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Mar 24, 2017 - Cite this article: Nasr Eldeen SK, Al-Buni R, Al Yami A, Alali H (2017) Relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage in ...
Annals of Public Health and Research

Central Short Communication

*Corresponding author Samah Kotb Nasr Eldeen, contact address, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Tel: 966562302414; Email:

Relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage in a Group of Saudi Arabian Adults

Submitted: 23 February 2017 Accepted: 22 March 2017 Published: 24 March 2017 Copyright © 2017 Nasr Eldeen et al. OPEN ACCESS

Keywords • Body mass index • Body fat percentage • Obesity

Samah Kotb Nasr Eldeen*, Raghdaa Al-Buni, Afnan Al Yami, and Huda Alali Clinical laboratories science department, INAYA medical college,Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (% BF) among 100 healthy adults (ages, 19–30 y) from a group of Saudi Arabian adults, during 2016. In this study examined adults were divided into four groups after calculating BMI, and after the correlation between BMI and %BF. The obtained results show that there are significantly more (p < 0.05) males (ages, 19-30) with a healthy weight than females. The correlation between BMI and %BF was very strong, positive, among examined females (r = 0.9) and males (r = 1). In a group with normal % BF and increased BMI there were significantly more (p < 0.01) males than females, and the opposite situation were in a group with normal BMI and % BF, where it was significantly more (p < 0.05) females than males. Obtained results show that the majority of adults in the Saudi Arabia have normal body weight, with a tendency of increase, especially among females who are more prone to unbalanced nutrition.

INTRODUCTION Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in the body that may impair health which is an agency of the United Nations, established in 1948, concerned with improving the health of the world’s people and preventing or controlling communicable diseases on a worldwide basis through various technical projects and programs. Excessive body fat is associated with increased metabolic risk, and its’ measurement is important in implementing curative and preventive health measures. The most commonly used surrogate measure for prediction of body fat percentage (BF %) is body mass index (BMI) [1]. World Health Organization [2] also recommends BMI as the most useful population level measure of overweight and obesity, and is used as the same for both sexes and in all ages of adults.

Calculating Body Mass Index (BMI), it can be determined which person is overweight or obese. BMI range varies with the age and sex of the adults (Table 1). WHO (2016) defined overweight adults as a BMI at or above 25 kg/m2, obesity adults as a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2 and underweight adults as a BMI less than18.50 kg/m2

BMI range varies with the age of the adults. The only body measurement that directly calculates the relative composition

of the body and present a measure of fitness level, regardless of height and weight, is body fat percentage (% BF). Widespread application of body mass index (BMI) affords a measure which enables comparison with the overweight of individuals of different heights and weights. So we studied sub-population of Saudi Arabian adults from INAYA medical college, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia to determine the relationship between BMI and BF %, age-BMI and age-BF %. We wish to present our results which would add more evidence to the ongoing discussion; as they were derived from an ethnic group which was not studied before.

MATERIALS AND METHODS Study population

During 2016, 100 healthy adults (ages, 19-30 years) were examined. The participants were randomly recruited (who volunteered) from those attending clinical laboratories science open day conducted by clinical laboratories science department, INAYA medical college, Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was used to determine demographic data (gender, age).

Anthropometry

Measurement of the body mass was performed using a decimal

Cite this article: Nasr Eldeen SK, Al-Buni R, Al Yami A, Alali H (2017) Relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage in a Group of Saudi Arabian Adults. Ann Public Health Res 4(2): 1059.

Nasr Eldeen et al. (2017) Email:

Central Table 1: The International Classification of adult underweight, overweight and obesity according to BMI. Classification

BMI(kg/m2)

Principal cut-off points

Additional cut-off points

Underweight

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