Procedures: 1. Students work in groups of four. Each student is assigned a
number. 2. Teacher poses a question and provides think time. (example: “
Numbered Heads Together Teammates work together to ensure all members understand; one is selected to share response.
Students work in groups of four. Each student is assigned a number.
Teacher poses a question and provides think time. (example: “Everyone, think about why water is important to farmers and to crops. [pause] Now make sure everyone on your team knows why water is so important to farmers and to crops.”
Students indicate when everyone knows the answer or has something to share.
Teacher calls a number. The student with that number from each team answers in turn. ELLs will benefit from: 1. White board slates 2. Choral response 3. Manipulatives 4. Agree/disagree response followed by teammate's elaboration
5. Teacher / classmates validate the student for responding. McGriff, M.
Think Aloud: ELLs require explicit linguistic and contextual cues.
The title, the illustrations and/or the way the words appear on the page make me think this will be about…
Prior Knowledge I already know from _____ that ____. This is why I can predict that …
Question ? I wonder about ____. I will read to find out…
Visualize # MONITOR ! I know I am confused about ____, so I will stop to reread or rethink about ….
I pictured what was happening here, and it helped me understand ______.
Summarize When I think about what I have read so far, I can summarize …
Resources for locating trade books •National Science Teacher’s Association Outstanding Science Trade Books for Students K–12 http://www.nsta.org/publications/ostb/ •National Council for the Social Studies Notable Social Studies Trade Books For Young People http://www.socialstudies.org/notable
Olness, R. (2007). Trade Books in the Content Classroom. In Using Literature to Enhance Content Area Instruction (pp. 1-17). Newark, DE: International Reading Association. http://www.reading.org/Publish.aspx?page=bk600-1Olness.pdf&mode=retrieve&D=10.1598/0872076006.1&F=bk600-1-Olness.pdf&key=648F83B90763-4D17-900E-C8D625464556