Social Indicators: A Tool to Measure Change Among ...

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Sandra M. Guzmán, Ph.D., Social Science Research Center, Mississippi State University, email: sandra[email protected] Ronald E. Cossman, Ph.D., ...

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Sandra M. Guzmán, Ph.D., Social Science Research Center, Mississippi State University, email: [email protected] Ronald E. Cossman, Ph.D., Social Science Research Center, Mississippi State University Richard Ingram, Mississippi Water Resources Research Institute, Mississippi State University

The Process

But, it really matters when human dimensions are included. Mississippi Atchafalaya River Basin (MARB)

1

Identify major “contributors” based on science. Segment by state-level nutrient reduction strategy plans.

2

Each population has different

Beliefs and attitudes Each population has a different

3

Situation Hydro unit Code 2 Digits

Identify/target/engage functional populations a. Core survey questions pack from Social Indicators Data Management and Analysis (SIDMA) tool. b. State context-specific questions (e.g., state and local regulations). c. Functional population-specific questions (e.g., row vs. pasture).

Each population has a different

Role Each population has a different

Set of incentives Hydro unit Code 6 Digits Hydro unit Code 12 Digits

Scale matters

Baseline survey

4

*Examples of human perspectives of nutrient management: 1) What are the Sources of Hypoxia? • Agricultural fertilizer (63%) • Municipal and industrial waste (55%) • Failing septic systems (47%) 2) What are the Effects of Hypoxia? • Nitrogen and Phosphorous cause environmental problems • Cause the Dead Zone (37% - 60 % with a firm opinion) •

Effects are severe



Effects are exaggerated

• • • • •

Regulators(100%) Scientist (94%) Environmental advocates (90%) Conservationists (72%) Officials (70%)

• • •

Farmers (38%) Ag consultants (40%) Industry representatives (33%)

3) Who Manages Hypoxia? • Farmers • Federal government •

Important



• • •

Farmers (41%) Regulators (45%) Ag consultants and industries (42-50%)

Unimportant

• •

Farmers (30%) Ag consultants and industries (44-23%)

Implement nutrient reduction intervention

5 8 Follow up survey to measure change in functional populations, compare to environmental measures of change

6 7

4) What are the Costs and Benefits? • “those responsible for nutrient enrichment should pay for its reduction” • Agree • Disagree • •

Environmental advocates (73%) Scientist (72%)



Farmers (69%)

*Source: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs about Nutrients, Nutrient Management and Environmental Impacts among Stakeholder groups and Residents of Mississippi. Burger et.al, 2012

Revise and implement intervention

Follow up survey to measure change in functional populations, compare to environmental measures of change

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