effect of Mung Bean Green Manuring on Soil Fertility and Cane Yield in Sugarcane .......................................................................................................... 55 Wen-Bin Dong, Jin-Lan Xie, Wei-Zan Wang, Xiao-Yan Liu,Qiang Liang, Chang-Ning Li and Yi-Jie Li Change of Polysaccharide Content and its Relation with Nitrogen Level in Sugarcane Leaves under Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria Inoculation and Nitrogen Supply ................................................................................................................ 56 Xi-Hui Liu, Hui-Ping Ou, Rong-Zhong Yang, Rong-Hua Zhang, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li, Bio-manured Multi-ratooning Enhances Sugarcane Plant –ratoon System Productivity ........................................................................................... 56 T.K. Srivastava, K.P. Singh, Pushpa Singh and S. Solomon Fractions and Bioavailability of Phosphorus in Acidic Soil of South China Sugarcane Areas ................................................................................................ 57 Jun-Hua Ao, Wen-Ling Zhou, Di-Wen Chen, Ying Huang, Yin-Lin Lu, Zhen-Rui Huang, Qi-Wei Li and Yong Jiang Effects of Plastic-Film Mulching on Yields of cane and Sugar in Sugarcane Grown in Arid Land ......................................................................................... 58 Shao-Chun Liu, Yue-Bin Zhang, Jia-Wen Guo, Jing-Mei Dao, Jun Deng, Xin-Xin Gao, and Zhi-CunFang Impact of Hot Water Treatment on the Germination of Sugarcane Bud Chips ....... 58 Pei-Fang Zhao, Nilubon Taweekul, Taksinasansayavichai, Werapon Ponragdee, Amarawan Tippayawat, Kanjana Kirasak and Preecha Kapetch Approaches to Implement Proper Varietal Proportions of Sugarcane in Guangxi .. 59 Gui-Bo He, Ting-You Pang, Wen-Wu Huang, De-Bin Wei, Ying Xiang, Xuan Li and Fang-Mei Luo Effect of Drip Irrigation on Sugarcane and Sugar Yield ......................................... 59 Yi-ie Li, Wei-Zan Wang, Hong He, Shu-Ning XU, Jin-Lan Xie, Tian Liang, Ya-Wei Luo, Qiu-Zhen Zhu, Qiang Liang and Xiao-Yan Liu Development Status of the Sugarcane Production in Yunnan Province ................. 60 Jun Deng, Xing-xiang Yin, Xiao-cui Li, Ru-dan Li, Xian Fan, Juan Yan, and Yue-bin Zhang, Yield Performance of Elite Sugarcane Genotypes Grown in Different Locations in Thailand ............................................................................................................ 60 P. Klomsa-ard A. Patanothai, P. Jaisil U. Pliansinchai and P. Prammanee Dynamics of Deterioration of Fresh and Stale Cane Juice in Relation to Expression of Invertases and the Growth of Leuconostoc sp ................................................... 61 Priyanka Singh, S. Solomon, C.P. Prajapati, Sanjay Kumar, Varucha Misra and A. Chandra

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Carbon Sequestration vis-a-vis Improved Crop Productivity through Crop Residue Recycling in Sugarcane and Rice-Wheat Cropping Systems ................. 61 S K Shukla, S Solomon, T K Srivastava, Asha Gaur, S K Awasthi, Swaha Shee, Sanjai Kumar and Kedari Singh From Setts to Settlings: A Paradigm Shift in Sugarcane Agriculture ...................... 62 T. Rajula Shanthy and S. Ramanjaneyulu Polysaccharide Evaluation in Three Sugarcane Varieties and Effect of Harvesting Methods on Cane Juice Quality ........................................................................ 63 R. Muangmontri, M. Sawatchupong and U. Pliansinchai Influence of Seasons on Stalk and Sugar Traits in Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) ............................................................................ 63 A.V. Umakanth, J.V. Patil, K. Yadagiri, V.K. Tanmay and V.A. Tonapi Influence of Post-harvest Trash Management Practices on Control of Vine Weeds in Sugarcane ........................................................................................... 64 A. Gaungoo and S. Seeruttun Control Efficiency of Mixed MCPA-Na, Ametryn and Diuron WP Against Weeds in Sugarcane Fields ................................................................................ 65 Ke Shen,Ying-Kun Huang,Wen-Feng Li,Zhi-Ming Luo,Jiong Yin,Yong-Lei Mao,Hong Xu and Shao-Cong Yang Yield and Resistance Levels in Improved Indian Sweet Sorghum Genotypes ......... 65 J. V. Patil, A. V. Umakanth, E. Rameshwar and Ch Bhupal Reddy The Selection Effect of Monogerm Beet under Different Soil Environment ............ 66 Hua-Zhong Wang, Ze-Dong Wu and Mao-Qian Wang

T1 - Poster Changes Induced by Potassium Deficiency and Replacement of Potassium by Sodium in the 2-DE Protein Profile of Sugar beet Plants ............. 67 Gui Geng and Zhi Pi Effect of Nutrient Application on Etiolated Ratoon Sugarcane Clumps in China ... 67 Gui-Fen Chen, Yu-Yi Huang, Liu-Mei Xiong, Zhong Liu, Yu-Mo Tan, Ying Xing and Qi-Zhan Tang Effect of Organic K Fertilizer (Kash) on Growth, Yield and Juice Quality of Sugarcane in Comparison With Chemical K Fertilizer. ..................................... 68 R. Pushpavalli, T. Arulthasan, K.G. Kandaswamy and M. Prakash Effects of Early sowing on Root Yield and Sugar Content in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under Paper Pot Cultivation ........................................................................ 68 Bing-Jin Han, Xiang-Ming Zhu, Ji Yang and Bai-Quan Song Effects of Different Seedling Spindling Control Measures on Yield and Quality of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) from Paper Pot Seedling in Northeast China Black Soil Area ....................................................................................... 69 Xiang-Ming Zhu, Bing-Jin Han, Ji Yang and Bai-Quan Song Impact of Hexazinone on Growth of Different Sugarcane Varieties at Seedling Stage .................................................................................................... 69 Huan Guan and Dong-Qiang Zeng Evaluation of Floating Velocity of Sugarcane Leaf for Optimization of Chopper Harvester ............................................................................................................ 70 Cheng-Yu Yuan,Ying-Gang Ou,Qing-Ting Liu and Yu-Da Liang Dynamic Changes of Organic Osmolytes Content in Sugar Beet Leaves  under  Salt Stress ........................................................................................................... 70 Ying-Ying Fu

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Development of Diagnostic Expert System in Sugarcane using Object Oriented Knowledge Representation Technique ............................................................... 71 S. S. Hasan, S. Solomon, A. Baitha, M. R. Singh, A. K. Sah, S. K. Shukla and R. Kumar The Study of Quality and Quantity of Drainage Water for Reusing in Iranian Sugarcane .......................................................................................................... 71 M. Nouri Green Techniques of Water Application in Sugarcane for Sub tropical India ......... 72 A.K. Singh, T.K. Srivastava, Akhilesh Kr. Singh, S. N. Singh, D.V. Yadav, M. P. Sharma and P. N. Singh Improving Stubble Buds Sprouting and Productivity of Winter Initiated Ratoon in Subtropical Climatic Conditions of India .......................................................... 74 S.N. Singh and R. S. Chauhan Dynamic Changes of Sugar Beet Leaves Cell Membrane Permeability and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity under NaCl Stress ............................................... 75 Zhi-Ting Liu

Technical Session 2 T2-Plenary Lectures Independently Segregating Simple Sequence Repeats (SSR)Alleles in Polyploid Sugarcane .......................................................................................................... 79 Yong-Bao Pan, Pingwu Liu, and Youxiong Que, Improving Sugarcane Breeding Programs by Markers ............................................ 88 Xianming Wei, Phillip Jackson and Emily Deomano Biotechnology Applications in Sugar beet Breeding ................................................ 90 Piergiorgio Stevanato Development of Smut Resistant Varieties and their Economic Impact on Sugar Production in Australia ..................................................................................... 92 R.C. Magarey, S. Bhuiyan, B.J. Croft and M.B. Cox Emerging Sugarcane Diseases in Developing Countries .......................................... 94 G.P. Rao Tissue Culture Technology for  Sustainable Cane Production ................................ 95 Upsorn Pliansinchai The Challenges to Develop the First Commercial Transgenic Sugarcane ................ 97 Willliam Burniquist, Juliana Maria Felix, Maria Cristina Falco, Cesar Bueno de Souza, Silvio Cristofoletti, Maria Lorena Sereno, Anne-Marie Kuijpers, Erich Stingel, Reinaldo Montrazi Barata, Enrico de Beni Arrigoni, Paulo de Lucca and Alessandro Pellegrineschi

T2 - Oral Recent Quarantine Measures in the Management of Important Plant Pests in South East Asia ............................................................................................. 98 S.N. Sushil Sequence Characteristics and Phylogenetic Implications of the nrDNA Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) in Protospecies and Landraces of Sugarcane ............. 99 Cui-Feng Yang, Li-Tao Yang, Yang-Rui Li, Ge-Min Zhang, Chun-Ya Zhang and Wei-Zan Wang

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Transcriptome Analysis of a Sugarcane Variety with High Sucrose Content .......... 100 Dong-Liang Huang, Yi-Jing Gao, Yi-Yun Gui, Zhong-Liang Chen, Cui-Xian Qin, Qing Liao, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li, Sugarcane an Ideal Crop for Biological Control .................................................... 100 Harikesh Bahadur Singh Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Sugar Yield and its Contributing Traits of Promising Sugarcane Clones ............................................................................101 E.A.M. Amer, H.A. Khalil, K.I.M. Ibrahim and H.A. El-Rashidy Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Morpho-Agronomic Characteristics of Sugarcane (GT54-9) .........................................................................................102 M.I. Nasr and A.M.H. Esh Sugarcane Crop Improvement Using Distant Relatives such as Sclerostachya ......... 102 M. Krishnamurthi, Shini Sekhar and K. Shanmughasundaram Exploring Post-harvest Sucrose Loss in Sugarcane Due to Exogenous and Endogenous Invertases vis a vis Molecular Aspects of its Management .............. 103 Amaresh Chandra, K. Roopendra, A. Sharma, P. Singh, C. P. Prajapati, R. Jain and S. Solomon Induction of Top Shoot Borer Tolerance in Sugarcane through Introgression of Genes from Saccharum Complex ....................................................................... 103 A. D. Pathak, M. R. Singh, Sangeeta Srivastava, R. K. Rai, Rajesh Kumar and S. Solomon Cloning and Expression Analysis of Sucrose Synthase Gene (SofSuSy4) from Sugarcane .........................................................................................................104 Zhong-Liang Chen, Yi-Yun Gui, Cui-Xian Qin, Miao Wang, Yang-Rui Li, and DongLiang Huang Understanding Regulatory Role of Small RNAs in the Adaptive Response of Sugarcane Challenged with Abiotic Stress ........................................................ 105 Sangeeta Srivastava and A.D. Pathak The 16S rRNA Gene Sequence analysis and Growth Characteristics of Two Nitrogen Fixing Endophytic Bacterial Strains Isolated from Sugarcane Stalks .. 106 Yong-Xiu Xing, Chun-Yan Wei, Yao Mo, Li-Tao Yang, Si-Liang Huang and Yang-Rui Li, Cloning and Sequence Analysis of nifH Gene of Klebsiella variicola DX120E Isolated from Sugarcane ..................................................................... 107 Kun-Kun Zhang, Jun-Qi Niu, Chun-Yan Wei, Yong-Xiu Xing, Li-Tao Yang, Yang-Rui Li and Chun-Jin Hu, Exploration of Intraspecific Cytomorphological Diversity in S. spontaneum from Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal, India ......................... 107 V.P Sobhakumari, C. Jayabose and V.A. Amalraj Cloning and Functional Analysis of Thylakoidal Ascorbate Peroxidase (TAPX) Gene in Sugarcane ..............................................................................108 Sheng Wang, Kun-Kun Zhang, Xing Huang, Yan-Jiao Fan, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li Functional Analysis of Sugarcane A20/AN1 Zinc-finger Protein Gene ShSAP1 in Transgenic Tobacco ......................................................................... 109 Xiao-Jun Li, Yuan-Li Wu, Ben-Peng Yang, Jun-Gang Wang, Shu-Zhen Zhang and MuQing Zhang

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A Core Collection Constructed for Sugarcane Hybrids by Using SSR Markers ..... 109 Xin-Long Liu, Li Ma, Xiong-Mei Ying, Huo-Sheng Su, Jun Mao and Yuan-Hong Fan Promotion and Introduction of Early-maturing and High Sugar Content, Sugarcane Varieties in Yunnan ......................................................................... 110 Cai-Wen Wu, Jia-Yong Liu, Xue-Kuan Chen,Jun Zhao,Pei-Fang Zhao, Hong-Ming Xia, Hong-Chang Yang, Kun Yang, Feng-Gang Zan, Li Yao, Wei Qin, Zhuan-Di Wu,LiPing Zhao,Chun-Jia Li,Li-Ping Qi and Jian-Yong Zhu Sequence Analysis of 16S-23S Intergenic Spacer Regions of Sugarcane White Leaf Phytoplasma from Different Countries ........................................... 111 Xiao-Yan Wang, Wen-Feng Li, Ying-Kun Huang, Rong-Yue Zhang, Hong-Li Shan, Zhi-Ming Luo, Jiong Yin and Ke Shen Putative Candidate Genes Associated with Resistance to Different Races of Colletotrichum falcatum in Sugarcane .................................................................. 111 R.K. Singh, N. Banerjee, R. Lal, S. Kumar, J.D. Patel, H. Guo, D. Zhang and A.H. Paterson Effects of Ratoon Stunting Disease on Vascular Structure, Endogenous Hormone Levels and Plant Growth in Sugarcane ............................................ 112 Li-Tao Yang, Ming-Hui Chen, Yang-Rui Li, Bao-Shan Chen and Jack C. Comstock Promoting Biocontrol-based Management of Sugarcane Borers by Factory-level R&D Networking: Status and Scope in India ................................................... 113 S. Sithanantham, C. Thamaraichelvi, S. Solomon and Arun Baitha Efficacy of Soil Bacteria in Controlling Sugarcane Smut Disease Fungi Ustilago scitaminea .............................................................................................................. 114 A.N.W.S. Thushari, A.L.I Piyathunga and G Chandrasena Green and Sustainable Management of Sugarcane Borers in China ...................... 114 Han-Liang Xu, Ming-Jiang Lin, Ji-Hu Li, Yu-Wei Hu, Zhi-Wu Huang and Chu-Xiong Guan Occurrence and Damage of Pink Sugarcane Mealybug, Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Guangxi, China ........................... 115 Zhen-Qiang Qin,Wei-Hua Huang, Jin-Ju Wei, Amin Nikpay and Zhan-Yun Deng Trapping of Chilo infuscatellas (Snellen) by Sex Pheromones .................................. 116 Yang Lang, Huang Li-Fei, Liang Xue-Qiang, Jiang Jian-Jun, Chen Hong-Song, and Du Xiao-Li Isolation, Characterization and Promoter Analysis of Cell Wall Invertase Gene SoCIN1 from Sugarcane ....................................................................................116 Jun-Qi Niu,Ai-Qin Wang,Jing-Li Huang,Li-Tao Yang and Yang-Rui Li Cell Structure, Polyclonal Antiserum Preparation and Whole Genome Resequencing of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli, the Causal Bacterium of Ratoon Stunting Disease ...............................................................................................117 Xiao-Qiu Zhang, Xiao-Na Xie, Yong-Jian Liang, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li Analysis of Regional Trial for Sugarcane Varieties in 2012-2013 in Guangxi ........ 118 X. Li, Q.-Y. Huang, L.-W. Wang, Q. Liang, S.-Y. Tang, H.-R. Huang, W.-Z. Wang, J.-Y. Huang, H. Guan, H.-J. Pang, Zhi-Yong Luo and L.-P. Luo A Preliminary Survey of Asian Subterranean Termite on Sugarcane in Three Sectors of Lautoka, Fiji, Certainly a Threat Pest for the Fiji Sugar Industry ..... 118 J. A. Ram,S.N.Prakash, N.A.Chand, and V.Soko

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T2 - Poster Improving Biomass in Sugarcane: Dual-purpose clones from commercial matings .............................................................................................................120 M Swapna, D.K. Pandey and Sangeeta Srivastava Genotype × Environment Interactions in Sugarcane Regional Trial in Yunnan .... 120 Xue-Kuan Chen, Jia-Yong Liu, Pei-Fang Zhao, Jun Zhao and Feng-Gang Zan Evaluation of Yunrui Series Sugarcane Families Based on the Method of Grey Closeness Degree ...............................................................................................121 Rong-Bin Lang, Xin Bian, Lia-Nan Tao, Ru-Dong An, Li-Hua Dong, Li-He Yang and Yan-Fen Jing Karyotype of BC1 Progenies Derived from Saccharum × Erianthus rockii ................ 121 Xiu-Qin Lin, Xin-Long Liu, Xin Lu, Jun Mao, Hong-Bo Liu, Li Ma, Chao-Hua Xu and Qing Cai Hybrids Identification and Character Representation of the Progeny from Saccharum spontaneum × Chewing Cane ............................................................ 122 Lian-An Tao, Jian-Rong Zhu, Li-Hua Dong, Ru-Dong An, Xin Bian and Yan-Feng Jing Breeding Potential of Saccharum spontaneum L. Collected from Several Ecological Types in Yunnan .............................................................................122 Jian-Rong Zhu, Lia-Nan Tao, Li-Hua Dong, Qing-Ming Zhou, Ru-Dong An, Li-He Yang, Hui-Fen Duan, Hong-Bo Liu and Yan-Fen Jing Establishment of Highly Efficient Genetic Transformation System of Sugarcane Callus Mediated by Agrobacterium ....................................................................... 123 Dong-Liang Huang, Cui-Xian Qin, Zhong-Liang Chen, Yi-Yun Gui, Miao Wang, Jian-Hui Zhou, Qing Liao, Li-Tao Yang, and Yang-Rui Li, Molecular Detection of Diseases in Sugarcane varieties introduced in Guangxi from other countries ...........................................................................123 Jin-Ju Wei, Zhan-Yun Deng,Wei-Hua Huang Zhen-Qiang Qin Yang-Rui Li Hong He Hong-Qin Tang Qiang Li Wang-Zan Wang and Q. Li Characterization of Induced Sugarcane Somaclones and their Sources Varieties using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) ....................... 124 Kuasha Mahmud, K M Nasiruddin, M A Hossain and L Hassan Genetic variation and relationships among sugarcane genotypes based on TRAP markers of sucrose metabolism gene family and juice quality traits ................... 124 M.I. Nasr, Hamdy M. El-Aref, A.A. Hemeida, S. M. Abouel-Khier Alaa and A. W. Fawaz An IPM Module for the Management of Major Insect Pests of Sugarcane in Indian Subtropics .........................................................................................125 H. B. Singh Performance of the Newly Introduced Sugarcane Varieties .................................... 126 Xiao-Yan Liu, Wei-Zan Wang, Qiang Liang, Chang-Ning Li, Jin-Lan Xie, Yi-Jie Li, Wen-Bin Dong and Qiu-Zhen Zhu Performance of a Newly Released Sugarcane Variety GT38 with High Yield and High Sugar Content ......................................................................... 126 Lun-Wang Wang, Xiang Li, Tao-Ju Lan, Shi-Yun Tang, Hai-Rong Huang, Yu-Chi Deng, Hong-Wei Tan, Song Luo and Yu-Ping Luo Assessment and Identification of Diseases on Sugar cane Accessions in the Germplasm of National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi, Nigeria ............... 127 A.C. Wada, M.S. Bassey, I. Onyemobi and B.O. Ehirim

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Detection of 16Sr-I & 16Sr-XI Group of Phytoplasmas Associated with Sugarcane Grassy Shoot Disease in India ..........................................................................127 Shailender Kumar, Ajay K Tiwari, Vikas Jadon and G. P. Rao Trichoderma sp.: Current Status and implication for its Use in Sugarcane Disease Management and Enhancing Cane Productivity .............................................. 128 Ram Ji Lal, Deeksha Joshi and A. K. Singh Whip Smut (Sporisorium scitamineum,Syd.) Affected Ratoonability of Sugar Cane at Badeggi, Nigeria ........................................................................ 128 A.C. Wada Proteomic Analysis of Water Stress Responsive Protein in TERF1 Overexpress Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) Leaves ......................................................... 129 M. Anisur Rahman, Wei Wu and Yanchun Yan Yield, Quality and Susceptibility of Some Egyptian New Candidate Sugarcane Varieties to Insect Pests ......................................................................................130 A. M. Abd El-Razek, R. S. Besheit and K. S. El-Sogheir Biological Control of Colletotrichum falcatum - The Red Rot Fungus of Sugarcane with Trichoderma asperellum ................................................................ 130 David B.olufolaji, Martins . A. Ajayi, Toyosi C. Ariyo and Marylin Rowland Transmission of Sugarcane Mosaic and Yellow Leaf Virus through Sugarcane Hybrid Seeds .....................................................................................................131 Feng-Jing Zhou, Xian-Kun Shang, Cheng-Hua Huang, Zheng-Wen Li, Qiong Zhou, Wei-Hua Huang, Jing-Chao Lei, Wei-Xing Duan, Xiang Li and Shan-Hai Lin The Effects of Intercropping Cowpea, Ground nut, Gingili and Sweet Melon onTermite Damage on Sugarcane in Sri Lanka ................................................ 132 V.K.A.S.M.Wanasinghe, K.M.G. Chanchala, W.R.G .Witharama and N.C.Kumarasinghe Light Traps: An Effective Method for Controlling the Sugarcane Giant Borer Phragmataecia Castaneae Hubner in Vietnam ..................................................... 132 Cao Anh Duong Natural Sweetener “Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni” and Differential Gene Expression ... 133 M. I. Nasr, M.A. Seehy, M. A. Ghonema and H. M. El-Sharnoby Managing Termites in Sugarcane by Entomopathogenic Fungi ............................. 133 V. K. Bhasin

Technical Session 3 T3-Plenary Lectures Sugar Industry in India and South East Asia : Potential and Prospects ................. 137 S. Solomon Strategies to Improve Sugar Production in Vietnam .............................................. 144 Vo-Tong Xuan, Le Van Dinh, Nguyen Van Loc and Phm Hong Duong Rehabilitation of Sugar Sector in Indonesia .......................................................... 146 Aris Toharisman and Triantarti Restructuring the Sugar Industry of Sri Lanka: Role of Sugarcane R&D .............. 148 A.P. Keerthipala Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Commercialization and Challenges in India and Philippines .................................................................. 152 P Srinivasa Rao, Heraldo Layaoen, Rex B. Demafelis and Tony Arkangel

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T3 - Oral Impact of Sugarcane and Sugar Industry on Socio-economic Status of Farmers in India .................................................................................................................153 Rajendra Kumar Progress and Problems in China Sugar Industrialization ...................................... 155 Yue-bin Zhang and Pei-fang Zhao The Current Situation of the Circular Economy Development of Guangxi Sugar Industry and its Challenges ...............................................................................155 Gui-bo He Survey of Sugarcane Production in Guangxi in 2014 ............................................ 156 Xiang Li, Huan Guan, Qu-yan Huang, Yang-rui Li, Wei-zan Wang, Yu-chi Deng, Ronghua Zhang, Qiang Liang, Wei-hua Huang, Cui-fang Yang, Hai-rong Huang, Guo-ying Lu, Shi-jian Han, You-zhong Huang and Li-ping Luo Research and Development Priorities for Sugar Industry of China: Recent Research Highlights  .........................................................................................156 Yang-Rui Li and Li-Tao Yang Sustainable Development Strategy of Guangxi Sugar Industry .............................. 157 Gui-bo He Sugar Beet Production and Sugar Industry in China ............................................. 157 Gui. Geng and Ji Yang Effect of Sugarcane Crushing Period to Molasses Quality ..................................... 158 R. Nootas, M. Sawatchupong and U. Pliansinchai Nigerian Sugar cane Agriculture: Roadmap for Increasing Sugar Production ....... 158 L.T. Ogunremi, A.C. Wada and A. Gbabo Status of Sugar Industry in Egypt ..........................................................................159 Ayman Mohamed Abd El-Razek Sustainability in Sugarcane Production: Opportunity and restrictions (In Khuzestan, South west of Iran) .................................................................. 159 Hassan Hamdi Kinetics of Carboxylated Bagasse Hemicellulose Adsorption to Cu 2+ ................................... 160 Meng-Ling Weng, Li-Jun Wang, Wei-Zan Wang, Lin Xu and Wei-Zhong He Thermodynamics of adsorption to Pb2+ by Carboxylated Bagasse Hemicellulose .. 160 Li-Jun Wang, Meng-Ling Weng, Qiao-Ping Kong, Hong-Xiang Zhu and Shuang-Fei Wang Is Sugarcane Research, Extension and Farmer Training a Profitable Exercise ........ 160 M.Krishnamurthi Development and Testing of Sugar cane Bagasse Briquette Production Machine .. 161 Agidi Gbabo, S.A Alake and N.A Efomah Out Grower Model of Cane Development Transforming Farmers’ and Sugar Mill Economy: An Indian Experience ...................................................................... 161 A. K. Sah and S. Solomon

T3 - Poster Mechanization of Sugarcane Cultivation in Developing Countries: IISR Efforts .. 162 A.K. Singh and S. Solomon Author Index .........................................................................................................164

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Session Chairman & Co-Chairmen for IS 2104 Conférence Plenary Session Chairman 

: Dr. Jai S Gawander, Fiji

Session Coordinator 

: Dr. Priyanka Singh, India

Session  1 : Sugar Crops Production Technologies and Mécanisation Chairman

: Dr. Yang-Rui Li, China

Co-Chairmen

: Dr. Raffaella Rossetto, Brazil : Dr. Prakash Lakshmanan, Australia

Session Co-ordinators & Rapporteurs

: Dr. T.K.Srivastava, India : Dr. Sudhir Shukla, India

Session  2 :  Sugar Crops Improvement and Protection Technologies Chairman

: Dr. Isabelle Guinet-Brial, France

Co-Chairmen

: Dr. Robert Magarey, Australia : Dr. Yong-Bao Pan, USA

Session Co-ordinators & Rapporteurs

: Dr.  Amaresh Chandra, India : Prof. Li-Tao Yang, China

Session 3 : Sugar Crops Processing, Value Addition and  Sugar-energy Matrix in Developing Countries Chairman

: Dr. T.S.G. Lee, Brazil

Co-Chairmen

: Prof. Vo Tong Xuan, Vietnam : Dr. Hassan Hamdi, Iran

Session Co-ordinators & Rapporteurs

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: Dr. S.M. Bokhtiar, Bangladesh : Dr. T. Rajula Shanthy, India