synthesis and biological activity of furan derivatives

6 downloads 56 Views 779KB Size Report
Jul 20, 2011 - reaction, then cyclization using thioamide to give compound 9 Subsequent hydrolysis and amidation gave the desired compound 106. Fig5.

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 Review Article

Available online through www.ijrap.net

ISSN 2229-3566

SYNTHESIS AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF FURAN DERIVATIVES Verma Anupam*, Pandeya S.N., Sinha Shweta Saroj Institute of Technology and Management, Ahmamau, Arjunganj, Lucknow, India Received on: 09/06/2011 Revised on: 20/07/2011 Accepted on: 12/08/2011 ABSTRACT Furan derivative are an important class of heterocyclic compound that possess important biological properties. From last few decades a considerable amount of attention has been focussed on synthesis of Furan derivatives and screening them for different pharmacological activities. The furan ring system is the basic skeleton of numerous compounds possessing cardiovascular activities. An iodinated lipophilic furan derivative is widely used in the treatment of ventricular and atrial fibrillation. These moieties are widely employed as antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antitumor, Antihyperglycemic, Analgesic, Anticonvulsant etc. Slight change in substitution pattern in furan nucleus causes distinguishable difference in their biological activities. In this review we are discussing about synthesis and various biological activities of newly synthesized furan derivatives. Keyword: Furan, Antihyperglycemic, Analgesic, Anticonvulsant activity. *Author for Correspondence Anupam Verma, Student, Saroj institute of Technology and Management, Ahmamau, Lucknow, india E-mail: [email protected] INTRODUCTION Furan Fig.1, The name furan comes from the Latin furfur, which means bran. The first furan derivative to be described was 2-furoic acid, by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 17801 Furan is a class of organic compounds of the heterocyclic aromatic series characterized by a ring structure composed of one oxygen atom and four carbon atoms. The simplest member of the furan family is furan itself, a colourless, volatile, and somewhat toxic liquid that boils at 31.36° C (88.45° F). Several other members of the furan family are produced on a large scale for use as solvents and chemical raw materials. The first furan compound discovered was pyromucic acid (2-furoic acid), prepared in 17802 Furanand related compound have been reported to possess various biological activities such as Antihyperglycemic3, Analgesic3, Antiinflammatory3, Antibacterial3, Antifungal3, Antitumor activities3. SYNTHESIS OF SUBSTITUTED FURAN DERIVATIVES Scheme1 The oxime-olefin was synthesized by cycloaddition reaction with substituted olefins in the presence of chloramine-T17 to produce isoxazolines4. Fig.2

Scheme2 The (5-mercapto-indol-1-yl)-acetic acid core was prepared by alkylating commercially available 5 benzyloxyindole in dimethylformamide with methylbromoacetate using sodium hydride as base. The resulting compound was then de-benzylated using hydrogen and palladium as catalyst5 Fig.3 Scheme 3 Compound (3) were synthesized by Suzuki coupling reaction using palladium catalyst from 6 bromo-2hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (2). PdCl2(P(o-tol)3) was a good catalyst for the reaction. The 4-aryl benzofurans (6) were obtained6. Fig.4 Scheme 4 For the preparation of 4-thiazolyl benzofurans, compound (2) was bromoacetylated by Friedel Crafts reaction, then cyclization using thioamide to give compound 9 Subsequent hydrolysis and amidation gave the desired compound 106. Fig5

Scheme 5 1-(2-benzofuryl)-3-aryl-2-propen-1-ones 12a-c were prepared by reaction of 2-acetylbenzofuran 11 with aromatic aldehyde. The 1-(benzofuran-2-yl)-4-nitro-3arylbutan-1-ones 39a-c were prepared by reacting equimolecular amount of 38a-c with nitromethane in International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 boiling ethanol and in the presence of basic catalyst7 Fig.6 Scheme 6 Direct reduction of conjugated ester 13 to eganol 15 was performed by using LiAlH4 or LiBH4 as shown in scheme.8 Fig.7 Scheme 7 Khan isolated a new egonol derivative, 5-(3-propanoyloxypropyl)-7-methoxy-2-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl) benzofuran 43 fromStyraxobassia8 Fig8 BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY Antibacterial Activity Hatem A. Abdel-Aziz et al synthesized compound that showed a variable potencies against tested bacteria. The tested compound (1E-2E)-1-(Piperidin-1-yl)-1-[(4nitrophenyl hydrazonal]-2-[(3-methylbenzofuran-2oyl)hydrazono] propane exhibited weak inhibitory effect against the Gram-negative bacterium E.Coli (1) whereas they revealed no effect, or very weak against P.aerogenosa9 Fig.9 Anticonvulsant Dawood newly synthesized benzotriazole derivatives were screened for anticonvulsant activity in maximal electroshock seizure (MES) and subcutaneous metrazole test in mice.The test compound 2-(5-Acetyl-3-phenyl1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-ylidene)-1-(2-benzofuryl)-2-(1benzotriazolyl)-ethanone were found to be active in subcutaneous metrazole8 Fig.10 Antinociceptive Effect Dawood newly synthesized benzotriazole derivative to show antinociceptive effect.The pyrazole derivative 3acetyl-1-aryl-5-(benzofuran-2-yl)-4-(benzotriazol-1-yl) pyrazoles showed a higher antinociceptive activity. It was assessed by three different models:the acetic acid induced writhing test,hot plate test and tail flick test. Some benzotriazole derivative exhibited antinociceptive effect as shown in compound 38 Fig.11 Antifungal activity Abdel-Aziz AAI Mekawey in 2009 synthesize various compound like (1Z,2E)-N- (aryl)propanehydrazonoyl chloride bearing active methyl group used as Cnucleophiles.The newly synthesized benzofuran–based (1E)-1-(Piperidine-1-yl)-N2-arylamidrazones have 11 significant antifungal activity . Fig.12 Antitumor Activity Galal synthesize a new series benzofuran derivative by the reaction of the furochromone-carboxaldehydes with differentheterocyclic amines to yield the benzofuran-5carbonyl derivative. The synthesized compound were tested against twelve differenthuman cancer cell lines and all of the compound were more potent than the comparative standard12. Fig 13

Antiviral Galal et al. 2009 synthesized derivatives can serve as lead compound for further investigation and act as antiviral activity. Compound (11 H- Benzo[4,5] imidazol[1,2-a] [1,4] diazepin-4-yl) (6-hydroxy-4,7dimethoxy- benzofuran-5-yl) methanone13. Fig 14 Antiimflammatory Dawood synthesized benzofuran-benzotriazole-based heterocycles compound. The thiadiazole derivative 2(5-Acetyl-3-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-ylidene)-1-(2benzofuryl)-2 (1 benzo tria zolyl) ethanono was the most potent anti-inflammatory compound.The anti inflammation effect of the thiazolidine ester derivative is higher than that of it acetyl derivative10. Fig.15 CONCLUSION Different Derivatives of furan were synthesized and characterized by the spectral method such as IR & NMR The pyrazole derivative 3-acetyl-1-aryl-5-(benzofuran-2yl)-4-(benzotriazol-1-yl) pyrazoles showed a higher antinociceptive activity.and The test compound 2-(5Acetyl-3-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-ylidene)-1-(2benzofuryl)-2-(1-benzotriazolyl)-ethanone were found to be active in subcutaneous metrazole and show a anticonvulsant activity. So these derevatives/compound can be used as potent antinociceptive agents and anticonvulsant activity. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The author wish to thanks, Dr S.N. Pandeya and Central Drug Research Institute., Lucknow for providing facilities to carry out the review work reported in this article. REFERENCES 1. Alexander Senning. Elsevier's Dictionary of Chemoetymology. Elsevier, 2006. ISBN 0444522395. Available from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Furan 2. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/222526/furan 3. Kuntal Manna, Yadven K Agrawal. Microwave assisted synthesis of new indoophenazine 1,3,5-trisubstruted pyrazolined derivatives of benzofuran and their antimicrobial derivatives. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, Bioorganic and medicinal chemistry 2009 ;19: 2688-2692 4. G Ahmed et al. Synthesis of novel benzofuran isoxazolines as protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitor, Bioorganic. Medicinal. Chemistry. Lett.2006;16: 2139-2143. 5. GF Filzen et al. Synthesis and SAR of selective benzothiophene, benzofuran, and indole based peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ agonists Bioorganic. Medicinal Chemistry. Lett, 2007;17: 3630-3635. 6. Yuan Chen et al., Synthesis, discovery and preliminary SAR Study of Benzofuran derivatives as angiogenesis inhibitors, Bioorganic Medicinal Chemistry. Lett. 2009;19: 1851-1854 7. Osama Saku, Mayumi Saki, Masakan KurIkede, Tkuya Takizawa, Noriaki Uesaka. Synthetic studies on selective adenosine A2A receptor antagonist: synthesis and SAR of novel benzofuran derivatives Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry letter 2010;20: 1090-1093.

International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 8. BF Abdel-Wahab, Hatem A Abdel-Aziz, Essam M Ahmed, Synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of 1-(benzofuran-2-yl)-4nitro-3-arylbutan-1-ones and 3-(benzofuran-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-5aryl-1-[4-(aryl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]-1H-pyrazoles. European journal of medicinal chemistry 2009;44: 2632-2635. 9. Da Hye Choi, Jung Woon Hwang, Hyun Suck Lee, Deok Mo Yang, and Jong-Gab Jun. Highly effective total synthesis of Benzofuran Natural Product Egonol,Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2008;29:8 10. KM Dawood, Hassan Abdel-Gawad, Eman A Rageb, Mohey Ellithey and Hanan A Mohamed. Synthesis, anticonvulsant, and anti-inflammatory evaluation of some new bennzotriazole and

benzofuran-based heterocycles.Bioorganic medicinal. Chemistry. 2006;14: 3672-3680 11. Hatem A Abdel-Aziz, AAI Mekawey, Stereoselective synthesis and antimicrobial activity of benzofuran-based (1E)-1(Piperidine-1-yl)-N2-Arylamidrazones.European journal of medicinal chemistry 2009:44; 4985-4997. 12. Shadia A Galal et al, Synthesis of Potent antitumor and antiviral benzofuran derivatives, Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry letters 2009;19 :2420-2428. 13. Shadia A. Galal et al., Novel antiviral benzofuran-transition metal complexex. European journal of medicinal chemistry 2010;45: 3035-304 .

O

Fig.1 O

O CH

O

3

O CH

C h lo ra m in e -T R

3

R

2

R 1

R

1

N -O H

7 )R 1 = H 1 2 )R 1 = O C H 3

N

O x im e -o le fin

O

Is o x a z o lin e s

Fig.2 O

H N

methylbrom oacetate NaH,CH3CN/DMF

N

O

H2, 10%Pd/C OBn

OBn

O

N

S

N

O

O

N

N-Ndim ethylthioca rbamoyl chloride

O

O

HO

diphenyl ether KOH ethanol reflux MeOH, p-TsOH,Reflux

O

N

O

HS

Fig.3 International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

3

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 OMe

OMe

OMe OH

OH

OH

B r2 , A cO H

R 1 B (O H )2 ,P d C l2 (P (o -to l)3 )2 , K 2 C O 3 ,H 2 O ,E tO H ,T o lu en e

CHO

CHO

CHO

3

1

eth y l b ro m o acetate,K 2 C O 3 ,D M F

OMe

OMe

O

O

O

O

L iO H .H 2 O OH

T H F ,H 2 O

OEt

5

6

R1

4

R1

Br

R1

R 2 N H 2 ,W S C .H C l H O B t.H 2 O ,E t3 N , O M e DMF

O O

R2 NH

7 R1

Fig.4 OMe

OMe

O

O

BrCOCH2Br,AlCl3,CH2Cl2

COOEt

2

COOEt

COCH2Br 8 R1CSNH2 dioxane

OMe O

OMe

O

R2

O

NH

COOEt

LiOH.H2O,THF,H2O R2NH2,WSC.HCl,HOBt.H2O,Et3N, DMF

N

N

S

10

R1

S R1

Fig.5

9

International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 O

O

CH3

O

O

1 2 a -c

11

12 a b c

Ar

Ar Ph 4 -C l-C 6 H 4 4 -M eO -C 6 H 4

Fig.6 O O OEt

O O

13 OM e

L iA lH 4 o r L iB H 4

O HO

O O OM e

14 +

O

HO

O O OM e

15

Fig.7

International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 O O OEt

O O

15 OMe

O

OH

DCC, DMAP 99%

Fig.8

O

O

O

O

Cl

O

Me

O

N

16 N

OMe

H

H N

N

Me

O

NO2

Fig 9

N'-{(2E)-1-chloro-1-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)hydrazinyl]propan-2-ylidene}-3-methyl-1-benzofuran-2-carbohydrazide N

N

O

N

O

N

N

N O C 6H 5

S

N

N

Fig 10

O

N

O

N Me

O

O

OH

HN

Ph Fig .12

N

N H

N N H

COCH 3

fig. 11

O OMe

Me

N

4-ClC6H4

CH 3

N

OMe

Fig. 13

International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Verma Anupam et al / IJRAP 2011, 2 (4) 1110-1116 OMe

O N

R=O M e,H

O

N

OH

N

H

R

Fig.14 N O

N

O

C

6H 5

N

S

N

CH

N

3

O

F ig 1 5

International Journal of Research in Ayurveda & Pharmacy, 2(4), 2011 1110-1116

Suggest Documents