1. JARINGAN KOMPUTER. (COMPUTER NETWORKING). Windhu Purnomo.
FKM Unair. 2012. Definition. ○ Computer networking is the scientific and.
JARINGAN KOMPUTER (COMPUTER NETWORKING) Windhu Purnomo FKM Unair 2012
Definition Computer networking is the scientific and engineering discipline concerned with communication between computer systems. Such networks involve at least two computers separated by a few inches (e.g. via Bluetooth) or thousands of miles (e.g. via the Internet). Computer networking is sometimes considered a sub-discipline of telecommunications.
Sejarah September, 1940 George Stibitz: teletype machine send instructions for a problem set from his Model K at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire to his Complex Number Calculator in New York 1962, J.C.R. Licklider: a working group "Intergalactic Network", a precursor ARPANet 1964, researchers at Dartmouth: a time sharing system for distributed users of large computer systems 1964, MIT, a research group supported by General Electric and Bell Labs used a computer (DEC's PDP-8) to route and manage telephone connections
Sejarah 1968 Paul Baran: a network system consisting of datagrams or packets switching network between computer systems 1969 the University of California at Los Angeles, SRI (in Stanford), University of California at Santa Barbara, and the University of Utah were connected as the beginning of the ARPANet network using 50 kbit/s circuits. Networks, and the technologies needed to connect and communicate through and between them, continue to drive computer hardware, software, and peripherals industrie This expansion is mirrored by growth in the numbers and types of users of networks from researchers and businesses to families and individuals in everyday use.
Manfaat jaringan komputer Berbagi sumber daya Reliabilitas tinggi (ada sumber-sumber alternatif persediaan) Efisiensi (hemat)
Categorizing Local area network (LAN) HomePNA Power line communication (HomePlug)
Metropolitan area network (MAN) Wide area network (WAN) Personal area network (PAN)
Jaringan tanpa kabel
Client-server Peer-to-peer (Workgroup)
Peer to peer network
Bus network Star network Ring network Mesh network Star-bus network
ARCNET AppleTalk ATM Bluetooth DECnet Ethernet FDDI Frame relay HIPPI IEEE 1394 IEEE 802.11 IEEE-488
IP IPX Myrinet QsNet RS-232 SPX System Network Architecture Token Ring TCP
TCP Tuning USB
Wired transmission Public switched telephone network Modems and dial-up
Dedicated lines – leased lines Time-division multiplexing Packet switching Frame relay PDH Ethernet RS-232 Optical fiber Synchronous optical networking Fiber distributed data interface
Wireless transmission Short range Bluetooth
Medium range IEEE 802.11
Long range Satellite MMDS SMDS Mobile phone data transmission (channel access methods) CDMA CDPD GSM TDMA
Paging networks DataTAC Mobitex Motient
Ethernet Router Network Diagram
Ethernet Hub / Switch Network Diagram
Wireless Router Network Diagram
Hybrid Ethernet Router / Wireless Access Point Network Diagram
Direct Connection Network Diagram
Ad Hoc Wireless Network Diagram
Phoneline Home Network Diagram
Definition The term Internet (or simply the Net) today refers to the global network of public computers running Internet Protocol (The term "Internet" was originally coined in the 1970s)
The Internet supports the public WWW (World-Wide Web in 1990) and many special-purpose client/server software systems It is made up of thousands of smaller commercial, academic, domestic, and government networks
"Internet" refers to the global information system that: is logically linked together by a globally unique address space based on the Internet Protocol (IP) or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons; is able to support communications using the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite or its subsequent extensions/follow-ons, and/or other IPcompatible protocols; and provides, uses or makes accessible, either publicly or privately, high level services layered on the communications and related infrastructure described herein."
3 level hierarchy: 1. backbone networks (e.g. ARPAnet, NSFNet, MILNET) 2. mid-level networks 3. stub networks These include commercial (.com or .co), university (.ac or .edu) and other research networks (.org, .net) and military (.mil) networks and span many different physical networks around the world with various protocols, chiefly the Internet Protocol