Surah Luqman: Ayat 6 – 7 - SISTERSNOTES

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31 Mar 2013 ... Surah Luqman & Etiquettes II. 31 March ... Abu Malik Al-Ash'ari: that he heard the Prophet saying) (ﺍاﻟْﺣِﺭرَ ﻭوَ ﺍاﻟْﺣَﺭرِﻳﯾﺭرَ ﻭوَ ﺍاﻟْﺧَﻣْﺭرَ ﻭوَ ﺍاﻟْﻣَﻌَﺎﺯزِﻑف٬َ،.
‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻳﯾﻡم‬ ‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻣﻥن‬ ‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺳﻡم‬ Surah Luqman & Etiquettes II 31 March 2013

Surah Luqman: Ayat 6 – 7 ۟۬ ‫ ﱡﻣﻬﮭ‬ ‫ﺍاﺏب‬ ۟۬ ِ ‫ ﻭو َﻳﯾ ﱠﺗ‬  (٦)   ٌ‫ﻳﯾﻥن‬ َ ‫ ِﻋ ۡﻠ ۬۟ ٍﻡم‬ ‫ ﺑ َﻐ ۡﻳﯾ ِﺭر‬ ِ َ  ‫ َﻋﻥن‬ ‫ ﻟِ ُﻳﯾﺿِ ﻝلﱠ‬ ِ‫ ۡﭐٱﻟ َﺣﺩدِﻳﯾﺙث‬ ‫ ﻟَ ۡﻬﮭ َﻭو‬ ‫ َﻳﯾ ۡﺷ َﺗ ِﺭرﻯى‬ ‫ َﻣﻥن‬ ‫ﺎﺱس‬ ِ ٌ ‫ َﻋ َﺫذ‬  ۡ‫ ﻟَ ُﻬﮭﻡم‬ َ‫ ﺃأ ُ ْﻭوﻟَ ٰـٓ ِﯩﯨٕﻙك‬ ۚ  ‫ ُﻫﮬﮪھ ُﺯز ًﻭوﺍا‬ ‫ﺧ َﺫذﻫﮬﮪھَﺎ‬ ِ ‫ ﭐٱ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺳ ِﺑﻳﯾ ِﻝل‬ ِ ‫ ﭐٱﻟ ﱠﻧ‬  َ‫َﻭوﻣِﻥن‬

And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (, singing, etc.) to mislead (men) from the Path of Allâh without knowledge, and takes it (the Path of Allâh, or the Verses of the Qur'ân) by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment (6)

(  ‫ﺎﺱس‬ َ and of the People, unlike the Muhsineen mentioned before, are (‫ )ﻣﺣﺭرﻭوﻡم‬deprived and ِ ‫ ﭐٱﻟ ﱠﻧ‬  َ‫)ﻭوﻣِﻥن‬: (‫ )ﻣﺧﺫذﻭوﻝل‬disgraced. Deprived from the happiness and disgraced and dispraised – whatever they do, it is wrong. What are these people doing to make them deprived and disgraced? ۡ ‫ ﻟَ ۡﻬﮭ َﻭو‬ ‫) َﻳﯾ ۡﺷ َﺗﺭرﻯى‬: who purchases idle talk. (‫ ) َﻳﯾ ۡﺷ َﺗﺭرﻯى‬is to purchase, (‫ )ﻟَ ۡﻬﮭﻭو‬idle, (  ‫ﺙث‬ ۡ is talk. So ِ ‫ ﭐٱﻟ َﺣﺩدِﻳﯾ‬  ِ ‫)ﭐٱﻟ َﺣﺩدِﻳﯾ‬  (  ‫ﺙث‬ ِ ِ talk that makes them heedless and idle. This person is purchasing idle talk, it does not mean the literal buying and selling, but Allah is telling us that when someone purchases something, they have a desire for it, and he is making that choice, no one is forcing him. ِ ‫ ۡﭐٱﻟ َﺣﺩدِﻳﯾ‬  ‫ )ﻟَ ۡﻬﮭ َﻭو‬all type of talk that will make the heart heedless, the  What is he buying?: (  ‫ﺙث‬ person heedless, and totally deviated from the goal. ِ ‫?)ﺣﺩدِﻳﯾ‬  What are the types of talk (  ‫ﺙث‬ َ  Truthful talk (‫ ﻣﻔﻳﯾﺩد‬ ‫ ﻭو‬ ‫)ﺣﻕق‬: which will help and benefit you  Vain (‫)ﻟﻐﻭو‬: not good or bad, neutral, will not increase in knowledge, but will not harm either  Harmful talk (‫)ﺿﺎﺭر‬: all of the sins of the tongue, from backbiting, lying, mocking, etc. It is important to guard the tongue, and need reliance from Allah to do this. ۡ ِ ‫ ﭐٱﻟ َﺣﺩدِﻳﯾ‬  ‫)ﻟَ ۡﻬﮭ َﻭو‬: is all talk that is haram and is false, and it has no benefit, neither for the  (  ‫ﺙث‬ duniya nor the akhira. The scholars said for sure it includes singing and musical instruments. Many people say where does it mention in the Quran that music is haram, it is this ayah. It is said that singing will plant hypocrisy in the hearts, because there is no benefit. Now they have nasheeds for example, this is not to say it is halal or haram, but look at the hikma, wisdom behind the ayah, in the sense that this type of talk has become faster engrained in the hearts and minds than the Quran. People say that the nasheed has increased my faith, but if you wish to increase your faith, you have the speech of Allah – kalam Allah, and this is the best! Here we are talking about muhsineen and ihsan, not about halal and haram, there is wisdom behind it in order to achieve ‫ ﻭو ﱠ‬  ihsan. Hadith: (   َ‫ﺣﻠﱡﻭوﻥن‬ ِ ‫ َﻳﯾﺳْ َﺗ‬ ‫ ﺃأَ ْﻗ َﻭوﺍا ٌﻡم‬ ‫ ﺃأ ُ ﱠﻣﺗِﻲ‬  ْ‫ ﻣِﻥن‬  ‫ ﻟَ َﻳﯾ ُﻛﻭو َﻧﻥنﱠ‬ "      ُ‫ َﻳﯾﻘُﻭوﻝل‬ ‫ ﻭوﺳﻠﻡم‬ ‫ ﻋﻠﻳﯾﻪﮫ‬ ‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ ﺻﻠﻰ‬  ‫ ﺍاﻟ ﱠﻧﺑِﻲﱠ‬  َ‫ َﺳﻣِﻊ‬ ‫ َﻛ َﺫذ َﺑﻧِﻲ‬ ‫ ﻣَﺎ‬ ِ‫ﷲ‬ َ ‫ﺍاﻷَ ْﺷﻌ َِﺭرﻱيﱡ‬ ،٬ َ‫َﺎﺯزﻑف‬ َ َ‫ ﻭوﺍا ْﻟ َﺧ ْﻣﺭر‬  َ َ‫ ﻭوﺍا ْﻟﺣَ ِﺭرﻳﯾﺭر‬  َ َ‫( )ﺍا ْﻟﺣِﺭر‬Abu Malik Al-Ash'ari: that he heard the Prophet saying, ِ ‫ ﻭوﺍا ْﻟ َﻣﻌ‬  "From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful) – Al Bukhari. So because it has been made halal, lawful, then it means that musical instruments were haram from the time of the Prophet (pbuh). Singing is the sound of the shaitan – it makes people laugh, cry, etc. Allah created us for a noble reason, to go above the 7th heaven, so the wisdom is to be busy with the best. This is also inclusive of movies, theaters, cinemas. Page 1

‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻳﯾﻡم‬ ‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻣﻥن‬ ‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺳﻡم‬ Surah Luqman & Etiquettes II 31 March 2013

So the person is spending his money to waste his time. And time is the most expensive thing.  What is the consequence? (‫ ﺍاﻟﻐﺎﻳﯾﺔ؟‬ ‫ )ﻣﺎ‬ points below ۡ َ ۡ  (  ‫ ِﻋﻠ ٍﻡم‬  ‫ ﺑِﻐﻳﯾ ِﺭر‬ ِ ‫ ﭐٱ ﱠ‬  ‫ﺳﺑِﻳﯾ ِﻝل‬ َ  ‫ َﻋﻥن‬ ‫)ﻟِ ُﻳﯾﺿِ ﻝل ﱠ‬: to mislead the others from the way of Allah without knowing. He will mislead  someone   else,  and  this  is  dangerous,  since   he   doesn’t   know   it.  It  is  actually   a   disease, being spread. He misguides himself first and then others from the way of Allah, which means your job in life (‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ ﺭرﻭوﺳﻝل‬ ‫ ﻣﺣﻣﺩد‬ ‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ ﺍاﻻ‬ ‫ ٰﺍاﻟﻪﮫ‬ ‫)ﻻ‬, from the Quran and sunnah, tafsir, etc. And now the shaitan tempts us away from this, tricking us into thinking it is boring. ِ ‫) َﻭو َﻳﯾ ﱠﺗ‬: making fun of the verses of Allah, it is taken as a subject of mockery. And this  (‫ ۚﺍا‬ ‫ ُﻫﮬﮪھ ُﺯز ًﻭو‬ ‫ﺧ َﺫذﻫﮬﮪھَﺎ‬ shows a lack of wisdom, something that is not taken seriously, thus negating ihsan. Busy with things that have no wisdom or value. These matters are not taken seriously and just taken  as  something  ‘fun’  and  this  shows  misbehavior  towards  Allah.  So  the  consequence  is   misleading themselves and others and not taking it seriously – and this is Allah saying this. ۟۬ ۟۬ (  ٌ‫ ﱡﻣ ِﻬﮭﻳﯾﻥن‬ ‫ﺍاﺏب‬ ٌ ‫ َﻋ َﺫذ‬  ۡ‫ ﻟَ ُﻬﮭﻡم‬ َ‫)ﺃأ ُ ْﻭوﻟَ ٰـٓﯩﯨِٕﻙك‬: for them is a humiliating torment. (  ‫ )ﺃأ ُ ْﻭوﻟَ ٰـٓ ِﯩﯨٕ َﻙك‬is not being used for exalting, rather as outcasting,  far  from  Allah’s  mercy.  And  this  started  all  from  the  idle  talk,  which  lead  to  misleading,   which lead to mockery. Why the humiliating punishment? Because they made fun of Allah’s  religion   and  Allah’s  words,  thus  their  belittlement.  May  Allah  protect  us  because  it  is  a  fitnah.  Ameen.   َ ‫ َﻓ َﺑ ﱢ‬ ۖ  ‫ ﻭو ۡﻗ ۬۟ ًﺭرﺍا‬ ِ (٧۷)  ‫ِﻳﯾﻡم‬  ‫ َﻛﺄ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ َﻳﯾ ۡﺳ َﻣ ۡﻌ َﻬﮭﺎ‬  ۡ‫ ﻟﱠﻡم‬ ‫ َﻛﺄَﻥن‬ ‫ ُﻣ ۡﺳ َﺗ ۡﺑِ ۬۟ ًﺭرﺍا‬ ‫ ﻭوﻟﱠ ٰﻰ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ َ ‫ ﺃأ ُ ُﺫذ َﻧ ۡﻳﯾﻪﮫ‬ ‫ ﻓ ِٓﻰ‬ ‫ﻥن‬ َ ‫ َءﺍا َﻳﯾ ٰـ ُﺗ َﻧ‬ ِ‫ َﻋﻠَ ۡﻳﯾﻪﮫ‬ ‫ ُﺗ ۡﺗﻠَ ٰﻰ‬ ‫َﻭوﺇإِ َﺫذﺍا‬ ٍ ‫ ﺃأﻟ‬ ٍ‫ ﺑِ َﻌ َﺫذﺍاﺏب‬ ُ‫ﺷ ۡﺭرﻩه‬

And when Our Verses (of the Qur'ân) are recited to such a one, he turns away in pride, as if he heard them not,— as if there were deafness in his ear. So announce to him a painful torment

What is his condition? (‫ ﺣﺎﻟﻪﮫ؟‬ ‫)ﻣﺎ‬  (‫ َءﺍا َﻳﯾ ٰـ ُﺗ َﻧﺎ‬ ِ‫ َﻋﻠَ ۡﻳﯾﻪﮫ‬  ‫ ُﺗ ۡﺗﻠَ ٰﻰ‬ ‫)ﻭوﺇإ ِ َﺫذﺍا‬: َ when Our verses are recited to this person. Why are they being recited to the person? Because Allah has decreed for that person to hear the ayat of Allah so that he may believe in them. What is his response?  (‫ ُﻣ ۡﺳ َﺗ ِۡﺑ ۬۟ ًﺭرﺍا‬ ‫)ﻭوﻟﱠ ٰﻰ‬: َ turned away from ayat Allah with arrogance. It is ayat Allah that are supposed to increase you in faith, but rather the idle talk has turned them away from this. He is not only rejecting ayat Allah, but with complete arrogance. These are the words of Allah that will lead to paradise, but since his heart has been filled with idle talk, ayat Allah cannot penetrate into his heart. We ask Allah to protect us and purify our hearts. Ameen.  (‫ َﻳﯾ ۡﺳ َﻣ ۡﻌ َﻬﮭﺎ‬  ۡ‫ ﻟﱠﻡم‬ ‫) َﻛﺄَﻥن‬: as if he did not hear it. This means he heard ayat Allah, but because the ears have been filled with ‘filth’, it could not penetrate.  (‫ ﺭر‬ ً ۟۬ ‫ ﻭو ۡﻗ‬ ِ  ‫) َﻛﺄ َ ﱠ‬: as if there is in his ear – deafness. (  ‫)ﻭو ۡﻗ ًﺭر‬ َ ‫ ﺃأ ُ ُﺫذ َﻧ ۡﻳﯾﻪﮫ‬  ‫ ﻓ ِٓﻰ‬  ‫ﻥن‬ َ means heaviness or deafness. Allah gave us ears to hear the guidance, but it’s as if there is heaviness or deafness in their ears – it is very difficult to be guided in such a situation. We have to always ask Allah as if we are misguided and we need guidance. So at this point the person has rejected the truth as a result of ignorance (from ayah 6) and arrogance (from ayah 7). َ ٍ ‫ ﺑِ َﻌ َﺫذﺍا‬  ُ‫ﺷ ۡﺭرﻩه‬ ‫) َﻓ َﺑ ﱢ‬: So announce to him a painful torment. Allah gives respite and time, and  (  ‫ِﻳﯾﻡم‬ ٍ ‫ ﺃأﻟ‬  ‫ﺏب‬ Allah always brings guidance to His path to the people, but it is the person who rejects this. So whatever temporary satisfaction he got out of the idle talk, the result is a painful torment

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‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻳﯾﻡم‬ ‫ ﺍاﻟﺭرﺣﻣﻥن‬ ‫ ﷲ‬ ‫ﺑﺳﻡم‬ Surah Luqman & Etiquettes II 31 March 2013

(both body and heart) because he turned away from the speech of Allah. Surah Luqman is a strong and direct surah, keeping in mind it is addressing a level of ihsan.

Islamic Etiquettes – Manners of Reciting the Quran (‫ ﺍاﻟﻘﺭرﺁآﻥن‬ ‫ ﺗﻼﻭوﺓة‬ ‫)ﺁآﺩدﺍاﺏب‬ 1. Sincerity (‫)ﺍاﻻﺧﻼﺹص‬: to read it for the sake of Allah, and Allah revealed the Quran to make us closer to

Him. So when you recite it, don’t recite it for the sake of yourself, or others. 2. Purity (‫)ﺍاﻟﻁطﻬﮭﺎﺭرﺓة‬: it is not a condition, but it is a manner to be on wudu or ghusl. However a person in a

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state of janaba (after relation) is not even supposed to recite or read the Quran, but making dua’a is ok. This is the speech of Allah and it should be magnified. Also, the place of reciting should be clean and never in a toilet or bathroom. Use of miswak (‫)ﺍاﻟﺗﺳﻭوﻙك‬: this is the sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh), to have a clean mouth before reciting the Quran. Saying “I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed satan” (‫)ﺍاﻻﺳﺗﻌﺎﺫذﺓة‬: the shaitan does not want you to recite properly or even read the Quran at all. This is to be said before reciting the Quran. Saying “Bismallah Al Rahman Al Raheem” “In the name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful” (‫)ﺍاﻟﺑﺳﻣﻠﺔ‬: It is only said when starting a new surah (except Surat At Tawba). When starting in the middle of the surah, only ‘istia’dha’ is said and not the besmella. Recite in a clear manner (‫)ﺍاﻟﺗﺭرﺗﻳﯾﻝل‬: to recite letter by letter, and not to hasten the recitation. Surah Al ۡ ‫)ﻭو َﺭر ﱢﺗ ِﻝل‬ Muzzamil:4 (  ً‫ َﺗ ۡﺭرﺗِﻳﯾﻼ‬  َ‫ ﭐٱﻟﻘُ ۡﺭرءَﺍاﻥن‬  َ (And recite the Qur'ân (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style) When you recite the Quran with tajweed, it will help you in pondering the Quran, and when you recite with tarteel it will have an effect on the heart. When in masjid, amongst a group, you should not speak loudly because that will disturb others, but when sitting alone, then recite with a moderate voice with tarteel. The point is not to finish the Quran, but to recite with ihsan. Beautify the voice (‫ ﺍاﻟﺻﻭوﺕت‬ ‫)ﺗﺣﺳﻳﯾﻥن‬: with the permission of Allah, beautify the voice, but do not make it like a song. So look at the alternative instead of singing, you get to beautify your voice with the words of Allah and you get rewarded for this. And according to the tone of the verse, you can change the tone of your tarteel along with that. Stop the recitation if getting sleepy or yawning (‫ ﺍاﻟﺗﺛﺄﺅؤﺏب‬  ‫ ﻭو‬  ‫ ﺍاﻟﻧﻌﺎﺱس‬  ‫ ﻋﻧﺩد‬  ‫ ﺍاﻟﺗﻼﻭوﺓة‬ ‫)ﻗﻁطﻊ‬: this is especially true during the night, if you are feeling sleepy and you are not aware of what you are saying then best to end the recitation. Also yawning comes from the shaitan, a sign of laziness. Patience when having difficulty reciting (‫ ﺍاﻟﻘﺭرﺍاءﺓة‬ ‫ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ ﺍاﻟﺻﻌﻭوﺑﺔ‬ ‫ ﻋﻧﺩد‬ ‫)ﺍاﻟﺻﺑﺭر‬: the one who is reciting the Quran with expertise, then he is with the honorable angels. And for the one who is having difficulty while reciting, he gets two rewards – reward for reciting and reward for patience. Facing the qibla (‫ ﺍاﻟﻘﺑﻠﺔ‬  ‫)ﺍاﺳﺗﻘﺑﺎﻝل‬: it is not a condition, but a manner. You can recite the Quran while sitting, walking, riding, driving, even if you are lying down. So there is no excuse, but the best way is to sit and face the qibla.

Oh Allah, increase us in guidance and keep us on the way of guidance until the last moment of our lives. We ask Allah subhana  wa  ta’ala  for  His  forgiveness  and  His  Mercy.  Anything  that  is  good  from  these  notes  is  from  Allah  subhana  wa   ta’ala.   Any   mistakes   &   misrepresentations   are   my   own.   I   ask   Allah   subhana   wa   ta’ala   for   His   forgiveness   and   to   put   forgiveness  in  the  hearts  of  those  who  read  them.  Ameen  ya  Rabb  Al  ‘Alameen.  

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