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(tafseer) researched & compiled from various tafseer sources of Ulama of the. Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah by. ABDUL HAQ ABDUL QADIR son of the late.

(Chapter 36) A detailed commentary (tafseer) researched & compiled from various tafseer sources of Ulama of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah

by ABDUL HAQ ABDUL QADIR

son of the late Alhaj Hafiz Qari Maulana Abdul Qadir Sahib (Rahimahullah) of Durban, KZN, South Africa

DETAILED COMMENTARY OF SURAH YASEEN

Page 2

SURAH YASEEN (Chapter 36)

Researched & compiled from various tafseer sources of Ulama of the Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama’ah

son of the late Alhaaj Hafiz Qari Maulana Abdul Qadir Sahib (Rahimahullah) of Durban, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa

DETAILED COMMENTARY OF SURAH YASEEN

Dedicated to:

Our Beloved PROPHET MUHAMMAD

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DETAILED COMMENTARY OF SURAH YASEEN

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Narrated Humaid: Anas said, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, '0 Bani Salima! Don't you think that for every step of yours (that you take towards the mosque) there is a reward (while coming for prayer)?" Mujahid said: "Regarding Allah's Statement: "We record that which they have sent before (them), and their traces" (36:12). 'Their traces' means their steps.' And Anas said that the people of Bani Salima wanted to shift to a place near the Prophet but Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) disliked the idea of leaving their houses, uninhabited and said, "Don't you think that you will get the reward for your footprints." Mujahid said. "Their footprints mean their foot steps and their going on foot (walking on the earth with their legs)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Azaan, Hadith No 616). "

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Narrated Mu'adh bin Jabal: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, "0 Mu'adh! Do you know what Allah's Right upon His servants is?" I said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, "To worship Him (Allah) Alone and not to join anyone in worship with Him (Allah). Do you know what their right upon Him is?" I replied, "Allah and His Messenger know best." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, "Not to punish them (if they worship Him Alone without ascribing partners)".(Sahih Al-Bukhari: Kitab-ut-Tawheed, Hadith 6825).

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Narrated 'Abdullah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said one statement and I said another. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: 'Whoever dies while still invoking anything other than Allah as a rival to Allah, will enter Hell (Fire)." And I said, "Whoever dies without invoking anything as a rival to Allah, will enter Paradise." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Janaa'iz, Hadith No. 1162).

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who were before you used to be combed with iron combs so that nothing of his flesh or nerves would remain on his bones; yet that would never make him desert his religion. A saw might be put over the parting of his head which would be split into two parts, yet all that would never make him abandon his religion. Allah will surely complete this religion (i.e. Islam) so that a traveller from San'aa to Hadra-maut will not be afraid “of anybody except Allah.” (The sub-narrator Baiyaan added: "Or the wolf, lest it should harm his sheep."). (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Manaaqib, Hadith No. 3563).

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Narrated 'Aishah that she asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): "Have you encountered a day harder than the day (of the battle) of Uhud? The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied: "Your tribes have troubled me a lot, and the worse trouble was the trouble on the day of 'Aqabah when I presented myself to lbn 'Abd Yaalail bin 'Abdi-Kulal and he did not respond to my demand. So I departed, overwhelmed with excessive sorrow, and proceeded on, and could not relax till I found myself at Qarnath Tha'alib where l lifted my head towards the sky to see a cloud shading me unexpectedly. I looked up and saw Gabriel in it. He called me saying: "Allah has heard your people saying to you, and what they have replied back to you, Allah has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you so that you may order him to do whatever you wish to these people.' The Angel of the Mountains called and greeted me and then said. '0 Muhammad! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Order what you wish. If you like, I will let Al-Akhshabain, (i.e. two mountains) fall on them.' The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "No, but I hope that Allah will let them beget children who will worship Allah Alone, and will worship None besides Him." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 2992)

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: Two men, a Muslim and a Jew abused each other. The Muslim said: "By Him Who gave superiority to Muhammad over all the people." On that the Jew said, "By Him Who gave superiority to Moses over all the people. The Muslim became furious at that and slapped the Jew in the face. The Jew went to Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and informed him of what had happened between him and the Muslim. Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, "Don't give me superiority over Moses, for the people will fall unconscious on the Day of Resurrection and I will be the first to gain consciousness; and behold! Moses will be there holding the side of Allah's Throne. I will not know whether Moses has been among those people who have become unconscious and then has regained consciousness before me, or has been among those exempted by Allah from falling unconscious." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Khusoomaat, Hadith No. 2234).

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Narrated Anas bin Maalik: A man said, "0 Allah's Prophet! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Will a Kaafir (disbeliever) be gathered (driven prone) on his face?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Is not He Who made him walk with his legs in this world, be able to make him walk on his face on the Day of Resurrection?" (Qataada, a sub-narrator said: "Yes, (He can), by the Power of Our Lord!" (Al-Bukhari, Kitabul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6042)

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Narrated lbn 'Abbas: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "You will meet Allah barefooted, naked, walking on feet and uncircumcised." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6043)

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Narrated lbn 'Abbas: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) stood up among us and addressed us (saying): "You will be gathered barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised on the Day of Resurrection (as Allah says):

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Narrated ‘Aishah: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: 'The people will be gathered barefooted, naked and uncircumcised." I said: "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Will the men and the women look at each other?" The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "The situation will be too hard for them to pay attention to that." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6046)

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Narrated 'Abdullah: While we were in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in a tent, he said: "Would it please you to be one-fourth of the people of Paradise?" We said, "Yes." He said: "Would it please you to be one-third of the people of Paradise?" We said, "Yes." He said: "Would it please you to be half of the people of Paradise?" We said, "Yes." Thereupon he said, "I hope that you will be one half of the people of Paradise, for none will enter Paradise except a person who is a Muslim (believer in the Oneness of Allah), and you people, in comparison to the people who associate others in worship with Allah, are like a white hair on the skin of a black ox, or a black hair on the skin of a red ox." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6047).

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Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "The first man to be called on the Day of Resurrection will be Adam who will be shown his offspring, and it will be said to them, 'This is your father, Adam.' Adam will say (responding to the call), 'Labbaik and Sa'daik.' Then Allah will say (to Adam), 'Take out of your offspring, the people of Hell.' Adam will say, '0 Lord, how many should I take out?' Allah will say: 'Take out ninety-nine out of every hundred.' They (the Prophet's companions) said: "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) If ninety-nine out of every one hundred of us are taken away, what will remain out of us?" He said, "My followers in comparison to the other nations are like a white hair on a black ox." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6048)

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Narrated 'Abdullah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "The cases which will be decided first (On the Day of Resurrection) will be the cases of blood-shedding." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6052).

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Whoever has wronged his brother, should ask for his pardon (before his death), as (in the Hereafter) there will be neither a Dinaar nor a Dirham. (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken and loaded on him (in the Hereafter)." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6053).

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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "The believers, after being saved from the (Hell) Fire, will be stopped at a bridge between Paradise and Hell and mutual retaliation will be established among them regarding wrongs they have committed in the world against one another. After they are cleansed and purified (through the retaliation), they will be admitted into Paradise; and by Him in Whose Hand is Muhammad's soul, everyone of them will know his dwelling in Paradise better than he knew his dwelling in this world." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6054).

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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Allah will say to the people of Paradise, '0 the people of Paradise!" They will say, ‘Labbaik, 0 our Lord, and Sa'daik!' Allah will say, 'Are you pleased? They will say, “Why should we not be pleased since You have given us what You have not given to anyone of Your creation?' Allah will say, 'I will give you something better than that.' They will reply, '0 our Lord! And what is better than that?' Allah will say, "I will bestow My good pleasure and contentment upon you so that I will never be angry with you after this forever." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Riqaaq, Hadith No. 6067).

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Narrated Safiyya bint Huyay: While Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was in l'tikaaf, I called on him at night and having had a talk with him, I got up to depart. He got up also to accompany me to my dwelling place, which was then in the house of Usama bin Zaid. Two Ansari men passed by and when they saw the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) they hastened away. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said (to them), "Don't hurry! It is Safiyya, the daughter of Huyay (i.e. my wife)." They said, "Glorified be Allah! 0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) How dare we suspect you?" He said: "Satan circulates in the human being as blood circulates in it, and I was afraid that Satan might throw an evil thought (or something) into your hearts." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3039).

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Narrated Sulaimaan bin Surad: While I was sitting in the company of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), two men abused each other and the face of one of them became red with anger, and his jugular veins swelled (i.e. he became furious). On that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "I know a word the saying of which will cause him to relax, if he does say it. If he said: 'I seek Refuge with Allah from Satan,' then all his anger will go away." Somebody said to him, "The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has said: 'Seek Refuge with Allah from Satan". The angry man said: "Am I mad?" (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3040).

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Satan came in front of me trying persistently to divert my attention from the prayer, but Allah gave me the strength to overpower him."

DETAILED COMMENTARY OF SURAH YASEEN (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3042).

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, "When the call of prayer is pronounced, Satan takes to his heels, passing wind with noise. When the call for the prayer is finished, he comes back. And when the Iqaamah is pronounced he again takes to his heels, and after its completion, he returns again to interfere between the (praying) person and his heart, saying to him, 'Remember this or that thing,' till the person forgets whether he has offered three or four raka'aat. So if one forgets whether he has prayed three or four raka'aat, he should perform two prostrations of Sahw (i.e. forgetfulness)." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3043).

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Yawning is from Satan and if anyone of you yawns, he should check his yawning as much as possible. For if anyone of you (during the act of yawning) should say: 'Haa', Satan will laugh at him." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3046).

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Narrated 'Aishah: I asked the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) about one's looking here and there during the prayer. He replied, “It is what Satan steals from the prayer of any one of you." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3048).

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Narrated Abu Qataadah from his father: The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "A good dream is from Allah, and a bad or evil dream is from Satan; so if anyone of you has a bad dream of which he gets afraid, he should spit on his left side and should seek Refuge with Allah from its evil, for then it will not harm him." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3049).

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Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "If one says one hundred times in one day: 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the One Who has no partners, to Him belongs Dominion and to Him belong all the Praises, and He has power over all things (Laa ilaaha illallahu, wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer), one will get the reward of freeing ten slaves, and one hundred good deeds will be written in his account, and one hundred bad deeds will be wiped off or erased from his account, and on that day he will be protected from the morning till evening from Satan, and nobody will be superior to him except one who has done more (times of this recitation) than that which he has done. (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3050).

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Narrated Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas: Once 'Umar asked permission to see Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in whose company there were some Quraishi women who were talking to him and asking him for more financial support raising their voices. When 'Umar asked permission to enter the women got up (quickly) hurrying to screen themselves. When Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) admitted 'Umar, he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was smiling. 'Umar asked, "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). May Allah keep you happy always." Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "I

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am astonished at these women who were with me. As soon as they heard your voice, they hastened to screen themselves." 'Umar said: "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) You have more right to be feared by them." Then he addressed (those women) saying, "0 enemies of your own souls! Do you fear me and not Allah's Messenger?" They replied. "Yes, for you are a fearful and fierce man as compared with Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)." On that Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said (to ‘Umar): "By Him in Whose Hands is my life, whenever Satan sees you taking a path, he follows a path other than yours." (Al-Bukhari, Kitab Bad'ul Khalq, Hadith No. 3051).

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Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri: Allah’s Apostle said, “On the Day of Resurrection Death will be brought forward in the shape of a black and white ram. Then a call maker will call, 'O people of Paradise!' Thereupon they will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, 'Do you know this?' They will say, 'Yes, this is Death.' By then all of them will have seen it. Then it will be announced again, 'O people of Hell!' They will stretch their necks and look carefully. The caller will say, 'Do you know this?' They will say, 'Yes, this is Death.' And by then all of them will have seen it. Then it (that ram) will be slaughtered and the caller will say, 'O people of Paradise! Eternity for you and no death. O people of Hell! Eternity for you and no death.’” Then the Prophet, recited (the Ayah wherein Allah says):

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Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: We said, "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon when the sky is clear?" We said, "No" He said: "So you will have no difficulty in seeing your Lord on that Day as you have no difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon (in a clear sky)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) then said: "Somebody will then announce, 'Let every nation follow what they used to worship. So the people of the cross will go with their cross, and the idolaters (will go) with their idols and the worshippers of every god (false deities) (will go) with their god till there remain those who used to worship Allah from the obedient and the disobedient ones, and some of the people of the Scripture. Then Hell will be presented to them as if it were a mirage. Then it will be said to the Jews "What did you used to worship". They will reply: 'We used to worship Uzair, the son of Allah.' It will be said to them. 'You are liars for Allah has neither a wife nor a son. What do you want (now)?' They will reply: 'We want You to provide us with water.' Then it will be said to them 'Drink,' and they will fall down in Hell (instead). Then it will be said to the Christians: 'What did you use to worship?' They will reply: 'We used to worship Messiah, the son of Allah.' It will be said, 'You are liars, for Allah has neither a wife nor a son. What do you want (now)?' They will say, 'We want You to provide us with water.' It will be said to them, 'Drink,' and they will fall down in Hell (instead). Till there remain only those who used to Worship Allah (Alone), from the obedient ones and the sinners, and it will be said to them: 'What keeps you here when all the people have gone?' They will say: 'We left them (in the world) when we were in greater need of them than we are today, we heard the call of one proclaiming, 'Let every nation follow what they used to worship, and now we are waiting for our Lord.' Then Allah All-Mighty will come to them in a shape other than the one which they saw the first time, and He will say: "I am your Lord", and they will say: 'You are Our Lord.' And none will speak to Him then but the Prophets, and then it will be said to them: 'Do you know any sign by which you can recognise Him?' They will say, 'The Shin', and so Allah will then uncover His Shin whereupon every believer will prostrate before Him. And there will remain those who used to prostrate before Him just for showing off and for gaining good reputation. Such a one will try to prostrate but his back (bones) will become a single (vertebra) bone (like one piece of a wood and he will not be able to prostrate). Then the bridge will be laid across Hell. We (the companions of the Prophet) said: "0 Allah's Messenger! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) What is the bridge?' He said, "It is a slippery (bridge) on which there are clamps and (hooks like) a thorny seed that is wide at one side and narrow at the other and has thorns with bent ends. Such a thorny seed is found in Najd and is called As-Sa'daan. Some of the believers will cross the bridge as quickly as the wink of an eye, some others as quick as lightning, a strong wind, fast horses or she-camels. So some will be safe without any harm; some will be safe after receiving some scratches, and some will fall down into Hell (Fire). The last person will cross as if being dragged (over the bridge)." The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "You (Muslims) cannot be more pressing in claiming from me a right that has been clearly proved to be yours than the believers in interceding with Almighty for their (Muslim) brothers on that Day, when they see themselves safe. They will say, '0 Allah! (Save) our brothers (for they) used to pray with us, fast with us and also do good deeds with us.' Allah will Say: 'Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith (imaan) equal to the weight of one (gold) Dinar.' Allah will forbid the Fire to burn the faces of those sinners. They will go to them and find some of them in Hell (Fire) up to their feet, and some up to the middle of their legs. So they will take out those whom they will recognise and then they will return, and Allah will say (to them), 'Go and take out (of Hell) anyone

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in whose heart you find faith (imaan) equal to the weight of one half Dinar. 'They will take out whomsoever they will recognise and return, and then Allah will say, 'Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith (imaan) equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), and so they will take out all those whom they will recognise. Abu Sa'eed said: 'lf you do not believe me then read the Holy Verse:-

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