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The Pacific Islands food composition tables SECOND EDITION

FAO Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy Tel.: (+39) 06 57051 Fax: (+39) 06 57053152 Internet: www.fao.org

The Pacific Islands food composition tables SECOND EDITION

by Cecily Dignan Barbara Burlingame Shailesh Kumar William Aalbersberg

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2004

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The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-105138-0

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to [email protected]

© FAO

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2004

CONTENTS 1.

FOREWORD

iv

2.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

v

3.

HISTORY

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4.

USERS’ GUIDE

ix

5.

REFERENCES

6.

FOOD TABLES A B C D E F G H J K M N P Q R S T W X Y

7.

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STARCHY STAPLES CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS GREEN LEAVES OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS NUTS AND SEEDS LEGUMES FISH SEAFOOD MEAT AND POULTRY MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS EGGS FATS AND OILS PROCESSED FOODS MIXED COOKED DISHES CONFECTIONERY HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES BEVERAGES COCONUT PRODUCTS WILD ANIMAL FOODS

2 10 18 24 32 40 44 48 52 54 62 68 68 70 76 78 80 84 90 90

APPENDIXES Appendix I Alcohol values

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Appendix II Key to abbreviations

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Appendix III Recommended dietary intakes

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Appendix IV Recipes

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Appendix V Full food name

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Appendix VI Food index

119

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1.

FOREWORD

Traditional Pacific Island diets were diverse and nutritionally appropriate. They included a wide range of foods, such as root crops, coconuts, green leaves, fruit, fish and seafood. In recent decades Pacific Islanders have experienced many changes in lifestyle, including changes in diet. Most of the dietary changes have not been for the better, and have contributed to the double burden of malnutrition throughout the Pacific: undernourishment and micronutrient deficiencies, and, at the other extreme, overweight and obesity and diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. Based on analyses to date, it is known that many indigenous Pacific crops and foods have particularly high nutrient contents. However, changes in lifestyle and food habits over the last decades have been associated with a reduction in the consumption of traditional foods and an increase in consumption of imported convenience foods. Thus, the diet-related disease burden is extreme. Analytical data on foods in the food supply allow us to see the composition of our foods, and enable us to construct diets to combat the deficiencies and excesses. The vast natural biodiversity of food plants and animals represents an asset that is sadly neglected. Food composition activities provide a focus on the nutrient content of individual cultivars, wild and cultivated, that will add to the impetus to preserve this rich diversity for the food security of the region. Trade of agriculture and fishery products represents one of the major priorities for the Pacific Island countries. Exports markets for agricultural produce are growing increasingly competitive and countries in the region must ensure the quality and safety of their products. Improved analytical capabilities in laboratories in the Pacific will facilitate trade by allowing exporters to certify the nutrient content, contaminant limits, and other compositional aspects that would otherwise represent trade barriers. The governments in the region have therefore requested and received FAO assistance in the generation, compilation and dissemination of food nutrient and contaminant data, laboratory accreditation and associated training. An improved capacity for food composition analysis and effective dissemination of nutrient data will have positive impacts on health, agriculture, fisheries, biodiversity and the economies of the Pacific Island countries.

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2.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Many individuals and organizations have contributed to the development of food composition activities in the Pacific over many years. In the 1980s, Dr Jacqui Badcock, nutritionist, 1983-89, Dr Heather Greenfield, food composition coordinator, 1988, and John Bailey, food composition coordinator, 1989-91, at the South Pacific Commission, played vital roles in establishing the Pacific Island Food Composition Project. Bill Aalbersberg, Tim Adams, Mona Chand, André Cornu, Paul Dalzell, Malcolm Hazelman, Jean Hankin, Robin Hide, Mele'ofa Malolo, Taiora Matenga-Smith, Yolande Mou, Susan Parkinson, Rebecca Pobocik, Christine Quested, Seini Seniloli, Prapasri Puwastien and Randy Thaman have also provided valuable contributions at different stages in the development of the tables. The preparation of the database and printed tables for the first edition were undertaken in New Zealand as an International Network of Food Data Systems (INFOODS) project, and involved the hard work of Cecily Dignan from SPC and Barbara Burlingame and her team of nutritionists from Crop & Food Research, including Jose Arthur, Robert Quigley and Gregory Milligan, and the inspiration and encouragement of Nevin Scrimshaw. Funding for the project work through 1994 was provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Australian International Development Assistance Bureau (AIDAB) and the New Zealand Medical Research Council (NZMRC). Cooperating laboratories in the Pacific for conducting new, green, leafy vegetables analyses were the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji, the National Analytical Laboratory in Lae, and the National Agricultural Chemical Laboratory in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Since 1994, the following people have played important roles and provided valuable contributions: Ruth English, Pieter Scheelings, Don Buick, Barbara Burlingame, Anna-Maria Bruno, Shailesh Kumar, Usaia Dolodolotawake. Funding for the second edition, including the necessary analytical work, laboratory accreditation and publication, was provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The work was undertaken primarily at the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific. During the preparation of the second edition of The Pacific Islands food composition tables, the Food Composition Advisory Committee played a vital role: Jaye Kumar (Chair), Bill Aalbersberg, Nirmala Nand, Ruci Dakunimata, Kamlesh Chand Puran, Miliakere Nawaikula, Epeli Draniikamate, Manjula Prakash, Apisai Ucuboi, Semi Tubuduadua, Aliki Turagakula, Shailesh Kumar, Penina Vatucawaqa, Permal Deo, Susan Parkinson, Apiame Cegumalua, Vatimi Rayalu, William Magnus, Maria Bantayan. Others also offered valuable input during the process of compiling the second edition, including Heather Greenfield, Wendy Snowdon, Judy Cunningham, Vili Fuavao, Dirk Schulz, Bill Swallow, John Love and U. Ruth Charrondiere. The second edition relies on the bulk of work prepared for the first edition, largely by Cecily Dignan and Barbara Burlingame as the original project initiators. Credit for the new analytical work and compilation goes to Shailesh Kumar, Riaz Ali Mohammed, Usaia Dolodolotawake, Shibani Nand and Priti Maharaj, with inputs and project oversight from Bill Aalbersberg and Barbara Burlingame. To all of the people and organizations who have offered their advice, shared their data so generously, provided common serving measures for some of the foods, reviewed key foods and core components, carefully refereed the draft of the original tables and, most importantly, offered their encouragement and continued to express their need for updated tables, FAO wishes to express its sincere gratitude and appreciation.

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3.

HISTORY

The early days In the late 1940s and early 1950s the South Pacific Commission (SPC) had a food composition programme under the direction of a biochemist, F.E. Peters and a nutritionist, Sheila Malcolm. Studies were carried out on the nutrient content of commonly eaten Pacific Island foods, with most work being done on the coconut and breastmilk. Later in this project, amino acid profiles of root crops and green leaves were studied, and it was concluded that a mixed diet of yams, taro or sweet potato with green leaves would supply a balance of amino acids necessary for an adequate diet. The importance of this work was not realized by governments, and food composition work at the SPC laboratory ceased in 1957.

The rise of non-communicable diseases in the Pacific In the late 1970s, there was increasing concern at the appearance of non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as diabetes and heart diseases, in many countries in the Pacific. This resulted in funding being provided to SPC by the United Nations Development Programme in 1981 to bring together all the various survey results and information throughout the Pacific Islands’ region on the prevalence and causes of non-communicable diseases. This culminated in the publication still so well known and utilized today: The effect of urbanisation and western diet on the health of Pacific Island populations, SPC Technical Paper 186. A meeting was convened at the end of 1981 to discuss the findings of this study and from this meeting came the following recommendations, which related to food analysis work: Recommendation No. 25 The South Pacific Commission organise a technical workshop to gather, review and make available existing (but often unpublished) data on the nutrient composition of Pacific foods, and make recommendations concerning needs for additional food composition data in the region. Recommendation No. 26 The South Pacific Commission investigate the facilities available in the region for food nutrient and food contaminant analysis with the aim of upgrading existing facilities to ensure that a prompt food analysis service is available within the region.

Working group on food composition tables A working group on food composition tables was subsequently convened in November 1982. It suggested that Food composition tables for use in the South Pacific be reprinted, as it was the most suitable set of tables available at that time for the Pacific. The tables had been developed in the 1960s by the Nutrition Department of the Fiji School of Medicine using the best available data from the United Kingdom, the United States of America, Australia and Latin America. These tables were reprinted by the SPC in 1983. They have been widely used throughout the Pacific for 30 years. The meeting also recommended the establishment of a nutrient database of local and imported food consumed in the Pacific. It further proposed that new data on local and imported foods be produced, and that, where possible, this analytical work should be done in the Pacific. Endorsement for these recommendations came from meetings of the Pacific Islands' Permanent Heads of Health Services in 1983 and the Permanent Heads of Agriculture and Livestock in 1984. This resulted in the project entitled “Development of food composition tables in the Pacific Region” which was included in the SPC's nutrition work programme in 1985.

The first technical workshop on food composition tables Following this meeting, SPC organized the first technical workshop on Pacific food composition tables, which was held at the then Institute of Natural Resources (now the Institute of Applied Sciences) of the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, Suva, in February 1986. Representatives from

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the following four Pacific analytical laboratories attended: the Institute of Natural Resources, the University of the South Pacific, Fiji; Department of Primary Industry, Papua New Guinea; National Analytical Laboratory, University of Technology, Lae, Papua New Guinea; and the Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea. Other participants included several nutritionists, agriculturalists, home economists and food technologists from around the region, members of the Australian and New Zealand food composition programme and other resource people.

Pacific Island food composition programme Comprehensive plans were made at this workshop for the development of a food database and for new food analyses, with a list of priority foods for analysis and priority analytes determined. Funding was provided by USAID, which made possible the recruiting of the first food composition coordinator, Dr Heather Greenfield, who began the work of establishing the project, named the Pacific Island food composition programme (PIFCP). Published data on food analyses of Pacific Island food were collected and a survey of user needs was dispatched around the region. Since root crops such as sweet potatoes, taros and yams had been comprehensively analysed by Bradbury and Holloway (1988), it was decided to concentrate new analytical work on the green leaves. Under the guidance of the second food composition coordinator, John Bailey, the PIFCP collaborating laboratories in Lae, Port Moresby and Suva validated their analytical methods in 1990 and by early 1991 had completed the analysis of 19 commonly eaten, green, leafy vegetables. Unfortunately, funding for new food analyses and for the food composition coordinator post was not available after 1991. Since that time the project has focused on further development of the database and production of the new food tables, using data from a large number of sources. INFOODS donated a computer for the work in 1992. A strong collaborative effort between the SPC nutrition programme and the New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research during 1993-94 resulted in the publication of the first edition of the tables and the preparation of dietary assessment software containing the Pacific Island database.

INFOODS and OCEANIAFOODS INFOODS had established a network of Regional Data Centres around the world. OCEANIAFOODS was one, established in May 1987. The membership included Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (formerly the South Pacific Commission) (SPC) representing 22 small island countries. The OCEANIAFOODS network brought the countries in the region together approximately every two years to share developments in data generation, compilation and dissemination, and to offer assistance to the developing Pacific Island countries. Biennial meetings were held and a programme of collaborative work was developed.

The need for more food analytical work At the time of the publication of the first edition of the tables in 1994 it was recognized that there were still important gaps in the data, in particular for uncultivated nuts and fruits, breadfruit dishes, pandanus and coconut products, Pacific Island cooked dishes, shellfish and fish. A review of the progress of the Pacific food composition programme at the 1991 OCEANIA FOODS meeting had recommended that the New Zealand programme assist SPC in the finalization of the new food tables and that Australian aid be sought to continue the food analysis programme at the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific, which had shown a consistent ability and interest in food nutrient analysis. On the basis of this a funding proposal was prepared.

The USP–ACIAR–AGAL–ORSTOM–SPC food analysis project The project “Nutrient composition of some Pacific Islands food crops and bushfoods” was a joint project of the University of the South Pacific (USP), the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), the Australian Government Analytical Laboratory (AGAL), the French Institute of Scientific Research for Cooperative Development (ORSTOM) and the SPC. It commenced in early 1994 and aimed to help fill the gaps in the food tables by undertaking analyses on important uncultivated nuts and fruits for which no reliable data existed.

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Many of these fruits and nuts are eaten as snacks, with some of the nuts also used in traditional cooked dishes, adding greatly to the protein and general nutritional value of the dish. The potential existed for commercialization of several of these fruits and nuts, with the ngali or pili nut already having been developed commercially in Solomon Islands. As well as generating income, more nutritious food has been made available to the local market by the commercialization of this nut. Apart from uncultivated fruits and nuts, it was planned that the project would analyse commonly eaten Pacific Island mixed cooked dishes, important atoll foods, and other foods not well covered in the first edition of the tables. The analytical methods used were also upgraded at USP as part of the project and the quality assurance programme enhanced. Annual meetings were held with Australian and USP scientists to monitor progress. The results were published in a booklet Pacific Islands foods: description and nutrient composition of 78 local foods. A second volume based on postgraduate research and some commercial samples was published in 2001.

The FAO project "Strengthening Food Analytical Capabilities in the Pacific Region" In the mid-1990s, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations had resumed its interest in food composition work and development of regional food composition databases. Towards the end of the ACIAR project, discussions were held with FAO on a possible follow-up project to continue food composition work and expand the work to food contaminants. After much discussion a proposal was prepared in April 1999 under the Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries programme of FAO. After extensive review this was finalized and approved for April 2002–August 2004 as a regional project in Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Samoa and Tonga. The aims were to improve food security and food quality and safety in Pacific Island countries, and enhance trade by strengthening food composition and contaminant data generation, compilation and dissemination, achieving international accreditation for laboratories and upgrading the skills base of technical personnel. The following were some of the specific tasks of the project: • to fill gaps in the Pacific Islands food composition tables • to publish an updated version of the tables • to develop food analytical skills in five Pacific nations • to support the USP laboratory to achieve international accreditation The tables that follow are the output of this FAO project.

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4.

USERS' GUIDE

Sources of data Users of the food tables must be aware that very few foods have a constant nutrient composition and that the data presented here do not represent absolute values. The purpose of this publication is to present, as far as possible, a reflection of the usual composition of foods as available and/or consumed, based on representative samples. However, the data have been collected from many different sources and represent samples from many different countries and laboratories. Some nutrient values in these tables are presumed, “borrowed” from similar foods, or calculated using estimated yields and retention factors, rather than being obtained from food analyses. This process has been necessary to obtain complete tables of core nutrients with a minimum number of missing values.

Source codes The different sources are listed below with a code, and full citations for published sources appear in the Reference section.

TABLE 1. Source codes Code

Explanation

a b d e f h j k m n

Australia Great Britain Derived from any of several published sources Izumi, M., 1993 Fiji: Aalbersberg, unpublished SPC: handbook numbers 17 and 31 SPC: Food composition tables for use in the Pacific Islands, 1983; and SPC, Peters, F.E., 1959 Calculated Malaysia Papua New Guinea: Institute of Medical Research, 1985 Brand, Thomas and Hyndman, 1991 Ohtsuka et al., 1984 Norgan, Durnin and Ferro-Luzzi, 1969 France Germany Bradbury, J.H.; Holloway, W.D., 1988 FAO: East Asia tables, 1972 United States of America FAO: Africa Australian Aboriginal foods New Zealand

o q s t u v y z

Each food record is made up combinations of data sources. Pacific Island-generated analytical data are presented when available. Data from other relevant sources were used to supplement analytical data to avoid missing values. Hence, each record is made up of more than one source, and no single record represents a fully “borrowed” data set. These concise tables provide only the major source of the nutrient data for each food record in the source column in Appendix VI - Food index. Knowing the source, the user can then make an informed choice about which data to use when there is a choice of more than one entry in the table for the same food or similar foods. Source codes can also assist the user in deciding on the validity and acceptability of the data for a particular purpose.

Layout of the tables There are 20 food groups in the tables, each identified by a letter of the alphabet. Some letters have been deliberately omitted to avoid confusion (e.g. the letters I and O look very much like the numbers 1 and 0, so I and O are not used).

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There are 22 nutrients presented in the tables. These are: water, energy in kilojoules and kilocalories, protein, total fat, available carbohydrate, dietary fibre, cholesterol, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, total vitamin A equivalents, retinol, B-carotene equivalents, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B12, vitamin C and vitamin E. For each food, 11 nutrients are presented on one page and the other 11 on the facing page. Mean values presented in all food records are rounded to a fixed number of decimal places or a fixed number of significant figures for each nutrient.

Food key Beside each food name is a code, or key, that uniquely identifies each food in the larger database from which the tables have been developed. For example, A010 is the key for cassava flour. The key will be maintained for this food in the continuing development of the database and in each edition of printed tables. If the food is deleted from the database, the key will also be deleted.

Edible portion and measures Each food in the tables represents the edible portion of the food. In most records, the edible part is described, for example, “flesh and edible seeds”. In some records this information is not given because it was not provided in the original source. No calculations are necessary for refuse or waste. If the food is normally cooked before eating, then every attempt was made to include nutrient data for the cooked food. Note, though, that for some foods, such as root crops and green leaves, data are presented on the raw food, even when it is not eaten raw. This was done for the purpose of showing differences in nutrient composition between foods without the confounding influence of different cooking methods. Serving sizes are determined on the basis of amounts commonly purchased or eaten. These are just a guide as to what might be a usual amount eaten or a measure used for serving food. In most cases this common serving measure was provided by Pacific Island dietitians/nutritionists. Measures presented in these tables are not meant to be used as a recommended serving size or portion. All measures are on an edible portion basis, so no adjustments are required for refuse. The volume amounts used are metric standards, as listed in Table 2. Volume measures are converted to weight in grams, based on the foods' density, and nutrient values are presented on the weight basis.

TABLE 2. Metric standards 1 cup 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon

250 millilitre (mL) 15 millilitre (mL) 5 millilitre (mL)

Finding a food in the tables In the tables, foods are listed within food groups. If you cannot find the food in the group you expect it to be in, turn to the food name index (Appendix VI), which contains all foods listed alphabetically regardless of chapter. This listing shows the English name and a number of local language names. For example, Solomon Islanders looking for the nutrient composition of ngali nut would not find that food name listed in the tables. Appendix VI, however, shows ngali nut listed, with a note saying "see Pili nut". Pili nut could then be found in the nut group. Because there are so many local names, it was not possible to list them all in this publication. Similarly, there are some commonly eaten foods not included in these tables, including mixed cooked dishes, because they have never been analysed.

Full name of foods and scientific name Appendix V lists the full names of all foods in the tables within chapters, and includes the scientific name if it is identifiable beyond doubt. The food preparation or cooking method is also included as appropriate.

Description of foods and terms used Foods are described as completely as possible and, for some foods, this includes brand names. Identification by brand name is not an endorsement for the product.

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The same foods, with different processing or preparation, are not always derived from the same sample. Data are obtained from many sources and represent different growing years, growing areas, cultivars, laboratories and different methods of analysis. Therefore, differences in values for various forms of the same food do not necessarily represent the effect of the processing or preparation. For other foods, only the raw sample was analysed and the cooked values were obtained by calculation. The term “raw” when used with meat refers to meat that has been freshly killed and not processed before being prepared for analysis. The term “uncooked” refers to meat that has been processed in some way, yet has not undergone or does not require post-purchase cooking. For example, the word “uncooked” is used for ham and cured bacon. The term “separable lean” refers to meat muscle, but includes fat striations within the muscle. The term “separable fat” refers to the visible fat layer and removable intramuscular fat. “Baked” means cooked in an earth oven, an electric oven, or a gas oven, without fat and with dry heat. Food described as baked can be used where “grilled on hot coals” or “dry roasted” values are required.

Cooked mixed dishes Recipes were used to calculate the nutrient composition of most of the cooked mixed dishes. Calculations were made using the composition of ingredients, together with yields and individual nutrient retention factors specific to the method of preparation. Recipe ingredients and amounts used are provided in Appendix IV.

Composite foods “Composite” in these tables means the average of several similar foods. For example, composites of several varieties of sweet potato and several types of reef fish are provided. These data are useful in consumption studies when the specific variety or type is not known or recorded.

Symbols A number of symbols have been used throughout the tables and in the appendixes. The source codes and keys have been explained above. All units in the tables are metric. Symbol

Description

g mg µg kJ kcal T

grams milligrams micrograms kilojoules kilocalories not analysed trace, less than the limit of detection

Recommended daily intakes Specific recommended nutrient intakes (RNIs) based largely on the recommendations of FAO/WHO (2002) are provided in Appendix III.

Notes on nutrients There are 22 nutrients in the main body of the tables, which are presented in a fixed format for each record. The order of presentation is based on major nutrient categories and convention. Users of these food composition tables will have a basic understanding of the food components within each nutrient category. Therefore, this section relates only to specific information that is not obvious or self-explanatory. For some of the older food records, the methods of nutrient analysis were not available from the original source. In some cases, values were recalculated to provide information on the form of the nutrient required for the format of this publication. Where the method was ambiguous, not supplied or was incomplete, a best estimate was used. The sum of the proximates usually falls within the range of 97–103 g per 100 g edible portion. A margin of plus or minus 3 percent is considered acceptable (Greenfield and Southgate, 2003), particularly as many of the components were determined independently on different samples in

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different laboratories. For some food records, the sum is outside this range. Explanations for this situation include the presence of high levels of unusual constituents not measured in the proximate analyses, and analytical error. Energy is expressed in units of both kilocalories (kcal) and kilojoules (kJ). All values were calculated from the energy-producing food components using conversion factors listed in Table 3 as recommended by FAO (2003) and the Codex Alimentarius Commission (2001), with one exception: available carbohydrate was calculated using 16.5 kJ/g. For most foods, the difference is insignificant. For the few foods presented with a large measure and a high carbohydrate content, the difference may be as high as 40 kJ. (Note: the energy factor for dietary fibre was not included in the previous edition of these tables.)

TABLE 3. Energy conversion factors (FAO, 2003)

Protein Total fat Available carbohydrate Dietary fibre Ethyl alcohol

kcal/g

kJ/g

4.0 9.0 4.0 2.0 7.0

17 37 17 8 29

Table 4 provides the list of nutrients, the units of expression, the INFOODS tagnames for the majority of that nutrient presented in the tables, and summary notes including formulas and factors for calculations.

TABLE 4. Components, units, INFOODS tagnames,1 and relevant notes Component name

Units

INFOODS tagnames

Water Energy

g kcal

WATER ENERC_kcal

Energy

kJ

ENERC

Protein Fat

g g

PROCNT FAT

CHO (carbohydrate), available

g

TDF (total dietary fibre) Na (sodium) Mg (magnesium) K (potassium) Ca (calcium) Fe (iron) Zn (zinc) Retinol β-carotene equiv.

g mg mg mg mg mg mg µg µg

CHOAVL CHOAVLDF FIBTG NA MG K CA FE ZN RETOL CARTB

Total vitamin A equiv. (retinol equivalents) Thiamin (vitamin B1) Riboflavin (vitamin B2) Niacin Vitamin B12 Vitamin C Vitamin E Cholesterol

µg

VITA

mg mg mg µg mg mg mg

THIA RIBF NIA VITB12 VITC VITE CHOLE

Notes

Calculated as (4 x g protein)+(9 x g fat)+(4 x g CHO)+ (2 x g TDF)+(7 x g alcohol) Calculated as (17 x g protein)+(37 x g fat)+(16.5 x g CHO)+(8 x g TDF)+(29 x g alcohol) Total nitrogen multiplied by specific factor or 6.25 All methods, favouring higher values based on acid digestion step Sum of analysed components; or calculated by difference: 100g - (total g water+protein+ fat+fibre+ash+alcohol) Enzymatic gravimetric method Preformed vitamin A Calculated as µg β-carotene + 1/2 µg other provitamin A carotenoids Calculated as µg retinol + 1/12 µg β-carotene equiv Preformed Generally measured as alpha tocopherol -

1 Klensin et al., 1989

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For all entries, the protein value is based on the total nitrogen multiplied by a specific factor (Jones, Munsey and Walker, 1942). Conversion factors for mixed foods containing more than one protein source were derived using the proportion of each source with its appropriate conversion factor. Total nitrogen values and factors are captured in the full database. Available carbohydrate values are expressed as the weight of the carbohydrate. Food records from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and FAO sources have had the total carbohydrate by difference value recalculated to represent available carbohydrate in these tables. New Zealand and British data for available carbohydrate in monosaccharide equivalents were recalculated to represent the weight of the saccharide in the food. There is considerable controversy over the most appropriate definition of dietary fibre, which creates difficulties for analysts and users of food composition tables. Different methods of analysis measure variable amounts of the different fractions of the dietary fibre complex, with each value being specific to the method used. The majority of fibre values in these tables have been determined by the dietary fibre method of Englyst and Cummings (1988), Southgate (1976) and the AOAC total dietary fibre method reported by Prosky et al. (1984). For many records, however, no documentation of method was available. Total vitamin A, or retinol equivalents, are calculated as the sum of retinol and 1/12 the ß-carotene equivalents value. The previous edition of these tables used the factor of 1/6 ß-carotene equivalents value in calculating vitamin A. The ß-carotene equivalents value is calculated as the sum of ß-carotene and one-half the sum of the other measured pro-vitamin A carotenoids. Iodine – not all nutrients could be included in the tables, given the constraints of working time, availability of data, etc. Values for iodine in foods have not been included in the tables because data are lacking. Iodine deficiency disease (IDD) is a public health problem in parts of Papua New Guinea and also parts of Fiji. Iodine is widely distributed in foods, with the best sources being seafood. A low intake of iodine may be due to the consumption of plant foods that are deficient in iodine because the soil in which they are growing is deficient in iodine. It can also be due to the consumption of goitrogens, naturally occurring compounds present in some foods. Goitrogens interfere with the absorption of iodine. To remedy the problem of IDD, at this time, the most commonly recommended measure is to produce and distribute a table salt that has potassium iodate added to it. FAO/WHO (2002) recommends an intake of 100–135 µg of iodine per day for adults and 200 µg/day for women who are pregnant or lactating. Iodine content of seafoods is generally in the range of 70-100 µg/100 g edible portion.

Uses of the food composition tables There are many uses to which food composition data can be put. These include: • calculating the nutrient intake of individuals or groups, • planning nutrition improvement programmes, • developing nutrition education materials, such as bar charts showing diagrammatically the content of important nutrients of various local and imported foods, • planning special diets for people with diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease, • selecting and promoting the consumption of foods high in particular nutrients for children and/or adults with deficiency diseases, for example in communities with vitamin A deficiency, • selecting or promoting a decrease in the consumption of foods/diets known to contribute to an increased risk of chronic disease, • planning balanced menus for institutions such as boarding schools, hospitals and prisons, • selecting highly nutritious plants to grow in the family food garden and for commercial production, • developing new, manufactured food products with specific nutrient contents, and teaching and research.

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5.

REFERENCES

Aalbersberg, W. 1990: `Food composition' in Food and nutrition in Fiji Vol.1, Ch.3, Jansen, A.A. Dietetics and Nutrition Department, Fiji School of Medicine, Institute of Pacific Studies, The University of the South Pacific Press. Aalbersberg, W. 1993: Personal communications. Athar, N.; Spriggs, T. W.; Taptiklis, E.; Taylor, G. 2001. The concise New Zealand food composition tables. 5th edition. New Zealand Crop & Science Research and Ministry of Health, Palmerston North, NZ. Bailey, J.M. 1992: The leaves we eat. Handbook No. 31. South Pacific Commission. Bradbury, J.H.; Holloway, W.D. 1988: Chemistry of tropical root crops: significance for nutrition and agriculture in the Pacific. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra. Brand Miller, J.C.; James, K.; Maggiore, M. 1993: Tables of composition of Aboriginal bushfoods. Aboriginal Studies Press. Brand, J.C.; Thomas, D.E.; Hyndman, D. 1991: Composition of the subsistence foods of the Wopkaimin people of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 34: 35-48. Burlingame, B.A.; Milligan, G.C. 1990: The New Zealand food composition tables user's guide. DSIR and Department of Health, Palmerston North. Codex Alimentarius (2001, revised). Food Labelling - Complete Texts. Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme. Codex Alimentarius Commission, Rome. Department of Community Services and Health. 1989-1990: Composition of foods: Australia. Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. Department of Community Services and Health. 1989. Composition of foods: Australia. Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. Department of Community Services and Health. 1990. Composition of foods: Australia. Volume 2, 3, 4 & 5. Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. Dignan, C.A.; Burlingame, B.A.; Arthur, J.M.; Quigley, R.J.; Milligan, G.C. 1994. The Pacific Islands food composition tables. Palmerston North: South Pacific Commission, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research, INFOODS. English, R. M.; Aalbersberg, W.; Scheelings, P. 1996. Pacific Island foods. Institute of Applied Sciences, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. Englyst, H.N.; Cummings, J.H. 1988: An improved method for the measurement of dietary fibre as the non-starch polysaccharides in plant foods. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 71: 808-814. Feinberg, M.; Favier, J.C.; Ireland-Ripert, J. 1991: Répertoire général des aliments. Fondation Française pour la Nutrition; Centre Informatique sur la Qualité des Aliments; Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique: Technique et Documentation – Lavoisier. FAO. 2004. INFOODS Home page (available at http://www.fao.org/infoods). FAO/WHO. 2002. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation , Bangkok, Thailand. FAO and WHO, Rome.

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FAO. 2003. Food Energy: Methods of Analysis and Conversion Factors. Report of a technical workshop. Food and Nutrition Paper 77 (available at http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/nutrition/requirements_pubs_en.stm). FOODfiles; Datafiles of the New Zealand Food Composition Database, Version 4.0. FOODINFO, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research, Palmerston North.

1994:

Greenfield, H.; Chuah, L.K.; Wills, R.B.H. 1981: Composition of Australian foods. 12. Hamburgers. Food Technology Australia 33: 619-620. Greenfield, H.; Southgate, D. A. T. 2003. Food composition data, production, management and use. FAO, Rome. Greenfield, H.; Southgate, D.A.T. 1985: A pragmatic approach to the production of good quality food composition data. ASEAN Food Journal 1, 2: 47-54. Greenfield, H.; Wimalasiri, P.; Ma, S.N.N.; Wills, R.B.H. 1982: Composition of Australian foods. 16. Foods from Pizza Hut restaurants. Food Technology Australia 34: 364-367. Groos, A.; Ulijasaszek, S.; Heywood, P.F. 1989: Food composition tables compiled for analysis of Goroka food intake diet collected in 1982/83. Hankin, J. 1994: Personal communications. Heintze, D.; Klensin, J.C.; Rand, W.M. 1988: International directory of food composition tables, 2nd ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts: INFOODS. Holland, B.; Welch, A. A.; Unwin, I. D.; Buss, D. H.; Paul A. A.; Southgate, D.A.T. 1991. McCance and Widdowson’s The composition of foods. Xerox Ventura Publisher, UK. Izumi, M. 1993: Nutrient content of selected marine products of Pacific fish. South Pacific Commission. Fisheries Newsletter 64, Jan-Mar: 25-29. Jardin, C. 1974: Kulu, Kuru, Uru: Lexicon of names of food plants in the South Pacific. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Jones, D.B.; Munsey, V.E.; Walker, L.E. 1942. Report of Committee on Protein. Factors. Journal of Association of Agricultural Chemistry 25, 118–120. Klensin J.C.; Feskanich D.; Lin V.; Truswell A.S.; Southgate, D.A.T. 1989. Identification of Food Components for INFOODS Data Interchange. United Nations University, Tokyo. Kumar, S.; Aalbersberg, W.; English, R. M.; Ravi, P. 2001. Pacific Island foods. Volume 2. Institute of Applied Sciences, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji. Latham, M.C. 1979: Human nutrition in tropical Africa. FAO, Rome. Mackerras, D. 1991: Interpreting Dietary Data. Xyris Software, Australia. Milligan, G.C.; Webster, D.W.; Burlingame, B.A. 1988: The New Zealand food composition tables, FOODDATA Biotechnology Division, DSIR and Department of Health, Palmerston North. National Food Authority. 1992. Composition of Foods: Australia. Volume 6. Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. National Food Authority. 1995. Composition of Foods: Australia. Volume 7. Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. National Health & Medical Research Council. 1991: Recommended Dietary Intakes for use in Australia, Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra. Norgan, N.G.; Durnin, J.V.G.A.; Ferro-Luzzi, A. 1969: The composition of some New Guinea foods. Papua New Guinea Agricultural Journal 30(1-3): 25-39.

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Ohtsuka, R.; Kawabe, T.; Inaoka, T.; Suzuki, T.; Hongo, T.; Akimichi, T.; Sugahara, T. 1984: Composition of local and purchased foods consumed by the Gidra in lowland Papua. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 15: 159-169. Paul, A.A.; Southgate, D.A.T. 1978: McCance and Widdowson's The composition of foods. 4th ed. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London and Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam/New York/Oxford. Paul, A.A.; Southgate, D.A.T.; Russell, J. 1980: First supplement to McCance and Widdowson's The composition of foods: amino acid composition (mg per 100 g food) and fatty acid composition (g per 100 g food). Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London and Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam/New York/Oxford. Peters, F.E. 1959: The chemical composition of South Pacific foods. Technical Paper No. 115. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Peters, F.E.; Tomono, M.; Wills, P.A. Research 25(2): 211-228.

1960:

Composition of some South Pacific foods.

Food

Prosky, L.; Asp, N.G.; Furda, I.; DeVries, J.W.; Schweizer, T.F.; Harland, B.F. 1984: Determination of total dietary fibre in foods, food products and total diets. Interlaboratory study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 67: 1044-1052. Reh, E. 1962: Manual on household food composition surveys. FAO Nutritional Studies 18. FAO, Rome. 96 pp. Siong, T.E.; Noor, M.I.; Azudin, M.N; Idris, K. 1988: Nutrient composition of Malaysian foods. ASEAN food habits project. National Sub-Committee on Protein: Food Habits Research and Development, Malaysia. Souci, S.W.; Fachmann, W.; Kraut, H. 1989/90: Food composition and nutrition tables. Stuttgart. South Pacific Commission, Fiji National Food and Nutrition Committee and Fiji School of Medicine. 1983: Food composition tables for use in the Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. South Pacific Commission. 1978: Vegetable cultivation in the South Pacific. Handbook No. 17. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. South Pacific Commission. 1982: Report from South Pacific Commission working group on Pacific food composition tables, Noumea, New Caledonia, 14-16 June 1982. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. South Pacific Commission. 1988: First technical workshop on Pacific food composition tables, Suva, Fiji, 24-28 February 1986. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Southgate, D.A.T. 1974: Guidelines for the preparation of tables of food composition. S. Karger, Basel. Southgate, D.A.T. 1976: Determination of food carbohydrates. Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London. Truswell, A.S.; Southgate, D.A.T. 1986: INFOODS recommended names for nutrients in food composition tables (unpublished). United States Department of Agriculture. 1976-1989: Agriculture Handbooks Nos. 1-20. Human Nutrition Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2004. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 16-1. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home page (available at http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp).

xvi

United States Department of Agriculture. 1986: Composition of foods: beef products; raw, processed and prepared. Agriculture Handbooks Nos. 8-13, p. 41, Human Nutrition Information Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare/FAO. 1972: Food composition tables for use in East Asia. Wenkam, N.S. 1983: Foods of Hawaii and the Pacific Basin: Vegetables and vegetable products: raw, processed, and prepared. Volume 1: Composition. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii. Wiles, S.J.; Nettleton, P.A.; Black, A.E.; Paul, A.A. 1980: The nutrient composition of some cooked dishes eaten in Britain: a supplementary food composition table. Journal of Human Nutrition 34: 189-223. Wills, R.B.H.; Greenfield, H. 1982: Composition of Australian Foods, 18. Foods from Kentucky Fried Chicken. Food Technology Australia 34: 566-569. Wills, R.B.H.; Makinson, H.; Greenfield, H. 1981: Composition of Australian Foods, 9. Meat pies, sausage rolls and pasties. Food Technology Australia 33: 450-454. Wills, R.B.H.; Wimalasiri, P.; Greenfield, H. 1981: Composition of Australian Foods, 5. Fried takeaway foods. Food Technology Australia 33: 26-27.

xvii

6.

FOOD TABLES

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A001

Arrowroot, Polynesian, flour 1 tablespoon

A004 A005 A006

Banana, cooking, boiled, unsalted Banana, cooking, ripe, fried Banana, cooking, raw

A089 A095 A002 A003

Banana, cooking, ami, baked Banana, cooking, opine, baked Breadfruit, boiled Breadfruit, baked

A008 A011

Breadfruit, pulp, raw, mature Cassava, boiled

A012

Cassava, raw

A042

Cassava, tuber, baked

A041

Cassava, tuber, baked, earth-oven

A010

Cassava, flour

A091 A092 A090 A088 A016

Jakfruit, raw, A. heterophyllus, raw Jakfruit, A. integer, raw Jakfruit, Artocarpus sp., raw Pandanus, flour Potato, tuber, baked, salt & fat added

1 whole

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

1 whole A017

Potato, dried, home prepared, mashed 1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

12 1 69 35 68 95 71 53 81 74 123 72 68 111 60 86 54 123 59 134 9 20 83 67 75 13 65 39 77 199

336 30 111 265 124 174 109 180 75 103 170 107 117 192 147 208 177 402 151 343 349 793 55 126 83 319 180 108 97 251

0.1 T 0.8 1.5 0.9 1.3 1.4 2.4 1.3 1.3 2.2 1.5 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.6 2.0 4.5 0.8 1.8 1.1 2.5 1.6 2.5 2.2 2.9 2.3 1.4 2.7 7.0

0.2 T 0.2 9.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.5 1.1 0.5 1.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 1.3 10.1 6.1 2.3 6.0

100 9 100 100 100 140 100 100 100 100 166 100 100 164 100 142 100 227 100 227 100 227 100 100 100 100 100 60 100 260

1 404 126 465 1 109 519 727 456 753 313 429 712 450 490 804 614 871 740 1 680 632 1 435 1 461 3 317 232 529 348 1 334 754 452 404 1 050

2

CHO available g

84.5 7.6 26.3 43.9 29.8 41.7 25.1 42.4 14.4 22.1 36.7 23.6 27.5 45.1 34.2 48.6 41.5 94.2 35.0 79.5 84.5 191.8 7.4 25.8 16.7 75.0 19.3 11.6 14.8 38.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.1 T 1.2 2.3 0.7 1.0 1.8 0.7 2.5 2.5 4.2 2.5 1.4 2.3 1.5 2.1 1.3 3.0 2.8 6.4 3.7 8.4 9.4 5.7 3.0

2 T 4 3 4 6 4 4 1 1 2 1 22 36 26 37 7 16 21 48 4 9 48 25 3

4 T 33 54 36 50 31 50 23 23 38 24 22 36 27 38 35 79 29 66 74 168 10 46 14

12 1 400 610 489 685 505 505 350 436 724 480 217 356 331 470 365 829 326 740 739 1 678 292 246 350

2.8 1.7 3.6 9.4

148 89 245 637

26 16 11 29

774 464 136 354

35 3 5 6 18 25 2 3 13 18 30 25 10 16 11 16 35 79 11 25 84 191 37 40 18 797 11 7 41 107

0.5 T 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.7 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 2.2 5.0 0.2 0.5 1.0 2.3 1.7 1.1 0.8 1.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.3

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A001

Arrowroot, Polynesian, flour 1 tablespoon

A004 A005 A006

Banana, cooking, boiled, unsalted Banana, cooking, ripe, fried Banana, cooking, raw

A089 A095 A002 A003

Banana, cooking, ami, baked Banana, cooking, opine, baked Breadfruit, boiled Breadfruit, baked

A008 A011

Breadfruit, pulp, raw, mature Cassava, boiled

A012

Cassava, raw

A042

Cassava, tuber, baked

A041

Cassava, tuber, baked, earth-oven

A010

Cassava, flour

A091 A092 A090 A088 A016

Jakfruit, raw, A. heterophyllus, raw Jakfruit, A. integer, raw Jakfruit, Artocarpus sp., raw Pandanus, flour Potato, tuber, baked, salt & fat added

1 whole

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

1 whole A017

Potato, dried, home prepared, mashed 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.6 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.9 1.2 2.7 0.5 0.5 0.8

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3

100 9 100 100 100 140 100 100 100 100 166 100 100 164 100 142 100 227 100 227 100 227 100 100 100 100 100 60 100 260

0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 116 149 180 252 206 206 30 23 38 24 T T T T 2 5 T T T T 110 80 1 130 1 200 10 6 30 78

3

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

0 0 10 12 15 21 17 17 3 2 3 2 T T T T T T T T T T 9 7 94 100 1 1 4 9

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.02 T 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.13 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.06 T T 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.11 T T 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.15 0.12 0.16 0.05 0.03 0.08 0.21

0.5 T 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.6 0.4 0.9 0.6 1.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 2.3 1.3 0.8 0.6 1.6

0.10 0.01 0.03 0.11 0.15 0.21 0.05 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.13 0.10 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.11 0.25 T T 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.16 0.04 0.06 0.10 0.06 0.01 0.03

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

0.0 0.0 9.0 12.0 11.0 15.4 15.0 25.0 22.0 22.0 36.5 20.0 15.0 24.6 36.0 51.1 53.0 120.3 31.0 70.4 0.0 0.0 7.9 17.7 6.0 0.0 13.0 7.8 1.0 2.6

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

T T 0.3 2.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.6 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 T T 0.1 0.2 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3

0.1 T T T

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A013

Potato, fries, commercial, deep fried 1 cup

A014

Potato, hash brown, McDonald's

A019

Potato, pale skin, peeled, baked

A018

Potato, pale skin, peeled, boiled

A015

Potato salad, canned

A023

Sago, flour

A022

Sago, flour, meal

A028

Sweet potato, konime, baked, earth-oven

A029

Sweet potato, konime, baked, salted

A027

Sweet potato, konime, boiled

A030

Sweet potato, orange, peeled, boiled

A031 A037

Sweet potato, pale, raw Sweet potato, seyspen, baked, earth-oven

A039

Sweet potato, white, peeled, boiled

A040 A036

Sweet potato, yellow, raw Sweet potato, composite, baked

1 cup 1cup 1cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 95 100 95 100 260 100 260 100 180 100 227 100 227 100 213 100 213 100 213 100 213 100 100 213 100 213 100 100 213

50 47 44 42 71 184 79 206 75 136 13 29 13 30 67 142 67 142 71 152 79 168 72 70 148 77 163 71 66 140

250 237 312 296 108 280 66 171 121 218 332 754 347 787 128 272 128 273 106 225 69 146 110 114 243 79 167 117 129 275

1 044 992 1 305 1 240 450 1 171 275 715 507 912 1 391 3 157 1 451 3 294 534 1137 535 1 140 442 940 287 611 461 478 1 018 329 701 489 540 1 151

4

4.0 3.8 2.4 2.3 3.0 7.8 2.6 6.8 1.5 2.7 0.4 0.9 1.4 3.2 1.9 4.0 1.3 2.8 0.8 1.7 1.9 4.0 1.0 2.0 4.3 1.4 3.0 1.2 1.4 3.0

13.9 13.2 21.7 20.6 2.8 7.3 0.2 0.5 6.9 12.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4

CHO available g

26.2 24.9 27.3 25.9 17.2 44.7 13.0 33.8 13.2 23.8 83.4 1 89.3 85.9 1 95.0 29.6 63.0 30.3 64.5 25.0 53.3 14.1 30.0 25.6 25.8 55.0 17.3 36.8 27.1 30.1 64.1

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

3.7 3.5 1.4 1.3 1.5 3.9 1.1 2.9 1.0 1.8 0.5 1.1 0.3 0.7 1.2 2.6 1.2 2.6 1.0 2.1 2.3 4.9 1.3 1.8 3.8 2.0 4.3 1.3 1.7 3.5

158 150 520 494 8 21 7 18 340 612 3 7 8 18 31 66 108 230 13 28 10 21 52 31 66 12 26 45 51 109

29 28 21 20 20 52 17 44 8 14 3 7 3 7 22 47 22 47 19 40 13 28 26 22 47 8 17 20 26 55

520 494 360 342 500 1 300 415 1 079 156 281 5 11 36 82 414 882 533 1 135 262 558 225 479 260 414 882 182 388 412 356 758

9 9 23 22 4 10 2 5 4 7 9 20 15 34 33 70 33 70 29 62 26 55 21 30 64 13 28 36 28 60

1.1 1.0 2.6 2.5 0.7 1.8 0.5 1.3 1.0 1.8 0.7 1.6 1.4 3.2 2.1 4.5 2.1 4.5 1.8 3.8 0.5 1.1 0.9 2.0 4.3 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.5 1.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A013

Potato, fries, commercial, deep fried 1 cup

A014

Potato, hash brown, McDonald's

A019

Potato, pale skin, peeled, baked

A018

Potato, pale skin, peeled, boiled

A015

Potato salad, canned

A023

Sago, flour

A022

Sago, flour, meal

A028

Sweet potato, konime, baked, earth-oven

A029

Sweet potato, konime, baked, salted

A027

Sweet potato, konime, boiled

A030

Sweet potato, orange, peeled, boiled

A031 A037

Sweet potato, pale, raw Sweet potato, seyspen, baked, earth-oven

A039

Sweet potato, white, peeled, boiled

A040 A036

Sweet potato, yellow, raw Sweet potato, composite, baked

1 cup 1cup 1cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 95 100 95 100 260 100 260 100 180 100 227 100 227 100 213 100 213 100 213 100 213 100 100 213 100 213 100 100 213

0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.4 1.3 3.0 1.3 3.0 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.9

1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 50 90 0 0 0 0 63 134 63 134 57 121 5 760 12 269 66 63 134 17 36 4 380 63 134

5

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 4 8 0 0 0 0 5 11 5 11 5 10 480 1 022 6 5 11 1 3 365 5 11

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.10 0.10 0.01 0.01 0.08 0.21 0.07 0.18 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.10 0.21 0.10 0.21 0.08 0.17 0.02 0.04 0.14 0.09 0.19 0.04 0.09 0.12 0.09 0.20

0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.02 0.04 T T 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.09 0.04 0.09 0.04 0.09 0.05 0.11 0.05 0.04 0.09 0.03 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.08

1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 3.1 1.0 2.6 0.6 1.1 T T 0.2 0.5 0.6 1.3 0.6 1.3 0.6 1.3 1.0 2.1 0.7 0.6 1.3 1.1 2.3 0.6 0.7 1.6

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

10.0 9.5 6.0 5.7 18.0 46.8 21.0 54.6 2.0 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 48.0 1 02.2 48.0 1 02.2 42.0 89.5 23.0 49.0 21.0 44.0 93.7 19.0 40.5 30.0 25.0 53.3

Vitamin E mg

0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.6 1.1 T T T T 5.4 11.5 5.4 11.5 4.0 8.5 3.5 7.5 4.8 5.4 11.5 3.8 8.1 4.8 5.6 11.9

Cholesterol mg

12 11 38 36 0 0 0 0 5 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A034

Sweet potato, composite, boiled 1 serve

A032 A035

Sweet potato, composite, raw Sweet potato, composite, steamed

A050 A065

Taro, corm, raw Taro, Chinese, baked

A063

Taro, Chinese, boiled

A064 A097 A048

Taro, Chinese, raw Taro, chips, fried Taro, common, baked, earth-oven

A046

Taro, common, black, boiled

A052 A058

Taro, common, composite, corm, raw Taro, common, white, baked

A057

Taro, common, white, boiled

A059

Taro, common, yellow, boiled

A060 A100

Taro, elephant foot yam, raw Taro, giant, baked

A101

Taro, giant, boiled

A062

Taro, giant, raw

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

74 158 71 72 154 75 65 101 76 196 67 1 66 102 79 205 69 60 93 75 194 67 175 78 68 105 73 190 70

91 195 99 95 201 97 133 207 94 244 120 503 122 189 82 214 109 153 237 99 257 126 327 78 111 172 92 240 102

382 814 415 396 843 407 558 865 393 1 022 501 2 106 510 791 344 895 455 640 992 414 1 075 526 1369 328 463 718 386 1 004 426

1.4 3.0 1.4 1.4 3.0 2.2 1.5 2.3 1.1 2.9 1.6 6.7 1.1 1.7 0.8 2.1 1.1 1.4 2.2 0.9 2.3 0.7 1.8 2.2 2.3 3.6 2.0 5.1 2.2

0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.1 29.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 1.6 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1

100 213 100 100 213 100 100 155 100 260 100 100 100 155 100 260 100 100 155 100 260 100 260 100 100 155 100 260 100

6

CHO available g

20.5 43.7 22.5 21.3 45.4 20.9 30.9 47.8 21.3 55.4 28.0 51.6 27.5 42.6 18.8 48.9 25.5 35.7 55.3 22.4 58.2 29.8 77.5 16.7 24.4 37.9 20.4 53.0 22.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

1.7 3.6 1.6 1.7 3.6 1.3 2.5 3.9 1.0 2.6 1.0 6.6 2.9 4.5 0.7 1.8 1.5 2.5 3.9 0.8 2.1 1.0 2.6 1.5 2.0 3.1 1.7 4.4 1.9

45 96 52 47 100 28 7 10 7 17 7 435 25 39 1 3 2 2 3 1 3 1 3 4 33 51 27 70 30

27 58 26 25 53 54 27 42 27 70 27 76 37 57 114 296 115 115 178 114 296 114 296 47 57 88 47 122 52

166 354 260 382 814 328 498 772 313 814 530 1783 521 808 264 686 448 421 653 264 686 264 686 622 290 450 243 632 267

29 62 29 27 58 34 47 73 33 86 9 5 19 29 28 73 32 54 84 34 88 44 114 26 41 64 35 91 38

0.5 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.4 2.2 1.0 2.6 0.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 0.9 2.3 0.5 1.6 2.5 1.0 2.6 1.3 3.4 0.5 0.9 1.4 0.8 2.0 0.8

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A034

Sweet potato, composite, boiled 1 serve

A032 A035

Sweet potato, composite, raw Sweet potato, composite, steamed

A050 A065

Taro, corm, raw Taro, Chinese, baked

A063

Taro, Chinese, boiled

A064 A097 A048

Taro, Chinese, raw Taro, chips, fried Taro, common, baked, earth-oven

A046

Taro, common, black, boiled

A052 A058

Taro, common, composite, corm, raw Taro, common, white, baked

A057

Taro, common, white, boiled

A059

Taro, common, yellow, boiled

A060 A100

Taro, elephant foot yam, raw Taro, giant, baked

A101

Taro, giant, boiled

A062

Taro, giant, raw

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.3 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.5 2.0 1.2 1.9 2.7 7.0 0.5 1.4 2.2 0.8 2.1 1.0 2.6 1.0 1.7 2.6 1.5 3.9 1.6

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 213 100 100 213 100 100 155 100 260 100 100 100 155 100 260 100 100 155 100 260 100 260 100 100 155 100 260 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

57 121 66 57 121 26 30 47 30 78 30 T T T 38 99 42 42 65 38 99 38 99 420 0 0 0 0 0

7

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

5 10 6 5 10 2 3 4 3 7 3 T T T 3 8 4 4 5 3 8 3 8 35 0 0 0 0 0

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

mg

mg

0.07 0.14 0.09 0.07 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.20 0.08 0.21 0.02 0.26 0.07 0.11 0.07 0.18 0.03 0.13 0.20 0.08 0.21 0.11 0.29 0.06 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.02

0.03 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.02 T T 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.08 0.03 0.08 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02

0.6 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.8 3.6 1.3 2.0 0.5 1.3 0.8 0.9 1.4 0.6 1.6 0.8 2.1 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

18.0 38.3 24.0 18.0 38.3 8.0 7.0 10.9 5.0 13.0 13.6 T T T 4.0 10.4 15.0 8.0 12.4 5.0 13.0 7.0 18.2 4.0 9.2 14.3 8.5 22.1 17.0

4.0 8.5 4.8 4.6 9.8 2.0 2.8 4.3 1.9 4.9 2.6 4.9 2.9 4.5 1.7 4.4 2.5 3.2 5.0 2.0 5.2 2.6 6.8 1.8 2.6 4.0 2.2 5.7 2.4

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A102

Taro, giant swamp, baked 1 serve

A103

Taro, giant swamp, boiled

A066 A055

Taro, giant swamp, raw Taro, red, common, boiled

A096 A071

Winged bean, root, baked, earth-oven Yam, tuber, baked

A077 A076 A069 A098

Yam, Yam, Yam, Yam,

A099

Yam, composite, boiled

A070

Yam, greater, baked, earth-oven

A075 A074 A078 A081

Yam, Yam, Yam, Yam,

A083

Yam, D. rotundata, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve D. trifida, raw Chinese, raw Chinese, spiny, raw composite, baked 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve greater, raw kaile, raw tikau, raw cooked: multiple methods 1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

73 114 78 202 75 72 187 66 50 104 81 74 74 72 149 77 116 60 125 77 83 71 70 147 66

86 133 72 187 79 105 272 139 196 409 65 89 104 101 212 84 126 155 324 83 63 105 115 240 128

360 558 302 784 331 437 137 584 819 712 272 374 435 425 887 350 529 649 356 347 265 438 480 003 536

0.6 0.9 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.9 2.3 6.4 3.7 7.7 1.5 2.1 1.5 2.5 5.2 2.0 3.1 3.0 6.3 2.2 1.7 2.0 1.5 3.1 1.4

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.8 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 T 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

100 155 100 260 100 100 260 100 100 209 100 100 100 100 209 100 151 100 209 100 100 100 100 209 100

1

1

1

1

8

CHO available g

19.4 30.1 16.2 42.2 17.8 24.2 62.9 25.4 44.8 93.6 14.4 19.9 23.9 22.1 46.3 18.3 27.6 36.0 75.2 17.7 14.0 23.4 26.5 55.4 30.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

3.0 4.7 2.5 6.6 2.8 1.0 2.6 6.5 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.8 3.7 1.5 2.2 0.5 1.0 1.9 0.7 1.8 1.5 3.1 0.6

78 121 65 169 72 1 3 28 6 11 3 3 8 4 8 3 5 6 11 3 6 9 8 17 5

23 36 19 49 21 114 296 19 18 38 15 26 23 25 52 20 30 19 40 17 23 20 18 38 17

73 113 61 159 67 264 686 466 590 1 233 350 303 441 365 763 271 409 590 1233 318 374 448 670 1 400 361

198 307 165 429 182 37 96 24 22 46 8 8 12 9 19 7 11 18 38 8 13 7 14 29 5

0.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 0.6 1.1 2.9 1.6 1.5 3.1 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.7 0.6 0.9 1.2 2.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.6

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

A

STARCHY STAPLES

A102

Taro, giant swamp, baked 1 serve

A103

Taro, giant swamp, boiled

A066 A055

Taro, giant swamp, raw Taro, red, common, boiled

A096 A071

Winged bean, root, baked, earth-oven Yam, tuber, baked

A077 A076 A069 A098

Yam, Yam, Yam, Yam,

A099

Yam, composite, boiled

A070

Yam, greater, baked, earth-oven

A075 A074 A078 A081

Yam, Yam, Yam, Yam,

A083

Yam, D. rotundata, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve D. trifida, raw Chinese, raw Chinese, spiny, raw composite, baked 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve greater, raw kaile, raw tikau, raw cooked: multiple methods 1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

2.3 3.6 1.9 4.9 2.1 0.8 2.1 1.1 0.9 1.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.2

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 155 100 260 100 100 260 100 100 209 100 100 100 100 209 100 151 100 209 100 100 100 100 209 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

33 51 27 70 30 38 99 0 116 242 105 105 102 116 242 90 136 116 242 108 105 105 104 217 482

9

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

3 4 2 6 3 3 8 0 10 20 9 9 9 10 20 8 11 10 20 9 9 9 9 18 40

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.02 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.09 0.23 0.30 0.15 0.31 0.08 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.04 0.05 0.12 0.25 0.05 0.04 0.08 0.10 0.20 0.08

0.02 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.08 0.12 0.04 0.08 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.03

0.4 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.8 1.3 0.6 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.2 0.5

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

8.5 13.2 7.9 20.5 15.7 6.0 15.6 0.0 10.0 20.9 21.0 20.3 15.0 22.5 47.0 17.4 26.3 8.0 16.7 27.6 21.0 21.0 12.1 25.3 21.0

Vitamin E mg

2.2 3.4 1.8 4.7 2.0 2.2 5.7 0.5 5.0 10.5 3.3 4.6 4.5 5.1 10.7 4.2 6.3 5.1 10.7 4.0 2.9 5.0 4.7 9.8 5.9

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B001

All-bran 1 cup

B013 B004 B003

Biscuit, cabin, hard, Pacific Island Biscuit, chocolate Biscuit, chocolate coated

B005

Biscuit, cream and jam filled

B006

Biscuit, cream, wafer

B007 B010

Biscuit, fruit-filled Biscuit, plain sweet

B011

Biscuit, shortbread

B012 B018

Biscuit, wheatmeal Bran, oat, raw

B019

Bran, wheat, unprocessed

B020

Branflakes

B023

Bread, brown

1 biscuit 1 biscuit 1 biscuit

1 biscuit 1 biscuit

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 medium slice 1 thick slice B024

Bread, brown, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 45 100 100 100 11 100 12 100 9.5 100 100 7 100 14 100 100 120 100 63 100 45 100 28 43 100 22 31

3 2 3 4 3 T 5 1 2 T 11 2 T 3 1 3 7 8 11 7 5 2 39 11 17 26 6 8

338 152 414 438 477 52 483 58 526 50 383 451 32 493 69 457 361 433 241 152 354 159 230 65 99 284 62 88

1 414 636 1 734 1 834 1 995 219 2 021 243 2 199 209 1 602 1 885 132 2 061 289 1 914 1 510 1 812 1 009 636 1 481 666 964 270 415 1 188 261 368

10

13.9 6.3 10.9 6.2 6.5 0.7 4.2 0.5 4.4 0.4 4.8 6.4 0.4 5.9 0.8 7.6 17.3 20.8 16.7 10.5 13.6 6.1 8.9 2.5 3.8 11.7 2.6 3.6

4.8 2.2 8.0 17.2 24.0 2.6 23.3 2.8 28.0 2.7 9.9 16.1 1.1 24.9 3.5 17.1 7.0 8.4 4.5 2.8 2.4 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 3.0 0.7 0.9

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

46.6 21.0 74.9 65.3 59.7 6.6 65.2 7.8 65.3 6.2 68.6 70.6 4.9 62.1 8.7 67.1 50.3 60.4 12.2 7.7 62.6 28.2 41.9 11.7 18.0 50.3 11.1 15.6

28.9 13.0 2.1 1.9 1.4 0.2 1.5 0.2 1.4 0.1 2.8 2.0 0.1 1.9 0.3 5.6 15.9 19.1 44.7 28.2 16.0 7.2 5.0 1.4 2.2 6.0 1.3 1.9

209 94 32 24 39 4 14 2 14 1 23 16 1 17 2 46 235 282 490 309 185 83 46 13 20 55 12 17

940 423 171 127 178 20 85 10 91 9 305 103 7 111 16 167 565 678 1 240 781 540 243 170 48 73 205 45 64

66 30 20 40 68 7 27 3 52 5 39 31 2 35 5 30 58 70 87 55 46 21 40 11 17 71 16 22

1 020 459 648 310 250 28 210 25 101 10 160 290 20 480 67 425 4 5 18 11 1 000 450 500 140 215 600 132 186

8.6 3.9 1.9 1.8 2.5 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.1 0.1 2.5 1.1 0.1 1.3 0.2 2.1 5.4 6.5 11.9 7.5 17.9 8.1 1.8 0.5 0.8 2.3 0.5 0.7

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B001

All-bran 1 cup

B013 B004 B003

Biscuit, cabin, hard, Pacific Island Biscuit, chocolate Biscuit, chocolate coated

B005

Biscuit, cream and jam filled

B006

Biscuit, cream, wafer

B007 B010

Biscuit, fruit-filled Biscuit, plain sweet

B011

Biscuit, shortbread

B012 B018

Biscuit, wheatmeal Bran, oat, raw

B019

Bran, wheat, unprocessed

B020

Branflakes

B023

Bread, brown

1 biscuit 1 biscuit 1 biscuit

1 biscuit 1 biscuit

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 medium slice 1 thick slice B024

Bread, brown, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 45 100 100 100 11 100 12 100 9.5 100 100 7 100 14 100 100 120 100 63 100 45 100 28 43 100 22 31

6.7 3.0 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.5 T 0.6 0.4 T 0.4 0.1 1.2 3.1 3.7 4.7 3.0 2.6 1.2 1.1 0.3 0.5 1.3 0.3 0.4

0 0 0 11 10 1 1 T 1 T 19 1 T 71 10 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

7 3 0 12 11 1 14 2 6 1 10 6 T 180 25 9 0 0 5 3 1 T 0 0 0 0 0 0

11

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

mg

mg

1 T 0 12 11 1 2 T 2 T 20 2 T 86 12 10 0 0 T T T T 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.95 0.43 0.19 0.05 0.12 0.01 0.02 T 0.10 0.01 0.12 0.09 0.01 0.06 0.01 0.12 1.17 1.40 0.63 0.40 1.32 0.59 0.20 0.06 0.09 0.19 0.04 0.06

1.21 0.54 0.03 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.02 T 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.22 0.26 0.26 0.16 1.40 0.63 0.12 0.03 0.05 0.14 0.03 0.04

13.7 6.2 1.7 1.3 1.4 0.2 1.6 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.6 1.6 0.1 1.4 0.2 3.2 0.9 1.1 23.2 14.6 16.5 7.4 2.4 0.7 1.0 2.7 0.6 0.8

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 T 0.09 0.01 0.03 0.19 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

2.2 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.3 T 1.6 0.2 1.6 0.2 2.2 0.3 T 0.3 T 0.3 1.0 1.2 1.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 T T T T T T

Cholesterol mg

0 0 3 15 14 2 24 3 19 2 12 15 1 29 4 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B030 B091

Bread, coastal, local produce Bread, French, Italian

B051 B025

Bread, garlic Bread, white, regular

1/2 baguette

1 medium slice 1 thick slice B026

Bread, white, regular, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B027

Bread, wholemeal 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B028

Bread, wholemeal, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B021

Bread roll, white 1 roll

B022

Bread roll, wholemeal 1 roll

B032

Bun, fruit, glazed 1 bun

B033 B057 B034 B036 B060 B089 B037 B090

Cake, chocolate, home prepared Cake, cream cake, sponge Cake, fruit, dark, home prepared Cake, iced, commercial Cake, lamington Cake, madeleine Cake, plain, commercial Semolina

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

40 31 47 19 39 10 14 26 5 7 40 11 17 28 6 9 34 17 33 23 31 25 27 36 20 17 28 28 24 9

239 258 387 406 242 63 87 298 63 87 233 65 100 280 62 87 259 132 245 172 277 222 374 299 342 373 318 383 356 333

8.9 8.4 12.6 9.7 8.2 2.1 3.0 10.3 2.2 3.0 10.1 2.8 4.3 12.2 2.7 3.8 9.7 4.9 10.1 7.1 8.4 6.7 6.9 5.8 5.3 4.7 4.7 6.1 8.2 12.5

0.5 1.0 1.5 17.4 2.0 0.5 0.7 3.0 0.6 0.9 2.9 0.8 1.2 3.5 0.8 1.1 2.6 1.3 2.4 1.7 4.1 3.3 17.9 10.3 11.6 14.9 11.9 22.8 15.3 1.2

100 100 150 100 100 26 36 100 21 29 100 28 43 100 22 31 100 51 100 70 100 80 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

1 1 1 1 1

1

1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

12

000 079 619 697 014 264 365 249 262 362 973 272 418 170 257 363 085 553 026 718 159 927 564 253 433 562 331 600 489 393

CHO available g

49.9 52.8 79.2 52.6 47.2 12.3 17.0 56.8 11.9 16.5 38.9 10.9 16.7 46.7 10.3 14.5 48.4 24.7 43.6 30.5 50.7 40.6 46.8 46.4 53.7 55.9 48.0 39.1 46.9 66.9

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.8 3.5 5.3 2.6 2.7 0.7 1.0 3.2 0.7 0.9 6.5 1.8 2.8 7.8 1.7 2.4 3.1 1.6 5.7 4.0 3.5 2.8 1.5 0.9 3.4 1.1 2.3 1.0 1.2 4.0

450 650 975 380 450 117 162 540 113 157 470 132 202 565 124 175 700 357 725 508 285 228 500 240 310 370 160 80 485 5

23 27 41 22 27 7 10 32 7 9 60 17 26 72 16 22 29 15 54 38 31 25 27 5 25 10 26 10 14 32

110 120 180 80 110 29 40 132 28 38 270 76 116 325 72 101 122 62 200 140 186 149 152 94 375 77 200 99 111 200

20 24 36 72 32 8 12 60 13 17 54 15 23 65 14 20 60 31 48 34 46 37 77 46 56 4 6 22 53 23

1.7 1.3 2.0 1.3 1.1 0.3 0.4 1.5 0.3 0.4 2.3 0.6 1.0 2.7 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.7 3.3 2.3 2.4 1.9 1.2 1.0 2.7 0.5 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B030 B091

Bread, coastal, local produce Bread, French, Italian

B051 B025

Bread, garlic Bread, white, regular

1/2 baguette

1 medium slice 1 thick slice B026

Bread, white, regular, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B027

Bread, wholemeal 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B028

Bread, wholemeal, toasted 1 medium slice 1 thick slice

B021

Bread roll, white

B022

Bread roll, wholemeal

B032

Bun, fruit, glazed

B033 B057 B034 B036 B060 B089 B037 B090

Cake, chocolate, home prepared Cake, cream cake, sponge Cake, fruit, dark, home prepared Cake, iced, commercial Cake, lamington Cake, madeleine Cake, plain, commercial Semolina

1 roll 1 roll 1 bun

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.7 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.1 0.2 1.3 0.4 0.6 1.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.1

0 0 0 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 220 87 10 35 9 190 40 0

100 100 150 100 100 26 36 100 21 29 100 28 43 100 22 31 100 51 100 70 100 80 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 0 94 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 170 53 45 110 21 260 62 0

13

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0 0 0 128 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 234 91 14 44 11 212 45 0

0.21 0.09 0.14 0.11 0.13 0.03 0.05 0.13 0.03 0.04 0.23 0.06 0.10 0.24 0.05 0.07 0.14 0.07 0.26 0.18 0.16 0.13 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.00 0.05 0.06 0.10

0.11 0.05 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.02 0.03 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.12 0.03 0.05 0.14 0.03 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.14 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.02 0.10 0.17 0.05

2.4 1.0 1.5 0.7 1.2 0.3 0.4 1.8 0.4 0.5 2.6 0.7 1.1 3.1 0.7 1.0 1.6 0.8 2.8 2.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 2.0

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.06 1.00 1.00 0.01 T 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.00

Vitamin C mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Vitamin E mg

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 T T T T T T 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 T 0.1 T T 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.7 0.1 2.3 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.1 T

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 105 73 24 54 31 203 75 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B106

Chocolate cake, dry mix, prepared 1/12 of 9 in. cake two-layer cake

B039

Coco pops

B041

Corn flakes

B088 B016 B043 B044 B045 B087 B047 B095 B048 B042

Corn flakes, sugar coated, Kellogg's Cracker, sao, jatz Crispbread, wholemeal Croissant Crumpet, regular, toasted Doughnut, cake-style, choc. coated Doughnut, cinnamon and sugar Doughnut, home made Drop scone, home prepared Flour, cornflour

B107 B084

Flour, wheat, brown Flour, wheat, white, plain

B085

Flour, wheat, white, self-raising

B086

Flour, wheat, wholemeal

B053 B054 B100 B061

Hot cakes with syrup, McDonald's Ice cream cone Island dumpling, cooked Loaf, fruit

1 cup 1 cup

1 tablespoon

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

32 21 251 3 1 3 1 3 4 3 22 42 14 25 13 33 12 1 12 13 16 12 15 12 16 49 8 55 34

317 206 2 489 386 174 376 120 376 458 422 395 207 480 371 439 306 363 27 342 349 454 336 436 296 396 202 365 321 273

100 65 784 100 45 100 32 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 7.5 100 100 130 100 130 100 134 100 100 100 100

1 328 863 10 414 1 614 726 1 572 503 1 571 1 918 1 766 1 654 864 2 007 1 550 1 838 1 281 1 521 114 1 430 1 460 1 898 1 405 1 826 1 238 1 658 847 1 525 1 342 1 141

14

5.6 3.6 43.9 5.1 2.3 6.7 2.1 5.0 7.9 10.5 10.0 5.6 5.0 6.6 5.6 7.5 0.1 T 18.4 10.7 13.9 9.8 12.7 12.1 16.2 4.4 8.7 5.8 8.3

11.7 7.6 91.7 1.9 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.2 18.1 9.7 23.6 0.8 31.0 20.6 21.9 8.3 0.5 T 7.0 1.6 2.1 1.2 1.6 2.1 2.8 4.7 2.3 29.2 3.9

CHO available g

47.8 31.1 374.8 88.0 39.6 84.5 27.0 88.7 65.8 68.4 35.6 43.6 46.0 39.9 55.9 50.5 90.9 6.8 42.8 72.1 93.8 70.5 91.7 52.4 70.2 36.2 77.7 9.5 50.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

569 370 4 461 675 304 1 190 381 810 798 410 370 1 050 429 380 958 470 11 1 16 2 3 695 904 5 7 450 325 1 190

33 21 259 40 18 14 4 8 25 99 22 19 40 20 13 23 7 1 80 29 38 31 40 102 137 17 26 5 28

108 70 847 30 14 3 1 4 23 29 52 92 35 61 34 97 8 1 26 17 22 107 139 30 40 49 26 17 45

3.2 2.1 25.1 10.7 4.8 9.4 3.0 6.3 1.6 2.0 1.0 1.1 2.5 1.0 2.2 0.4 0.8 0.1 9.2 1.3 1.7 0.9 1.2 3.0 4.0 1.0 2.2 2.9 2.1

1.4 0.9 11.3 0.6 0.3 3.3 1.1 1.9 3.5 12.5 2.9 2.5 2.0 2.2 1.3 1.7 0.1 T 19.0 3.6 4.7 3.8 4.9 11.2 15.0 0.1 1.3 0.7 2.8

236 153 1 850 135 61 104 33 64 134 340 130 88 114 120 81 144 16 1 250 174 226 152 198 315 422 85 137 27 250

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B106

Chocolate cake, dry mix, prepared 1/12 of 9 in. cake two-layer cake

B039

Coco pops

B041

Corn flakes

B088 B016 B043 B044 B045 B087 B047 B095 B048 B042

Corn flakes, sugar coated, Kellogg's Cracker, sao, jatz Crispbread, wholemeal Croissant Crumpet, regular, toasted Doughnut, cake-style, choc. coated Doughnut, cinnamon and sugar Doughnut, home made Drop scone, home prepared Flour, cornflour

B107 B084

Flour, wheat, brown Flour, wheat, white, plain

B085

Flour, wheat, white, self-raising

B086

Flour, wheat, wholemeal

B053 B054 B100 B061

Hot cakes with syrup, McDonald's Ice cream cone Island dumpling, cooked Loaf, fruit

1 cup 1 cup

1 tablespoon

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.7 0.4 5.4 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.7 1.7 0.8 3.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 T 7.5 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 1.3 1.7 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.9

24 16 188 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 104 0 0 5 37 57 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 30 0 0 0

100 65 784 100 45 100 32 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 7.5 100 100 130 100 130 100 134 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 0 0 0 68 22 7 940 14 9 130 0 186 1 12 22 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 6 0 0

15

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

24 16 188 0 0 6 2 662 11 1 115 0 16 5 38 59 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 31 1 0 0

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.10 0.06 0.76 1.27 0.57 1.80 0.58 1.30 0.19 0.39 0.11 0.16 0.13 0.14 0.38 0.08 0.04 T 0.88 0.72 0.94 0.21 0.27 0.42 0.56 0.02 0.02 0.23 0.11

0.16 0.10 1.24 1.37 0.62 1.45 0.46 1.50 0.05 0.05 0.09 0.00 0.11 0.11 0.27 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.13 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.11 0.15 0.09 0.02 0.13 0.13

1.0 0.6 7.6 8.6 3.9 9.6 3.1 17.6 0.4 5.7 2.3 1.0 1.3 1.5 2.9 1.3 0.4 T 4.1 1.7 2.2 1.2 1.6 5.5 7.4 0.5 2.1 2.1 1.3

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

0.10 0.07 0.78 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 T 0.00 0.38 0.18 0.27 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 T 0.00

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 53.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 3.1 0.0

Vitamin E mg

2.7 1.8 21.2 0.1 T 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.8 T 0.3 T 1.9 3.7 0.1 T T 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.3 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.9

Cholesterol mg

54 35 423 0 0 0 0 0 13 0 18 0 58 34 27 45 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 9 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B063

Muesli, toasted 1 cup

B062

Muesli, Swiss style

B064 B103 B097 B102 B065 B066 B067 B068 B092 B046 B069 B070 B071 B073 B093

Muffin, English, toasted Noodles, egg, unenriched, cooked Noodles, Maggi-type, boiled Noodles, chow mein Oats, rolled, cooked Pancake, home prepared Pasta, egg, boiled Pasta, white, boiled Pastry, chocolate-filled roll Pastry, Danish Pastry, filo, baked Pastry, puff, commercial, baked Pastry, short, commercial, baked Rice, brown, boiled Rice, parboiled, boiled

B077

Rice, white, boiled

B076

Rice, white, highlands, boiled

B075

Rice, white, coastal, boiled

B072

Rice bubbles

1 cup

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup B098 B078

Rice with coconut cream, cooked Roti, cooked

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

4 5 10 12 39 69 78 1 87 44 65 67 22 34 2 18 11 66 69 121 69 149 62 133 74 160 3 1 70 33

418 459 362 453 223 128 99 525 52 295 130 119 403 312 368 446 495 137 121 212 123 266 150 325 106 228 349 49 141 284

100 110 100 125 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 175 100 216 100 216 100 216 100 14 100 100

1 1 1 1

2 1

1 1 1 1 2

1 1

1

1

16

748 922 516 895 932 535 415 196 219 232 543 499 688 307 541 866 072 574 508 888 515 112 629 359 442 956 459 204 591 188

9.2 10.1 12.1 15.1 10.9 4.8 2.6 8.4 1.6 7.9 5.3 4.0 7.4 7.5 12.2 7.0 7.2 3.0 2.4 4.2 2.3 5.0 3.2 6.9 1.8 3.9 5.2 0.7 2.6 6.3

16.6 18.3 9.2 11.5 1.5 1.5 3.8 30.8 1.1 14.9 0.6 0.3 20.7 15.5 3.2 26.5 30.0 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.9 0.4 0.1 4.8 4.6

CHO available g

55.0 60.5 52.7 65.9 40.6 23.7 13.5 53.5 8.5 32.7 25.6 24.6 47.3 35.6 72.7 45.7 49.9 29.9 27.2 47.6 28.0 60.5 34.5 74.5 22.6 48.8 81.6 11.4 22.3 54.1

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

8.7 9.6 12.5 15.6 2.7 1.1 0.9 3.9 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.8 2.0 2.3 1.9 1.6 2.0 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.7 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.5 1.2 0.2 0.4 2.2

167 184 62 78 465 7 2 439 1 92 3 2 588 174 790 545 460 2 2 4 5 11 5 11 5 11 1 060 148 3 520

98 108 143 179 30 19 7 52 19 22 8 9 25 16 37 16 14 46 22 39 13 28 16 35 11 24 24 3 10 46

345 380 550 688 146 28 30 120 41 174 21 20 140 154 156 70 71 62 40 70 10 22 10 22 10 22 88 12 33 110

47 52 104 130 132 12 8 20 7 99 6 7 28 26 19 11 12 6 2 4 4 9 5 11 4 9 6 1 18 10

4.3 4.7 8.3 10.4 1.2 0.6 0.8 4.7 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.6 1.3 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.3 0.4 0.9 8.3 1.2 1.3 1.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B063

Muesli, toasted 1 cup

B062

Muesli, Swiss style

B064 B103 B097 B102 B065 B066 B067 B068 B092 B046 B069 B070 B071 B073 B093

Muffin, English, toasted Noodles, egg, unenriched, cooked Noodles, Maggi-type, boiled Noodles, chow mein Oats, rolled, cooked Pancake, home prepared Pasta, egg, boiled Pasta, white, boiled Pastry, chocolate-filled roll Pastry, Danish Pastry, filo, baked Pastry, puff, commercial, baked Pastry, short, commercial, baked Rice, brown, boiled Rice, parboiled, boiled

B077

Rice, white, boiled

B076

Rice, white, highlands, boiled

B075

Rice, white, coastal, boiled

B072

Rice bubbles

B098 B078

Rice with coconut cream, cooked Roti, cooked

1 cup

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

1.8 2.0 3.0 3.8 1.2 0.6 0.3 1.4 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.6 1.3 0.7 1.5 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.1 0.3 1.2

0 0 0 0 0 6 T 0 0 74 0 0 100 0 1 9 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 110 100 125 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 175 100 216 100 216 100 216 100 14 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

1 1 31 39 0 0 T 54 6 28 0 0 120 150 0 59 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 882

17

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

T T 3 3 0 6 T 5 1 76 0 0 110 13 1 14 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 74

0.92 1.01 0.97 1.21 0.32 0.03 0.10 0.58 0.08 0.21 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.07 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.13 0.06 0.11 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.99 0.14 0.22 0.06

0.68 0.75 1.17 1.46 0.13 0.02 0.12 0.42 0.02 0.38 0.02 0.02 0.13 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 1.05 0.15 0.02 0.03

4.3 4.7 10.6 13.3 2.2 0.4 0.6 6.0 0.0 2.0 0.4 0.5 0.3 2.8 1.3 0.7 0.5 2.0 1.8 3.2 0.6 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.4 8.7 1.2 T 0.6

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0

Vitamin E mg

5.9 6.5 3.1 3.9 0.5 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 T T T T T T T T 0.0 0.0 0.3 T

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 33 16 0 0 43 0 0 90 35 0 30 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B080 B081

Scone, plain, home prepared Special K

B105 B101

Vanilla slice 'Weet-bix'

1 cup

1 biscuit C

GREEN LEAVES

C099 C100 C094

Amaranth, raw Amaranth, boiled Cabbage, Chinese, cooked

C035 C010 C036

Cabbage, Chinese, raw Cabbage, European, baked, earth-oven Cabbage, European white, boiled

C019 C052

Cabbage, European white, raw Cabbage, European, boiled with salt

C018 C098 C071 C053

Cabbage, red, boiled Cabbage, swamp, boiled Cabbage, swamp, raw Cassava, leaves, boiled

C050 C095 C049 C102 C024

Cassava, leaves, raw Choko, leaves, boiled Choko, leaves, raw Coastal tree, leaves, raw, C. subcordata Cress, garden, leaves and stems, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 100 32 100 100 15

26 4 1 53 6 1

345 378 121 207 338 51

1 444 1 580 506 864 1 415 212

8.4 20.8 6.7 3.2 12.7 1.9

10.6 2.3 0.7 8.9 2.4 0.4

100 100 100 48 100 100 100 114 100 100 114 100 100 100 100 38 100 100 100 100 100

89 93 96 46 95 91 93 106 93 93 105 89 90 90 86 33 81 91 91 70 89

32 23 15 7 19 32 30 34 24 22 25 27 34 35 47 18 79 21 22 70 35

135 97 65 31 77 134 125 142 102 92 105 114 143 146 198 75 330 90 92 292 146

3.7 2.6 1.7 0.8 2.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.3 0.8 0.9 2.0 3.8 3.9 3.9 1.5 8.2 4.3 4.4 3.7 2.6

1.1 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.4 1.8 0.3 0.3 3.3 0.7

18

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

54.2 68.4 21.9 28.5 62.2 9.3

1.8 1.6 0.5 1.3 10.4 1.6

695 680 218 170 275 41

29 56 18 10 108 16

163 199 64 75 363 54

93 56 18 70 40 6

0.8 8.9 2.8 0.6 4.0 0.6

0.1 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.9 5.6 4.6 5.2 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.3 1.3 4.6 T T 0.6 3.7

3.7 2.2 1.2 0.6 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.5 3.8 2.1 2.4 3.5 1.6 1.7 4.6 1.7 6.0 0.7 0.7 12.1 1.8

34 24 30 14 38 15 14 16 14 100 114 15 11 11 4 2 24 3 3 1 015 14

130 56 15 7 28 14 15 17 15 16 18 13 12 12 41 16 95 51 41 409 38

646 240 249 120 428 293 316 360 320 130 148 405 282 288 154 59 436 352 359 134 606

310 273 66 32 94 66 55 63 33 42 48 33 70 71 106 40 186 70 71 1 903 81

4.9 2.2 1.0 0.5 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.6 3.1 3.2 1.9 0.7 3.1 7.2 7.3 1.5 1.3

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

B

CEREAL AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

B080 B081

Scone, plain, home prepared Special K

B105 B101

Vanilla slice 'Weet-bix'

1 cup

1 biscuit C

GREEN LEAVES

C099 C100 C094

Amaranth, raw Amaranth, boiled Cabbage, Chinese, cooked

C035 C010 C036

Cabbage, Chinese, raw Cabbage, European, baked, earth-oven Cabbage, European white, boiled

C019 C052

Cabbage, European white, raw Cabbage, European, boiled with salt

C018 C098 C071 C053

Cabbage, red, boiled Cabbage, swamp, boiled Cabbage, swamp, raw Cassava, leaves, boiled

C050 C095 C049 C102 C024

Cassava, leaves, raw Choko, leaves, boiled Choko, leaves, raw Coastal tree, leaves, raw, C. subcordata Cress, garden, leaves and stems, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100 32 100 100 15

0.5 1.9 0.6 0.9 2.6 0.4

81 0 0 9 0 0

100 100 100 48 100 100 100 114 100 100 114 100 100 100 100 38 100 100 100 100 100

0.7 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.7 0.6 2.9 0.2 0.4 5.0 0.2

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

9 7 2 1 2

6 7 5 2 9

5 5

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol mg

51 8 3 31 T T

85 1 T 12 T T

0.12 1.06 0.34 0.00 0.13 0.02

0.09 1.22 0.39 0.07 0.25 0.04

1.4 18.3 5.9 1.6 4.7 0.7

0.00 0.05 0.02 T 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.3 22.8 7.3 0.6 1.0 0.2

10 0 0 8 0 0

510 608 549 500 681 22 10 11 30 100 114 20 860 000 726 176 336 78 68 507 580

793 634 212 125 223 2 1 1 3 8 10 2 572 583 477 181 778 7 6 459 465

T T 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.12 0.14 0.08 0.06 0.09 0.07 0.03 0.09 0.12 0.15 T 0.08

0.22 0.18 0.07 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.12 0.19 0.24 0.18 0.07 0.22 0.08 0.10 0.40 0.26

1.2 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.5 2.2 1.8 0.7 2.2 0.4 0.5 3.1 1.0

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

45.0 11.0 7.0 3.4 38.0 49.0 41.0 46.7 45.0 19.0 21.7 55.0 27.0 50.0 64.0 24.3 220.0 20.0 40.0 10.0 69.0

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.6 0.6 1.6 1.0 2.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

19

0.7

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

C

GREEN LEAVES

C026 C055 C086 C005

Drumstick, leaves, boiled Drumstick, leaves, raw Drumstick, leaves and shoots, raw Edible hibiscus, leaves, boiled

C006 C096 C011 C091 C040 C079 C080 C039 C054 C046 C045 C103 C032 C065 C013 C012 C101 C092 C060 C025 C048 C066

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

87 81 75 88 83 89 94 40 91 93 65 86 77 91 89 96 96 82 88 88 84 83 86 94 137 91 91 88 90 151

45 65 89 29 27 31 19 8 29 22 89 35 81 33 29 9 12 56 43 44 61 62 40 26 38 26 26 38 40 67

189 272 374 120 113 132 81 35 120 92 372 147 338 137 120 39 50 232 179 183 254 259 166 109 160 109 108 160 167 280

4.7 7.6 9.4 3.4 3.2 3.6 2.4 1.0 3.4 2.3 1.0 1.6 5.3 1.9 3.1 0.9 1.0 2.7 4.9 5.0 5.5 5.6 3.7 2.3 3.4 2.7 2.7 4.9 2.8 4.7

1.3 1.9 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.1 2.0 1.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 1.8 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.5

100 100 100 100 1 serve 94 Edible hibiscus, leaves, raw 100 Fern, leaves, boiled 100 1 serve 43 Fern, leaves, raw 100 Fig, poke, leaves, boiled and drained 100 Fig, poke, leaves, raw 100 Jointfir, leaves, boiled 100 Jointfir, leaves, raw 100 Kale seedling, leaves, boiled 100 Kale seedling, leaves, raw 100 Lettuce, common, raw 100 Lettuce, iceberg, raw 100 Indian mulberry, “Noni” or “Kura”, leaves, raw 100 Nightshade, leaves, cooked 100 Nightshade, leaves, raw 100 Pawpaw, shoots, cooked 100 Pawpaw, shoots, raw 100 Coastal tree, P. grandis, leaves, raw 100 Puha, leaves and upper stem, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 146 Puha, leaves and upper stem, raw 100 Pumpkin, leaves, boiled 100 Pumpkin, leaves, raw 100 Silverbeet, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 168

20

CHO available g

1.9 1.9 8.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.7 1.6 20.0 0.6 8.8 4.8 3.4 0.4 1.1 2.8 T T 8.0 8.2 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.5 1.9 5.0 8.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

3.7 5.2 3.0 3.5 3.3 3.8 2.1 0.9 3.6 1.5 2.7 4.5 4.5 1.3 0.9 1.7 1.0 9.2 8.3 8.5 1.7 1.7 5.4 5.1 7.4 4.6 3.7 3.4 3.1 5.3

11 30 9 6 6 18 6 3 11 18 10 7 7 23 3 23 9 392 4 4 3 3 344 26 38 36 5 17 144 242

31 82 147 108 102 118 19 8 43 14 106 67 70 14 38 8 9 96 61 61 40 60 165 16 23 12 38 78 38 63

121 424 444 201 189 484 234 101 562 184 435 614 682 228 180 230 158 91 339 346 617 629 201 160 234 229 114 438 421 707

340 609 365 216 203 268 17 7 27 53 5 75 29 72 90 16 19 468 221 225 284 290 310 101 147 60 335 480 68 115

2.0 2.7 4.0 1.5 1.4 1.9 2.4 1.0 4.0 1.2 1.0 1.6 3.7 0.9 4.9 0.6 0.5 1.4 18.6 19.0 6.3 6.4 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.3 1.5 2.5 1.2 2.1

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

C

GREEN LEAVES

C026 C055 C086 C005

Drumstick, leaves, boiled Drumstick, leaves, raw Drumstick, leaves and shoots, raw Edible hibiscus, leaves, boiled

C006 C096 C011 C091 C040 C079 C080 C039 C054 C046 C045 C103 C032 C065 C013 C012 C101 C092 C060 C025 C048 C066

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 100 1 serve 94 Edible hibiscus, leaves, raw 100 Fern, leaves, boiled 100 1 serve 43 Fern, leaves, raw 100 Fig, poke, leaves, boiled and drained 100 Fig, poke, leaves, raw 100 Jointfir, leaves, boiled 100 Jointfir, leaves, raw 100 Kale seedling, leaves, boiled 100 Kale seedling, leaves, raw 100 Lettuce, common, raw 100 Lettuce, iceberg, raw 100 Indian mulberry, “Noni” or “Kura”, leaves, raw 100 Nightshade, leaves, cooked 100 Nightshade, leaves, raw 100 Pawpaw, shoots, cooked 100 Pawpaw, shoots, raw 100 Coastal tree, P. grandis, leaves, raw 100 Puha, leaves and upper stem, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 146 Puha, leaves and upper stem, raw 100 Pumpkin, leaves, boiled 100 Pumpkin, leaves, raw 100 Silverbeet, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 168

0.2 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.8 0.8 2.8 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.7 1.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

10 11 8 8 8 9 2 1 2 5

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

5

599 570 580 770 244 669 530 088 976 220 499 220 550 440 860 90 198 274

883 964 715 731 687 806 211 91 248 435 42 185 296 370 155 8 17 440

3 3 5 8 11 7 2 3 3 5

600 670 070 130 870 790 972 117 310 561

300 306 423 678 989 649 248 260 276 463

2 3 4 1

21

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

T T 0.26 0.10 0.09 0.13 T T T 0.07 0.02 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.11 0.16 0.07 0.09 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.11 0.15 0.02 0.03

0.36 0.44 0.66 0.30 0.28 0.37 0.15 0.06 0.19 0.25 0.03 0.14 0.14 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.08 0.17 0.27 0.35 0.29 0.37 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.30 0.37 0.04 0.06

1.8 2.2 4.8 1.3 1.2 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.3 0.4 0.4 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.1 1.4 0.3 0.4

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

39.0 147.0 130.0 7.0 6.6 26.0 2.0 0.9 7.0 82.0 60.0 66.0 66.0 41.0 130.0 4.0 18.0 44.0 1.5 11.0 61.0 124.0 34.0 22.0 32.1 33.1 4.0 28.0 16.1 27.0

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

2.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 0.9 2.0 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 2.0 1.0 2.0 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.7 1.0 0.7 1.0 2.0 1.9 3.2

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

C

GREEN LEAVES

C003

Silverbeet, raw 1 cup chopped

C069 C076 C075 C001

Spinach, Spinach, Spinach, Spinach,

frozen, boiled Ceylon, leaves, boiled Ceylon, leaves, raw New Zealand, boiled, drained

C034

Spinach, New Zealand, raw

C093 C084 C051

Spinach, Tahitian, leaves, boiled Spinach, Tahitian, leaves, raw Spinach, tropical, leaves, baked, earth-oven

C009

Spinach, tropical, leaves, boiled, drained

C008 C038 C072 C097 C078 C020 C004 C002 C061 C068 C037 C028 C031

Spinach, tropical, leaves, raw Sweet potato, leaves, boiled Sweet potato, leaves, raw Taro, leaves, boiled Taro, leaves, raw Taro, stalks, cooked Taro, stalk, raw Water dropwort, leaves, cooked Water dropwort, leaves, raw Watercress, leaves, cooked Watercress, leaves, raw Winged bean, leaves, cooked Winged bean, leaves, raw

1 cup chopped 1 cup chopped

1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

91 41 92 93 93 95 159 93 44 92 92 89 78 92 81 86 93 88 91 83 93 95 91 91 92 92 93 93

28 13 25 23 23 14 24 16 8 24 24 37 32 15 13 50 23 33 28 50 26 16 30 30 18 18 31 32

117 53 105 96 98 59 99 67 32 100 102 154 135 63 55 209 95 137 118 207 107 66 123 125 77 77 130 132

2.6 1.2 3.1 1.6 1.6 1.3 2.2 1.7 0.8 2.2 2.2 2.7 2.4 2.1 1.9 3.2 1.9 2.9 3.8 5.8 0.3 0.7 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.0 3.4 3.5

0.3 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 1.1 1.1

100 45 100 100 100 100 168 100 47 100 100 100 88 100 88 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

22

CHO available g

2.5 1.1 0.4 3.7 3.8 0.8 1.3 0.6 0.3 2.5 2.6 4.9 4.3 0.3 0.2 8.3 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 5.4 1.6 4.3 4.4 T T T T

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

2.9 1.3 2.1 0.5 0.5 2.2 3.7 2.6 1.2 1.3 1.3 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 3.0 5.2 2.5 5.7 0.7 2.1 1.0 1.0 4.4 4.5 3.9 4.0

138 62 16 15 15 107 180 145 68 1 1 11 10 21 18 2 7 10 5 5 1 12 1 1 4 4 6 6

426 192 340 228 233 103 173 145 68 667 680 447 393 641 564 259 98 420 305 748 83 393 153 156 391 399 322 328

65 29 150 113 115 48 81 65 31 79 81 154 136 209 184 309 125 190 214 276 114 46 131 134 117 119 43 44

36 16 31 32 39 32 54 44 21 38 39 96 84 55 48 119 22 50 24 47 138 28 60 65 15 15 32 32

1.2 0.5 1.7 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.4 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.0 8.7 1.2 2.0 1.7 2.8 1.9 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.8

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

C

GREEN LEAVES

C003

Silverbeet, raw 1 cup chopped

C069 C076 C075 C001

Spinach, Spinach, Spinach, Spinach,

frozen, boiled Ceylon, leaves, boiled Ceylon, leaves, raw New Zealand, boiled, drained

C034

Spinach, New Zealand, raw

C093 C084 C051

Spinach, Tahitian, leaves, boiled Spinach, Tahitian, leaves, raw Spinach, tropical, leaves, baked, earth-oven

C009

Spinach, tropical, leaves, boiled, drained

C008 C038 C072 C097 C078 C020 C004 C002 C061 C068 C037 C028 C031

Spinach, tropical, leaves, raw Sweet potato, leaves, boiled Sweet potato, leaves, raw Taro, leaves, boiled Taro, leaves, raw Taro, stalks, cooked Taro, stalk, raw Water dropwort, leaves, cooked Water dropwort, leaves, raw Watercress, leaves, cooked Watercress, leaves, raw Winged bean, leaves, cooked Winged bean, leaves, raw

1 cup chopped 1 cup chopped

1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 1.3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 45 100 100 100 100 168 100 47 100 100 100 88 100 88 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

3 1 3 3 3 2 3 2 1 6 7 3 3 3 3 5 1 4 6

3 3 2 3 4 4

23

170 427 840 890 970 170 646 950 387 880 020 920 450 920 450 600 708 056 973 090 94 201 140 200 940 000 760 850

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

264 119 320 324 331 181 304 246 116 573 585 327 287 327 287 467 59 88 414 508 8 17 262 267 245 250 397 404

0.02 0.01 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.08 0.11 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.00 T 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.10 0.65 0.83

0.04 0.02 0.05 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.18 0.15 0.07 0.15 0.20 0.21 0.18 0.13 0.12 0.42 0.15 0.18 0.13 0.16 0.05 T 0.24 0.31 0.08 0.10 0.47 0.60

0.3 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.2 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 0.2 T 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.1 2.7 3.5

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

24.4 11.0 6.0 29.0 59.0 16.0 26.9 34.0 16.0 43.0 59.0 18.0 15.8 41.1 36.2 64.0 3.0 25.0 20.0 81.0 2.0 4.0 29.0 60.0 29.0 60.0 22.0 45.0

1.9 0.9 2.1 1.8 1.8 2.1 3.5 2.0 1.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.0 1.0 2.2 2.3 0.1 0.1 1.8 1.8 0.5 1.6 1.0 2.0

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D007 D009 D010

Artichoke, Jerusalem, peeled, boiled Asparagus, boiled Asparagus, canned in brine, drained

D062 D128 D083 D014

Banana, buds & flowers, raw Banana, cooking, flowers, boiled Banana, cooking, flowers, raw Beetroot, canned, drained

D122

Broccoli, boiled

D123

Brussels sprouts, boiled

D124

Brussels sprouts, frozen, boiled

D019

Capsicum, boiled

D020

Capsicum, raw

1 cup spears

2 slices 1 cup chopped 5 Brussels sprouts 5 Brussels sprouts 1 cup chopped 1 cup chopped 1 pepper D096

Capsicum, green and red, raw 1 cup chopped 1 pepper

D021 D024 D022

Carrot, baby, canned, heated, drained Carrot, frozen, boiled Carrot, peeled, boiled, mature 1 carrot 1 cup sliced

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

30 21 22 56 34 42 43 46 28 32 53 32 33 36 37 22 64 21 22 15 47 50 35 26 27 35 17 55

124 90 92 235 141 177 182 193 116 135 222 135 139 151 156 93 267 86 91 64 197 209 146 107 113 147 72 230

2.3 2.8 1.9 4.9 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.3 0.8 4.7 7.7 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 1.7 4.9 1.6 1.7 1.2 2.0 2.1 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.4 1.4

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

100 100 100 256 100 100 100 100 60 100 164 100 103 100 103 100 288 100 106 74 100 106 74 100 100 100 49 157

77 91 94 239 91 89 89 86 51 89 145 90 92 86 89 92 265 93 98 69 86 91 64 92 92 87 43 137

24

CHO available g

3.3 1.6 1.5 3.8 5.7 6.1 6.4 8.9 5.3 0.7 1.1 2.2 2.3 3.4 3.5 3.2 9.2 2.9 3.1 2.1 6.0 6.4 4.4 4.2 4.5 5.6 2.7 8.8

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

3.3 1.5 3.9 10.0 1.5 1.8 1.5 2.5 1.5 4.1 6.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 0.9 2.6 0.9 1.0 0.7 4.3 4.6 3.2 3.0 3.1 4.4 2.2 6.9

5 2 240 614 3 3 3 300 180 20 33 29 30 25 26 2 6 2 2 1 2 2 1 320 44 41 20 64

10 14 7 18 18 15 18 17 10 21 34 17 18 21 22 6 17 7 7 5 17 17 12 7 9 12 6 18

470 290 120 307 601 572 601 140 84 325 533 340 350 310 319 132 380 146 155 108 286 303 212 48 77 235 115 369

19 10 12 31 37 70 73 13 8 29 48 14 14 27 28 6 17 6 6 4 29 31 21 27 26 29 14 46

0.9 1.0 1.6 4.1 1.0 2.0 2.1 1.3 0.8 1.0 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.6 2.8 1.9 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.5

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D007 D009 D010

Artichoke, Jerusalem, peeled, boiled Asparagus, boiled Asparagus, canned in brine, drained

D062 D128 D083 D014

Banana, buds & flowers, raw Banana, cooking, flowers, boiled Banana, cooking, flowers, raw Beetroot, canned, drained

D122

Broccoli, boiled

D123

Brussels sprouts, boiled

D124

Brussels sprouts, frozen, boiled

D019

Capsicum, boiled

D020

Capsicum, raw

1 cup spears

2 slices 1 cup chopped 5 Brussels sprouts 5 Brussels sprouts 1 cup chopped 1 cup chopped 1 pepper D096

Capsicum, green and red, raw 1 cup chopped 1 pepper

D021 D024 D022

Carrot, baby, canned, heated, drained Carrot, frozen, boiled Carrot, peeled, boiled, mature 1 carrot 1 cup sliced

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.3 0.2 0.6 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.5

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 256 100 100 100 100 60 100 164 100 103 100 103 100 288 100 106 74 100 106 74 100 100 100 49 157

β-carotene equiv. µg

1

1

3 4 9 4 14

25

18 45 400 024 127 184 193 0 0 350 574 150 155 140 144 480 382 540 572 400 180 191 133 710 150 320 567 632

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

mg

mg

2 4 33 85 11 15 16 0 0 29 48 13 13 12 12 40 115 45 48 33 15 16 11 309 346 777 381 1219

0.08 0.13 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.07 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.12 0.13 0.09 0.00 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.11

0.08 0.11 0.08 0.20 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.21 0.34 0.14 0.14 0.10 0.10 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.15 0.16 0.11 0.00 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.06

0.9 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.4 0.7 1.1 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 2.6 2.8 1.9 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.3 1.1

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

5.0 12.0 6.0 15.4 12.0 3.0 5.8 4.1 2.5 85.0 39.4 88.0 90.6 56.0 57.7 92.0 65.0 10.0 16.6 81.4 40.0 48.4 03.6 1.0 1.0 4.0 2.0 6.3

0.2 0.4 0.3 0.8 T T T T T 1.5 2.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.9

1

2 1 1 1 1 1

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D023

Carrot, peeled, raw, mature

Carrots, raw Cauliflower, boiled 1 1

D026

Cauliflower, raw 1 1

D027

Celery, boiled

D028

Celery, raw

1 1 1 D034

Choko, peeled, boiled

D059

Corn, cob, baked, earth-oven

D098

Corn, sweet, canned in brine, drained

D099 D100 D037

Corn, sweet, creamed, can, heated Corn, sweet, frozen, boiled Corn, cob, sweet, boiled, drained

D039

Cucumber, common, raw, peeled

1 1 1

1 1 5 D041 D120

Cucumber, common, flesh & skin, raw Cucumber pickles, dill

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

126 96 164 137 92 83 127 92 65 105 73 115 65 70 13 98 137 447 572 415 730 361 443 487 623 48 73 19 46 75

0.8 0.6 1.0 0.9 2.2 2.0 3.0 2.2 1.5 2.5 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.8 3.6 4.6 3.0 5.3 2.0 3.1 3.3 4.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 T 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.8 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 0.1 0.2 T 0.1 0.2

100 76 130 100 100 stem and flower 90 cup chopped 138 100 stem and flower 70 cup chopped 114 100 cup chopped 158 100 cup sliced 108 stem (10 x 2cm) 20 100 cup sliced 140 100 cob 128 100 cup 176 100 100 100 cob 128 100 cup chopped 150 slices (0.5 cm thick) 40 100 100

1 carrot 1 cup slices D002 D025

Measure

89 67 115 89 91 82 126 91 64 104 95 149 95 103 19 94 131 73 94 74 129 76 75 70 89 96 144 38 96 92

30 23 39 33 22 20 30 22 15 25 17 27 15 17 3 23 33 107 137 99 174 86 106 116 149 12 17 5 11 18

26

CHO available g

5.0 3.8 6.5 5.3 2.0 1.8 2.8 2.0 1.4 2.3 2.4 3.8 2.2 2.4 0.4 4.0 5.6 20.5 26.2 18.3 32.2 16.6 19.9 21.4 27.4 2.1 3.2 0.8 1.2 2.9

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

43 33 56 43 14 13 19 15 11 17 84 133 88 95 18 8 11 1 1 270 475 310 8 17 22 21 32 8 18 1280

10 8 13 12 12 11 17 14 10 16 7 11 7 8 1 10 14 29 37 18 32 20 26 32 41 9 14 4 13 11

260 198 338 260 305 275 421 340 238 388 225 356 250 270 50 79 111 230 294 124 218 120 195 249 319 97 146 39 120 116

31 24 40 40 13 12 18 14 10 16 34 54 36 39 7 16 22 8 10 2 4 2 4 2 3 13 20 5 12 9

0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 T 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.5

3.3 2.5 4.3 3.3 1.8 1.6 2.5 1.8 1.3 2.1 2.2 3.5 1.8 1.9 0.4 1.8 2.5 1.3 1.7 3.1 5.5 3.4 3.1 3.7 4.7 0.4 0.6 0.2 1.1 1.2

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D023

Carrot, peeled, raw, mature

Carrots, raw Cauliflower, boiled 1 1

D026

Cauliflower, raw 1 1

D027

Celery, boiled

D028

Celery, raw

1 1 1 D034

Choko, peeled, boiled

D059

Corn, cob, baked, earth-oven

D098

Corn, sweet, canned in brine, drained

D099 D100 D037

Corn, sweet, creamed, can, heated Corn, sweet, frozen, boiled Corn, cob, sweet, boiled, drained

D039

Cucumber, common, raw, peeled

1 1 1

1 1 5 D041 D120

Cucumber, common, flesh & skin, raw Cucumber pickles, dill

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 76 130 100 100 stem and flower 90 cup chopped 138 100 stem and flower 70 cup chopped 114 100 cup chopped 158 100 cup sliced 108 20 stem (10 x 2cm) 100 cup sliced 140 100 cob 128 100 cup 176 100 100 100 cob 128 100 cup chopped 150 slices (0.5 cm thick) 40 100 100

1 carrot 1 cup slices D002 D025

Measure

β-carotene equiv. µg

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

10 7 13 10

867 659 1 127 867 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 5 3 4 1 4 5 25 32 5 8 4 5 25 32 3 4 1 22 17

0.08 0.06 0.10 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.12 0.15 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.07 0.22 0.28 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.01

0.04 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.14 0.10 0.07 0.11 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 T 0.02 0.03 0.08 0.10 0.04 0.07 0.02 0.03 0.07 0.09 0.01 0.02 T 0.02 0.03

0.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.9 0.6 1.6 1.6 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

27

400 904 520 400 9 8 12 10 7 11 36 57 40 43 8 45 63 300 384 54 95 47 54 300 384 35 53 14 260 198

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

6.0 4.6 7.8 6.0 56.0 50.4 77.3 70.0 49.0 79.8 4.0 6.3 5.0 5.4 1.0 11.0 15.4 6.0 7.7 3.0 5.3 2.0 5.0 6.2 7.9 8.0 12.0 3.2 7.0 1.9

0.7 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.1 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.1 T 0.1 0.2

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D049 D001 D115 D116 D048 D012 D125 D066

Eggplant, boiled Eggplant, flesh, raw Fungi, cooked, F. velutipes Fungi, cooked, L. hatsudake Fungi, raw, Flammulina velutipes Fungi, raw, Lactarius hatsudake Gourd, cooked Leek, boiled 1 cup sliced 1 leek

D067 D068

Leek, raw Marrow, peeled, boiled

D069

Mixed vegetables, frozen, boiled

D029 D070

Mushrooms, canned-brine, heat, drain Mushrooms, common, raw

1 cup diced 1 cup

1 cup chopped 1 mushroom D072 D073 D126 D076

Okra, boiled Okra, raw Olive, green, stuffed, drained Onion, boiled, mature 1 cup chopped 1 onion

D077 D079

Onion, raw, mature Parsley, raw 1 tablespoon 1 cup chopped

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

99 97 162 104 162 104 119 126 173 157 136 85 187 186 272 89 117 80 19 127 113 474 127 281 64 109 86 3 55

1.2 0.7 1.9 1.2 1.9 1.2 0.7 1.9 2.6 2.4 2.1 0.8 1.8 1.8 2.6 1.4 3.6 2.4 0.6 3.4 3.1 0.8 1.8 4.0 0.9 1.0 2.0 0.1 1.3

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 137 124 100 100 220 100 146 100 100 68 16 100 100 100 100 221 50 100 100 3.7 64

92 93 89 93 89 93 95 91 124 112 90 93 204 89 130 91 92 62 15 87 88 78 90 198 45 89 89 3 57

24 23 39 25 39 25 29 30 41 37 33 20 45 45 65 21 28 19 4 30 27 113 30 67 15 26 20 1 13

28

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 T 0.2 0.2 11.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 T 0.1

CHO available g

2.9 3.1 7.1 4.2 7.1 4.2 6.0 3.4 4.7 4.2 3.7 3.8 8.4 5.9 8.6 1.6 1.5 1.0 0.2 1.6 1.4 1.8 4.8 10.6 2.4 4.1 0.4 T 0.3

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

5 3 5 5 5 5 3 16 22 20 17 1 2 33 48 380 7 5 1 2 2 2 070 12 27 6 17 50 2 32

8 11 11 11 11 11 12 13 18 16 14 15 33 15 22 7 9 6 1 64 48 10 5 11 3 10 33 1 21

153 199 346 346 346 346 148 235 322 291 260 124 273 110 161 100 305 207 49 250 280 29 125 276 63 160 950 35 608

22 10 2 3 2 3 20 31 42 38 33 15 33 28 41 11 2 1 T 78 82 98 17 38 9 36 199 7 127

0.2 0.4 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.7 0.8 1.2 1.5 0.2 0.1 T 1.0 1.1 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.2 0.4 8.4 0.3 5.4

2.5 4.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 2.9 4.0 3.6 3.1 0.6 1.3 5.9 8.6 3.0 2.5 1.7 0.4 4.4 3.7 3.0 1.7 3.8 0.9 2.1 4.7 0.2 3.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D049 D001 D115 D116 D048 D012 D125 D066

Eggplant, boiled Eggplant, flesh, raw Fungi, cooked, F. velutipes Fungi, cooked, L. hatsudake Fungi, raw, Flammulina velutipes Fungi, raw, Lactarius hatsudake Gourd, cooked Leek, boiled 1 cup sliced 1 leek

D067 D068

Leek, raw Marrow, peeled, boiled

D069

Mixed vegetables, frozen, boiled

1 cup diced 1 cup D029 D070

Mushrooms, canned-brine, heat, drain Mushrooms, common, raw 1 cup chopped 1 mushroom

D072 D073 D126 D076

Okra, boiled Okra, raw Olive, green, stuffed, drained Onion, boiled, mature 1 cup chopped 1 onion

D077 D079

Onion, raw, mature Parsley, raw 1 tablespoon 1 cup chopped

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 137 124 100 100 220 100 146 100 100 68 16 100 100 100 100 221 50 100 100 3.7 64

0.1 0.2 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.1 T 0.8 0.6 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 1.1 T 0.7

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

2 3

4 3

29

19 47 13 13 13 13 0 430 589 533 470 36 79 630 840 0 29 20 5 110 120 280 9 20 5 T 760 176 046

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

2 4 1 1 1 1 0 36 49 44 39 3 7 219 320 0 2 2 T 9 10 23 1 2 T T 397 15 254

0.04 0.05 0.43 0.07 0.66 0.10 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.09 0.03 0.02 T 0.08 0.09 0.02 0.03 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.16 0.01 0.10

0.04 0.03 0.45 0.32 0.56 0.40 0.03 0.08 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.04 0.09 0.02 0.03 0.15 0.41 0.28 0.07 0.12 0.13 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.01 T 0.29 0.01 0.19

0.6 0.8 8.1 5.6 11.5 8.0 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.4 1.2 1.8 1.3 3.5 2.4 0.6 1.1 1.2 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.5 1.1 T 0.7

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

2.0 5.0 3.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 15.0 24.0 32.9 29.8 30.0 5.0 11.0 4.0 5.8 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.2 27.0 34.0 1.0 5.0 11.1 2.5 5.0 100.0 3.7 64.0

Vitamin E mg

0.3 T T T T T 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 T T T T 0.5 0.4 3.5 T T T T 3.5 0.1 2.2

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D080

Parsnip, peeled, boiled

D081 D127 D051 D119

D004 D003 D087 D043 D086 D088 D130 D093 D094 D095 D105 D107 D103 D118 D106

D102

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

83 133 92 91 81 134 82 69 256 91 89 82 181 87 84 93 91 92 91 112 91 136 94 94 93 95 95 120 180 77

53 85 26 29 64 106 62 53 195 34 39 44 96 40 49 20 43 25 32 39 26 38 20 26 15 15 15 19 28 64

223 357 110 119 268 442 261 222 816 141 165 182 401 166 204 83 179 106 132 164 107 161 83 110 61 62 62 78 117 267

1.8 2.9 1.0 1.1 5.4 8.9 4.4 3.8 13.8 1.6 4.2 2.3 5.1 2.1 2.3 0.7 1.8 1.7 2.9 3.6 1.0 1.5 0.8 1.2 0.5 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.9 3.1

0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.1 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3

100 1 parsnip (22.5 x 5.6 cm diam.) 160 Pawpaw, raw, unripe 100 Pawpaw, unripe, cooked 100 Peas, green, boiled 100 1 cup 165 Peas, green, canned, drained 100 1/2 cup 85 1 can 313 Pitpit, highlands, baked, earth-oven 100 Pitpit/duruka, coastal, raw 100 Pumpkin, boiled 100 1 cup 220 Pumpkin, raw 100 Pumpkin, butternut, boiled 100 Radish, oriental, raw, peeled 100 Sago palm, heart 100 Shallot, peeled, boiled 100 Squash, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 124 Swede, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 150 Tomato, canned in tomato juice 100 Tomato, ripe 100 Tomato, cherry, raw 100 Tomato, common, boiled 100 Tomato, common, raw 100 1 tomato 127 1 cup chopped 190 Tomato, paste, salted 100

30

CHO available g

10.0 16.0 4.7 5.2 6.3 10.4 8.5 7.2 26.5 5.1 1.7 7.1 15.6 6.4 7.7 2.9 6.4 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.1 6.2 3.2 4.2 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.4 3.6 10.4

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

2.5 4.0 1.5 1.4 7.2 11.9 4.1 3.5 12.8 2.3 3.6 1.4 3.1 1.2 1.5 1.5 2.6 1.1 2.6 3.2 2.8 4.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.5 2.3 3.9

18 29 7 8 1 2 219 186 685 3 18 1 2 1 1 28 26 94 2 2 11 17 62 6 10 6 6 8 11 630

23 37 20 19 19 31 17 14 53 46 48 13 29 11 15 13 37 48 11 14 10 15 11 10 12 10 10 13 19 38

380 608 215 236 155 256 173 147 541 601 636 310 682 345 425 210 357 162 133 165 280 420 184 200 240 196 200 254 380 960

36 58 38 42 20 33 20 17 63 18 4 27 59 29 22 30 68 23 8 10 21 32 24 7 11 8 8 10 15 28

0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 1.8 3.0 1.0 0.8 3.0 0.9 1.1 0.5 1.1 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.6

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D080

Parsnip, peeled, boiled

D081 D127 D051 D119

D004 D003 D087 D043 D086 D088 D130 D093 D094 D095 D105 D107 D103 D118 D106

D102

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.4 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.6 2.2 1.0 1.1 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 1 parsnip (22.5 x 5.6 cm diam.) 160 Pawpaw, raw, unripe 100 Pawpaw, unripe, cooked 100 Peas, green, boiled 100 1 cup 165 Peas, green, canned, drained 100 1/2 cup 85 1 can 313 Pitpit, highlands, baked, earth-oven 100 Pitpit/duruka, coastal, raw 100 Pumpkin, boiled 100 1 cup 220 Pumpkin, raw 100 Pumpkin, butternut, boiled 100 Radish, oriental, raw, peeled 100 Sago palm, heart 100 Shallot, peeled, boiled 100 Squash, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 124 Swede, boiled 100 1 cup chopped 150 Tomato, canned in tomato juice 100 Tomato, ripe 100 Tomato, cherry, raw 100 Tomato, common, boiled 100 Tomato, common, raw 100 1 tomato 127 1 cup chopped 190 Tomato, paste, salted 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

1

2 5 2 2

1

31

27 43 15 16 453 747 462 393 446 30 T 680 896 970 500 40 T 710 300 372 0 0 370 350 490 343 350 445 665 320

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

2 4 1 1 38 62 39 33 121 3 T 223 491 248 208 3 T 59 25 31 0 0 31 29 41 29 29 37 55 110

0.07 0.11 0.02 0.02 0.25 0.41 0.12 0.10 0.38 0.16 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.05 0.07 0.03 T 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.12

0.10 0.16 0.03 0.02 0.14 0.23 0.08 0.07 0.24 0.17 0.06 0.07 0.15 0.08 0.09 0.01 0.05 0.10 0.06 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.08

1.0 1.6 0.3 0.2 2.0 3.3 0.7 0.6 2.3 1.3 1.3 0.7 1.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.3 2.8

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

8.0 12.8 40.0 33.0 20.0 33.0 9.6 8.2 30.0 19.0 14.0 11.0 24.2 16.0 6.0 17.0 2.0 18.0 18.0 22.3 19.0 28.5 11.0 23.0 28.0 10.0 18.0 22.9 34.2 15.0

Vitamin E mg

0.8 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 1.5 1.8 2.0 4.4 7.2 1.9 0.0 0.2 T 0.2 0.3 2.6 3.9 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.3 3.8

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D061

Vegetables, mixed, European, boiled Zucchini, boiled

E

FRUITS

E005

Apple

Apple, canned, no added sugar Apple, granny smith

E010

Apricot

E006 E007

Apricot, canned, artificially sweet liquid Apricot, canned in syrup

E008 E009

Apricot, canned in syrup, drained Apricot, dried

E121

Avocado

E016

Banana, Australian

E012

Banana, common varieties

E013

Banana, PNG

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

CHO available g

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

81 117 94

57 82 18

236 343 77

3.2 4.6 1.3

0.3 0.4 0.3

7.5 10.9 1.8

5.9 8.6 1.7

34 49 1

18 26 14

136 197 148

25 36 17

1.3 1.9 0.5

100 130 116 100 100 1 apple 130 1 cup slices 116 100 1 apricot 54 100 100 1 cup fruit with syrup 272 100 100 1 cup 136 10 halves 35 100 1 avocado 162 100 1 banana 128 100 1 banana 128 100 1 banana 128

84 109 97 88 85 111 99 86 46 91 83 226 83 31 43 11 73 118 73 94 73 94 72 92

54 71 63 38 48 63 56 37 20 25 55 150 54 212 288 74 212 343 97 124 103 132 112 144

228 296 264 161 202 263 235 156 84 103 231 628 225 886 1 205 310 887 1 437 404 517 433 554 470 602

0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 1.9 1.0 4.3 5.8 1.5 1.9 3.1 1.6 2.0 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.5

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 22.6 36.6 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

12.3 16.0 14.3 9.0 10.8 14.0 12.5 7.4 4.0 5.0 12.4 33.7 11.7 44.4 60.4 15.5 0.4 0.6 21.4 27.4 23.6 30.2 26.1 33.4

2.0 2.6 2.3 0.9 1.9 2.5 2.2 2.1 1.1 1.5 1.8 4.9 1.9 9.1 12.4 3.2 1.5 2.4 2.5 3.2 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.3

1 1 1 9 1 1 1 2 1 3 2 5 3 37 50 13 2 3 1 1 29 37 15 19

4 5 5 3 4 5 5 9 5 7 7 19 135 57 78 20 23 37 25 32 33 42 33 42

107 139 124 65 110 143 128 335 181 168 153 416 135 1 510 2 054 529 470 761 340 435 241 308 291 372

5 7 6 3 5 7 6 16 9 16 12 33 19 67 91 23 20 32 7 9 11 14 12 15

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.5 3.1 4.2 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0

1 apple 1 cup slices

E003 E004

Water

100 145 100

1 cup D109

Measure

32

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

D

OTHER VEGETABLES

D061

Vegetables, mixed, European, boiled

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

100 145 100

100 130 116 100 100 1 apple 130 1 cup slices 116 100 1 apricot 54 100 100 1 cup fruit with syrup 272 100 100 1 cup 136 10 halves 35 100 1 avocado 162 100 1 banana 128 100 1 banana 128 100 1 banana 128

1 cup D109

Zucchini, boiled

E

FRUITS

E005

Apple

1 apple 1 cup slices

E003 E004

Apple, canned, no added sugar Apple, granny smith

E010

Apricot

E006 E007

Apricot, canned, artificially sweet liquid Apricot, canned in syrup

E008 E009

Apricot, canned in syrup, drained Apricot, dried

E121

Avocado

E016

Banana, Australian

E012

Banana, common varieties

E013

Banana, PNG

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

mg

mg

mg

0.6 0.8 0.3

0 0 0

2 580 3 741 300

215 312 25

0.12 0.17 0.03

0.07 0.10 0.06

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

10 13 12 8 5 7 6 210 113 130 440 197 800 380 237 833 290 470 66 84 46 59 46 59

1 1 1 1 T 1 1 18 9 94 37 100 67 198 270 69 24 39 6 7 4 5 4 5

0.02 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.11 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.03 0.04

0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.10 0.03 0.13 0.21 0.10 0.13 0.08 0.10 0.04 0.05

1 1 2 3

33

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

1.1 1.6 0.6

0.00 0.00 0.00

8.0 11.6 17.0

0.5 0.7 0.1

0 0 0

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.4 0.6 2.5 3.4 0.9 1.7 2.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

5.0 6.5 5.8 0.0 5.0 6.5 5.8 12.0 6.5 4.0 4.0 10.9 4.0 1.0 1.4 0.4 9.0 14.6 14.0 17.9 17.3 22.1 14.0 17.9

0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.6 0.7 4.3 5.8 1.5 2.1 3.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E131 E133 E048 E025

Banana, Samoan, M. troglodytarum Chinese apple, “bair”, Ziziphus jujuba Cranberries Currant, dried 1 cup

E027 E029

Custard apple, peeled Date, dried 10 dates

E132 E069 E123 E124 E032 E030

Lychee, Pacific, P. pinnata Durian Fig, Burkella fijiensis Fig, Ficus scabra Fig, Ficus carica Fig, Ficus carica, dried 1 cup 1 fig

E066 E034

Fruit, mixed, dried Fruit salad, canned in syrup

E039 E036

Granadilla, flesh and seeds Grape, black

E035 E037

Grape, green Grapefruit

E042 E049

Guava, Hawaiian Kiwifruit, flesh & seeds, peeled

1 cup

10 grapes

1 grapefruit

1 kiwifruit

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

70 87 88 17 26 79 16 13 87 67 78 91 86 21 45 3 18 85 224 75 79 43 80 90 152 87 84 84

126 55 55 284 437 78 293 244 50 140 76 22 45 263 552 42 291 52 136 78 66 36 64 26 43 31 49 49

526 229 229 188 830 327 228 019 211 587 317 93 189 101 312 176 218 216 567 328 277 150 267 107 181 131 205 205

1.6 0.9 0.4 2.8 4.3 1.4 2.0 1.7 1.1 2.5 1.1 0.8 1.4 3.6 7.6 0.6 2.0 0.4 1.1 2.3 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.5 0.7 0.9 0.9

1.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.5 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.3 0.7 1.5 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.3 2.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6

100 100 100 100 154 100 100 83 100 100 100 100 100 100 210 16 100 100 263 100 100 54 100 100 170 100 100 100

1 1 1 1

1 2 1

34

CHO available g

26.7 10.3 10.8 65.1 100.3 15.8 67.2 55.8 9.3 28.3 10.5 0.4 8.1 54.5 114.5 8.7 65.2 11.9 31.3 10.2 14.9 8.0 14.8 4.8 8.2 3.5 9.4 9.4

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

5 22 2 46 71 4 14 12 11 1 268 37 3 39 82 6 78 4 11 28 4 2 6 4 7 4 4 4

45 96 6 43 66 43 50 42 33 28 15 29 9 73 153 12 27 7 18 27 9 5 12 8 14 12 17 17

21 31 14 87 134 17 47 39 17 20 24 61 38 200 420 32 64 5 13 10 9 5 12 21 36 10 26 26

0.5 0.4 0.5 2.3 3.5 0.3 2.6 2.2 0.5 0.9 0.9 3.0 0.3 1.4 2.9 0.2 1.8 0.4 1.1 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

0.8 3.2 2.3 6.0 9.2 2.5 9.7 8.1 2.5 2.3 9.6 4.9 2.5 14.3 30.0 2.3 9.3 1.1 2.9 5.8 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.6 1.0 5.4 1.6 1.6

256 143 112 810 1 247 250 730 606 359 600 316 237 180 780 1 638 125 530 100 263 350 163 88 200 120 204 150 236 236

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E131 E133 E048 E025

Banana, Samoan, M. troglodytarum Chinese apple, “bair”, Ziziphus jujuba Cranberries Currant, dried

E027 E029

Custard apple, peeled Date, dried

E132 E069 E123 E124 E032 E030

Lychee, Pacific, P. pinnata Durian Fig, Burkella fijiensis Fig, Ficus scabra Fig, Ficus carica Fig, Ficus carica, dried

1 cup

10 dates

1 cup 1 fig E066 E034

Fruit, mixed, dried Fruit salad, canned in syrup

E039 E036

Granadilla, flesh and seeds Grape, black

E035 E037

Grape, green Grapefruit

E042 E049

Guava, Hawaiian Kiwifruit, flesh & seeds, peeled

1 cup

10 grapes

1 grapefruit

1 kiwifruit

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

0.3 T 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.5

100 100 100 100 154 100 100 83 100 100 100 100 100 100 210 16 100 100 263 100 100 54 100 100 170 100 100 100

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

mg

mg

mg

T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

140 T 20 13 20 5 19 16 34 11 115 35 150 9 19 1 8 232 610 723 59 32 87 25 43 430 59 59

12 T 2 1 2 T 2 1 3 1 10 3 13 1 2 T 1 19 51 60 5 3 7 2 4 36 5 5

0.06 T 0.03 0.11 0.17 0.05 0.02 0.02 T 0.27 0.07 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.11 0.01 0.10 0.02 0.05 T 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.01 0.01

0.04 0.09 0.02 0.14 0.22 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.04 0.29 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 T 0.19 0.02 0.05 0.10 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.02

2.3 1.2 0.1 1.0 1.5 0.8 1.4 1.2 3.5 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.1 1.5 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.5

35

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

T 5.0 11.0 4.8 7.4 43.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 37.0 2.0 72.0 3.0 1.4 2.8 0.2 4.5 1.0 2.6 20.0 6.0 3.2 6.0 36.0 61.2 240.0 92.6 92.6

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

0.3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1 T 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.8 0.1 2.5 0.3 0.8 T 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.2 0.3 0.3

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E051

Lemon 1 lemon

E052 E059 E057

Lime Lychee Lychee, canned in syrup

E058 E056 E111 E061 E060 E064 E063

Lychee, canned in syrup, drained Lychee, dried Malay apple Mandarin Mandarin, canned in syrup Mango, Australian Mango, Malaysian

1 cup

1 mango 1 cup sliced E096 E116 E065

Mango, PNG Mangosteen Melon, honey dew

E068

Nectarine

E070

Orange

1 cup diced 1 nectarine 1 orange 1 cup sliced E106

Orange, local 1 orange 1 cup sliced

E072 E073

Pandanus, fruit Pandanus, paste

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

0.6 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.4 1.1 0.6 3.0 0.7 0.9 0.4 1.0 1.3 2.6 2.3 0.7 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.9 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.3 2.2

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.9 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.2 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.4

100 150 100 100 100 267 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 203 176 100 100 100 172 100 143 100 128 190 100 128 190 100 100

89 134 88 81 81 216 80 36 90 88 84 83 79 161 140 82 88 91 156 87 125 87 111 165 89 113 168 80

16 24 18 72 70 186 73 253 26 41 57 58 68 138 119 68 43 33 57 40 58 40 51 76 46 59 87 86 321

67 101 74 300 292 780 306 1 057 109 171 238 244 284 576 499 285 180 138 238 169 241 167 214 317 192 246 365 360 1 345

36

CHO available g

1.8 2.7 1.8 16.2 17.0 45.4 17.1 55.9 4.5 8.0 13.5 12.6 14.1 28.6 24.8 15.1 5.6 6.5 11.2 7.7 11.0 7.9 10.1 15.0 10.0 12.8 19.0 17.2 76.1

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

2.5 3.8 2.9 1.3 0.6 1.6 1.3 1.7 1.9 2.0 0.6 1.5 0.6 1.2 1.1 2.1 5.1 1.0 1.7 2.4 3.4 2.0 2.6 3.8 0.7 0.9 1.3 3.5

2 3 3 1 6 16 6 49 1 2 5 1 5 10 9 3 7 43 74 1 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 70

9 14 11 7 69 184 7 24 5 11 6 7 8 17 15 9 8 14 24 7 10 11 14 21 9 12 18 17

120 180 150 150 69 184 72 568 38 141 72 250 245 497 431 225 31 158 272 235 336 145 186 276 145 186 276 236

20 30 22 2 3 8 5 25 13 26 7 7 20 41 35 10 7 39 67 8 11 29 37 55 21 27 40 88 134

0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.8 0.4 4.4 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 5.7

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E051

Lemon 1 lemon

E052 E059 E057

Lime Lychee Lychee, canned in syrup

E058 E056 E111 E061 E060 E064 E063

Lychee, canned in syrup, drained Lychee, dried Malay apple Mandarin Mandarin, canned in syrup Mango, Australian Mango, Malaysian

1 cup

1 mango 1 cup sliced E096 E116 E065

Mango, PNG Mangosteen Melon, honey dew 1 cup diced

E068

Nectarine

E070

Orange

1 nectarine 1 orange 1 cup sliced E106

Orange, local 1 orange 1 cup sliced

E072 E073

Pandanus, fruit Pandanus, paste

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

0.1 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.6 T 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

10 15 31 0 0 0 0 0 0 87 75 370 611 240 075 590 0 36 62 110 157 130 166 247 130 166 247 60 080

100 150 100 100 100 267 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 203 176 100 100 100 172 100 143 100 128 190 100 128 190 100 100

2 1 1 1

1

37

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

1 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 6 198 51 103 90 133 0 3 5 9 13 11 14 21 11 14 21 5 90

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.04 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.11 0.14 0.21 0.09 0.12 0.17 0.09 0.04

0.02 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.57 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.11 0.02 0.06

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 1.2 1.7 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.5 0.9 2.5

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

48.0 72.0 47.0 49.0 7.0 18.7 7.0 183.0 8.0 47.0 11.0 28.0 39.0 79.2 68.6 41.0 4.2 18.0 31.0 12.0 17.2 52.0 66.6 98.8 30.0 38.4 57.0 5.2 2.0

Vitamin E mg

0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 1.0 1.2 2.4 2.1 1.1 T T 0.8 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E076

Passionfruit

E079 E081 E080 E082

E083 E085 E086

E002 E088 E089 E090 E091 E093 E117 E097

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 18 Passionfruit, purple/yellow 100 Pawpaw, Australian 100 1 slice 140 Pawpaw, PNG 100 1 slice 140 Peach 100 1 peach 138 Peach, canned in syrup 100 1 cup sliced 260 Pear, canned in pear juice 100 1 cup halves with syrup 273 half of pear with 25mL syrup 79 Pear, Packhams 100 1 pear 148 Pineapple, canned in heavy syrup 100 1 cup 186 Pineapple, Australian 100 1 cup chopped 164 1 slice (1.5 x 9 cm diam.) 110 Pineapple, PNG 100 Plum, dark, canned in syrup 100 Plum, red 100 Pomelo, pink flesh 100 Prune 100 Raisin 100 1 cup 154 Rambutan 100 Rockmelon 100 1 passionfruit

E092 E078

Measure

74 13 76 89 125 87 122 89 123 85 221 87 236 68 83 123 75 140 86 141 95 87 75 87 88 37 12 18 85 92

64 12 110 34 48 51 71 32 45 54 141 47 129 37 58 86 88 164 41 66 45 53 89 37 43 201 307 473 59 23

267 48 460 143 200 213 299 136 187 228 592 197 538 156 244 361 369 686 170 278 186 221 373 155 178 841 1 285 1 979 247 98

38

3.0 0.5 2.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.6 1.6 0.5 1.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.1 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.7 2.3 2.3 3.5 0.7 0.5

0.3 0.1 2.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.9 1.4 0.1 0.1

CHO available g

5.7 1.0 18.9 6.9 9.7 11.8 16.5 6.4 8.8 12.5 32.5 10.6 28.9 8.4 13.1 19.4 21.1 39.2 8.0 13.1 8.8 11.6 21.6 7.5 9.8 43.9 71.1 109.5 13.6 4.7

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

10 2 11 28 39 24 34 6 8 2 5 6 16 5 4 6 5 9 27 44 30 17 4 7 14 52 41 63 22 7

0.6 0.1 1.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.1 4.2 6.5 2.5 0.3

13.9 2.5 3.2 2.3 3.2 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.9 1.4 3.6 1.7 4.6 1.3 2.4 3.6 1.3 2.4 2.1 3.4 2.3 0.8 1.0 2.2 0.6 7.8 4.9 7.5 0.9 1.0

19 3 24 7 10 6 8 2 3 3 8 5 14 4 2 3 1 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 18 7 58 89 5 10

28 5 28 14 20 12 16 6 8 4 10 5 14 4 6 9 10 19 11 18 12 10 5 6 11 42 35 54 5 4

200 36 275 140 196 170 238 186 257 102 265 100 273 79 83 123 82 153 180 295 198 180 96 167 310 700 1 050 1 617 29 190

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E076

Passionfruit

E079 E081 E080 E082

E083 E085 E086

E002 E088 E089 E090 E091 E093 E117 E097

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

0.8 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.1 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

750 135 469 910 1 274 710 994 100 138 330 858 0 0 0 20 30 17 32 25 41 28 35 68 180 200 430 25 39 0 830

100 18 Passionfruit, purple/yellow 100 Pawpaw, Australian 100 1 slice 140 Pawpaw, PNG 100 1 slice 140 Peach 100 1 peach 138 Peach, canned in syrup 100 1 cup sliced 260 Pear, canned in pear juice 100 1 cup halves with syrup 273 half of pear with 25mL syrup 79 Pear, Packhams 100 1 pear 148 Pineapple, canned in heavy syrup 100 1 cup 186 Pineapple, Australian 100 1 cup chopped 164 110 1 slice (1.5 x 9 cm diam.) Pineapple, PNG 100 Plum, dark, canned in syrup 100 Plum, red 100 Pomelo, pink flesh 100 Prune 100 Raisin 100 1 cup 154 Rambutan 100 Rockmelon 100 1 passionfruit

E092 E078

Measure

39

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

63 11 39 76 106 59 83 8 12 28 72 0 0 0 2 2 1 3 2 3 2 3 6 15 17 36 2 3 0 69

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.03 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.14 0.22 0.01 0.02

0.14 0.03 0.10 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.21 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.02

2.5 0.5 1.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.0 1.4 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.2

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

18.0 3.2 17.0 60.0 84.0 73.0 1 02.2 10.0 13.8 4.0 10.4 1.0 2.7 0.8 5.0 7.4 12.0 22.3 21.0 34.4 23.1 22.0 0.4 5.0 45.0 2.0 2.4 3.7 38.6 34.0

Vitamin E mg

T T T 1.0 1.4 1.2 1.7 0.7 1.0 0.5 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 T T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 T

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E126 E100 E017 E101 E018 E103

Rose apple, raw, Syzygium malaccense Sapodilla Sapote, fruit Soursop Starfruit Strawberry

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

94 79 70 82 90 92 26 16 24 36 21 72 77 86 52 85 95 93 197 156 93 89 87

23 84 113 70 41 23 6 319 488 234 314 70 69 49 29 68 19 24 51 40 24 39 45

96 352 471 291 172 95 27 1 335 2 043 981 1 313 291 287 204 123 286 79 100 213 169 101 163 189

4 4 43 31

609 599 349 433

2 2 1 1

E095 E129 E130

100 100 100 100 100 100 5 strawberries 28 Sultana 100 1 cup 153 Tamarind 100 Tamarind, pods, fresh 100 Tarawau, Fiji, raw, Dracontomelon vitiense 100 Tarawau, Vanuatu, raw, D. vitiense 100 Tree tomato 100 1 tree tomato 60 Water apple, raw, Eugenia brasilliensis 100 Water apple, raw, E.aquea 100 Watermelon, Australian, red pulp 100 1 slice (2.5 x 25.5 x 12 cm) 213 1 cup 169 Watermelon, PNG, red pulp 100 Golden apple, Fiji, raw, Spondias dulcis 100 Golden apple, Vanuatu, raw, S. dulcis 100

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F001 F002 F059 F073

Almond, kernels, blanched Almond, with skin Almond, Indian, ripe Beach almond, Fiji, raw, T. catappa

E104 E107 E108 E127 E128 E118 E125 E109 E110

100 100 100 100

40

549 505 459 810

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.7 0.4 1.0 1.3 0.4 1.7 0.5 2.8 4.3 2.8 3.5 2.2 2.1 1.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8

0.2 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 T 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

3.7 18.4 25.3 14.1 8.3 2.7 0.8 75.0 114.8 51.1 72.6 9.0 9.0 9.1 5.5 13.7 3.1 5.0 10.7 8.5 4.9 7.4 8.5

1.9 1.5 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.2 0.6 4.4 6.7 8.5 2.3 10.4 9.6 2.2 1.3 2.7 1.3 0.6 1.3 1.0 0.3 2.5 2.5

11 21 6 2 8 6 2 36 55 22 10 12 19 1 T 13 1 2 4 3 4 3 23

11 11 24 20 9 8 2 37 57 86 106 32 62 15 9 19 4 4 9 7 8 6 9

75 31 226 294 149 130 36 910 1 392 614 158 764 747 205 123 119 48 87 185 147 92 334 271

14 16 22 12 4 13 4 56 86 74 170 253 148 13 8 24 2 6 13 10 8 18 20

0.9 2.3 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.0 3.1 0.6 11.0 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.5 1.6 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.9

20.5 19.5 10.7 15.9

55.8 54.7 31.7 39.9

3.9 4.8 2.7 0.2

8.9 8.8 7.4 7.5

5 5 1 6

260 260 166 335

640 740 740 688

220 250 19 230

3.1 3.9 5.5 4.6

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

E

FRUITS

E126 E100 E017 E101 E018 E103

Rose apple, raw, Syzygium malaccense Sapodilla Sapote, fruit Soursop Starfruit Strawberry

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

E095 E129 E130

100 100 100 100 100 100 5 strawberries 28 Sultana 100 1 cup 153 Tamarind 100 Tamarind, pods, fresh 100 Tarawau, Fiji, raw, Dracontomelon vitiense 100 Tarawau, Vanuatu, raw, D. vitiense 100 Tree tomato 100 1 tree tomato 60 Water apple, raw, Eugenia brasilliensis 100 Water apple, raw, E.aquea 100 Watermelon, Australian, red pulp 100 1 slice (2.5 x 25.5 x 12 cm) 213 1 cup 169 Watermelon, PNG, red pulp 100 Golden apple, Fiji, raw, Spondias dulcis 100 Golden apple, Vanuatu, raw, S. dulcis 100

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F001 F002 F059 F073

Almond, kernels, blanched Almond, with skin Almond, Indian, ripe Beach almond, Fiji, raw, T. catappa

E104 E107 E108 E127 E128 E118 E125 E109 E110

100 100 100 100

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 T 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

16 130 60 15 T 25 7 23 35 54 20 24 24 460 276 12 7 200 426 338 160 32 17

1 11 5 1 T 2 1 2 3 5 2 2 2 38 23 1 1 17 36 28 13 3 1

T 0.01 0.02 0.09 0.04 0.01 T 0.18 0.28 0.34 0.08 T T 0.04 0.02 T 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 T 0.03

T 0.06 0.02 0.09 0.06 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.14 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.02 T 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.03 T T

3.4 3.8 2.0 4.9

0 0 0 0

6 9 0 T

1 1 0 T

0.14 0.19 0.19 0.09

0.90 1.40 0.05 0.05

41

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

mg

mg

mg

0.2 2.8 1.4 0.4 T 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.8 1.2 0.1 1.2 0.8 1.2 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

3.0 6.5 23.0 26.9 36.0 45.0 12.6 2.3 3.5 2.0 10.0 28.0 26.0 17.0 10.2 3.0 16.7 7.0 14.9 11.8 6.0 33.0 34.0

0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

3.8 3.9 0.4 0.6

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 0.0 4.0

24.1 24.1 14.3 17.3

2.1 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 T

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F074 F006 F007

Beach almond, Vanuatu, raw, T. catappa Betel nut, kernels, raw Brazil nut, kernels, raw 1 cup 10 Brazil nuts

F035 F036

Breadfruit, seeds, boiled Breadfruit, seeds, roasted

F010 F011

Candlenut, kernels, raw Cashew, roasted, salted

1 serve

1 cup 18 cashews F064 F065 F056 F066 F067 F004 F072 F043 F047 F048 F044 F038 F037 F039 F062 F051

Chestnut, Tahitian, boiled Chestnut, Tahitian, roasted Chestnut, Tahitian, kernels, raw Cut nut, Fiji, raw, Barringtonia edulis Cut nut, Vanuatu, raw, B. edulis Jakfruit, seeds, boiled Java almond, Ngali, raw, C. indicum Macadamia nut, kernels, raw Melon seeds, seeds coat removed Nuts, mixed, salted Pandanus nut, sauce Pandanus nuts, kernel, dried Pandanus nuts, kernel, raw Pandanus nuts, kernel, roasted Peanut, kernel & skin, raw Peanut, kernel and skin, roasted, salted 1 cup 10 peanuts

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

52 12 2 3 1 59 50 10 5 2 3 1 64 42 76 39 33 59 35 2 6 2 76 6 25 68 5 2 2 T

272 352 690 1 049 262 155 191 38 648 633 937 262 153 225 177 262 433 155 461 734 590 639 172 533 380 195 568 629 943 113

100 100 100 152 38 100 100 20 100 100 148 28 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 150 18

1 1 2 4 1

138 474 887 388 097 650 798 160 2 711 2 650 3 923 1 098 641 941 741 1 097 1 811 650 1 931 3 071 2 470 2 672 718 2 232 1 590 815 2375 2 632 3 948 474

42

9.6 5.2 14.4 21.9 5.5 5.3 6.2 1.2 18.2 16.7 24.7 6.9 3.4 5.9 4.0 9.7 11.6 5.0 8.2 7.6 25.8 20.8 1.4 11.7 15.0 4.1 24.7 24.4 36.6 4.4

24.0 10.3 68.5 104.1 26.0 2.3 2.7 0.5 62.3 51.3 75.9 21.3 0.8 4.2 0.9 11.8 38.2 0.2 45.9 76.2 49.7 55.3 16.7 43.8 30.0 16.3 47.1 51.7 77.6 9.3

CHO available g

2.4 52.8 2.4 3.6 0.9 27.3 34.1 6.8 3.3 26.3 38.9 10.9 27.4 39.5 14.4 25.1 7.1 32.8 0.5 4.5 8.4 13.1 3.9 18.7 11.4 6.8 8.9 14.4 21.6 2.6

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

8 77 2 3 1 23 28 6 26 290 429 120 7 8 10 10 4 22 18 3 99 235

257

284 95 510 181

567 450 560 851 213 875 1 080 216 440 655 969 271 361 577 338 410 376 787 627 330 642 625

289 229 98 1 380 570 68

192 154 208 160 180 270 32

259 207 88 540 670 1 005 121

83 400 150 228 57 69 86 17 154 32 47 13 38 29 9 11 48 37 44 48 53 71 134 12 10 4 55 50 75 9

0.2 4.9 2.2 3.3 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.2 3.4 6.3 9.3 2.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 2.4 2.7 0.7 3.5 1.8 7.4 2.7 5.7 T T T 2.3 2.4 3.6 0.4

5.9 16.6 8.5 12.9 3.2 3.0 3.7 0.7 5.2 4.3 6.4 1.8 4.7 4.2 3.0 10.2 10.4 2.0 10.6 6.0 6.7 7.0 1.5 13.0 4.6 3.7 8.2 8.3 12.5 1.5

350 532 133 50 62 12 200 260 385 108 37 49 27 121 182

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F074 F006 F007

Beach almond, Vanuatu, raw, T. catappa Betel nut, kernels, raw Brazil nut, kernels, raw 1 cup 10 Brazil nuts

F035 F036

Breadfruit, seeds, boiled Breadfruit, seeds, roasted

F010 F011

Candlenut, kernels, raw Cashew, roasted, salted

1 serve

1 cup 18 cashews F064 F065 F056 F066 F067 F004 F072 F043 F047 F048 F044 F038 F037 F039 F062 F051

Chestnut, Tahitian, boiled Chestnut, Tahitian, roasted Chestnut, Tahitian, kernels, raw Cut nut, Fiji, raw, Barringtonia edulis Cut nut, Vanuatu, raw, B. edulis Jakfruit, seeds, boiled Java almond, Ngali, raw, C. indicum Macadamia nut, kernels, raw Melon seeds, seeds coat removed Nuts, mixed, salted Pandanus nut, sauce Pandanus nuts, kernel, dried Pandanus nuts, kernel, raw Pandanus nuts, kernel, roasted Peanut, kernel & skin, raw Peanut, kernel and skin, roasted, salted 1 cup 10 peanuts

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.4 3.1 4.1 6.2 1.6 0.8 1.0 0.2 3.0 5.3 7.8 2.2 0.8 1.3 0.7 2.3 3.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 100 100 152 38 100 100 20 100 100 148 28 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 150 18

2.4 1.2 4.0 3.4 2.9 2.4 4.2 3.0 3.0 4.5 0.5

β-carotene equiv. µg

9 0 10 15 4 0 0 0 0 6 9 2 T 0 T 36 200 0 165 0 T 7 180 379 302 130 4 4 6 1

43

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

1 0 1 1 T 0 0 0 0 1 1 T T 0 T 3 17 0 14 0 T 1 15 32 25 11 T T 1 T

0.11 0.19 0.60 0.91 0.23 0.34 0.41 0.08 0.08 0.49 0.73 0.20 0.08 0.26 0.19 0.15 0.12 0.08 0.13 0.28 0.10 0.38 0.04 0.48 0.38 0.16 0.79 0.35 0.53 0.06

T 0.52 0.43 0.65 0.16 0.19 0.24 0.05 0.06 0.22 0.33 0.09 T 0.09 0.08 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.10 0.12 0.30 0.06 0.13 0.10 0.04 0.10 0.15 0.23 0.03

0.8 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.2 6.0 7.4 1.5 0.4 2.0 3.0 0.8 1.8 0.9 1.3 2.6 2.9 0.4 1.7 2.0 1.4 10.9 2.5 5.0 4.0 1.7 15.0 18.0 27.0 3.2

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

11.0 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.1 7.6 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.0 2.0 4.0 7.0 6.0 8.0 8.0 1.0 T 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Vitamin E mg

12.0 6.4 7.2 10.9 2.7

0.0 6.4 1.3 1.9 0.5 0.9 1.4 0.6

1.5 10.9 6.5 6.4 1.0 0.4 10.3 0.7 1.1 0.1

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F052

Peanut, kernels, roasted, salted 1 cup 10 peanuts

F031 F032 F054

Pili nut, PNG, kernels, dried Pili nut, PNG, kernels, raw, ripe Pistachio nut, kernels, raw

F055 F075 F016

Pumpkin seeds, seeds, raw Veitchia nut, Vietchia sp., raw Watermelon, seeds, dried

G G051 G002 G056

LEGUMES Bean salad, commercial Beans, baked, canned in tomato sauce Beans, baked, with pork, canned

15 pistachio nuts

1/2 cup 1 cup G003

Beans, broad, boiled

G004

Beans, butter, boiled

G005

Beans, green, boiled

G006 G036 G035 G013

Beans, Beans, Beans, Beans,

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup green, frozen, boiled katanaku, highlands, earth-oven katanaku, highlands, bamboo lima, dried, boiled

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 150 18 100 100 100 23 100 100 100

2 2 T 12 23 4 1 4 89 5

636 955 115 591 588 572 131 565 25 566

2 663 3 994 479 2 472 2 460 2 391 550 2 365 106 2 370

25.1 37.7 4.5 12.1 10.2 19.7 4.5 29.4 0.5 22.7

52.8 79.2 9.5 51.8 59.3 50.6 11.6 40.4 0.3 41.2

100 100 100 126 253 100 170 100 136 100 136 100 100 100 100

71 76 73 92 184 76 129 92 125 92 126 92 61 52 74

142 76 97 122 245 48 82 25 34 22 30 24 152 183 79

593 320 405 510 1 025 202 344 106 144 92 125 101 634 765 331

2.1 4.6 5.2 6.5 13.1 6.9 11.7 2.3 3.1 1.5 2.0 1.4 8.8 12.1 6.4

4.8 0.5 1.0 1.3 2.6 0.5 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.3

44

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

14.1 21.2 2.5 18.5 3.3 6.8 1.6 19.8 2.2 25.8

6.2 9.3 1.1 5.5 4.8 9.0 2.1 5.4 6.3 4.2

340 510 61 3 2 7 2 18 11 36

130 195 23 179 157 100 23 270 13 513

590 885 106 472 412 950 219 820 102 606

40 60 7 115 100 90 21 39 7 82

1.2 1.8 0.2 2.5 2.2 3.9 0.9 10.0 1.2 7.7

21.0 11.2 14.6 18.4 36.9 2.0 3.4 2.1 2.9 2.2 3.0 2.8 26.7 31.0 10.2

4.2 4.8 4.8 6.0 12.1 4.2 7.1 3.1 4.2 2.8 3.8 2.9 1.8 2.7 5.3

450 400 440 554 1 113 4 7 3 4 3 4 2 4 5 7

13 25 35 44 89 29 49 20 27 17 23 18 65 81 35

140 220 300 378 759 225 383 205 279 80 109 76 529 654 350

19 34 56 71 142 16 27 15 20 30 41 33 159 197 16

0.6 1.6 3.3 4.1 8.3 1.8 3.1 0.4 0.5 1.1 1.5 0.8 2.4 2.9 1.3

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

F

NUTS AND SEEDS

F052

Peanut, kernels, roasted, salted 1 cup 10 peanuts

F031 F032 F054

Pili nut, PNG, kernels, dried Pili nut, PNG, kernels, raw, ripe Pistachio nut, kernels, raw

F055 F075 F016

Pumpkin seeds, seeds, raw Veitchia nut, Vietchia sp., raw Watermelon, seeds, dried

G G051 G002 G056

LEGUMES Bean salad, commercial Beans, baked, canned in tomato sauce Beans, baked, with pork, canned

15 pistachio nuts

1/2 cup 1 cup G003

Beans, broad, boiled

G004

Beans, butter, boiled

G005

Beans, green, boiled

G006 G036 G035 G013

Beans, Beans, Beans, Beans,

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup green, frozen, boiled katanaku, highlands, earth-oven katanaku, highlands, bamboo lima, dried, boiled

Measure

Zn

Retinol

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

g

mg

100 150 18 100 100 100 23 100 100 100

100 100 100 126 253 100 170 100 136 100 136 100 100 100 100

mg

mg

mg

3.0 4.5 0.5 2.8 2.4 2.3 0.5 6.6 0.2 7.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

4 6 1 24 20 130 30 230 22 9

T 1 T 2 2 11 2 19 2 1

0.35 0.53 0.06 0.92 0.80 0.58 0.13 0.23 0.02 0.22

0.15 0.23 0.03 0.10 0.10 0.29 0.07 0.32 0.16 0.10

0.3 0.5 5.9 7.4 14.8 1.1 1.9 1.4 1.9 0.8 1.1 1.9 0.9 1.1 0.7

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 42 72 91 182 185 315 81 110 460 626 355 0 0 T

8 4 6 8 15 15 26 7 9 38 52 30 0 0 T

0.06 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.13 0.17 0.29 0.05 0.07 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.06

0.02 T 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.32 0.54 0.09 0.12 0.07 0.10 0.06 0.00 0.00 T

45

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

18.0 27.0 3.2 0.4 0.3 1.5 0.3 1.7 1.2 2.6

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 T

0.7 1.1 0.1 6.0 5.2 5.3 1.2 20.0 16.6

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.1 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.3 1.9 3.2 1.0 1.4 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.5

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

3.0 0.0 3.1 3.9 7.8 29.0 49.3 11.0 15.0 13.0 17.7 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.6 2.0 0.4

0 0 7 9 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

G

LEGUMES

G016

Beans, mung, dahl, cooked 1 cup

G011

Beans, red kidney, canned, drained

G012

Beans, red kidney, dried, boiled

G007 G014 G009 G054 G057 G017 G058 G059 G037 G053 G060 G040 G041

Beans, snake, boiled Beans, soya, dried, boiled Beans, sprouts, raw Beans, sprouts, soya, raw Beans, yard-long, cooked Beans, yard-long, raw Beans, mung, dahl, raw, P. mungo Beans, red gram, dahl, raw, C. cajan Lentils, dried, boiled Milk, soya bean, packet Peas, dried, fried Peas, with edible pod, boiled Peas, green, boiled

G042

Peas, green, dried, boiled

G043

Peas, green, frozen, boiled

G044

Peas, split, dried, boiled

G052 G055 G032 G034

Soya bean curd, unsweetened Soya beans, fermented Winged beans, mature, baked, earth-oven Winged beans, pods, young, earth-oven

1 cup 1 cup

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 214 100 187 100 187 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 165 100 194 100 164 100 194 100 100 100 100

73 155 69 128 71 133 90 65 92 87 90 90 9 9 74 87 1 86 83 137 82 160 79 129 73 141 94 66 71 87

112 239 97 181 86 161 30 142 26 57 29 29 306 331 76 61 463 41 61 100 56 108 61 100 74 144 25 159 133 47

467 999 404 756 361 674 124 595 107 240 122 122 1 282 1 383 317 255 1 938 170 254 419 233 451 256 419 310 601 107 667 555 198

46

6.4 13.7 6.6 12.3 7.9 14.8 3.3 13.5 3.1 6.9 2.0 2.0 24.2 21.2 6.8 1.3 17.1 3.3 4.8 7.9 5.0 9.7 5.8 9.5 7.4 14.3 1.9 15.9 8.1 3.2

4.2 9.0 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.9 0.3 7.7 0.1 2.2 0.1 0.1 2.1 3.7 0.4 2.2 23.4 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.4 7.5 5.4 0.9

CHO available g

10.4 22.3 13.2 24.7 9.1 17.0 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 4.3 4.3 37.7 43.8 9.5 8.8 40.3 5.2 6.4 10.6 5.9 11.4 5.8 9.5 6.7 13.0 3.6 4.9 11.6 5.4

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

820 1 755 320 598 8 15 1 9 1 3 1 1 14 4 8 2 2 372 1 1 2 20 39 3 5 9 17 2 7 13 4

51 109 30 56 38 71 25 71 14 31 24 25 222 136 25 11 105 34 21 35 20 39 24 39 23 45 11 59 56 25

270 578 270 505 290 542 135 420 150 149 127 143 1 174 1 594 220 42 1 022 378 140 231 70 136 120 197 140 272 79 178 251 223

34 73 36 67 34 64 22 76 10 57 50 50 56 28 17 7 2 24 18 30 34 66 27 44 13 25 66 69 127 62

2.6 5.6 2.1 3.9 1.7 3.2 0.5 2.2 0.4 3.3 1.4 1.4 9.2 4.2 2.0 0.2 5.0 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.1 2.1 1.6 2.6 1.0 1.9 0.4 1.8 4.0 1.7

3.9 8.3 6.5 12.2 7.2 13.5 3.8 7.2 3.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 21.4 20.4 3.7 0.8 14.6 2.6 6.5 10.7 4.9 9.5 5.8 9.5 7.3 14.3 0.0 4.8 3.2 2.7

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

G

LEGUMES

G016

Beans, mung, dahl, cooked 1 cup

G011

Beans, red kidney, canned, drained

G012

Beans, red kidney, dried, boiled

G007 G014 G009 G054 G057 G017 G058 G059 G037 G053 G060 G040 G041

Beans, snake, boiled Beans, soya, dried, boiled Beans, sprouts, raw Beans, sprouts, soya, raw Beans, yard-long, cooked Beans, yard-long, raw Beans, mung, dahl, raw, P. mungo Beans, red gram, dahl, raw, C. cajan Lentils, dried, boiled Milk, soya bean, packet Peas, dried, fried Peas, with edible pod, boiled Peas, green, boiled

G042

Peas, green, dried, boiled

G043

Peas, green, frozen, boiled

G044

Peas, split, dried, boiled

G052 G055 G032 G034

Soya bean curd, unsweetened Soya beans, fermented Winged beans, mature, baked, earth-oven Winged beans, pods, young, earth-oven

1 cup 1 cup

1 cup 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.9 1.9 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.9 0.4 1.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 3.4 2.6 0.9 0.2 2.6 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.0 1.9 1.8 3.0 0.6 1.2 0.1 1.8 1.3 0.4

60 128 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 214 100 187 100 187 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 165 100 194 100 164 100 194 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

44 94 T T T T 430 1 20 0 214 216 17 24 5 T T 180 415 685 275 534 535 877 29 56 0 0 0 0

47

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

64 136 T T T T 36 T 2 0 18 18 1 2 T T T 15 35 57 23 44 45 73 2 5 0 0 0 0

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

mg

mg

0.09 0.19 0.10 0.19 0.07 0.13 0.03 0.10 0.03 0.10 0.06 0.08 0.36 0.59 0.08 0.05 0.29 0.01 0.23 0.38 0.01 0.02 0.20 0.33 0.11 0.21 0.01 0.08 0.00 0.00

0.04 0.09 0.06 0.11 T T 0.10 0.07 0.11 0.18 0.10 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.03 T 0.09 0.10 0.17 0.06 0.12 0.09 0.15 T T 0.02 0.45 0.00 0.00

0.4 0.9 0.6 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 1.3 1.6 3.4 3.7 0.7 0.1 2.2 0.9 1.4 2.3 1.1 2.1 1.5 2.5 0.6 1.2 0.2 3.7 0.0 0.0

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.0 0.0 11.0 2.0 10.0 20.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.3 T 32.0 14.0 23.1 3.0 5.8 11.0 18.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.5 0.0 0.0

0.9 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 T 0.5 0.3

14 30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H002 H003 H005 H008 H026

Anchovy, canned in oil, drained Anchovy, whole, fresh Bream, threadfin, Japanese Carp, common Cod, steamed

H010 H093 H094 H090 H019 H012 H088 H028

Cod, coral Eel fish Fish, L. xanthophilus, baked, earth-oven Fish, dried and salted Fish, battered, commercial, deep-fried Fish, fingers, frozen, grilled Mackerel, canned in natural oil Mackerel, fried

H092 H087

Mackerel, frigate, boiled Mackerel, Spanish, S.niphonius, cooked

H096 H086 H033

Mackerel, Spanish, “Walu”, S.cavalla, raw Mackerel, Spanish, S.niphonius, raw Mullet, fried

H034

Mullet, steamed

H075

Reef fish, composite, bake/grill

H074

Reef fish, composite, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

50 79 77 79 79 107 80 75 69 43 57 55 62 66 89 67 66 89 75 69 61 82 72 97 72 97 76 103

203 80 98 82 84 113 81 73 139 185 252 224 182 187 253 147 180 243 112 168 206 278 134 180 130 175 110 148

100 100 100 100 100 135 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 135 100 100 135 100 100 100 135 100 135 100 135 100 135

1

1

1

1

48

850 334 409 343 350 472 338 307 584 776 056 938 762 784 058 613 754 017 470 702 860 161 559 755 542 732 458 619

28.9 16.6 18.4 15.6 18.6 25.1 18.4 16.1 29.1 42.0 14.2 11.6 18.6 21.5 29.0 27.2 21.6 29.2 20.9 20.1 23.2 31.3 22.0 29.7 24.1 32.5 19.5 26.3

9.7 1.1 2.1 2.1 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.9 2.4 1.5 15.7 11.3 12.0 11.3 15.3 3.9 10.4 14.0 3.1 9.7 11.3 15.3 5.0 6.8 3.4 4.6 3.3 4.5

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 T 0.0 0.4 13.9 19.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 2.9 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

69 32 28 25 27 36 26 16 36 60 23 25 46 71 96 266 41 55 32 37 36 49 31 42 50 67 40 54

180 130 279 286 448 605 260 216 415 47 180 219 280 305 412 506 596 805 158 496 356 481 315 425 411 555 370 500

167 134 53 25 15 20 48 330 6 174 24 35 297 28 38 44 14 19 7 13 26 35 40 54 24 32 19 26

2.5 0.6 0.8 1.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.5 1.7 0.7 1.0 2.5 1.2 1.6 6.3 0.9 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9

5 480 573 246 67 79 107 109 41 51 1 730 470 320 466 152 205 82 70 95 137 65 162 219 144 194 85 115 73 99

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H002 H003 H005 H008 H026

Anchovy, canned in oil, drained Anchovy, whole, fresh Bream, threadfin, Japanese Carp, common Cod, steamed

H010 H093 H094 H090 H019 H012 H088 H028

Cod, coral Eel fish Fish, L. xanthophilus, baked, earth-oven Fish, dried and salted Fish, battered, commercial, deep-fried Fish, fingers, frozen, grilled Mackerel, canned in natural oil Mackerel, fried

H092 H087

Mackerel, frigate, boiled Mackerel, Spanish, S.niphonius, cooked

H096 H086 H033

Mackerel, Spanish, “Walu”, S.cavalla, raw Mackerel, Spanish, S.niphonius, raw Mullet, fried

H034

Mullet, steamed

H075

Reef fish, composite, bake/grill

H074

Reef fish, composite, raw

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve

1 serve 1 serve 1 serve 1 serve

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

2.9 1.6 0.3 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.6 1.1 1.5 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.8

4 35 21 26 0 0 13 829 T 0 0 410 160 52 70 6 13 18 17 12 7 9 8 11 17 23 31 42

100 100 100 100 100 135 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 135 100 100 135 100 100 100 135 100 135 100 135 100 135

β-carotene equiv. µg

T 0 T T 0 0 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T T 0 0 0 0

49

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

T 35 T T 0 0 T 829 T 0 0 410 160 52 70 6 13 18 17 12 7 9 8 11 17 23 31 42

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

T 0.15 0.04 0.00 0.09 0.12 0.15 0.12 T 0.06 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.12 0.76 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.11 0.06 0.08

0.40 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.12 0.04 0.03 T 0.31 0.04 0.05 0.26 0.38 0.51 0.30 0.36 0.49 0.08 0.35 0.11 0.15 0.13 0.18 0.11 0.15 0.07 0.09

7.9 1.2 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.8 1.4 2.8 5.8 4.6 3.6 1.5 7.6 8.7 11.7 21.6 9.7 13.1 2.7 9.5 5.1 6.9 4.7 6.3 4.0 5.4 3.0 4.1

Vitamin B12 µg

0.89 0.60 2.00 1.58 0.90 1.22 1.00 2.40 3.23 12.00 0.91 0.80 8.50 4.20 5.67 3.67 7.50 10.13 0.55 2.70 2.00 2.70 2.00 2.70 1.70 2.30 2.30 3.11

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 1.6 2.1 0.0 0.0 1.3 1.8 0.7 0.9

3.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 3.2 1.0 2.4 0.2 1.5 1.2 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.4 1.9 0.4 1.3 1.3 1.8 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.8 1.1

Cholesterol mg

77 54 38 59 50 68 37 100 98 90 25 31 97 68 92 95 75 101 41 70 85 115 95 128 55 74 51 69

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H076

Reef fish, composite, steam/poach 1 serve

H078

Salmon, pink, solids & liquid, can 1 serve 1 can

H051

Sardines, canned in oil, drained

H050

Sardines, Aust., canned in oil

H077

Sardines, USA , canned in oil

H089 H091 H021

Scad, hairtail, dried Shark, blue, boiled Shark, temperate, flesh, steamed

H060

Snapper, steamed

H035 H067 H070 H068 H069 H079

Sweetlip, painted, raw Tuna, canned in brine Tuna, canned in brine, drained Tuna, canned in oil Tuna, canned in oil, drained Tuna, albacore, flesh, raw

H083 H085 H082 H084 H081 H080

Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna,

1 sardine 1 sardine 1 sardine

1 serve 1 serve

1/8 fillet composite, flesh, baked composite, flesh, grilled composite, flesh, raw composite, flesh, steamed slender, flesh, raw southern bluefin, flesh, raw

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 135 100 85 454 100 12 100 12 100 12 100 100 100 135 100 135 100 100 100 100 100 100 143 100 100 100 100 100 100

76 102 69 58 312 61 7 55 7 60 7 46 71 71 95 73 98 78 75 72 57 62 68 97 62 62 64 61 55 71

109 148 134 114 608 227 27 307 37 202 24 165 123 125 169 122 165 84 109 124 290 220 150 215 204 206 192 208 293 132

458 618 560 476 2544 952 114 1283 154 844 101 691 516 523 705 511 690 352 457 518 1212 922 628 898 854 861 802 870 1225 553

50

21.4 28.9 19.8 16.8 89.9 21.8 2.6 17.6 2.1 24.6 3.0 36.3 23.9 30.3 40.9 24.2 32.7 19.8 22.1 24.8 20.8 24.4 26.4 37.8 24.7 24.9 23.2 25.2 19.8 23.3

2.4 3.2 6.1 5.1 27.5 15.7 1.9 26.6 3.2 11.5 1.4 2.0 2.9 0.2 0.3 2.7 3.6 0.2 2.2 2.6 23.2 13.7 4.7 6.7 11.6 11.7 10.9 11.8 23.9 4.1

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

353 477 326 277 1480 310 37 252 30 397 48 864 312 416 562 403 544 339 272 238 270 276 431 616 398 402 374 407 298 392

29 39 213 181 967 381 46 300 36 382 46 98 6 8 11 30 41 39 8 12 5 7 9 12 9 9 8 9 3 11

0.4 0.5 0.8 0.7 3.8 2.7 0.3 2.2 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.3 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.0 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.6

108 146 554 471 2 515 608 73 301 36 505 61 5 920 266 94 127 102 138 84 390 417 417 441 35 49 48 48 45 49 32 67

42 57 34 29 154 60 7 31 4 39 5 64 50 30 41 33 45 37 30 27 27 29 41 59 37 38 35 38 27 38

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H076

Reef fish, composite, steam/poach 1 serve

H078

Salmon, pink, solids & liquid, can 1 serve 1 can

H051

Sardines, canned in oil, drained

H050

Sardines, Aust., canned in oil

H077

Sardines, USA , canned in oil

H089 H091 H021

Scad, hairtail, dried Shark, blue, boiled Shark, temperate, flesh, steamed

H060

Snapper, steamed

H035 H067 H070 H068 H069 H079

Sweetlip, painted, raw Tuna, canned in brine Tuna, canned in brine, drained Tuna, canned in oil Tuna, canned in oil, drained Tuna, albacore, flesh, raw

H083 H085 H082 H084 H081 H080

Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna, Tuna,

1 sardine 1 sardine 1 sardine

1 serve 1 serve

1/8 fillet composite, flesh, baked composite, flesh, grilled composite, flesh, raw composite, flesh, steamed slender, flesh, raw southern bluefin, flesh, raw

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 4.2 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.2 1.3 0.2 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.5

4 5 17 14 77 65 8 97 12 67 8 71 11 T T 8 11 29 15 20 19 20 20 29 111 112 104 113 227 39

100 135 100 85 454 100 12 100 12 100 12 100 100 100 135 100 135 100 100 100 100 100 100 143 100 100 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 T T T T T T T 0 0 0 T T T 0 0 T T T T T T T T T T T T T

51

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

4 5 17 14 77 65 8 97 12 67 8 71 11 T T 8 11 29 15 20 19 20 20 29 111 112 104 113 227 39

0.07 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.10 0.00 0.00 T T 0.08 0.01 0.03 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.12 0.01 T T T 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

0.09 0.12 0.19 0.16 0.84 0.25 0.03 0.19 0.02 0.23 0.03 0.11 0.13 0.07 0.09 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.10 0.14 0.09 0.11 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03

3.4 4.6 6.5 5.6 29.7 8.2 1.0 8.8 1.1 5.3 0.6 5.3 1.0 6.5 8.8 5.2 7.0 3.1 7.4 7.8 8.1 7.5 2.1 3.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.1

Vitamin B12 µg

2.50 3.38 4.40 3.74 19.98 11.40 1.37 11.40 1.37 8.94 1.07 4.70 4.00 1.64 2.21 3.20 4.32 2.11 3.80 3.80 4.80 3.70 0.70 1.00 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.70 0.70

Vitamin C mg

0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Vitamin E mg

0.8 1.1 1.7 1.4 7.7 0.3 T 0.3 T 0.3 T 2.3 1.1 1.1 1.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.6 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3

Cholesterol mg

76 103 55 47 250 114 14 122 15 142 17 122 70 55 74 89 120 47 43 53 33 40 53 76 56 57 53 58 66 53

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H095 H073

Tuna, yellowfin, smoked Yellowtail, fusilier, raw

J J046 J054 J055 J001

SEAFOOD Ark shell, boiled Clam, giant, Tridacna maxima, raw Clam, “kai”, B. violocea, meat only, raw Clam, “kaikoso”, raw, Anadara sp.

J003 J002

Cockles, boiled for 5 minutes Cockles, fresh

1 serve

4 cockles 1 cup J047 J005 J006 J008 J032 J050 J011 J013 J014

Crab, mud, flesh, boiled Crab, swimming, boiled Crabmeat, canned in brine Cuttlefish, fresh Fish, roe, red Lobster, mangrove, raw, T. anomala Lobster, raw Lobster, cooked Mussel, raw

J015 J042 J040 J017

Mussel, smoked, canned in oil, drained Octopus, cooked Octopus, raw Oyster, flesh, raw

J020

Prawn, cocktail

1 cup

1 oyster

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

100 100

66 77

152 93

634 388

100 100 100 100 122 100 100 12 170 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 158 100 100 100 100 15 100

59 79 73 81 99 85 80 10 136 72 74 84 81 66 78 74 75 72 114 62 80 81 80 12 78

164 81 110 66 81 44 62 7 105 109 102 54 76 151 78 84 97 116 183 194 77 73 73 11 122

686 339 460 276 337 184 258 31 439 457 426 225 320 632 328 351 407 485 766 811 322 306 306 46 511

52

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

CHO available g

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

27.2 21.1

3.7 0.8

2.1 0.0

0.0 0.0

593 47

40 39

368 487

2 32

T 0.4

31.4 14.7 18.6 14.3 17.4 8.5 12.0 1.4 20.4 24.2 19.2 11.1 15.9 19.3 18.2 18.0 22.0 20.1 31.8 20.8 17.3 16.4 12.2 1.8 8.1

1.0 2.4 3.8 0.9 1.1 0.5 1.2 0.1 2.0 1.2 2.3 0.5 1.3 8.2 0.5 1.0 0.9 2.8 4.4 10.4 0.7 0.7 2.4 0.4 7.4

7.0 T 0.2 T T 1.3 0.6 0.1 1.0 0.1 0.9 1.1 0.1 0.0 T 0.5 0.0 2.4 3.8 4.4 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.1 6.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

510 714 25 1 052 1 283 350 264 32 449 349 267 665 96 1 860 21 97 395 479 757 457 295 280 315 47 830

19 66 13 106 129 76 106 13 180 40 38 30 29 27 46 40 40 49 77 98 30 29 50 8 29

406 116 14 253 309 130 280 34 476 341 166 22 80 88 360 209 310 126 199 138 372 286 230 35 100

80 2 2 2 2 49 238 29 405 77 226 153 23 29 116 50 49 64 101 68 17 16 134 20 25

9.0 2.3 26.8 21.0 25.6 7.9 13.2 1.6 22.4 2.3 1.0 0.9 1.8 0.9 2.3 0.0 0.2 3.8 6.0 9.4 0.6 0.6 3.9 0.6 1.5

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

H

FISH

H095 H073

Tuna, yellowfin, smoked Yellowtail, fusilier, raw

J J046 J054 J055 J001

SEAFOOD Ark shell, boiled Clam, giant, Tridacna maxima, raw Clam, “kai”, B. violocea, meat only, raw Clam, “kaikoso”, raw, Anadara sp.

J003 J002

Cockles, boiled for 5 minutes Cockles, fresh

1 serve

4 cockles 1 cup J047 J005 J006 J008 J032 J050 J011 J013 J014

Crab, mud, flesh, boiled Crab, swimming, boiled Crabmeat, canned in brine Cuttlefish, fresh Fish, roe, red Lobster, mangrove, raw, T. anomala Lobster, raw Lobster, cooked Mussel, raw

J015 J042 J040 J017

Mussel, smoked, canned in oil, drained Octopus, cooked Octopus, raw Oyster, flesh, raw

J020

Prawn, cocktail

1 cup

1 oyster

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100

0.6 0.4

28 19

100 100 100 100 122 100 100 12 170 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 158 100 100 100 100 15 100

5.3 1.5 3.8 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.6 0.2 2.7 5.2 4.8 8.1 1.7 1.4 5.0 5.6 3.4 2.3 3.6 3.7 1.7 1.6 65.6 9.8 0.8

78 T T T T 87 108 13 184 2 75 0 26 67 12 13 0 159 251 71 45 43 22 3 15

β-carotene equiv. µg

53

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

mg

mg

0 T

28 19

0.06 0.05

T 0.16

8.3 2.8

0.61 0.41

T 0.0

0.4 0.4

98 55

T 129 T 110 134 T 110 13 187 0 0 35 0 0 T 95 23 356 562 297 0 0 14 2 0

78 11 T 9 11 87 117 14 199 2 75 3 26 67 12 21 2 189 298 96 45 43 23 3 15

0.40 T T T T 0.02 0.01 T 0.02 0.06 0.06 0.00 0.01 0.11 T 0.10 0.00 0.06 0.09 T 0.03 0.03 T T 0.03

0.30 0.09 T 0.13 0.16 0.10 0.77 0.09 1.31 0.03 0.30 0.00 0.10 0.24 0.02 0.13 0.06 0.20 0.32 0.48 0.09 0.09 0.37 0.06 0.05

3.8 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 2.8 0.3 4.8 2.6 0.9 0.0 1.9 0.1 2.4 2.1 2.1 3.5 5.5 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.0 0.3 2.3

107.25 57.05 70.63 51.62 62.98 42.10 54.34 6.52 92.38 7.00 8.37 0.15 1.90 8.30 2.20 2.60 3.20 15.50 24.49 18.00 18.00 19.00 17.00 2.55 2.74

0.0 T 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 3.8 0.0 2.0 0.0 T 2.0 0.0 3.6 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.3 3.0

0.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 1.8 2.5 0.3 4.2 2.3 3.6 2.3 2.2 4.5 1.4 1.6 1.7 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.1 2.9

190 57 125 59 72 136 68 8 116 103 125 74 109 358 12 70 116 33 52 92 95 90 81 12 86

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

J

SEAFOOD

J049 J021 J041 J043 J024 J051 J052 J058 J045 J036 J038 J056 J057 J053 J027

Prawn, greater tiger, boiled Prawn, king, cooked Scallop Scallop, cooked Sea cucumber, edible muscle Sea-hare, intestines, raw, D. auricularia Sea-hare, skin, raw, D. auricularia Sea urchin, raw, Tripneustes gratilla Sea urchin, flesh, boiled Seaweed, dried Seaweed, agar Seaweed, “Lumi”, raw, C. demersum Seaweed, “Nama”, raw, Caulerpa sp. Sici-shell, meat, raw, P. aemingiana Squid, fried

J028 J029 J033 J030

Squid, raw Sting ray, raw Turtle, cooked Turtle, raw

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K017 K018 K020 K021 K006

Beef, Beef, Beef, Beef, Beef,

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 20 100 100 100 100

71 73 82 81 83 85 65 84 64 16 21 92 95 71 64 13 81 76 78 80

115 104 74 78 53 49 104 91 189 179 147 11 7 116 205 41 78 101 91 74

480 436 309 326 221 204 437 380 791 749 614 46 27 486 860 172 328 423 379 309

26.3 23.7 13.8 14.5 12.8 9.4 23.1 8.2 20.3 18.3 0.5 0.8 0.4 26.6 23.5 4.7 16.7 24.2 16.4 16.0

0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.1 1.2 1.2 6.5 10.9 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 9.4 1.9 1.2 0.3 2.7 1.0

100 100 100 100 100 1 slice (7.5 x 5 x 0.5 cm) 28

65 62 49 56 63 18

177 206 311 232 192 54

740 863 1 301 969 804 225

28.7 27.7 25.6 35.0 22.6 6.3

6.8 10.6 23.4 10.1 11.2 3.1

1 squid ring

blade steak, lean, grilled blade steak, lean & fat, grilled brisket, lean & fat, corned, boiled chuck steak, simmer, 50% trim corned, canned

54

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 1.8 1.9 T T T T 2.6 T T T T T 6.8 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 49.2 75.2 3.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

153 485 250 263 716 1 370 583 147 207 2 030 239 880 740 714 320 64 284 87 121 129

67 61 48 40 119 212 211 59 126 706 601 45 58 66 43 9 36 45 24 22

404 197 227 454 37 209 97 142 440 3 520 29 258 68 116 171 34 156 240 297 243

61 135 49 52 87 184 2 273 50 24 235 470 56 56 2 14 3 11 10 8 100

0.9 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 3.8 4.1 0.9 2.3 21.7 5.4 7.5 8.5 2.3 1.4 0.3 1.3 0.7 4.9 1.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

73 71 824 47 1 140 319

23 22 13 18 16 4

365 355 155 230 150 42

14 13 6 7 15 4

2.5 2.4 2.3 3.6 3.8 1.1

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

J

SEAFOOD

J049 J021 J041 J043 J024 J051 J052 J058 J045 J036 J038 J056 J057 J053 J027

Prawn, greater tiger, boiled Prawn, king, cooked Scallop Scallop, cooked Sea cucumber, edible muscle Sea-hare, intestines, raw, D. auricularia Sea-hare, skin, raw, D. auricularia Sea urchin, raw, Tripneustes gratilla Sea urchin, flesh, boiled Seaweed, dried Seaweed, agar Seaweed, “Lumi”, raw, C. demersum Seaweed, “Nama”, raw, Caulerpa sp. Sici-shell, meat, raw, P. aemingiana Squid, fried

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 20 100 100 100 100

2.0 1.8 0.8 2.2 0.2 2.5 1.1 0.4 0.8 5.3 5.2 T T 1.5 1.4 0.3 1.3 0.4 2.0 1.3

T 0 13 22 0 T T T 467 0 0 0 0 T 0 0 T 12 7 5

T 14 0 0 T 292 194 T T 0 0 185 1 002 107 0 0 0 0 0 0

T 1 13 22 T 24 16 T 467 0 0 15 84 9 0 0 T 12 7 5

100 100 100 100 100 1 slice (7.5 x 5 x 0.5 cm) 28

6.0 5.6 4.8 11.0 4.5 1.3

0 2 0 1 10 3

0 0 0 0 69 19

0 2 0 1 16 4

1 squid ring J028 J029 J033 J030

Squid, raw Sting ray, raw Turtle, cooked Turtle, raw

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K017 K018 K020 K021 K006

Beef, Beef, Beef, Beef, Beef,

blade steak, lean, grilled blade steak, lean & fat, grilled brisket, lean & fat, corned, boiled chuck steak, simmer, 50% trim corned, canned

β-carotene equiv. µg

55

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

mg

mg

0.08 0.05 0.02 0.02 T T T T 0.35 0.07 0.00 T T T 0.09 0.02 0.09 0.04 0.10 0.20

0.04 0.06 0.29 0.24 0.03 0.11 0.05 0.11 0.38 0.59 0.00 T T T 0.06 0.01 0.04 0.06 0.60 0.50

3.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 T 1.2 0.6 2.9 2.4 0.0 0.0 T T 0.7 1.8 0.4 1.5 2.9 3.1 3.0

5.00 8.00 1.32 0.94 0.00

1.7 3.5 0.8 0.8

244 188 40 42

1.27 0.25 1.20 1.35 0.67 1.13

T 0.0 2.6 0.0 2.0 T T T T 2.3 0.0 T T T 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.11 0.10 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.00

0.22 0.21 0.24 0.35 0.26 0.07

4.3 4.0 2.8 5.4 2.1 0.6

1.60 1.50 2.00 1.50 1.80 0.50

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

mg

94

4.5 1.9 0.4 0.2

372 0 0 0 0

3.9 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.8

200 40 199 46 32 39

0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.2

65 67 69 84 69 19

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K061

Beef, hamburger patty, froz, fried

K062 K023 K010 K008 K030 K178 K024 K012 K014 K005 K148 K152 K146

K147 K145

K042 K165 K166

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

50 31 50 31 66 172 61 57 99 54 38 54 63 28 59 63 63 50 55 43 36 30 80 80 54 12 15 68 68 73

296 180 271 165 183 475 192 234 402 256 179 246 204 92 198 191 199 295 315 249 459 390 1 033 84 309 71 88 162 196 148

100 1 patty (1.0 x 7.5 cm diam.) 61 Beef, hamburger patty, froz, grilled 100 1 patty (1.0 x 7.5 cm diam.) 61 Beef, mince, regular, simmer, drain 100 1 cup 260 Beef, rump steak, lean, grilled 100 Beef, rump steak, grilled, 50% trim 100 1 steak 172 Beef, sausage, grilled 100 1 sausage 70 Beef, sausage, raw 100 Beef, silverside, lean & fat, corned, boiled 100 1 slice (10 x 8.5 x 0.5 cm) 45 Beef, skirt steak, lean & fat, simmer 100 Beef, topside roast, lean & fat, baked 100 Beef, corned and cereal, canned 100 Beef, pot roast, lean & fat, stewed 100 Beef, sausage, grill and serve 100 1 sausage 79 Beef rib, lean & fat, braised 100 1 serve 85 yield from I lb raw 225 Beef stew, with potatoes and gravy 100 Bologna, beef & pork 100 1 slice, 10 cm diam. 23 1 slice, 11 cm diam. 28 Camp pie, canned 100 Chicken, whole, raw 100 Chicken, lean only, raw 100

1 238 755 1 134 692 764 1 986 804 978 1 683 1 072 750 1 028 853 384 828 798 835 1 235 1 317 1 041 1 921 1 633 4 323 351 1 292 297 366 677 820 617

56

16.7 10.2 17.8 10.9 23.6 61.4 32.7 31.0 53.3 18.3 12.8 11.7 22.1 9.9 35.2 25.2 14.5 27.8 12.0 9.5 21.6 18.4 48.6 9.0 11.7 2.7 3.3 13.4 18.0 20.2

21.9 13.4 18.2 11.1 9.8 25.5 6.7 12.2 21.0 18.2 12.7 22.4 12.9 5.8 6.2 10.0 13.3 20.6 28.5 22.5 42.0 35.7 94.5 2.0 28.3 6.5 8.0 8.5 13.9 7.4

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

6.7 4.1 7.5 4.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.3 3.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 0.0 2.5 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.2 2.8 0.6 0.8 6.6 0.0 0.0

4.1 2.5 4.3 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 2.2 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.0

670 409 710 433 57 148 54 53 91 930 651 657 1 280 576 65 54 940 293 1 030 814 50 43 113 162 1 020 235 289 830 89 92

27 16 29 18 24 62 18 18 31 23 16 11 14 6 21 28 16 21 3 2 15 13 34 18 11 3 3 12 23 26

320 195 360 220 260 676 360 350 602 260 182 120 190 86 265 325 120 251 166 131 224 190 504 343 180 41 51 93 269 314

35 21 37 23 9 23 5 5 9 15 11 12 5 2 5 4 11 11 20 16 12 10 27 7 12 3 3 26 6 6

3.6 2.2 4.1 2.5 2.3 6.0 3.9 3.7 6.4 2.4 1.7 1.4 2.3 1.0 2.8 2.4 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.1 2.3 2.0 5.2 1.3 1.5 0.3 0.4 1.9 1.0 0.9

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K061

Beef, hamburger patty, froz, fried

K062

Beef, hamburger patty, froz, grilled

K023

Beef, mince, regular, simmer, drain

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

2.2 1.3 2.3 1.4 5.2 13.5 5.2 4.9 8.4 3.7 2.6 2.4 3.0 1.4 10.3 3.7 2.4 7.5 2.2 1.7 4.9 4.1 11.0 2.0 1.9 0.4 0.5 1.6 1.1 1.2

0 0 8 5 0 0 0 2 3 18 13 27 7 3 0 3 18 0 17 13 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 12 12 T

100 1 patty (1.0 x 7.5 cm diam.) 61 100 1 patty (1.0 x 7.5 cm diam.) 61 1 cup

K010 K008

Beef, rump steak, lean, grilled Beef, rump steak, grilled, 50% trim

K030

Beef, sausage, grilled

1 steak

K178 K024 K012 K014 K005 K148 K152 K146

K147 K145

K042 K165 K166

1 sausage Beef, sausage, raw Beef, silverside, lean & fat, corned, boiled 1 slice (10 x 8.5 x 0.5 cm) Beef, skirt steak, lean & fat, simmer Beef, topside roast, lean & fat, baked Beef, corned and cereal, canned Beef, pot roast, lean & fat, stewed Beef, sausage, grill and serve 1 sausage Beef rib, lean & fat, braised 1 serve yield from I lb raw Beef stew, with potatoes and gravy Bologna, beef & pork 1 slice, 10 cm diam. 1 slice, 11 cm diam. Camp pie, canned Chicken, whole, raw Chicken, lean only, raw

100 260 100 100 172 100 70 100 100 45 100 100 100 100 100 79 100 85 225 100 100 23 28 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

16 10 41 25 0 0 0 1 2 62 43 0 0 0 0 0 40 0 54 43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 46 0 0

57

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

1 1 11 7 0 0 0 2 3 23 16 27 7 3 0 3 21 0 22 17 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 16 12 T

0.08 0.05 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.13 0.10 0.09 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.10 T 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.11 0.06 0.17 0.04 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.09

0.11 0.07 0.11 0.07 0.13 0.34 0.37 0.34 0.58 0.16 0.11 0.09 0.20 0.09 0.39 0.16 0.32 0.24 0.10 0.08 0.15 0.13 0.34 0.10 0.14 0.03 0.04 0.12 0.14 0.16

3.1 1.9 3.5 2.1 2.1 5.5 6.7 6.2 10.7 3.3 2.3 2.7 2.8 1.3 6.7 5.6 2.9 2.9 2.4 1.9 2.5 2.1 5.5 1.9 2.6 0.6 0.7 1.6 5.0 5.9

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

2.10 1.28 2.70 1.65 1.40 3.64 1.60 1.60 2.75 T T 1.67 1.60 0.72 1.50 1.50 1.80 2.45 1.54 1.22 2.62 2.23 5.90 0.99 1.33 0.31 0.38 0.00 0.35 0.41

0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 24.1 19.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.8 21.0 4.8 6.0 1.0 0.0 0.0

0.9 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.3 0.2

Cholesterol mg

58 35 47 29 69 179 82 84 144 68 48 53 70 32 83 68 60 100 61 48 94 80 212 23 55 13 16 32 71 61

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K167 K168 K169 K170 K039 K040 K041 K053 K038 K149

Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken,

K044 K049 K050 K051 K054 K056 K060 K171 K172 K173 K174 K175 K176 K071 K072 K076

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

51 59 60 48 66 60 57 79 57 46 74 69 60 47 52 58 33 75 60 60 60 76 14 35 43 18 63 69 103 53

384 231 213 373 158 209 240 93 247 296 482 161 239 368 405 251 143 122 234 215 274 111 735 445 337 661 184 146 219 241

skin only, raw 100 whole, baked, earth-oven 100 lean only, baked, earth-oven 100 skin only, baked, earth-oven 100 breast, lean, baked 100 drumstick, lean, baked 100 drumstick, lean & skin, baked 100 gizzard 100 b/less, lean & skin, baked 100 lightmeat, breaded & fried 100 2 pieces 163 Chicken, roll 100 Devon/fritz 100 Duck, roasted 100 1/4 duck 110 Frankfurters, simmered 100 1 piece (12.5 x 2.5 cm diam.) 57 Goat meat, lean 100 Ham and chicken roll 100 Hamburger mince, simmer, drained 100 Lamb, chump chops, whole, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, lean only, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, fat only, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, whole, earth-oven 100 Lamb, chump chops, lean only, earth-oven 100 Lamb, chump chops, fat only, earth-oven 100 Lamb, heart, baked 100 Lamb, kidney, simmered 100 1 cup sliced 150 Lamb, liver, fried 100

1 607 965 889 1 562 660 873 1 004 389 1 035 1 237 2 017 675 999 1 539 1 693 1 050 598 511 978 902 1 145 466 3 076 1 862 1 410 2 765 770 611 917 1 010

58

9.4 26.1 27.5 15.5 28.4 28.3 26.4 16.5 25.4 21.9 35.7 14.4 12.3 18.5 20.4 14.3 8.2 20.9 13.0 26.7 16.2 20.0 5.3 25.5 31.8 12.9 28.1 26.6 39.9 26.5

39.1 14.1 11.4 35.1 4.8 10.6 15.0 2.7 16.3 18.1 29.5 9.3 18.2 33.1 36.4 19.9 11.3 4.2 18.0 12.1 23.5 3.4 80.7 38.6 23.5 68.8 7.9 4.3 6.5 13.7

CHO available g

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 11.7 19.1 4.6 5.9 0.0 0.0 3.4 1.9 0.0 4.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.2

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 1.3 2.4 0.0 0.0 1.8 1.0 0.0 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

77 79 77 94 63 96 91 66 74 598 975 745 780 299 329 770 439 49 800 62 76 94 23 72 91 36 73 200 300 100

9 29 32 10 27 20 19 13 21 23 37 16 23 17 19 20 11 13 24 19 21 26 7 24 29 13 18 22 33 23

92 333 360 121 285 280 265 212 255 347 566 158 127 91 100 93 53 305 79 240 186 230 61 218 261 131 240 240 360 370

4 7 7 5 11 19 17 7 14 37 60 15 37 22 24 33 19 13 30 15 13 13 11 14 17 7 6 20 30 7

1.3 1.3 1.1 2.1 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.0 0.9 1.5 0.8 2.3 1.3 1.4 2.3 1.3 1.7 1.0 2.8 1.8 2.0 1.1 2.3 2.3 2.3 6.0 11.4 17.1 11.1

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K167 K168 K169 K170 K039 K040 K041 K053 K038 K149

Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken, Chicken,

K044 K049 K050 K051 K054 K056 K060 K171 K172 K173 K174 K175 K176 K071 K072 K076

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.9 1.6 1.6 1.5 0.8 2.4 2.2 2.9 1.5 1.0 1.5 0.5 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.4 1.4 3.2 1.6 6.1 3.5 4.5 0.5 4.4 6.1 1.0 3.7 3.9 5.9 5.0

61 T T 33 T 10 22 42 29 36 59 37 157 115 127 0 0 91 172 10 12 T 46 15 T 45 0 110 165 35 400

skin only, raw 100 whole, baked, earth-oven 100 lean only, baked, earth-oven 100 skin only, baked, earth-oven 100 breast, lean, baked 100 drumstick, lean, baked 100 drumstick, lean & skin, baked 100 gizzard 100 b/less, lean & skin, baked 100 lightmeat, breaded & fried 100 2 pieces 163 Chicken, roll 100 Devon/fritz 100 Duck, roasted 100 1/4 duck 110 Frankfurters, simmered 100 1 piece (12.5 x 2.5 cm diam.) 57 Goat meat, lean 100 Ham and chicken roll 100 Hamburger mince, simmer, drained 100 Lamb, chump chops, whole, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, lean only, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, fat only, raw 100 Lamb, chump chops, whole, earth-oven 100 Lamb, chump chops, lean only, earth-oven 100 Lamb, chump chops, fat only, earth-oven 100 Lamb, heart, baked 100 Lamb, kidney, simmered 100 1 cup sliced 150 Lamb, liver, fried 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 7 4 0 11 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 20 30 60

59

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

61 T T 33 T 10 22 42 29 36 59 37 158 115 127 1 T 91 173 11 12 T 46 15 T 45 T 112 168 35 405

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.06 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.29 0.29 0.10 0.22 0.18 0.29 0.06 0.10 0.24 0.26 0.11 0.06 0.14 0.14 0.21 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.03 1.30 1.80 2.70 4.50

1.6 5.4 5.7 2.5 8.7 4.8 4.8 2.1 6.5 7.4 12.0 4.7 2.3 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.2 2.7 2.0 3.5 3.6 4.2 2.0 4.2 4.8 3.1 5.2 6.9 10.4 14.5

0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.15 T 0.06 0.12 0.13 0.08 0.05 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.14 0.18 0.03 0.03 0.04 T 0.41 0.48 0.72 0.25

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

0.05 0.40 0.70 0.17 0.30 0.70 0.70 1.30 0.40 0.41 0.67 0.80

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 2.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.6 1.1 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.0 13.5 23.0

0.20 0.22 1.30 0.74 0.90 0.80 1.5 2.42 2.50 2.01 3.03 3.61 2.68 14.00 77.00 115.50 74.00

Vitamin E mg

1.9 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.5 0.1 T T 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 T 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.4

Cholesterol mg

107 79 70 115 92 154 151 127 128 91 148 35 46 92 101 58 33 59 50 93.0 79 75 90 95 93 99 199 550 825 585

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K070

Lamb, chump chop, lean & fat, grilled 1 chump chop

K068

Lamb, chump chop, grilled, 50% trim

K077

Lamb, midloin chop, lean & fat, grilled

K079 K179 K082 K088 K164 K177 K162 K161 K105 K055 K101 K104 K025

Lamb, neck chop, lean & fat, simmer Lamb, sausages, raw Lamb, shoulder, lean & fat, baked Meat, paste Mutton flaps, lean & fat, fried Mutton pieces, boneless, raw Pâté, pork liver Pâté de champagne Pâté de foie Pork, fat, boiled Pork, leg, lean & fat, baked Pork, midloin chop, lean & fat, grill Pork, bacon, breakfast, fried

1 chump chop 1 chop

1 rasher K026

Pork, bacon, breakfast, grill 1 rasher

K059

Pork, ham, canned, lean & fat 1 slice

K057 K058

Pork, ham, leg, lean, non-canned Pork, ham, steak, grilled

K150

Pork, leg, lean & fat, roasted

1 steak 1 serve 1 cup diced

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

50 31 54 30 47 19 44 60 54 66 48 54 47 49 52 27 47 46 60 13 60 13 74 15 73 65 71 57 48 77

283 173 246 140 365 146 353 233 288 207 333 345 381 328 298 620 338 362 152 32 190 40 112 22 108 162 179 244 207 329

100 61 100 57 100 40 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 21 100 21 100 20 100 100 110 100 85 135

1 184 722 1 028 586 1 529 612 1 478 973 1 206 867 1 395 1 444 1 596 1 372 1 248 2 595 1 416 1 517 638 134 795 167 469 94 453 679 747 1 020 867 1 378

60

29.6 18.1 31.1 17.7 21.6 8.6 27.1 9.8 25.9 12.3 22.4 15.3 10.6 13.4 17.8 4.0 25.2 23.7 21.9 4.6 25.3 5.3 17.2 3.4 18.8 19.4 21.3 28.9 24.6 39.0

18.4 11.2 13.5 7.7 31.4 12.6 27.5 21.8 20.7 13.9 27.4 32.0 37.0 29.9 24.7 68.3 26.7 30.1 5.8 1.2 8.8 1.9 4.5 0.9 3.6 7.8 8.6 14.3 12.2 19.3

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.2 0.0 T 2.8 2.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 0.7 2.4 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 3.7 4.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

72 44 74 42 86 34 56 792 88 870 45 66 660 190 970 64 48 56 000 420 100 441 250 250 580 400 540 62 53 84

27 16 28 16 17 7 19 21 19 21 19 16 13 26 16 7 14 12 26 5 25 5 20 4 21 20 22 27 23 36

370 226 380 217 275 110 210 104 270 200 152 134 165 320 93 117 245 245 330 69 350 74 300 60 270 300 330 374 318 505

20 12 19 11 8 3 20 16 7 200 18 15 65 15 24 2 6 14 28 6 30 6 14 3 8 17 19 12 10 16

3.2 2.0 3.3 1.9 2.0 0.8 2.4 1.4 1.7 2.6 2.0 1.2 6.2 6.1 9.3 0.6 1.3 1.0 1.6 0.3 1.8 0.4 1.3 0.3 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.4

1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

2 2 1 1 1 1

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K070

Lamb, chump chop, lean & fat, grilled 1 chump chop

K068

Lamb, chump chop, grilled, 50% trim

K077

Lamb, midloin chop, lean & fat, grilled

K079 K179 K082 K088 K164 K177 K162 K161 K105 K055 K101 K104 K025

Lamb, neck chop, lean & fat, simmer Lamb, sausages, raw Lamb, shoulder, lean & fat, baked Meat, paste Mutton flaps, lean & fat, fried Mutton pieces, boneless, raw Pâté, pork liver Pâté de champagne Pâté de foie Pork, fat, boiled Pork, leg, lean & fat, baked Pork, midloin chop, lean & fat, grill Pork, bacon, breakfast, fried

K026

Pork, bacon, breakfast, grill

K059

Pork, ham, canned, lean & fat

K057 K058

Pork, ham, leg, lean, non-canned Pork, ham, steak, grilled

K150

Pork, leg, lean & fat, roasted

1 chump chop 1 chop

1 rasher 1 rasher 1 slice

1 steak 1 serve 1 cup diced

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

4.3 2.6 4.5 2.6 2.6 1.0 7.7 1.4 4.4 1.9 3.2 2.3 1.7

6 4 3 2 0 0 6 16 10 T 4 8 600

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0 T 0

3.6 0.7 2.4 1.7 2.9 0.6 2.8 0.6 3.4 0.7 2.2 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.4 3.8

10 800 6 6 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 15 3 3 4

8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 61 100 57 100 40 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 21 100 21 100 20 100 100 110 100 85 135

β-carotene equiv. µg

61

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

6 4 3 2 0 0 6 16 10 T 4 8 600 0 10 801 6 6 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14 15 3 3 4

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.05 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.27 0.05 0.10 0.11 T 0.06 0.51 0.36 0.19 0.51 0.63 0.68 0.14 0.71 0.15 0.25 0.05 0.38 0.33 0.36 0.75 0.64 1.01

0.27 0.16 0.29 0.17 0.13 0.05 0.22 0.10 0.20 0.23 0.40 0.12 0.80 0.75 1.00 0.05 0.21 0.15 0.20 0.04 0.20 0.04 0.23 0.05 0.27 0.19 0.21 0.33 0.28 0.44

4.5 2.7 4.9 2.8 3.4 1.4 2.9 2.1 3.3 2.9 7.8 5.5 4.0 5.7 5.9 1.0 4.0 3.9 3.6 0.8 3.3 0.7 4.5 0.9 4.3 3.8 4.2 4.7 4.0 6.3

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

2.00 1.22 2.20 1.25 2.00 0.80 2.00 2.31 1.70 3.10 2.80 2.62 6.30

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 1.0 3.7 27.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.4 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.3 T T 0.1 T 0.1 T 0.1 T 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

7.00 0.50 1.70 0.90 1.75 0.37 1.75 0.37 0.60 0.12 0.90 0.80 0.88 0.72 0.61 0.97

Cholesterol mg

109 66 109 62 110 44 110 51 110 88 109 79 200 170 159 86 92 92 53 11 55 12 42 8 51 47 52 96 82 130

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K123

Pork, sausage, home prepared, fried

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

Pork, sausage, home prepared, grilled

K180 K151 K120

Pork, sausages, raw Pork, spareribs, lean & fat, cooked Salami

K132 K154

Spam, canned Turkey, whole, roasted

1

1

1 1 K153 K139 K142

Turkey tail, cooked Veal, loin chop, lean & fat, grilled Veal, schnitzel, frozen, fried

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M006

Cheese, blue vein Cheese, brie Cheese, camembert

M008

Cheese, cheddar

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

263 186 287 204 212 384 426 21 331 198 514 7 950 234 161 342

1 099 780 1 201 853 889 1 605 1 782 89 1 385 827 2 150 33 262 978 674 1 430

15.4 10.9 16.8 11.9 12.6 28.9 21.7 1.1 12.5 28.0 72.8 11 26.4 26.4 29.2 15.3

20.0 14.2 21.7 15.4 18.2 30.1 37.6 1.9 31.0 9.5 24.6 380.2 14.3 4.8 27.0

5.2 3.7 6.1 4.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.2 2.8 0.0 0.0 9.8

1.4 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1

900 639 950 675 820 324 1 460 73 1 570 67 174 2 695 304 100 730

20 14 21 15 12 24 22 1 12 24 62 966 22 24 16

220 156 230 163 127 318 168 8 190 272 707 10 943 258 355 250

14 10 14 10 8 47 26 1 7 26 68 1 046 33 8 16

1.6 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.7 1.8 2.4 0.1 1.4 2.0 5.2 80.9 2.2 1.9 2.0

100 22 100 100 31 100 118 22 100 21

41 9 49 46 14 36 42 8 44 9

369 81 336 361 112 402 475 89 331 70

1 546 340 1 406 1 511 469 1 684 1 987 370 1 386 291

20.3 4.5 19.3 17.1 5.3 25.4 30.0 5.6 21.4 4.5

32.4 7.1 29.1 32.9 10.2 33.8 39.9 7.4 27.5 5.8

0.1 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 T 0.3 0.1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1 090 240 605 582 180 655 773 144 1 350 284

24 5 20 29 9 30 35 7 25 5

88 19 112 102 32 73 86 16 62 13

510 112 470 351 109 775 915 171 625 131

0.2 T 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1

1/4 round 1 cup shredded 2.0 cubic cm piece M009

Na

54 39 51 36 63 40 34 2 51 62 161 2 494 58 66 42

1 piece (9 x 5.5 x 1 cm) M007 M048

TDF

100 71 100 sausage 71 100 100 100 slice (0.2 x 5.5 cm diam.) 5 100 100 serve 260 turkey 4 023 100 100 100

1 sausage K124

CHO available g

Cheese, cheddar, processed 1 slice

62

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

K

MEAT AND POULTRY

K123

Pork, sausage, home prepared, fried

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

Pork, sausage, home prepared, grilled

K180 K151 K120

Pork, sausages, raw Pork, spareribs, lean & fat, cooked Salami

K132 K154

Spam, canned Turkey, whole, roasted

1

1

1 1 K153 K139 K142

Turkey tail, cooked Veal, loin chop, lean & fat, grilled Veal, schnitzel, frozen, fried

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M006

Cheese, blue vein Cheese, brie Cheese, camembert

M008

Cheese, cheddar

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol mg

17 12 20 14 12 3 0 0 16 68 177 2 736 0 6 7

9 6 10 7 0 0 52 3 0 0 0 0 0 9 T

18 13 21 15 12 3 4 T 16 68 177 2 736 0 7 7

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.41 0.20 0.01 0.11 0.06 0.15 2.25 0.05 0.07 0.09

0.16 0.11 0.17 0.12 0.13 0.38 0.19 0.01 0.18 0.21 0.54 8.29 0.22 0.18 0.17

3.0 2.1 3.3 2.3 2.4 5.4 5.3 0.3 3.0 4.9 12.8 198.7 3.4 3.4 4.7

1.10 0.78 1.10 0.78 0.71 1.07 1.40 0.07 0.90 1.28 3.33 51.49 0.34 0.90 1.40

1.0 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.1 0.3 4.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 T 0.1 0.6 1.6 24.1 0.6 0.3 0.3

60 43 64 45 78 120 104 5 55 95 247 3 822 91 111 54

100 22 100 100 31 100 118 22 100 21

3.0 0.7 2.9 3.0 0.9 3.6 4.2 0.8 3.7 0.8

314 69 350 277 86 353 417 78 245 51

141 31 178 213 66 212 250 47 160 34

326 72 365 295 91 371 437 82 258 54

0.04 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.02 T 0.01 T

0.42 0.09 0.60 0.43 0.13 0.50 0.59 0.11 0.40 0.08

0.9 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.2 T 0.3 0.1

0.60 0.13 1.20 2.60 0.81 1.20 1.42 0.26 0.90 0.19

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.6 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.1

100 22 96 100 31 101 119 22 83 17

1/4 round 1 cup shredded 2.0 cubic cm piece M009

Thiamin

2.3 1.6 2.4 1.7 1.7 4.6 4.1 0.2 2.3 3.2 8.2 126.7 3.9 3.0 1.4

1 piece (9 x 5.5 x 1 cm) M007 M048

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

100 71 100 sausage 71 100 100 100 slice (0.2 x 5.5 cm diam.) 5 100 100 serve 260 turkey 4 023 100 100 100

1 sausage K124

β-carotene equiv. µg

Cheese, cheddar, processed 1 slice

63

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M010

Cheese, cottage

Cheese, edam

M012

Cheese, mozzarella

M045 M005

Cheese, roquefort Cheese, spread, cheddar

M013 M052

Cheese, Swiss Cream, pure

M054 M051

Cream, reduced fat, canned Cream, sour

M053 M014

Cream, thickened, ultra heat treated Cream cheese, dip, flavoured

M049 M044 M043 M020

Cream substitute, powdered Fromage frais Fromage frais, fat-free Ice cream, vanilla

M055 M056 M019 M004

Infant formula, Isomil, water added Infant formula, Similac, water added Milk, breast, colostrum Milk, breast, mature

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 15 241 100 2.0 cubic cm piece 16 100 2 tablespoons chopped 15 100 100 1 tablespoon 18 100 100 1 tablespoon 15 100 100 1 tablespoon 14 100 100 1 tablespoon 15 100 100 100 100 1 cup 143 100 100 100 100 1 tablespoon 15.6 1 cup 261 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M046

Measure

73 11 175 43 7 48 7 41 51 9 37 52 8 66 57 8 57 60 9 2 81 86 63 90 90 90 88 87 14 227

146 22 352 325 52 301 45 366 290 52 381 397 60 261 351 49 346 252 38 550 115 47 195 278 67 67 56 69 11 179

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2

1

64

611 92 472 360 218 258 189 532 212 218 593 662 249 091 470 206 447 056 158 301 480 196 814 164 281 281 234 288 45 751

15.3 2.3 36.9 24.7 4.0 26.0 3.9 18.7 15.9 2.9 28.4 1.9 0.3 3.0 2.4 0.3 2.4 4.6 0.7 4.8 7.7 7.5 4.1 5.9 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.3 0.2 3.4

9.3 1.4 22.4 25.4 4.1 22.0 3.3 32.8 24.7 4.4 30.0 42.8 6.4 26.5 37.7 5.3 36.4 21.6 3.2 35.5 8.0 0.2 11.2 16.0 3.7 3.6 2.6 4.1 0.6 10.7

CHO available g

0.4 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 T 0.0 1.7 0.3 0.0 2.8 0.4 3.6 2.1 0.3 3.6 10.8 1.6 54.9 3.2 3.7 20.0 28.6 6.9 7.4 6.3 6.9 1.1 18.0

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

200 30 482 450 72 375 56 1 600 1 450 261 415 21 3 39 33 5 51 680 102 181 29 33 70 100 32 19 47 15 2 39

97 15 234 120 19 65 10 120 110 20 73 95 14 110 110 15 113 290 44 812 90 92 192 275 77 73 70 58 9 151

67 10 161 900 144 875 131 600 470 85 880 60 9 97 67 9 78 125 19 22 111 126 133 190 70 51 28 34 5 89

0.1 T 0.2 0.3 T 0.3 T 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 T 0.3 0.1 T 0.2 0.3 T 1.2 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.2 1.2 0.1 0.1 T 0.2

9 1 22 45 7 32 5 25 19 3 33 5 1 9 7 1 8 19 3 4 10 12 13 19 5 4 3 3 T 8

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M010

Cheese, cottage

Cheese, edam

M012

Cheese, mozzarella

M045 M005

Cheese, roquefort Cheese, spread, cheddar

M013 M052

Cheese, Swiss Cream, pure

M054 M051

Cream, reduced fat, canned Cream, sour

M053 M014

Cream, thickened, ultra heat treated Cream cheese, dip, flavoured

M049 M044 M043 M020

Cream substitute, powdered Fromage frais Fromage frais, fat-free Ice cream, vanilla

M055 M056 M019 M004

Infant formula, Isomil, water added Infant formula, Similac, water added Milk, breast, colostrum Milk, breast, mature

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

0.6 0.1 1.4 2.2 0.4 4.6 0.7 2.0 2.4 0.4 4.2 0.3 T 0.3 0.2 T 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.3 T 0.8

100 15 241 100 2.0 cubic cm piece 16 100 2 tablespoons chopped 15 100 100 1 tablespoon 18 100 100 1 tablespoon 15 100 100 1 tablespoon 14 100 100 1 tablespoon 15 100 100 100 100 1 cup 143 100 100 100 100 1 tablespoon 15.6 1 cup 261 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M046

Measure

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

mg

mg

87 13 210 215 34 191 29 309 185 33 257 530 80 176 417 58 300 166 25 0 74 0 140 200 46 47 155 58 9 151

52 8 125 135 22 154 23 0 157 28 129 320 48 97 260 36 155 94 14 120 38 0 100 143 0 0 135 24 4 63

91 14 220 226 36 204 31 309 198 36 268 557 84 184 439 61 313 174 26 10 77 0 148 212 46 47 166 60 9 157

0.02 T 0.05 0.04 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.03 0.03 T 0.06 0.03 T 0.06 0.10 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.07 T 0.02 T 0.05

0.40 0.06 0.96 0.40 0.06 0.30 0.05 0.06 0.24 0.04 0.54 0.20 0.03 0.33 0.39 0.05 0.20 0.30 0.05 0.17 0.24 0.30 0.30 0.43 0.06 0.10 0.03 0.03 T 0.08

65

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.2 T 0.5 0.1 T 0.7 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.4 T T 0.0 0.1 T 0.0 0.3 T 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.3 0.9 0.7 0.1 0.2 T 0.6

0.80 0.12 1.93 1.47 0.24 1.50 0.23 0.60 0.60 0.11 1.35 0.30 0.05 0.40 0.40 0.06 0.20 0.25 0.04 0.00 0.70 0.90 0.30 0.43 0.30 0.17 0.10 0.01 T 0.03

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.9 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 5.5 5.5 7.0 4.0 0.6 10.4

0.1 T 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.3 T 0.8 0.3 T 0.8 1.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.1 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.6 1.7 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.9

Cholesterol mg

36 5 87 80 13 63 9 100 68 12 81 136 20 85 100 14 93 58 9 0 30 0 20 29 0 2 31 16 2 42

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M029

Milk, condensed, skim, sweet, canned 1 tablespoon

M023

Milk, condensed, whole, sweet, canned

M024 M025

Milk, evaporated, skim, canned Milk, evaporated, whole, canned

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon 1 cup M026

Milk, goat 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M028

Milk, skim, fluid 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M031

Milk, ultra heat treated, whole

M030

Milk, whole

1 cup 1 tablespoon 1 cup M021

Milk powder, skim

M022

Milk powder, whole

M039

Yoghurt, fruit

M040

Yoghurt, natural, low fat, unsweetened

M041

Yoghurt, natural, unsweetened

1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 small carton 1 small carton 1 small carton

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 20 100 19 100 100 15.9 266 100 15.5 258 100 15.6 260 100 258 100 15.5 258 100 7.6 100 8.1 100 150 100 150 100 150

28 6 26 5 80 72 11 192 89 14 230 91 14 236 87 225 88 14 226 4 T 3 T 78 116 85 128 85 128

278 56 334 63 76 144 23 383 50 8 128 35 5 92 65 168 66 10 169 358 27 493 40 94 141 49 73 68 102

1 161 232 1 398 266 319 603 96 1 603 208 32 537 147 23 383 272 703 274 43 708 1 498 114 2 061 167 393 590 203 305 283 425

66

10.1 2.0 8.3 1.6 7.8 7.5 1.2 20.0 3.1 0.5 8.0 3.6 0.6 9.4 3.5 9.0 3.3 0.5 8.5 36.9 2.8 27.2 2.2 4.9 7.4 5.9 8.9 4.7 7.1

0.3 0.1 9.3 1.8 0.3 8.2 1.3 21.8 2.6 0.4 6.7 0.1 T 0.3 3.7 9.5 3.8 0.6 9.8 0.8 0.1 26.4 2.1 2.8 4.2 0.2 0.3 3.4 5.1

CHO available g

59.3 11.9 55.3 10.5 10.6 10.4 1.7 27.7 3.6 0.6 9.3 5.0 0.8 13.0 4.6 11.9 4.7 0.7 12.1 51.0 3.9 37.7 3.1 12.4 18.6 5.8 8.7 4.7 7.1

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

130 26 107 20 97 108 17 287 66 10 170 44 7 114 44 114 41 6 106 425 32 340 28 60 90 70 105 55 83

33 7 27 5 24 26 4 69 12 2 31 12 2 31 10 26 11 2 28 118 9 89 7 16 24 18 27 15 23

475 95 400 76 330 315 50 838 190 29 490 159 25 413 150 387 152 24 392 1 690 128 1 200 97 230 345 260 390 220 330

340 68 280 53 250 265 42 705 110 17 284 125 20 325 117 302 114 18 294 1 290 98 935 76 171 257 215 323 171 257

0.1 T 0.1 T 0.2 0.2 T 0.5 0.1 T 0.3 T T T T T T T T 0.3 T 0.3 T 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

M

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

M029

Milk, condensed, skim, sweet, canned 1 tablespoon

M023

Milk, condensed, whole, sweet, canned

M024 M025

Milk, evaporated, skim, canned Milk, evaporated, whole, canned

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon 1 cup M026

Milk, goat 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M028

Milk, skim, fluid 1 tablespoon 1 cup

M031

Milk, ultra heat treated, whole

M030

Milk, whole

1 cup 1 tablespoon 1 cup M021

Milk powder, skim

M022

Milk powder, whole

M039

Yoghurt, fruit

M040

Yoghurt, natural, low fat, unsweetened

M041

Yoghurt, natural, unsweetened

1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 small carton 1 small carton 1 small carton

Measure

Zn

Retinol

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

g

mg

100 20 100 19 100 100 15.9 266 100 15.5 258 100 15.6 260 100 258 100 15.5 258 100 7.6 100 8.1 100 150 100 150 100 150

1.1 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.1 2.1 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.1 1.0 3.8 0.3 2.8 0.2 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.8

mg

mg

0 0 100 19 T 85 14 226 32 5 83 0 0 0 34 88 44 7 114 0 0 340 28 31 47 0 0 36 54

0 0 40 8 7 45 7 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 21 26 4 67 0 0 170 14 38 57 0 0 19 29

0 0 103 20 1 89 14 236 32 5 83 0 0 0 35 89 46 7 119 0 0 354 29 34 51 0 0 38 56

0.09 0.02 0.08 0.02 0.07 0.06 0.01 0.16 0.06 0.01 0.15 0.04 0.01 0.10 0.04 0.10 0.05 0.01 0.13 0.25 0.02 0.37 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.05

0.70 0.14 0.60 0.11 0.45 0.50 0.08 1.33 0.14 0.02 0.36 0.20 0.03 0.52 0.30 0.77 0.20 0.03 0.52 1.99 0.15 1.60 0.13 0.30 0.45 0.30 0.45 0.30 0.45

67

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 T 0.3 T 0.8 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.1 T 0.3 0.1 0.3 T T T 0.5 T 0.5 T 0.6 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

0.90 0.18 0.60 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.02 0.27 0.04 0.01 0.10 0.38 0.06 0.99 0.10 0.26 0.35 0.05 0.90 5.30 0.40 3.10 0.25 0.18 0.27 0.03 0.05 0.20 0.30

2.0 0.4 1.0 0.2 2.0 1.0 0.2 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.2 2.6 1.0 2.6 1.0 0.2 2.6 2.0 0.2 3.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

T T 0.2 T T 0.3 T 0.8 0.1 T 0.2 T T T 0.1 0.3 0.1 T 0.3 T T 1.1 0.1 T T T T 0.1 0.1

Cholesterol mg

9 2 35 7 5 28 4 74 9 1 23 3 T 8 14 36 13 2 34 33 3 105 9 12 18 5 8 16 24

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

N

EGGS

N004

Egg, chicken, fried 1 egg (size: no. 7)

N005

Egg, chicken, poached

N006

Egg, chicken, scrambled

1 egg (size: no. 7) 1 egg 1 cup N003

Egg, chicken, white, hard-boiled

N007

Egg, chicken, whole, hard-boiled

N008

Egg, chicken, yolk, hard-boiled

N002 N014 N015 N013

Egg, duck, whole, raw Egg, quail, whole, raw Egg, turtle, whole Omelette, plain

1 medium 1 egg (size: no. 7) 1 medium

1 egg omelette P

FATS AND OILS

P008

Beef, dripping 1 tablespoon

P003

Butter, regular 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon

P025 P026 P029 P024

Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut

cream, canned/UHT cream, fresh, no water cream, water added oil

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

100 46 100 50 100 62 218 100 32 100 49 100 17 100 100 100 100 64

60 28 75 38 73 45 159 87 28 74 36 50 8 71 73 79 73 46

256 118 150 75 163 101 356 49 16 151 74 347 59 162 163 122 165 106

1 070 492 628 314 683 423 1 489 204 65 633 310 1 450 246 680 682 512 692 443

16.3 7.5 12.3 6.2 10.4 6.4 22.7 11.6 3.7 13.2 6.5 16.1 2.7 14.3 12.3 12.0 12.2 7.8

21.3 9.8 11.2 5.6 13.5 8.4 29.4 0.0 0.0 10.9 5.3 31.7 5.4 11.8 12.7 8.2 13.1 8.4

0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.9 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 T T 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

146 67 87 44 141 87 307 163 52 123 60 47 8 120 113 121 145 93

8 4 10 5 9 6 20 11 4 10 5 7 1 16 64 30 7 4

153 70 77 39 128 79 279 112 36 107 52 97 16 190 133 150 109 70

69 32 53 27 750 465 1 635 6 2 43 21 115 20 63 56 46 48 31

2.0 0.9 2.0 1.0 1.5 0.9 3.3 0.2 0.1 1.8 0.9 4.8 0.8 2.9 3.1 1.4 1.4 0.9

100 12 100 5 15 100 100 100 100

1 T 15 1 2 79 54 66 T

875 105 727 36 109 162 325 254 883

3 659 439 3 042 152 456 677 1 361 1 062 3 696

0.2 T 0.8 T 0.1 1.8 4.4 3.2 T

98.8 11.9 81.4 4.1 12.2 16.8 32.3 24.9 99.9

T T 1.0 0.1 0.2 1.5 4.7 5.2 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 T 0.0

T T 720 36 108 170 13 9 T

0 0 2 T T 41 28 39 T

0 0 22 1 3 107 324 T T

0 0 23 1 3 T 15 16 2

T T T T T 0.6 1.8 1.6 T

68

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

N

EGGS

N004

Egg, chicken, fried 1 egg (size: no. 7)

N005

Egg, chicken, poached

N006

Egg, chicken, scrambled

1 egg (size: no. 7) 1 egg 1 cup N003

Egg, chicken, white, hard-boiled

N007

Egg, chicken, whole, hard-boiled

N008

Egg, chicken, yolk, hard-boiled

N002 N014 N015 N013

Egg, duck, whole, raw Egg, quail, whole, raw Egg, turtle, whole Omelette, plain

1 medium 1 egg (size: no. 7) 1 medium

1 egg omelette P

FATS AND OILS

P008

Beef, dripping 1 tablespoon

P003

Butter, regular 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon

P025 P026 P029 P024

Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut

cream, canned/UHT cream, fresh, no water cream, water added oil

Measure

Zn

Retinol

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

50 100 62 218 100 32 100 49 100 17 100 100 100 100 64

1.3 0.6 1.2 0.6 0.8 0.5 1.7 T T 0.9 0.4 2.7 0.5 1.4 1.3 1.7 0.8 0.5

200 92 216 108 211 131 460 0 0 148 73 431 73 540 193 18 145 93

0 0 0 0 43 27 94 0 0 0 0 0 0 120 18 3 22 14

200 92 216 108 215 133 468 0 0 148 73 431 73 550 195 18 147 94

0.10 0.05 0.09 0.05 0.08 0.05 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.03 0.19 0.03 0.16 0.14 0.17 0.07 0.04

0.38 0.17 0.29 0.15 0.38 0.24 0.83 0.31 0.10 0.35 0.17 0.42 0.07 0.47 1.30 0.17 0.35 0.22

100 12 100 5 15 100 100 100 100

T T T T T 0.3 1.0 0.7 T

0 0 870 44 131 0 0 0 0

23 3 460 23 69 T 0 0 T

2 T 908 45 136 T 0 0 T

T T 0.01 T T T 0.02 0.03 T

T T 0.06 T 0.01 T 0.01 0.01 T

100 46 100

69

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 T T

1.30 0.60 1.90 0.95 1.50 0.93 3.27 T T 2.00 0.98 2.90 0.49 5.40 1.70 3.00 2.50 1.60

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

1.4 0.6 1.1 0.6 1.3 0.8 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.8

506 233 428 214 314 195 685 0 0 429 210 1 250 213 680 680 350 407 260

T T 0.5 T 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.8 T

T T 0.20 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 T T T T 2.8 2.0 0.0

0.3 T 2.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.7

90 11 200 10 30 0 0 0 1

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

P

FATS AND OILS

P022 P014 P016

Ghee, butter Margarine, cooking Margarine, polyunsat, regular

P015

Margarine, polyunsat, reduce fat

P017

Oil, olive

P019

Oil, peanut

P021

Palm oil, red

P020

Vegetable oil, polyunsat

1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q082

Baby food, apples & apricots, strained 1 jar

Q083

Baby food, apricot and tapioca, junior

Q084

Baby food, beef, junior

Q085

Baby food, lamb, strained

Q079

Baby food, mix vegetable, strained

Q080

Baby food, vegetable & beef, strained

1 jar 1 jar 1 jar 1 jar 1 jar

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

100 100 100 5 100 5 100 14 100 14 100 14 100 14

1 15 16 1 57 3 T T T T T T 1 T

868 713 715 36 355 18 880 123 880 123 878 123 878 123

3 631 2 983 2 994 150 1 483 74 3 681 515 3 681 515 3 674 514 3 674 514

0.4 0.6 0.4 T 0.1 T T T T T T T T T

97.6 80.0 80.5 4.0 40.0 2.0 99.4 13.9 99.4 13.9 99.3 13.9 99.3 13.9

0.8 0.8 0.5 T 0.1 T 0.2 T 0.2 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

30 1 130 780 39 300 15 7 1 0 0 T T 0 0

1 2 1 T T T T T 1 T T T T T

27 33 20 1 47 2 0 0 0 0 T T 0 0

10 11 9 T 3 T 14 2 T T 0 0 0 0

1.8 0.1 T T T T 1.2 0.2 0.1 T 0.0 0.0 T T

100 135 100 220 100 99 100 99 100 128 100 128

88 118 82 181 80 79 80 79 89 114 89 113

45 60 66 146 102 101 99 98 39 50 51 66

187 252 278 611 428 424 415 411 162 208 214 274

0.2 0.3 0.3 0.7 14.5 14.4 14.1 14.0 1.2 1.5 2.0 2.6

0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 0.1 0.1 2.0 2.6

9.8 13.2 15.8 34.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 7.3 9.3 5.9 7.6

1.8 2.4 1.5 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 2.8 1.1 1.4

3 4 6 13 66 65 62 61 8 10 21 27

4 5 4 9 9 9 13 13 11 14 5 6

120 162 125 275 190 188 205 203 121 155 101 129

6 8 8 18 8 8 7 7 22 28 12 15

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5

70

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

P

FATS AND OILS

P022 P014 P016

Ghee, butter Margarine, cooking Margarine, polyunsat, regular

P015

Margarine, polyunsat, reduce fat

P017

Oil, olive

P019

Oil, peanut

P021

Palm oil, red

P020

Vegetable oil, polyunsat

1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q082

Baby food, apples & apricots, strained 1 jar

Q083

Baby food, apricot and tapioca, junior

Q084

Baby food, beef, junior

Q085

Baby food, lamb, strained

Q079

Baby food, mix vegetable, strained

Q080

Baby food, vegetable & beef, strained

1 jar 1 jar 1 jar 1 jar 1 jar

Measure

Zn

Retinol

β-carotene equiv. µg

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 5 100 5 100 14 100 14 100 14 100 14

0.1 T T T T T 0.1 T 0.1 T T T T T

100 135 100 220 100 99 100 99 100 128 100 128

T T T T 2.0 2.0 2.8 2.7 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4

mg

mg

497 770 850 43 990 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

296 630 500 25 1 410 71 T T T T 12 000 1 680 T T

522 823 892 45 1 108 55 T T T T 1 000 140 T T

0.00 0.01 T T T T T T T T T T T T

0 0 0 0 31 31 26 26 0 0 0 0

234 316 458 1 007 0 0 0 0 1 640 2 099 372 476

20 26 38 84 31 31 26 26 137 175 31 40

0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03

71

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

0.00 0.04 T T T T T T T T T T T T

0.7 0.2 T T T T 0.5 0.1 T T T T T T

T T T T 0.10 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

3.3 11.6 11.6 0.6 15.8 0.8 5.1 0.7 15.2 2.1 27.5 3.9 15.8 2.2

268 93 7 T 4 T T T 1 T 1 T 1 T

0.03 0.04 0.01 0.03 0.16 0.16 0.20 0.20 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 3.3 3.2 2.9 2.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 1.46 2.19 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.32

18.9 25.5 17.9 39.4 1.9 1.9 1.2 1.2 2.8 3.6 1.2 1.5

0.6 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5

0 0 0 0 13 12 13 12 0 0 6 8

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q081

Baby food, vegetable & lamb, junior 1 jar

Q090 Q068

Banana chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Beans with chili, canned 1/2 cup 1 cup

Q066 Q003 Q088 Q089 Q093 Q006

Cheese snack, twistie-type Cheesecake, commercial Chips, pea-flour, fried Cheese flavour snacks, Twisties Cocoa, Samoan, T. cacao, processed Corn chips, flavoured

Q091 Q092 Q087 Q013 Q014 Q015 Q016 Q017 Q018 Q029 Q078

Taro chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Taro chips, Samoan, Tausala brand Frankfurter, bun & catsup/mustard Hamburger, bacon Hamburger, cheese Hamburger, egg Hamburger, plain Irish stew, canned, heated Lasagna, commercial Papadums, fried in vegetable oil Peanut butter, no added sugar

Q075

Peanut butter, smooth, with salt

1 small packet

1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 cup Q032

Pie, apple, deep, baked 1 slice (1/6 pie)

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 213 100 100 128 255 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 17 100 17 258 100 80

89 189 1 76 97 193 2 38 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 47 49 48 50 51 82 69 10 1 T 1 T 4 51 41

49 105 526 110 140 280 508 343 543 542 532 510 255 503 567 276 254 261 237 225 90 135 378 622 106 612 104 1 578 242 194

2

1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1

1 2 2 6 1

72

206 440 202 459 588 171 126 437 273 270 224 134 067 106 373 153 064 090 992 943 375 566 581 601 442 560 435 604 014 811

2.1 4.5 2.3 5.7 7.3 14.6 9.1 6.4 16.1 6.3 15.0 7.1 3.6 6.7 2.4 8.9 12.1 13.6 12.4 10.7 5.3 7.5 17.5 27.7 4.7 24.6 4.2 63.5 2.6 2.1

1.7 3.6 32.6 5.5 7.0 14.0 27.9 22.2 34.4 31.9 43.6 29.0 14.5 29.4 38.3 16.0 13.1 13.3 11.8 10.2 4.6 5.7 16.9 51.6 8.8 50.0 8.5 129.0 13.9 11.1

CHO available g

6.0 12.8 54.2 7.5 9.6 19.1 55.6 30.2 41.2 59.2 6.7 52.1 26.1 51.6 53.0 24.3 21.8 21.4 20.1 22.4 5.8 12.3 35.5 8.1 1.4 14.8 2.5 38.2 26.9 21.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

13 28 986 522 668 331 000 270 713 983 7 510 255 435 271 880 780 760 600 660 320 235 420 300 51 478 81 233 125 100

7 15 126 45 58 115 29 20 83 20 391 34 17 76 55 17 16 12 16 17 8 9 170 180 31 157 27 405 8 6

95 202 207 365 467 931 174 170 615 170 1 043 145 73 1 783 564 160 190 210 210 190 170 105 750 610 104 721 123 1 860 85 68

13 28 9 47 60 120 110 110 1 46 32 123 62 5 9 52 20 83 26 21 12 54 69 46 8 34 6 88 11 9

0.3 0.7 1.9 3.4 4.4 8.7 0.3 0.7 3.0 0.5 3.7 2.2 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 0.7 1.0 11.0 2.0 0.3 1.7 0.3 4.3 0.4 0.3

1.1 2.3 7.8 4.4 5.6 11.2 2.7 1.0 5.8 0.7 30.7 10.1 5.1 6.6 5.1 1.0 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.4 3.1 9.1 10.9 1.9 5.9 1.0 15.2 1.5 1.2

1 1

2

1

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q081

Baby food, vegetable & lamb, junior 1 jar

Q090 Q068

Banana chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Beans with chili, canned 1/2 cup 1 cup

Q066 Q003 Q088 Q089 Q093 Q006

Cheese snack, twistie-type Cheesecake, commercial Chips, pea-flour, fried Cheese flavour snacks, Twisties Cocoa, Samoan, T. cacao, processed Corn chips, flavoured

Q091 Q092 Q087 Q013 Q014 Q015 Q016 Q017 Q018 Q029 Q078

Taro chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Taro chips, Samoan, Tausala brand Frankfurter, bun & catsup/mustard Hamburger, bacon Hamburger, cheese Hamburger, egg Hamburger, plain Irish stew, canned, heated Lasagna, commercial Papadums, fried in vegetable oil Peanut butter, no added sugar

Q075

Peanut butter, smooth, with salt

1 small packet

1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon 1 cup Q032

Pie, apple, deep, baked 1 slice (1/6 pie)

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.2 0.5 0.6 2.0 2.6 5.1 1.1 0.5 1.7 0.5 4.7 1.7 0.9 2.0 1.1 1.2 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.0 0.8 1.0 2.5 2.9 0.5 2.5 0.4 6.5 0.2 0.2

0 0 T 0 0 0 25 120 0 10 T 0 0 T T T 50 110 100 70 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1

100 213 100 100 128 255 100 100 100 100 100 100 50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 17 100 17 258 100 80

β-carotene equiv. µg

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

638 1 359 T 204 261 520 5 480 110 65 14 T 35 18 T T 47 10 10 10 10 490 83 0 5 1 0 0 0 21 17

53 113 T 17 22 43 482 129 5 11 T 3 1 T T 4 51 111 101 71 41 28 0 T T 0 0 0 3 2

0.02 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.12 0.02 0.00 0.60 0.07 0.15 0.12 0.06 0.26 0.17 0.27 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.13 0.11 0.02 0.14 0.02 0.35 0.02 0.02

0.03 0.07 0.02 0.11 0.13 0.27 0.01 0.23 T 0.11 0.16 0.10 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.13 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.12 0.02 0.10 0.02 0.26 0.01 0.01

0.6 1.2 5.1 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.9 2.2 0.8 4.4 1.5 0.8 3.6 1.1 2.7 2.4 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.2 2.2 1.0 16.0 2.7 13.1 2.2 33.8 0.7 0.6

73

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.16 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.55 0.00 2.18 1.32 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 1.09 0.82 1.15 0.78 0.77 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

1.7 3.6 T 1.7 2.2 4.3 0.0 0.0 T 1.0 T 1.0 0.5 T 5.0 13.2 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 4.4 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.0 7.2

0.4 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.5 1.0 4.3 1.1 1.4 4.3 0.5 1.9 1.0 11.5 11.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.7 5.0 0.9 5.0 0.9 12.9 1.9 1.5

Cholesterol mg

6 13 0 17 22 43 8 46 12 1 6 2 1 0 0 23 29 34 110 26 42 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q033

Pie, fruit, commercial 1 slice (1/6 pie)

Q022

Pie, meat, family size

Q023

Pie, meat, Individual size

Q034 Q035 Q076 Q086

Pizza, ham & pine, frozen, baked Pizza, supreme, frozen, baked Pizza, with meat & thick crust Cheeseburger, double patty and bun

Q036 Q037

Popcorn, regular, commercial Potato crisps, plain

Q069

Potato crisps, plain, salted

Q038 Q039 Q040 Q041 Q042 Q043 Q050

Potato straws, plain Pretzels Pudding, plum, canned Pudding, self saucing Quiche, ham & cheese, comm, baked Ravioli, commercial Sausage roll

Q053

Soup, chicken noodle, dry mix, prep

Q054

Soup, cream veg, prepared, canned

Q055

Soup, minestrone, home prepared

1 slice (1/6 pie) 1 pie

1 burger

1 small packet 1 small packet

1 sausage roll 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 80 100 80 100 172 100 100 100 100 160 100 100 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 129 100 258 100 257 100 268

48 38 52 41 51 88 47 47 37 43 69 4 3 1 2 1 2 5 32 48 46 69 42 54 94 243 89 230 85 227

249 199 226 181 226 389 246 256 300 283 453 479 520 260 534 267 531 373 282 236 312 132 287 371 18 47 54 138 53 141

1 043 834 944 755 946 1 627 1 028 1 070 1 255 1 185 1 896 2 005 2 177 1 089 2 234 1 117 2 222 1 559 1 182 988 1 305 552 1 202 1 551 77 198 225 577 220 590

74

3.1 2.5 8.3 6.6 7.7 13.2 13.4 13.8 12.0 13.8 22.1 9.1 6.4 3.2 7.0 3.5 6.9 11.7 5.0 3.1 9.8 7.5 8.0 10.3 0.8 2.1 1.5 3.9 3.3 8.8

10.6 8.5 14.6 11.7 13.8 23.7 10.1 10.6 12.8 13.5 21.6 24.4 32.1 16.1 34.6 17.3 31.3 7.2 7.1 6.8 22.1 5.0 17.7 22.8 0.1 0.3 2.6 6.7 1.4 3.8

CHO available g

35.6 28.5 15.4 12.3 17.9 30.8 24.6 25.3 34.1 27.0 43.2 53.3 47.6 23.8 48.4 24.2 51.6 64.7 49.3 41.0 19.1 13.8 24.3 31.3 3.6 9.3 6.0 15.4 5.0 13.4

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

260 208 605 484 605 041 725 750 652 557 891 980 640 320 594 297 660 980 345 205 535 295 630 813 440 135 390 002 200 536

11 9 17 14 17 29 19 20 23 21 34 105 50 25 67 34 51 28 20 10 20 10 17 22 4 10 6 15 20 54

14 11 11 9 11 19 157 150 153 140 224 9 25 13 24 12 31 25 51 33 14 71 18 23 5 13 37 95 26 70

0.6 0.5 1.2 1.0 1.2 2.1 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.3 3.7 2.2 2.5 1.3 1.6 0.8 3.6 3.4 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.4 1.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.5 1.1 2.9

1.3 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.9 2.6 3.2 1.9 0.7 1.1 8.5 11.9 6.0 4.5 2.3 11.9 3.3 2.6 0.9 0.7 1.5 1.3 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.3 3.7 9.9

1

1

1 1

89 71 113 90 113 194 150 160 200 178 285 210 1 200 600 1 280 640 1390 170 215 46 137 155 98 126 76 196 79 203 260 697

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q033

Pie, fruit, commercial 1 slice (1/6 pie)

Q022

Pie, meat, family size

Q023

Pie, meat, Individual size

Q034 Q035 Q076 Q086

Pizza, ham & pine, frozen, baked Pizza, supreme, frozen, baked Pizza, with meat & thick crust Cheeseburger, double patty and bun

Q036 Q037

Popcorn, regular, commercial Potato crisps, plain

Q069

Potato crisps, plain, salted

Q038 Q039 Q040 Q041 Q042 Q043 Q050

Potato straws, plain Pretzels Pudding, plum, canned Pudding, self saucing Quiche, ham & cheese, comm, baked Ravioli, commercial Sausage roll

Q053

Soup, chicken noodle, dry mix, prep

Q054

Soup, cream veg, prepared, canned

Q055

Soup, minestrone, home prepared

1 slice (1/6 pie) 1 pie

1 burger

1 small packet 1 small packet

1 sausage roll 1 cup 1 cup 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.2 0.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.9 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.7 4.4 2.0 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.5 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.4 1.0 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 0.4 1.1

0 0 20 16 20 34 63 77 27 34 54 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 1 9 110 1 20 26 0 0 7 18 25 67

100 80 100 80 100 172 100 100 100 100 160 100 100 50 100 50 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 129 100 258 100 257 100 268

β-carotene equiv. µg

250 200 0 0 0 0 170 170 169 42 67 870 0 0 0 0 0 6 25 5 64 52 0 0 1 3 18 46 260 697

75

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

21 17 20 16 20 34 77 91 41 38 60 73 0 0 0 0 0 10 3 9 115 5 20 26 T T 9 22 47 125

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

0.02 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.33 0.21 0.34 0.07 0.12 0.06 0.17 0.08 0.11 0.11 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.13 0.03 0.08 0.05 0.13

0.00 0.00 0.13 0.10 0.13 0.22 0.14 0.18 0.32 0.24 0.38 0.09 0.07 0.04 0.20 0.10 0.05 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.23 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.06 0.15 0.14 0.36 0.02 0.05

0.7 0.6 1.5 1.2 2.9 5.0 2.0 2.2 3.4 3.8 6.0 2.8 3.4 1.7 3.8 1.9 2.9 2.9 0.5 0.6 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.1 0.5 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.7 1.9

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

0.00 0.00 0.77 0.62 0.77 1.32 0.54 0.47 0.27 1.20 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97

13.0 10.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 5.0 6.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 44.0 22.0 31.1 15.6 42.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.7

0.9 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.4 1.4 1.1 0.7 1.0 3.8 3.1 1.5 3.1 1.6 2.3 0.3 T T

0.58 T T 0.04 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.6 1.2 1.5 T T 0.2 0.6 0.4 1.1

Cholesterol mg

13 10 19 15 19 33 14 19 18 50 80 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 22 50 129 17 20 26 1 3 5 13 3 8

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q052

Soup, tomato, prepared, canned 1 cup

Q077

Spaghetti in tomato sauce, canned

Q061 Q062 Q065 Q064

Vegetables & sausages, canned Vegetables & steak, canned, heated Yeast, dried Yeast, compressed

R

MIXED COOKED DISHES

R020 R029 R025 R001 R003 R002 R018 R027 R019 R017 R022 R021 R004 R028 R026 R030 R014 R023 R015

Beef and sweet potato stew Bila, boiled Biro, cooked Curry, chicken, without bones Curry, vegetable Custard Fish & island cabbage, fried Fish salad, Tahitian, raw Laplap, cabbage, cassava & coconut Laplap, taro, chicken & coconut cream Manihikian bread Meat and island cabbage, fried Mutton, biriani Palusami, taro leaf & coconut cream Palusami, taro leaf & coconut & beef Palusami, corned mutton, earth-oven Poi, paiai Poke recipe, boiled Sandwich, toasted, cheese & ham

1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

100 258 100 264 100 100 100 100

89 229 82 216 81 81 6 72

43 111 64 170 85 80 259 105

181 466 269 710 355 334 1 083 441

1.3 3.4 1.9 5.0 3.9 5.6 36.4 13.6

0.9 2.3 0.4 1.1 4.2 3.4 5.0 2.0

7.5 19.4 13.1 34.6 7.1 6.0 6.3 4.9

0.2 0.5 0.7 1.8 2.0 1.7 21.9 6.9

340 877 420 1 109 435 455 170 50

10 26 10 26 15 15 95 42

190 490 110 290 193 235 1 470 610

35 90 12 32 23 21 18 7

0.2 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.1 1.2 3.5 1.7

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

81 48 52 66 79 75 60 85 62 63 42 56 50 69 66 71 72 54 43

93 212 182 200 108 115 208 59 151 167 232 223 272 157 172 151 110 177 282

388 886 760 839 451 481 871 245 633 698 972 933 1 138 656 719 633 458 743 1 182

3.9 0.5 1.4 10.2 2.5 4.6 12.0 5.8 2.4 5.2 4.9 15.5 7.5 5.8 9.9 10.4 0.4 0.6 14.3

4.9 1.9 4.1 17.0 7.4 5.3 16.5 2.3 5.8 6.9 0.5 17.8 16.9 12.7 12.9 11.2 0.1 0.2 16.2

8.2 48.2 30.2 2.0 7.2 12.5 3.0 2.6 22.2 20.9 51.9 0.2 23.0 2.7 2.3 1.4 26.8 43.6 20.5

0.6 1.5 11.1 0.5 2.0 T 0.9 2.3 1.4 1.2 1.7 1.0 0.7 5.4 4.4 2.3 0.5 0.7 0.1

25 47 2 620 370 76 202 46 7 18 1 540 270 3 263 252 12 7 690

11 20 23 24 21 9 247 9 131 91 16 259 22 174 146 20 24 1 23

120 135 446 270 270 141 249 229 322 378 75 345 255 763 658 302

13 18 17 24 45 113 425 54 152 28 9 314 41 199 166 65 18 24 270

0.6 1.3 0.7 1.9 2.7 0.5 6.8 0.6 3.2 0.8 0.6 8.2 0.9 3.2 3.5 3.0 1.4 0.7 1.9

76

158 225

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Q

PROCESSED FOODS

Q052

Soup, tomato, prepared, canned 1 cup

Q077

Spaghetti in tomato sauce, canned

Q061 Q062 Q065 Q064

Vegetables & sausages, canned Vegetables & steak, canned, heated Yeast, dried Yeast, compressed

R

MIXED COOKED DISHES

R020 R029 R025 R001 R003 R002 R018 R027 R019 R017 R022 R021 R004 R028 R026 R030 R014 R023 R015

Beef and sweet potato stew Bila, boiled Biro, cooked Curry, chicken, without bones Curry, vegetable Custard Fish & island cabbage, fried Fish salad, Tahitian, raw Laplap, cabbage, cassava & coconut Laplap, taro, chicken & coconut cream Manihikian bread Meat and island cabbage, fried Mutton, biriani Palusami, taro leaf & coconut cream Palusami, taro leaf & coconut & beef Palusami, corned mutton, earth-oven Poi, paiai Poke recipe, boiled Sandwich, toasted, cheese & ham

1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

100 258 100 264 100 100 100 100

0.2 0.5 0.3 0.8 1.2 1.6 18.0 3.9

10 26 31 82 0 0 0 0

110 284 24 63 800 1 150 1 1

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

1.3 0.4 0.1 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.2 0.7 0.7 0.2 3.3 1.3 1.0 1.0 2.0

0 0 0 385 0 5 0 17 0 9 0 6 105 0 2 195 0 0 120

24 T 22 68 640 20 990 603 990 33 0 330 240 040 320 336 0 434 70

0.2 1.1

2 1

3 4 3 2

77

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

mg

mg

19 49 33 87 67 96 T T

0.12 0.31 0.07 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.02

0.07 0.18 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.12 0.07

0.6 1.5 0.6 1.6 1.0 1.2 28.0 12.0

0.00 0.00 T T

31.7 81.8 T T 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

1.1 2.9 0.4 1.0

0.1 0.1

3 8 0 0 10 12 0 0

2 T 2 391 53 7 249 67 166 12 0 284 125 337 279 390 0 36 126

0.04 0.16 0.10 0.08 0.03 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.15 0.15 0.12 0.03 0.07 0.05 0.20

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.14 0.05 0.20 0.29 0.05 0.10 0.04 0.06 0.32 0.08 0.36 0.35 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.16

0.6 1.1 0.9 3.3 0.6 0.1 4.8 0.9 1.3 1.5 1.1 2.9 2.3 2.4 2.4 1.6 0.5 0.5 1.6

0.20

7.0 T 26.7 2.0 8.0 0.0 12.0 33.0 14.0 8.0 0.0 13.0 2.0 83.0 67.0 5.0 8.0 36.0 T

2.2

11

1.4 3.8

0 37 0 11 49 32 0 21 0 38 50 0 16 14 0 0 82

0.02 0.01

1.90 0.00 0.50 3.40 0.60 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.80 0.50 0.00 0.40 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.43

0.6 1.5 1.0 0.2 0.0 2.1 0.8 2.3 2.0 1.7 T 0.6

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

R

MIXED COOKED DISHES

R007

Toor dahl, cooked

S

CONFECTIONERY

S006

Chocolate, dark 1 small bar

S007

Chocolate, milk

S008

Chocolate, milk and nuts

S004

Chocolate bar, Bounty bar

S020

Chocolate bar, Mars bar

1 small bar 1 small bar 1 bar 1 bar S012

Honey 1 tablespoon

S013

Jam, unspecified 1 tablespoon

S015 S014 S037 S016 S019

Jelly, prepared Jelly, crystals Jollies, banana Licorice Marmalade, orange

S032 S021 S022 S034

Marzipan Meringue, commercial Muesli bar, fruit Pancake syrup

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon 1 cup

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

100

74

113

471

100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 21 100 20 100 100 100 100 100 20 100 100 100 100 20 314

T T 1 T 1 T 8 4 6 3 16 3 31 6 82 1 3 14 31 6 10 4 8 24 5 76

522 261 522 261 524 262 436 218 423 212 325 68 264 53 69 387 550 302 260 52 417 378 403 299 60 937

184 092 184 092 194 097 824 912 771 885 360 286 103 221 289 617 300 263 089 218 743 583 687 249 250 922

2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1

1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 3

78

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

CHO available g

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

4.6

4.6

12.5

2.1

270

22

244

16

1.0

5.1 2.6 8.3 4.2 11.1 5.6 4.5 2.3 5.2 2.6 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 7.1 4.2 4.9 0.1 T 7.4 2.6 4.8 0.0 0.0 0.0

28.5 14.3 27.4 13.7 29.5 14.8 22.4 11.2 17.2 8.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 32.2 0.8 0.0 0.0 18.1 1.4 14.8 0.0 0.0 0.0

62.6 31.3 62.0 31.0 53.0 26.5 52.1 26.1 62.6 31.3 82.1 17.2 65.9 13.2 16.2 90.7 62.2 68.2 65.5 13.1 55.1 90.1 62.2 75.7 15.1 237.7

1.2 0.6 0.8 0.4 4.9 2.5 7.4 3.7 1.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 1.3 3.0 0.8 0.2 4.8 0.0 3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0

55 28 90 45 71 36 130 65 190 95 14 3 13 3 93 520 19 120 33 7 12 40 49 83 17 261

120 60 49 25 71 36 41 21 34 17 3 1 5 1 2 0 17 120 29 6 59 0 52 2 T 6

440 220 450 225 480 240 310 155 290 145 62 13 70 14 1 4 101 1 060 27 5 120 32 300 2 T 6

52 26 250 125 230 115 87 44 160 80 8 2 7 1 1 4 2 280 15 3 110 3 32 1 T 3

4.4 2.2 1.5 0.8 1.9 1.0 1.8 0.9 1.6 0.8 0.2 T 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.7 8.8 0.3 0.1 1.4 0.0 1.6 0.1 T 0.3

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

R

MIXED COOKED DISHES

R007

Toor dahl, cooked

S

CONFECTIONERY

S006

Chocolate, dark 1 small bar

S007

Chocolate, milk

S008

Chocolate, milk and nuts

S004

Chocolate bar, Bounty bar

S020

Chocolate bar, Mars bar

S012

Honey

S013

Jam, unspecified

S015 S014 S037 S016 S019

Jelly, prepared Jelly, crystals Jollies, banana Licorice Marmalade, orange

S032 S021 S022 S034

Marzipan Meringue, commercial Muesli bar, fruit Pancake syrup

1 small bar 1 small bar 1 bar 1 bar 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon 1 cup

Measure

Zn

Retinol

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

g

mg

100

100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 21 100 20 100 100 100 100 100 20 100 100 100 100 20 314

mg

mg

mg

0.6

39

99

47

0.14

0.02

0.4

T

2.0 1.0 1.3 0.7 1.6 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.4 2.6 0.5 0.1 T 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.1 T T T

19 10 94 47 76 38 37 19 63 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

11 6 20 10 20 10 10 5 19 10 0 0 16 3 0 0 T 1 1 T 0 0 160 0 0 0

20 10 96 48 78 39 38 19 65 32 0 0 1 T 0 0 T 1 T T 0 0 13 0 0 0

0.05 0.03 0.08 0.04 0.09 0.05 0.02 0.01 0.06 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.20 0.00 0.00 T 0.00 0.12 0.01 T 0.03

0.13 0.07 0.60 0.30 0.55 0.28 0.19 0.10 0.37 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.07 0.06 0.01 T 0.03

1.3 0.7 1.1 0.6 3.1 1.6 0.5 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 6.0 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.3 T T T

T T 0.62 0.31 0.46 0.23 T T T T 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20

79

Vitamin B12 µg

0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

T

0.1

11

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.9 0.5 0.8 0.4 5.2 2.6 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T 6.0

0 0 18 9 21 11 8 4 15 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

S

CONFECTIONERY

S010 S036 S026

Seed bar, fruit and nut Sherbet Sugar, brown

S027

Sugar, raw

1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon 1 cup S028

Sugar, white 1 teaspoon 1 cup

S035 S003

Sugar cane juice Sweets, boiled 1 boiled sweet

S011

Syrup, golden

S029 S030

Topping, chocolate Violet crumble

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T002 T043 T003 T005 T004 T033 T006 T007 T009 T010

Allspice powder Barbecue sauce, commercial Cardamom Chilli, dried Chilli powder Chilli sauce, bottled Cinnamon powder Cloves Coriander, leaves, dried Coriander, seeds

1 tablespoon

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

2.0 0.4 1.2 T 0.3 T 0.7 T T T 1.3 0.5 T 3.3 0.7 0.2 0.9

7.1 0.5 19.9 1.4 14.3 0.4 38.1 5.0 8.0 34.5

100 100 100 3 100 13 218 100 4 214 100 100 5 100 20 100 100

8 71 2 T T T T T T T 83 2 T 17 3 49 2

424 111 383 11 394 51 858 394 16 844 68 344 17 322 64 200 456

1 773 465 1 601 48 1 647 214 3 590 1 650 66 3 531 284 1 440 72 1 346 269 836 1 907

9.1 0.5 0.2 T T T T T T T 0.3 0.0 0.0 6.5 1.3 0.7 2.6

19.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 16.2

50.4 25.2 96.8 2.9 99.8 13.0 217.6 100.0 4.0 214.0 16.5 87.3 4.4 74.9 15.0 49.3 76.4

7.7 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3

91 10 21 1 1 T 2 0 0 0 2 71 4 130 26 69 260

80 4 21 1 3 T 7 0 0 0

460 38 300 9 21 3 46 2 T 4

10 1 37 7 14 31

4 T 610 122 180 340

63 15 150 5 7 1 15 1 T 2 10 2 T 230 46 8 76

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

9 54 18 14 8 68 10 23 7 10

333 181 249 327 338 111 249 284 313 381

1 395 759 1 043 1 370 1 415 464 1 040 1 189 1 310 1 595

6.1 0.7 10.0 12.8 12.3 2.8 3.9 5.4 21.8 11.1

8.7 0.2 3.3 4.5 16.8 0.4 3.2 12.4 4.8 17.6

48.3 44.3 34.8 54.5 17.5 24.0 25.5 25.0 41.1 38.9

21.6 1.1 22.1 10.8 37.0 0.7 54.3 28.2 10.4 14.2

77 640 13 24 1 010 1 140 26 282 210 93

130 9 205 91 170 12 56 218 690 328

1 040 140 1 180 173 1 920 86 500 961 4 470 1 820

660 15 1 630 107 280 7 1 230 740 1 250 605

80

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

S

CONFECTIONERY

S010 S036 S026

Seed bar, fruit and nut Sherbet Sugar, brown

S027

Sugar, raw

1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon 1 cup S028

Sugar, white 1 teaspoon 1 cup

S035 S003

Sugar cane juice Sweets, boiled

S011

Syrup, golden

S029 S030

Topping, chocolate Violet crumble

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T002 T043 T003 T005 T004 T033 T006 T007 T009 T010

Allspice powder Barbecue sauce, commercial Cardamom Chilli, dried Chilli powder Chilli sauce, bottled Cinnamon powder Cloves Coriander, leaves, dried Coriander, seeds

1 boiled sweet 1 tablespoon

Measure

Zn

Retinol

β-carotene equiv. µg

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 3 100 13 218 100 4 214 100 100 5 100 20 100 100

1.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 T 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3

0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7

100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 0 0 1

8 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 0 0 7

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

1.0 T 6.7 1.1 2.7 0.1 2.0 0.9 2.9 4.7

0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

325 41 0 10 400 21 000 340 155 265 7 870 77

27 4 0 867 1 750 28 13 22 656 6

81

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

mg

mg

mg

0.22 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06

0.16 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40

3.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.0 4.0

0.04 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.10 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.35 0.05 0.08 0.03 1.25 0.24

0.06 0.05 0.22 1.30 0.79 0.03 0.14 0.00 1.50 0.34

2.9 0.1 1.9 4.2 7.9 0.0 1.3 0.0 10.7 2.1

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

39.2 0.0 18.8 43.0 0.0 2.8 28.5 0.0 567.0 20.8

Vitamin E mg

10.4 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2

T 3.3 29.1 1.9 1.0 7.0 1.0 1.0

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T013 T014 T060 T035 T061 T017 T057 T037 T058 T019 T053

Cumin, seeds Curry powder Garlic, boiled Gelatine Ginger, boiled Ginger, root, fresh Gravy, powder, dried Gravy powder, prepared Kim chee Lemon grass Lemons, juice, freshly extracted 1 cup 1 tablespoon

T038 T054 T044 T020 T039 T056 T021 T041

Mayonnaise, commercial Mornay sauce Mushroom sauce, with butter, can, heat Mustard, seeds Mustard, cream type, commercial Mustard, French Nutmeg powder Onion, pickled, commercial, drained

T022 T023 T024 T025

Oregano powder Oyster sauce Paprika Parsley, leaves, raw

1 onion

1 tablespoon 1 cup chopped T026 T042

Pepper, black Pickles, mustard, commercial

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 258 16 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 25 100 100 100 100 3.7 64 100 100

13 10 55 11 89 86 11 93 90 83 91 236 15 47 78 92 8 75 80 6 82 21 7 63 10 79 3 50 13 78

362 339 136 346 34 46 324 21 28 61 9 24 2 369 102 28 489 83 89 497 58 14 351 83 347 46 2 30 329 79

1 515 1 417 567 1 450 143 191 1 354 87 117 254 40 102 6 1 543 428 116 2 048 348 373 2 078 242 61 1 470 349 1 451 193 7 123 1 378 332

82

12.7 12.6 6.8 84.4 0.9 2.1 8.9 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.3 0.8 T 0.9 5.5 0.4 22.7 5.8 5.5 5.8 0.5 0.1 11.0 3.9 14.8 5.2 0.2 3.3 11.5 0.8

14.8 13.7 3.1 0.4 0.4 1.0 9.0 0.1 T 0.7 0.2 0.5 T 32.3 5.3 1.1 31.6 3.1 5.0 36.3 0.2 0.1 10.3 0.1 13.0 0.5 T 0.3 6.8 0.5

CHO available g

39.5 26.1 11.3 0.0 5.3 5.8 51.8 4.2 3.8 11.5 1.6 4.1 0.3 19.9 8.4 3.6 26.7 6.2 5.1 28.5 13.0 3.3 47.4 16.9 33.4 0.8 T 0.5 49.2 17.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

21 450 8 330 10 3 200 630 6 2 2 5 T 810 490 370 90 420 217 16 790 198 15 160 34 33 1 21 43 620

347 280 24 15 22 28 27 2 8 35 7 18 1 3 17 3 295 55 41 180 26 7 270 50 190 52 2 33 184 8

12.5 33.2 18.8 0.0 3.2 2.8 1.9 0.0 4.5 3.3 0.1 0.3 T 0.5 T 1.1 6.5 4.1 1.3 20.8 1.5 0.4 15.0 0.0 20.9 9.1 0.3 5.8 14.9 1.4

8

1 1

4

929 1 540 460 7 215 125 129 11 238 288 140 361 22 13

1 2 1

1

98 780 160 164 350 63 16 670 94 340 080 40 691 220 61

664 640 29 250 16 17 30 3 25 28 8 21 1 8 230 2 431 83 87 180 26 7 1 580 25 180 330 12 211 460 15

29.9 58.3 1.6 2.1 0.6 2.5 1.1 0.4 0.3 1.1 0.1 0.3 T 0.3 0.2 0.6 23.0 2.0 1.8 3.0 0.1 T 44.0 2.4 23.6 8.0 0.3 5.1 16.8 0.6

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T013 T014 T060 T035 T061 T017 T057 T037 T058 T019 T053

Cumin, seeds Curry powder Garlic, boiled Gelatine Ginger, boiled Ginger, root, fresh Gravy, powder, dried Gravy powder, prepared Kim chee Lemon grass Lemons, juice, freshly extracted 1 cup 1 tablespoon

T038 T054 T044 T020 T039 T056 T021 T041

Mayonnaise, commercial Mornay sauce Mushroom sauce, with butter, can, heat Mustard, seeds Mustard, cream type, commercial Mustard, French Nutmeg powder Onion, pickled, commercial, drained

T022 T023 T024 T025

Oregano powder Oyster sauce Paprika Parsley, leaves, raw

1 onion

1 tablespoon 1 cup chopped T026 T042

Pepper, black Pickles, mustard, commercial

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 258 16 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 25 100 100 100 100 3.7 64 100 100

4.5 4.1 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.1 0.1 T T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 140 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.5 5.6 0.8 0.7 2.2 0.4 0.1 4.4 0.9 4.1 0.9 T 0.6 1.4 0.2

β-carotene equiv. µg

4 36 7 4

83

716 100 9 0 32 33 0 0 181 0 11 28 2 1 99 5 134 T 0 60 1 T 140 0 300 000 259 480 111 25

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

60 8 1 0 3 3 0 0 15 0 1 2 T 1 148 T 11 T 0 5 T T 345 0 3 025 583 22 373 9 2

0.63 0.25 0.08 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.31 0.00 0.10 0.04 0.02 0.05 T T 0.05 0.00 0.17 0.20 0.10 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.65 0.15 0.01 0.10 0.11 T

0.20 0.28 0.06 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.37 0.00 0.14 0.05 0.01 0.03 T 0.49 0.35 0.07 0.25 0.03 0.20 0.06 0.06 0.02 0.32 0.04 1.74 0.30 0.01 0.19 0.23 0.00

5.9 3.5 0.8 0.0 0.9 0.7 1.8 0.3 1.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 T 0.0 0.2 1.2 3.9 1.0 0.8 1.3 0.0 0.0 6.2 0.0 15.3 1.0 T 0.6 1.1 0.2

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

Vitamin C mg

0.0 11.4 8.0 0.0 2.0 5.3 0.0 0.0 15.3 0.0 50.0 129.0 8.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 22.0 0.0 75.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 71.1 150.0 5.6 96.0 0.0 6.0

Vitamin E mg

3.2 22.0 T 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 T 19.8 0.7 1.5 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.0 T T 18.9 0.0 29.8 2.6 0.1 1.7 0.0 0.2

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 32 30 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T027 T046

Saffron Soy sauce, commercial

T050 T059 T052 T045 T048

Stock cube Thousand island dressing Tomato catsup Tomato pasta sauce, comm, heated Tomato sauce, commercial

T031 T051 T055

Turmeric powder Vegemite Vinaigrette sauce

T036 T049

Vinegar Worcestershire sauce

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon W

BEVERAGES

W001

Beer, bitter/draught

W002

Beer, low alcohol

W003

Beer, reduced alcohol

W005 W006 W007

Brandy Champagne Cocoa powder, Australian

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 100 18 100 100 100 100 100 15 100 100 100 16 100 100 18

100 1 large bottle (745mL) 747 100 1 can (355mL) 358 100 1 can (355mL) 358 100 100 100 2 teaspoons 3.6

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

12 72 13 4 46 67 85 71 11 10 40 24 4 96 73 13

340 33 6 213 373 114 52 106 16 349 145 647 103 17 78 14

1 423 136 25 893 1 560 476 219 444 67 1 462 608 2 706 433 72 326 59

11.4 5.4 1.0 11.3 0.9 1.5 1.4 1.2 0.2 6.7 24.4 0.1 T 0.1 1.3 0.2

5.9 0.0 0.0 8.9 35.7 0.4 0.7 0.2 T 7.0 1.0 73.0 11.7 0.0 0.2 T

59.4 2.7 0.5 22.5 13.2 25.7 9.4 24.3 3.6 55.7 8.1 0.2 T 4.3 17.6 3.2

3.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 1.6 1.8 1.9 0.3 21.2 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.1

148 6 310 1 136 18 400 700 1 190 470 970 146 38 3 060 960 154 5 1 060 191

264 32 6 25 2 22 17 17 3 193 160 13 2 16 83 15

1 720 180 32 250 113 481 360 390 59 2 530 2 320 19 3 73 890 160

110 17 3 71 11 19 24 12 2 182 54 5 1 4 160 29

11.1 2.2 0.4 2.5 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.1 41.4 2.7 0.1 T 0.4 3.7 0.7

93 695 97 347 95 339 66 89 4 T

35 260 10 36 24 88 205 64 425 15

145 1 086 42 150 102 366 858 266 1 777 64

0.3 2.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 1.1 0.0 0.2 19.6 0.7

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.0 0.5

2.0 14.9 1.1 3.9 2.2 7.9 0.3 1.0 53.9 1.9

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.5 0.2

8 60 6 21 6 21 2 10 260 9

6 45 5 18 6 21 0 7 510 18

31 232 24 86 32 115 T 8 2 550 92

4 30 3 11 3 11 0 8 150 5

T T 0.0 0.0 T T T 0.2 16.0 0.6

84

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

T

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES

T027 T046

Saffron Soy sauce, commercial

T050 T059 T052 T045 T048

Stock cube Thousand island dressing Tomato catsup Tomato pasta sauce, comm, heated Tomato sauce, commercial

T031 T051 T055

Turmeric powder Vegemite Vinaigrette sauce

T036 T049

Vinegar Worcestershire sauce

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon

1 tablespoon W

BEVERAGES

W001

Beer, bitter/draught

W002

Beer, low alcohol

W003

Beer, reduced alcohol

W005 W006 W007

Brandy Champagne Cocoa powder, Australian

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

100 100 18 100 100 100 100 100 15 100 100 100 16 100 100 18

100 1 large bottle (745mL) 747 100 1 can (355mL) 358 100 1 can (355mL) 358 100 100 100 2 teaspoons 3.6

µg

β-carotene equiv. µg

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

1.1 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 T 4.4 5.1 0.1 T 0.0 0.4 0.1

0 1 T 0 96 0 1 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 1 T

339 0 0 24 0 612 260 260 39 0 1 0 0 0 8 1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T T 0.1 8.2 0.3

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 17 1

85

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

mg

mg

mg

28 1 T 2 96 51 23 22 3 0 T 0 0 0 2 T

0.40 T T 0.13 0.01 0.09 T T T 0.15 18.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 T T

0.40 0.11 0.02 0.14 0.02 0.07 0.10 0.08 0.01 0.23 22.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.01

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 T

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 T

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.01

Cholesterol

11.0 0.5 0.1 3.1 T 1.4 1.0 1.3 0.2 5.1 130.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1

0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

80.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 26.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.5 2.1 1.5 0.2 3.2 0.0 3.9 0.6 0.0 0.1 T

0 0 0 9 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 T 0 2 T

0.4 3.0 0.4 1.4 0.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 6.9 0.2

T T T T 0.02 0.07 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00

2.0 14.9 2.0 7.2 2.0 7.2 0.0 3.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

W

BEVERAGES

W034

Cocoa powder, Malaysian 2 teaspoons

W008

Coffee powder, instant

W035

Coffee, brewed

W009 W010 W011

Cordial, blackcurrant, prepared Cordial, citrus, 25% prepared Fruit drink, orange

W012

Gin

W016

Juice, orange, commercial

W015

Juice, orange and mango

W014

Juice, tomato, canned, salted

W040 W017

Kava, Piper methysticum Liqueur, coffee-flavoured

W019

Milo powder

W021 W020 W023

Mineral water, natural Mineral water and juice Ovaltine powder

W024

Port

1 teaspoon 1 serving (150mL)

200mL 1 nip (20mL) 1 cup 1 cup (250mL) 1 cup (250mL)

1 glass (20mL) 2.5 tablespoons

1 tablespoon 1 glass (55mL)

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

100 3.6 100 1 100 155 100 100 100 208 100 19 100 264 100 262 100 257 100 100 22 100 20 100 100 100 6.4 100 56

3 T 3 T 99 154 93 94 93 194 68 13 94 247 94 246 97 248 98 23 5 2 T 100 94 1 T 70 39

454 16 132 1 2 3 45 34 39 81 205 39 36 95 34 90 18 46 6 368 81 433 87 0 38 389 25 150 84

1 898 68 551 6 8 13 189 144 163 338 858 163 151 399 143 376 75 192 25 1 538 338 1 814 363 0 160 1 626 104 628 352

86

14.8 0.5 13.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.6 0.6 1.6 0.7 1.8 0.2 0.1 T 12.6 2.5 0.0 0.0 11.5 0.7 0.2 0.1

22.4 0.8 0.6 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.1 10.5 2.1 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.2 0.0 0.0

CHO available g

48.8 1.8 10.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 11.4 8.7 9.7 20.2 0.0 0.0 8.4 22.2 7.8 20.4 3.7 9.5 0.2 55.1 12.1 73.4 14.7 0.0 9.7 80.2 5.1 12.9 7.2

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

95 3 19 T 2 3 9 9 7 15 0 0 3 8 3 8 220 565 10 10 2 290 58 8 15 170 11 16 9

521 19 360 4 5 8 2 2 3 6 0 0 7 18 7 18 7 18 4 5 1 170 34 4 4 120 8 10 6

2 980 107 3 700 37 54 84 12 4 37 77 0 0 150 396 160 419 190 488 65 40 9 950 190 1 5 1 120 72 85 48

82 3 140 1 2 3 4 3 4 8 0 0 9 24 8 21 6 15 6 1 T 420 84 6 5 230 15 5 3

8.6 0.3 2.8 T 0.1 0.1 0.1 T 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 T T 0.2 0.6 0.8 2.1 1.0 0.1 T 25.0 5.0 0.0 T 17.0 1.1 0.2 0.1

1.5 0.1 16.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 T 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

W

BEVERAGES

W034

Cocoa powder, Malaysian 2 teaspoons

W008

Coffee powder, instant

W035

Coffee, brewed

W009 W010 W011

Cordial, blackcurrant, prepared Cordial, citrus, 25% prepared Fruit drink, orange

W012

Gin

W016

Juice, orange, commercial

W015

Juice, orange and mango

W014

Juice, tomato, canned, salted

W040 W017

Kava, Piper methysticum Liqueur, coffee-flavoured

1 teaspoon 1 serving (150mL)

200mL 1 nip (20mL) 1 cup 1 cup (250mL) 1 cup (250mL)

1 glass (20mL) W019

Milo powder

W021 W020 W023

Mineral water, natural Mineral water and juice Ovaltine powder

2.5 tablespoons

1 tablespoon W024

Port 1 glass (55mL)

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 3.6 100 1 100 155 100 100 100 208 100 19 100 264 100 262 100 257 100 100 22 100 20 100 100 100 6.4 100 56

6.9 0.2 0.3 T T T T 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 T T T T 0.1 0.3 0.2 T T 1.9 0.4 0.0 0.0 1.5 0.1 T T

176 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 870 174 0 0 1 980 127 0 0

β-carotene equiv. µg

55 2 0 0 0 0 T 0 108 225 0 0 99 261 97 254 150 386 T 0 0 53 11 0 0 9 1 T T

87

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

mg

mg

mg

181 6 0 0 0 0 T 0 9 19 0 0 8 22 8 21 13 32 T 0 0 874 175 0 0 1 981 127 T T

0.12 T T T 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.18 0.37 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.13 0.03 0.08 0.03 0.06 T 0.04 0.01 2.60 0.52 0.00 0.00 3.10 0.20 0.00 0.00

0.33 0.01 0.82 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.21 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.04 T 0.01 T 1.20 0.24 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.19 0.00 0.00

1.7 0.1 63.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 T T 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.6 0.7 1.8 0.6 1.5 T 0.2 T 2.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 22.0 1.4 0.0 0.0

Vitamin B12 µg

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33 0.00 0.73 1.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.70 0.34 0.00 0.00 1.70 0.11 T T

Vitamin C mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 55.0 6.5 5.0 10.4 0.0 0.0 47.0 124.1 69.0 180.8 20.0 51.4 T 0.0 0.0 110.0 22.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Vitamin E mg

0.7 T 0.5 T 0.0 0.0 T T T T 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.6 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 T 0.0 0.2 T 0.0 0.0

Cholesterol mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 28 6 0 0 10 1 0 0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

W

BEVERAGES

W025

Rum 1 nip (20mL)

W026

Sherry, dry

W027

Sherry, sweet

W028

Softdrink, cola

1 glass (59mL) 1 glass (59mL) 1 can (355mL) 1 bottle (500mL) W038

Softdrink, cola, diet

W029

Softdrink, lemonade

W039

Softdrink, lemonade, diet

W041 W042 W036

Tea, lemon grass, brewed, C. coloratus Tea, lemon leaf, brewed, Citrus sp. Tea, Indian, infused

W037 W031

Thick shake, McDonald’s Whisky

W032

Wine, red

W033

Wine, white

1 can (350mL) 1 can (350mL) 1 can (350mL)

1 cup

1 nip (20mL) 1 glass (104mL) 1 glass (104mL)

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

847 161 411 242 598 353 180 692 975 2 6 178 650 0 0 9 11 2 4 459 850 161 282 290 274 285

0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 5.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 T T 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

100 19 100 59 100 59 100 385 542 100 350 100 365 100 350 100 100 100 251 100 100 19 100 103 100 104

68 13 83 49 73 43 93 359 506 100 349 93 340 100 350 100 100 100 250 75 68 13 88 91 88 92

202 38 98 58 143 84 43 165 233 0 1 43 155 0 0 2 3 0 1 110 203 39 67 69 65 68

88

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.4 6.7 10.9 42.0 59.1 T T 10.8 39.4 0.0 0.0 T T T T 14.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 1.1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

2 T 19 11 19 11 12 46 65 6 21 17 62 17 60 3 1 2 5 78 0 0 11 11 24 25

0 0 6 4 6 4 T T T 1 4 0 0 1 4 3 1 1 3 11 0 0 11 11 7 7

0 0 39 23 55 32 T T T 0 0 T T T T 18 4 17 43 163 0 0 88 91 46 48

0 0 5 3 4 2 T T T 4 14 1 4 1 4 8 2 T T 210 0 0 7 7 7 7

T T T T 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T T T 0.1 T T 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

W

BEVERAGES

W025

Rum 1 nip (20mL)

W026

Sherry, dry

W027

Sherry, sweet

W028

Softdrink, cola

1 glass (59mL) 1 glass (59mL) 1 can (355mL) 1 bottle (500mL) W038

Softdrink, cola, diet

W029

Softdrink, lemonade

W039

Softdrink, lemonade, diet

W041 W042 W036

Tea, lemon grass, brewed, C. coloratus Tea, lemon leaf, brewed, Citrus sp. Tea, Indian, infused

W037 W031

Thick shake, McDonald’s Whisky

W032

Wine, red

W033

Wine, white

1 can (350mL) 1 can (350mL) 1 can (350mL)

1 cup

1 nip (20mL) 1 glass (104mL) 1 glass (104mL)

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.0 0.0 T T T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T T T 0.5 0.0 0.0 T T T T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 0 0 0 0 0 0

100 19 100 59 100 59 100 385 542 100 350 100 365 100 350 100 100 100 251 100 100 19 100 103 100 104

β-carotene equiv. µg

0 0 0 0 T T 0 0 0 0 0 T T 0 0 T T 0 0 51 0 0 0 0 0 0

89

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

Vitamin B12 µg

mg

mg

0 0 0 0 T T 0 0 0 0 0 T T 0 0 T T 0 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 T T T T 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 T T 0.01 0.03 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 T 0.1 0.3 T 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1

0.00 0.00 T T T T 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.00 0.00 T T T T

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 3.1

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0

mg

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

X

COCONUT PRODUCTS

X010

Coconut, desiccated 1 tablespoon

X011 X013 X019 X003

Coconut, Coconut, Coconut, Coconut,

embryo germinating flesh, immature water only, immature flesh, mature 1 cup 1 piece (5 x 5 x 1.3 cm)

X012 X001

Coconut, flesh, fresh, mature Coconut cream, canned/UHT

X002 X014 X009 X018 X016 X008 X005

Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut

Y

WILD ANIMAL FOODS

Y017 Y001 Y005 Y007 Y006 Y002 Y008 Y019 Y009

Ants, tree, whole ant Bandicoot, flesh, cooked Bandicoot, flesh, raw Cassowary, cooked Cassowary, raw Crocodile, cooked Crocodile, raw Deer, flesh, cooked Flying fox, boiled

1 cup cream, fresh, no water cream, water added water, cavity fluid oil toddy, boiled toddy, fresh toddy, slightly fermented

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

CHO available g

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

18 1

95 6

650 39

33 6 16 15 7 17 21 33 13 9 110 T 122 34 43

30 4 48 45 22 57 29 45 28 39 9 T 19 4 4

377 57 340 320 153 370 230 357 280 T 310 T 452 110 137

12 1 19 2 12 10 9 5 14 4 6 15 16 29 2 T T T

2.6 0.2 0.7 1.3 T 1.1 1.0 0.5 2.2 1.0 1.6 1.8 1.6 0.1 T T T T

87 41 41 65 59

34 18 19 29 26

331 378 369 406

40 46

31 20

239 372

23 13 10 4 3 11 9 4 19

10.6 3.2 2.5 5.7 4.1 1.1 0.9 3.7 2.2

100 6 100 100 100 100 94 45 100 100 155 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

2 T 84 86 95 54 51 24 45 71 110 54 66 92 T 46 87 89

656 39 74 81 16 283 266 127 398 205 318 325 254 22 883 217 42 27

2 744 165 310 338 67 1 185 1 114 533 1 664 858 1 330 1 361 1 062 93 3 696 908 177 114

6.3 0.4 1.3 1.8 0.1 3.0 2.8 1.4 4.0 1.9 2.9 4.4 3.2 0.3 T 0.9 0.2 0.2

65.1 3.9 3.6 5.9 0.0 27.4 25.8 12.3 40.0 20.3 31.5 32.3 24.9 0.2 99.9 2.1 0.4 0.3

6.7 0.4 8.5 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.4 1.6 3.5 3.7 5.7 4.7 5.2 4.9 0.0 49.4 9.6 6.0

14.7 0.9 1.8 3.2 0.0 7.6 7.1 3.4 7.3 1.7 2.6 1.7 T 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

52 66 73 75 68 76 80 75 62

123 165 130 107 182 93 76 97 166

513 691 545 448 761 389 318 405 693

16.8 24.1 19.0 21.1 23.0 19.4 15.9 20.1 20.5

4.0 7.6 6.0 2.4 10.0 1.6 1.3 1.7 9.3

4.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

90

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

X

COCONUT PRODUCTS

X010

Coconut, desiccated 1 tablespoon

X011 X013 X019 X003

Coconut, Coconut, Coconut, Coconut,

embryo germinating flesh, immature water only, immature flesh, mature 1 cup 1 piece (5 x 5 x 1.3 cm)

X012 X001

Coconut, flesh, fresh, mature Coconut cream, canned/UHT

X002 X014 X009 X018 X016 X008 X005

Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut Coconut

Y

WILD ANIMAL FOODS

Y017 Y001 Y005 Y007 Y006 Y002 Y008 Y019 Y009

Ants, tree, whole ant Bandicoot, flesh, cooked Bandicoot, flesh, raw Cassowary, cooked Cassowary, raw Crocodile, cooked Crocodile, raw Deer, flesh, cooked Flying fox, boiled

1 cup cream, fresh, no water cream, water added water, cavity fluid oil toddy, boiled toddy, fresh toddy, slightly fermented

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

100 6 100 100 100 100 94 45 100 100 155 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

1.3 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 18 15 0 0

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

0.4 T 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.2 T T T T

4.9 2.0 1.6 4.2 2.9

2.8 2.2

β-carotene equiv. µg

91

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

mg

mg

mg

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T T T T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T T T T

0.02 T 0.02 0.11 T 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.00 T 0.05 T T

0.02 T 0.16 0.02 T 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 T T 0.02 T

1.3 0.1 0.9 3.6 2.8 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.1 T T 0.2 0.5

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 18 15 0 0

0.21 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.11 0.15 0.10 0.09

0.47 0.25 0.25 1.24 1.00 0.18 0.16 0.20 0.20

5.1 5.0 7.5 6.0 2.5 2.6 6.1 8.2

7.16 7.16 4.86 6.43

1.61 8.10

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

0.0 0.0 6.0 3.8 1.4 2.0 1.9 0.9 7.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 3.0 2.0 0.0 20.2 20.0 26.0

1.3 0.1

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0

2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

0.2 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 T 0.7

0.2 0.3

0.5

mg

71 57 73 98

81 80

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Y

WILD ANIMAL FOODS

Y010 Y011 Y012 Y021 Y020 Y003 Y013 Y018 Y004 Y014 Y015 Y016

Frog, raw Grub, larva, raw Insect, silkworm, raw Pig, flesh, baked Pig, flesh, boiled Pigeon, cooked, general Pigeon, raw, general Possum, boiled Rat, cooked Rat, raw Snails, small Snake, raw, general

Measure

Water

Energy

Energy

Protein

Total fat

g

g

kcal

kJ

g

g

84 56 61 64 69 46 59 64 66 75 79 72

65 255 221 159 137 250 190 188 146 110 60 93

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

271 1 069 926 663 572 1 048 795 787 612 458 251 389

92

15.3 20.2 23.1 30.1 19.5 32.9 25.0 21.7 30.1 22.6 12.6 18.0

0.3 19.6 14.2 4.1 6.5 13.2 10.0 11.3 2.7 2.0 1.0 2.0

CHO available g

0.0 T 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 T 0.5

TDF

Na

Mg

K

Ca

Fe

g

mg

mg

mg

mg

mg

0.0

163

8

T

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

61 47 111 105 136 41 38 84

28 20 33 33 23 18 18 229

452 367 203 190 1 331 354 T

23 9 6 4 4 19 15 23 39 37 10 0

1.3 5.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 22.0 18.6 9.5 0.0 0.0 3.2 0.0

THE PACIFIC ISLANDS FOOD COMPOSITION TABLES Key

Food name

Y

WILD ANIMAL FOODS

Y010 Y011 Y012 Y021 Y020 Y003 Y013 Y018 Y004 Y014 Y015 Y016

Frog, raw Grub, larva, raw Insect, silkworm, raw Pig, flesh, baked Pig, flesh, boiled Pigeon, cooked, general Pigeon, raw, general Possum, boiled Rat, cooked Rat, raw Snails, small Snake, raw, general

Measure

Zn

Retinol

g

mg

µg

0.4

18

T

8.0 7.0 2.2 1.7 3.9 2.0 1.5 0.9

2 1 13 10 0 0 0 39 0

0 0 0 0 T 0 0 0 12 0

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

β-carotene equiv. µg

93

Tot. Vit A equiv. µg

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin

Vitamin B12 µg

Vitamin C mg

Vitamin E mg

Cholesterol

mg

mg

mg

18 0 0 2 1 13 10 0 0 0 40 0

0.06

0.14

1.9

0.20

3.0

0.1

24

0.36 0.32 0.24 0.26 0.15 0.08 0.09 0.01 0.00

0.09 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.32 0.18 0.14 0.09 0.00

1.9 1.7 4.3 4.1 7.2 7.3 6.8 1.6 0.0

1.70 0.80 0.40 0.50 7.10 7.16 6.71 0.44

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

T 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4

89 59 142 108 111 71 53 51

4.6

mg

7.

APPENDIXES

APPENDIX I ALCOHOL VALUES Key

W001

Foods

Measure

Beer, bitter/draught

100 g 1 large bottle (745 ml)

W002 W003

Beer, low alcohol Beer, reduced alcohol

Alcohol g

3.1 23.2

100 g

0.7

1 can (355 ml)

2.5

100 g

2.1

1 can (355 ml)

7.5

W005

Brandy

100 g

29.4

W006

Champagne

100 g

8.5

W012

Gin

100 g

29.6

1 nip (20 ml) W017

Liqueur, coffee-flavoured

100 g 1 glass (20 ml)

W024

Port

100 g 1 glass (55 ml)

W025

Rum

100 g 1 nip (20 ml)

W026

Sherry, dry

100 g 1 glass (59 ml)

W027

Sherry, sweet

100 g 1 glass (59 ml)

W031 W032 W033

Whisky

100 g

Wine, red Wine, white

96

5.9 21.0 4.2 15.9 8.9 29.2 5.8 15.7 9.3 15.6 9.4 29.3

1 nip (20 ml)

5.9

100 g

9.5

1 glass (104 ml)

9.8

100 g

10.9

1 glass (104 ml)

11.3

APPENDIX II KEY TO ABBREVIATIONS Abbreviation

Meaning

Food names Aust b/less boil can choc comm diam drain f froz grill Is. jun l l&f l&s mix PNG poach polyunsat prep reduce s simmer sp spp steam strain trim UHT unsw USA var veg

Australian boneless boiled canned chocolate commercial diameter drained fat frozen grilled Islands junior lean lean and fat lean and skin mixed Papua New Guinea poached polyunsaturated prepared reduced skin simmered species species, more than one steamed strained trimmed of fat ultra high temperature unsweetened United States of America variety vegetable(s)

97

APPENDIX III RECOMMENDED DIETARY INTAKES Tables of recommended dietary intakes of nutrients, FAO/WHO (2002).

APPENDIX IIIA. Recommended dietary intakes for children under seven years Infants 0–6 months

Vitamin A (f) (g) (RE µg/day) 375 Thiamin (mg/day) 0.2 Riboflavin (mg/day) 0.3 Niacin (a) (NE mg/day) 2 (b) Vitamin B12 (µg/day) 0.4 Vitamin C (d) (mg/day) 25 Vitamin E (acceptable intakes) (h) (α-TE mg/day) 2.7 (i) Zinc (mg/day) (from low to high bioavailability) 6.6 (g)-1.1 (e) (k) Iron* (i) (mg/day) (from 5% to 15% bioavailability) Magnesium* (mg/day) 26 (a) 36 (b) (c) Calcium* (mg/day) 300 (a) 400 (b) Sodium** (mmol) 6-12 (mg/day) 140-280 Potassium** (mmol) 10-15 (mg/day) 390-580 Protein** (g/day) 2.0/kg body wt

Young Children 7–11 months

1–3 yrs

4–6 yrs

400 0.3 0.4 4 0.5 30 2.7 (i) 8.3 (h)-2.5 (h) 19 (l)-6 (l) 53

400 0.5 0.5 6 0.9 30 5 (k) 8.4-2.4 12-4 60

450 0.6 0.6 8 1.2 30 5 (k) 10.3-3.1 13-4 73

400

500

600

14-25 320-580 12-35 470-1370 1.6/kg body wt

14-50 320-1150 25-70 980-2730 14-18

20-75 460-1730 40-100 1560-3900 18-24

APPENDIX IIIB. Recommended dietary intakes for children over seven years Adolescents

Children

Vitamin A (f) (g) (RE µg/day) Thiamin (mg/day) Riboflavin (mg/day) Niacin (a) (NE mg/day) Vitamin B12 (µg/day) Vitamin C (d) (mg/day) Vitamin E (acceptable intakes) (h) (α-TE mg/day) Zinc* (mg/day) (from low to high bioavailability) Iron* (i) (mg/day) (from 5% to 15% bioavailability)

Magnesium* (mg/day) Calcium* (c) (mg/day) Sodium** (mmol) (mg/day) Potassium** (mmol) (mg/day) Protein** (g/day)

Males

Females

7–9 yrs

10–18 yrs

10–18 yrs

500 0.9 0.9 12 1.8 35 7 (k) 11.3-3.3 18-6

600 1.2 1.3 16 2.4 40 10 19.2-5.7 29-10 (10-14 yrs) 38-12 (15-18 yrs)

100 700 26-100 600-2300 50-140 1950-5460 27-38

250 1300 (d) 40-100 920-2300 50-140 1950-5460 42-70

Key: • Non-menstruating females •• Menstruating females

98

600 1.1 1.0 16 2.4 40 7.5 15.5-4.6 28-9 (10-14 yrs)• 65-22 (10-14 yrs)•• 62-21 (15-18 yrs) 230 1300 (d) 40-100 920-2300 50-140 1950-5460 44-57

APPENDIX IIIC. Recommended dietary intakes for adults Adults Male 19–65 yrs

Female 65+ yrs

19–50 yrs

51–65 yrs

65+ yrs

Pregnancy

Lactation

(premenopausal) (menopausal)

Vitamin A (f) (g) (RE µg/day) Thiamin (mg/day) Riboflavin (mg/day) Niacin (a) (NE mg/day) Vitamin B12 (µg/day) Vitamin C (d) (mg/day) Vitamin E (acceptable intakes) (α-TE mg/day) Zinc* (mg/day) (from low to high bioavailability) Iron* (i) (mg/day) (from 5% to 15% bioavailability) Magnesium* (mg/day) Calcium* (c) (mg/day) Sodium** (mmol) (mg/day) Potassium** (mmol) Protein** (g/day)

(h)

600 1.2 1.3 16 2.4 45 10

600 1.2 1.3 16 2.4 45 10

500 1.1 1.1 14 2.4 45 7.5

500 1.1 1.1 14 2.4 45 7.5

600 1.1 1.1 14 2.4 45 7.5

800 1.4 1.4 18 2.6 55

850 1.5 1.6 17 2.8 70

(i)

(i)

14-4.2

14-4.2

9.8-3.0

9.8-3.0

9.8-3.0

20-3.4

19-4.2

27-9

27-9

59-20

23-8

23-8

(n)

30-10

260 1000 40-100 920-2300 50-140 55

230 1300 40-100 920-2300 50-140 55

220 1000 40-100 920-2300 50-140 45

220 1300 40-100 920-2300 50-140 45

190 220 1300 1200 40-100 +0 920-2300 +0 50-140 +0 45 +6

270 1000 +0 +0 +0 +16

* For the purposes of the composite tables of Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) values, the body weights used were derived from the 50th percentile of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) data until adult weights of 55 kg for females and 65 kg for males were reached. The weights used are the following: 0-6 mo = 6 kg; 7-12 mo = 8.9 kg; 1-3 yr = 12.1 kg; 4-6 yr = 18.2 kg; 7-9 yr = 25.2 kg; 10-11 yr M = 33.4 kg; 10-11 yr F = 34.8 kg; 12-18 yr M = 55.1 kg; 12-18 yr F = 50.6 kg; 10-18 yr M = 55.1 kg; 10-18 yr F = 50.6 kg; 19-65 yr M = 65 kg; 19-65 yr F = 55 kg ** National Health & Medical Research Council, 1991 NOTES - Vitamins (a) NE = niacin equivalents, 60-to-1 conversion factor for tryptophan to niacin. (b) Preformed niacin. (c) DFE = dietary folate equivalents; mg of DFE provided = [mg of food folate + (1.7 x mg of synthetic folic acid)]. (d) It is recognised that larger amounts would promote greater iron absorption. (f) Vitamin A values are "recommended safe intakes" instead of RNIs. This level of intake is set to prevent clinical signs of deficiency, allow normal growth, but does not allow for prolonged periods of infections or other stresses. (g) Recommended safe intakes as µg RE/day; 1 µg retinol=1 µg RE; 1 µg b-carotene=0.167 µg RE; 1 µg other provitamin A carotenoids=0.084 µg RE. (h) Vitamin E data were considered insufficient to formulate recommendations so "acceptable intakes" are listed instead. (i) For pregnancy and lactation there is no evidence of requirements for vitamin E that differ from those of older adults. Breast milk substitutes should not contain less than 0.3 mg a-tocopherol equivalents (TE)/100 ml of reconstituted product, and not less than 0.4 mg TE/g PUFA. Human breast milk vitamin E is fairly constant at 2.7 mg for 850 ml of milk. NOTES - Minerals (a) Human breast milk. (b) Infant formula. (c) The data used in developing calcium RNIs originate from developed countries, and there is controversy as to their appropriateness for developing countries. This notion also holds true for most nutrients, but based on current knowledge, the impact appears to be most marked for calcium. (d) Particularly during the growth spurt. (e) Human-milk fed infants only. (f) Formula-fed infants, moderate zinc bioavailability. (g) Formula-fed infants, low zinc bio-availability due to infant consumption of phytate rich cereals and vegetable protein-based formula. (h) Not applicable to infants consuming human milk only. (i) There is evidence that iron absorption can be significantly enhanced when each meal contains a minimum of 25 mg of Vitamin C, assuming three meals per day. This is especially true if there are iron absorption inhibitors in the diet such as phytate or tannins. (k) Neonatal iron stores are sufficient to meet the iron requirement for the first six months in full term infants. Premature infants and low birth weight infants require additional iron. (l) Bioavailability of dietary iron during this period varies greatly. (m) Non-menstruating adolescents. (n) It is recommended that iron supplements in tablet form be given to all pregnant women because of the difficulties in correctly evaluating iron status in pregnancy. In the non-anaemic pregnant woman, daily supplements of 100 mg of iron (e.g., as ferrous sulphate) given during the second half of pregnancy are adequate. In anaemic women higher doses are usually required.

99

APPENDIX IV RECIPES – Ingredients and amounts B033 CHOCOLATE CAKE Ingredients

Weight (g)

self raising flour baking powder cocoa powder butter sugar milk golden syrup

283 14 35 250 213 230 30

B034 FRUIT CAKE Ingredients

Weight (g)

butter eggs baking powder sugar syrup flour mixed fruit

397 240 3.5 213 160 425 454

B046 PASTRY, Danish Ingredients

Weight (g)

flour baking powder eggs butter sugar

283 7 120 28 28

B057 SPONGE CAKE Ingredients

Weight (g)

eggs sugar salt flour baking powder butter warm water

180 170 1 113 3.5 57 30

B066 PANCAKE, home prepared Ingredients

Weight (g)

flour sugar salt water

283 28 1 795

100

B078 ROTI cooked Ingredients

Weight (g)

plain flour salt ghee/butter warm water

283 1 28 795

B080 PLAIN SCONE Ingredients

Weight (g)

flour salt baking powder butter

283 1 7 57

B095 DOUGHNUT, home made Ingredients

Weight (g)

flour salt butter sugar yeast warm water (oil for frying)

283 1 28 28 7 795 (375)

B098 RICE WITH COCONUT CREAM, cooked Ingredients

Weight (g)

rice coconut grated water

227 213 568

C096 FERN, leaves, boiled (Ota dina/Ota karisi) Ingredients

Weight (g)

ota dina/ota karisi salt onion (water for boiling)

500 5 10

D087 PUMPKIN, boiled Ingredients

Weight (g)

pumpkin cubes butter salt (water for boiling)

500 25 5

C025 PUMPKIN, leaves, boiled Ingredients

Weight (g)

pumpkin leaves (cleaned) salt (water for boiling)

101

500 5

C097 TARO, LEAVES Ingredients

Weight (g)

taro leaves salt onion ginger garlic (water for boiling)

500 5 10 5 5

J042 OCTOPUS, cooked Ingredients

Weight (g)

octopus cubed salt (water for boiling)

500 20

N004 EGG, chicken, fried Ingredients

Weight (g)

eggs cooking oil salt

120 5 1

N006 EGG, chicken, scrambled Ingredients

Weight (g)

eggs salt milk cooking oil

120 1 30 5

Q022 MUTTON PIES Ingredients

Weight (g)

shortcrust pastry cooked mutton mushroom onion parsley thyme seasoning egg

454 454 114 50 7 3.5 0.5 60

R001 CURRY, CHICKEN, without bones Ingredients

Weight (g)

chicken meat, cut into small strips onion cloves garlic few curry or bay leaves oil for frying ground cumin seeds bongo chillies or chilli powder masala turmeric powder tomatoes salt to taste

1 000 50 1 0.5 15 3.5 1.5 14 3.5 120 5

102

R003 CURRY, VEGETABLES Ingredients

Weight (g)

potato eggplant onion cloves garlic few curry or bay leaves oil for frying ground cumin seeds bongo chillies or chilli powder masala turmeric powder tomatoes salt to taste

500 500 50 1 0.5 15 3.5 1.5 14 3.5 120 5

(Replace potato and eggplant for other curry vegetables mix)

R002 CUSTARD Ingredients

Weight (g)

milk custard powder sugar

500 28 28

R020 BEEF AND SWEET POTATO STEW Ingredients

Weight (g)

chuck meat cubes plain flour salt pepper cooking oil clove garlic, crushed ripe tomatoes ginger, grated onion chopped sweet potato, peeled and cubed

1 000 28 7 2 76 0.5 120 7 5.0 500

R028 PALUSAMI, taro leaf & coconut cream Ingredients

Weight (g)

large size young tender taro leaves concentrated coconut cream onions

1 000 850 30

R026 PALUSAMI, taro leaf, coconut cream & corned beef Ingredients

Weight (g)

large size young tender taro leaves 1 000 concentrated coconut cream 850 corned beef 375 onions 30

103

R007 TOOR DAHL Ingredients

Weight (g)

toor dahl (after 8hrs soaked in water) water cooking oil garlic onion dhania leaves

227 600 10 5 10 5

X014 COCONUT CREAM, prepared with water Ingredients

Weight (g)

grated coconut water

2 000 1 000

Ingredients

Weight (g)

Y009 FLYING FOX, boiled

flying fox (cleaned) salt onion garlic ginger root (water for boiling)

500 10 10 10 10

Y020 PIG, baked Ingredients

Weight (g)

pig meat garlic crushed ginger salt onion

2 000 20 20 10 20

Ingredients

Weight (g)

pig meat garlic ginger onion salt (water for boiling)

1 000 10 20 20 10

Y020 PIG, flesh boiled

104

APPENDIX V FULL FOOD NAME

Key

Food - full name

STARCHY STAPLES A001 A089 A004 A095 A006 A005 A003 A002 A008 A041 A042 A011 A010 A012 A091 A092 A090 A088 A013 A015 A016 A014 A017 A019 A018 A023 A022 A036 A034 A032 A035 A028 A029 A027 A030 A031 A037 A039 A040 A097 A065 A063 A064 A048 A046 A052 A055 A058 A057 A059 A060 A102 A103 A066 A100 A101 A062

ARROWROOT, POLYNESIAN, flour, Tacca leontopetaloides BANANA, COOKING, ami, baked, Musa cultivar BANANA, COOKING, boiled in unsalted water, Musa cultivar BANANA, COOKING, opine, baked, Musa cultivar BANANA, COOKING, raw, Musa cultivar BANANA, COOKING, fried in oil, ripe, Musa cultivar BREADFRUIT, roasted/baked (dry oven heat), Artocarpus altilis BREADFRUIT, boiled, Artocarpus altilis BREADFRUIT, pulp, raw, mature, Artocarpus sp. CASSAVA, tuber, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Manihot esculenta CASSAVA, tuber, baked, Manihot spp. CASSAVA, boiled, Manihot esculenta CASSAVA, FLOUR, Manihot esculenta CASSAVA, raw, Manihot esculenta JAKFRUIT, raw, Artocarpus heterophyllus JAKFRUIT, raw, Artocarpus integer JAKFRUIT, raw, Artocarpus sp. PANDANUS, FLOUR, Pandanus cultivar POTATO, FRIES, commercial, deep fried, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, SALAD, canned, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, tuber, baked, salt & fat added, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, HASH BROWN, McDonald's, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, DRIED, home prepared, mashed, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, PALE SKIN, peeled tuber, baked, Solanum tuberosum POTATO, PALE SKIN, peeled tuber, boiled, Solanum tuberosum SAGO, FLOUR, Metroxylon spp. SAGO, FLOUR, meal, Metroxylon spp. SWEET POTATO, COMPOSITE, tuber, baked, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, COMPOSITE, tuber, boiled, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, COMPOSITE, tuber, raw, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, COMPOSITE, tuber, steamed, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, konime, tuber, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Ipomoea batatas var. konime SWEET POTATO, konime, tuber, baked with salt added, Ipomoea batatas var. konime SWEET POTATO, konime, tuber, boiled, Ipomoea batatas var. konime SWEET POTATO, orange, tuber, peeled, boiled, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, pale, tuber, raw, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, seyspen, tuber, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Ipomoea batatas var. seyspen SWEET POTATO, white, tuber, peeled, boiled, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, yellow, tuber, raw, Ipomoea batatas TARO, CHIPS, fried, Colocasia esculenta TARO, CHINESE, corm, baked, Xanthosoma spp. TARO, CHINESE, corm, boiled, Xanthosoma spp. TARO, CHINESE, corm, raw, Xanthosoma sagittifolium TARO, COMMON, corm, baked in traditional Pacific oven (mumu'd), Colocasia esculenta TARO, COMMON, black, corm, boiled, Colocasia esculenta TARO, COMMON, composite, corm, raw, Colocasia esculenta TARO, RED,COMMON, corm, boiled, Colocasia esculenta TARO, COMMON, white, corm, baked, Colocasia esculenta TARO, COMMON, white, corm, boiled, Colocasia esculenta TARO, COMMON, yellow, corm, boiled, Colocasia esculenta TARO, ELEPHANT FOOT YAM, raw, Amorphophallus campanulatus TARO, GIANT SWAMP, baked TARO, GIANT SWAMP, boiled TARO, GIANT SWAMP, corm, raw, Cyrtosperma chamissonis TARO, GIANT, baked TARO, GIANT, boiled TARO, GIANT, corm, raw, Alocasia macrorrhiza

105

Key

Food - full name

A050 A096 A076 A069 A098 A099 A077 A070 A075 A074 A071 A078 A081 A083

TARO, corm, raw, Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum WINGED BEAN, root, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Psophocarpus tetragonolobus YAM, CHINESE, tuber, raw, Dioscorea esculenta YAM, CHINESE, spiny, tuber, raw, Dioscorea esculenta YAM, COMPOSITE, tuber, baked, Dioscorea alata & esculenta YAM, COMPOSITE, tuber, boiled, Dioscorea alata & esculenta YAM, tuber, raw, Dioscorea trifida YAM, GREATER, tuber, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Dioscorea alata YAM, GREATER, tuber, raw, Dioscorea alata YAM, KAILE, tuber, raw, Dioscorea pentaphylla YAM, tuber, baked, Dioscorea alata YAM, TIKAU, tuber, raw, Dioscorea nummularia YAM, tuber, cooked: multiple methods, Dioscorea spp. YAM, tuber, raw, Dioscorea rotundata

CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS B001 B013 B004 B003 B005 B006 B007 B010 B011 B012 B018 B019 B020 B021 B022 B023 B024 B030 B091 B051 B025 B026 B027 B028 B032 B033 B057 B034 B036 B060 B089 B037 B106 B039 B041 B088 B016 B043 B044 B045 B087 B047 B095 B048 B042 B084 B085 B086 B053 B054 B100 B061

ALLBRAN BISCUIT, CABIN, HARD, Pacific Island BISCUIT, CHOCOLATE BISCUIT, CHOCOLATE COATED BISCUIT, CREAM AND JAM FILLED BISCUIT, CREAM,WAFER BISCUIT, FRUITFILLED BISCUIT, PLAIN SWEET BISCUIT, SHORTBREAD BISCUIT, WHEATMEAL BRAN, OAT, raw BRAN, WHEAT, unprocessed BRANFLAKES BREAD ROLL, WHITE BREAD ROLL, WHOLEMEAL BREAD, BROWN BREAD, BROWN, toasted BREAD, COASTAL, LOCAL PRODUCE BREAD, FRENCH/ITALIAN BREAD, GARLIC BREAD, WHITE, regular BREAD, WHITE, regular, toasted BREAD, WHOLEMEAL BREAD, WHOLEMEAL, toasted BUN, FRUIT, GLAZED CAKE, CHOCOLATE, home prepared CAKE, CREAM CAKE, SPONGE CAKE, FRUIT, DARK, home prepared CAKE, ICED, commercial CAKE, LAMINGTON CAKE, MADELEINE CAKE, PLAIN, commercial CHOCOLATE CAKE, DRY MIX, without frosting, prepared COCO POPS CORN FLAKES CORN FLAKES, SUGAR COATED, Kellogg's CRACKER, SAO, JATZ CRISPBREAD, WHOLEMEAL CROISSANT CRUMPET, REGULAR, toasted DOUGHNUT, CAKESTYLE, chocolate coated or frosted DOUGHNUT, CINNAMON AND SUGAR DOUGHNUT, HOME MADE DROP SCONE, home prepared FLOUR, CORNFLOUR FLOUR, WHEAT, white, plain FLOUR, WHEAT, white, selfraising FLOUR, WHEAT, wholemeal HOT CAKES WITH SYRUP, McDonald's ICE CREAM CONE ISLAND DUMPLING, cooked LOAF, FRUIT

106

Key

Food - full name

B062 B063 B064 B102 B103 B097 B065 B066 B067 B068 B092 B046 B069 B070 B071 B072 B098 B073 B093 B077 B075 B076 B078 B080 B090 B081 B105 B101

MUESLI, SWISS STYLE MUESLI, toasted MUFFIN, ENGLISH, toasted NOODLES,CHOW MEIN NOODLES, EGG, UNENRICHED, cooked NOODLES, MAGGITYPE, boiled OATS, ROLLED, cooked PANCAKE, home prepared PASTA, EGG, boiled PASTA, WHITE, boiled PASTRY, CHOCOLATEFILLED ROLL PASTRY, DANISH PASTRY, FILO, baked PASTRY, PUFF, commercial, baked PASTRY, SHORT, commercial, baked RICE BUBBLES RICE WITH COCONUT CREAM, cooked RICE, BROWN, boiled RICE, PARBOILED, boiled RICE, WHITE, boiled RICE, WHITE, COASTAL, boiled RICE, WHITE, HIGHLANDS, boiled ROTI, cooked SCONE, PLAIN, home prepared CEREAL PRODUCT, SEMOLINA SPECIAL K VANILLA, SLICE WEET-BIX

GREEN LEAVES C094 C035 C036 C019 C052 C010 C018 C098 C071 C053 C050 C095 C049 C102 C024 C086 C026 C055 C005 C006 C096 C011 C091 C040 C079 C080 C039 C054 C046 C045 C103 C032 C065 C013 C012 C101 C092

CABBAGE, CHINESE, cooked, Brassica chinensis CABBAGE, CHINESE, raw, Brassica chinensis CABBAGE, EUROPEAN WHITE, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. capitata CABBAGE, EUROPEAN WHITE, raw, Brassica oleracea var. capitata CABBAGE, EUROPEAN WHITE, leaves, boiled in salted water, Brassica oleracea var. capitata CABBAGE, EUROPEAN, Papua New Guinea, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Brassica oleracea var. capitata CABBAGE, RED, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. capitata CABBAGE, SWAMP, boiled CABBAGE, SWAMP, leaves, raw, Ipomoea aquatica CASSAVA, leaves, boiled, Manihot esculenta CASSAVA, leaves, raw, Manihot esculenta CHOKO, leaves, boiled, Sechium edule CHOKO, leaves, raw, Sechium edule COASTAL TREE, leaves, raw, Cordia subcordata CRESS, GARDEN, leaves and stems, raw, Lepidum sativum DRUMSTICK, leaves and shoots, raw, young, Moringa oleifera DRUMSTICK, leaves, boiled, Moringa oleifera DRUMSTICK, leaves, raw, Moringa oleifera EDIBLE HIBISCUS, leaves, boiled, Abelmoschus manihot EDIBLE HIBISCUS, leaves, raw, Abelmoschus manihot FERN, leaves, boiled, Athyrium esculentum FERN, leaves, raw, Athyrium esculentum FIG, POKE, leaves, boiled and drained, Ficus copiosa FIG, POKE, leaves, raw, Ficus copiosa JOINTFIR, leaves, boiled, Gnetum gnemon JOINTFIR, leaves, raw, Gnetum gnemon KALE SEEDLING, leaves, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra KALE SEEDLING, leaves, raw, Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra LETTUCE, COMMON, raw, Lactuca sativa LETTUCE, ICEBERG, raw, Lactuca sativa INDIAN MULBERRY, WILD, “NONI” OR “KURA”, leaves, raw, Morinda citrifolia NIGHTSHADE, leaves, cooked, Solanum nigrum NIGHTSHADE, leaves, raw, Solanum nigrum PAWPAW, shoots, cooked, Carica papaya PAWPAW, shoots, raw, Carica papaya COASTAL TREE, leaves, raw, Pisonia grandis PUHA, leaves and upper stem, boiled, Sonchus oleraceus

107

Key

Food - full name

C060 C025 C048 C066 C003 C076 C075 C069 C001 C034 C093 C084 C051 C009 C008 C038 C072 C097 C078 C020 C004 C002 C061 C068 C037 C028 C031

PUHA, leaves and upper stem, raw, Sonchus oleraceus PUMPKIN, leaves, boiled, Cucurbita pepo PUMPKIN, leaves, raw, Cucurbita pepo SILVERBEET, boiled, Beta vulgaris var. cicla SILVERBEET, leaves and upper stem, raw, Beta rubra SPINACH, CEYLON, leaves, boiled, Basella rubra SPINACH, CEYLON, leaves, raw, Basella rubra SPINACH, frozen, boiled, Spinacia oleracea SPINACH, NEW ZEALAND, leaves and upper stem, boiled, drained, Tetragonia expansa SPINACH, NEW ZEALAND, leaves and upper stem, raw, Tetragonia expansa SPINACH, TAHITIAN, leaves, boiled, Xanthosoma brasiliense SPINACH, TAHITIAN, leaves, raw, Xanthosoma brasiliense SPINACH, TROPICAL, leaves, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Amaranthus spp. SPINACH, TROPICAL, leaves, boiled, drained, Amaranthus spp. SPINACH, TROPICAL, leaves, raw, Amaranthus viridis SWEET POTATO, leaves, cooked, Ipomoea batatas SWEET POTATO, leaves, raw, Ipomoea batatas TARO, leaves, cooked TARO, leaves, raw, Colocasia esculenta TARO, stalks, cooked, Colocasia esculenta TARO, stalks, raw, Colocasia esculenta WATER DROPWORT, leaves, cooked, Oenanthe javanica WATER DROPWORT, leaves, raw, Oenanthe javanica WATERCRESS, leaves, cooked, Rorippa nasturtium aquaticum WATERCRESS, leaves, raw, Rorippa nasturtium aquaticum WINGED BEAN, leaves, cooked, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus WINGED BEAN, leaves, raw, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

OTHER VEGETABLES D007 D009 D010 D062 D128 D083 D014 D122 D123 D124 D019 D096 D020 D021 D024 D022 D023 D002 D025 D026 D027 D028 D034 D059 D037 D098 D099 D100 D120 D039 D041 D049 D001 D115 D116 D048 D012 D125 D066

ARTICHOKE, JERUSALEM, peeled, boiled, Helianthus tuberosus ASPARAGUS, boiled, Asparagus officinalis ASPARAGUS, canned in brine,drained, Asparagus officinalis BANANA, buds and flowers, raw, Musa cultivar BANANA, COOKING, flowers, boiled BANANA, COOKING, flowers, raw, Musa cultivar BEETROOT, canned, drained, Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris BROCCOLI, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. italica BRUSSELS SPROUTS, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera BRUSSELS SPROUTS, frozen, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera CAPSICUM, boiled, Capsicum annuum var. grossum CAPSICUM, GREEN AND RED, raw, Capsicum annuum var. grossum CAPSICUM, raw, Capsicum annuum var. grossum CARROT, canned, heated, drained, baby, Daucus carota CARROT, frozen, boiled, Daucus carota CARROT, peeled, boiled, mature, Daucus carota CARROT, peeled, raw, mature, Daucus carota CARROTS, raw, Daucus carota CAULIFLOWER, boiled, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis CAULIFLOWER, raw, Brassica oleracea var. botrytis CELERY, boiled, Apium graveolens CELERY, raw, Apium graveolens CHOKO, peeled, boiled, Sechium edule CORN, cob, boiled/baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Zea mays CORN, SWEET, on cob, kernels, boiled, drained, Zea mays CORN, SWEET, canned in brine, drained, Zea mays CORN, SWEET, creamed, canned, heated, Zea mays CORN, SWEET, frozen, boiled, Zea mays CUCUMBER PICKLES, DILL, Cucumis sativus CUCUMBER, COMMON, raw, flesh, Cucumis sativus CUCUMBER, COMMON, raw, flesh and skin, Cucumis sativus EGGPLANT, boiled, Solanum melongena EGGPLANT, flesh, raw, Solanum melongena FUNGI, cooked, Flammulina velutipes FUNGI, cooked, Lactarius hatsudake FUNGI, raw, Flammulina velutipes FUNGI, raw, Lactarius hatsudake GOURD, cooked, Luffa cylindrica LEEK, boiled, Allium porrum

108

Key

Food - full name

D067 D068 D069 D029 D070 D072 D073 D126 D076 D077 D079 D080 D081 D127 D051 D119 D004 D003 D087 D086 D043 D088 D130 D093 D094 D095 D102 D105 D103 D118 D106 D107 D061 D109

LEEK, raw, Allium porrum MARROW, peeled, boiled, Cucumis melo var. conomon MIXED VEGETABLES, frozen, boiled MUSHROOMS, canned in brine, heated, drained MUSHROOMS, COMMON, raw OKRA, boiled, Hibiscus esculentus OKRA, raw, Hibiscus esculentus OLIVE, GREEN, stuffed, drained ONION, boiled, mature, Allium cepa ONION, raw, mature, Allium cepa PARSLEY, raw, Petroselinum crispum PARSNIP, peeled, boiled, Pastinaca sativa PAWPAW, raw, unripe, Carica papaya PAWPAW, unripe, fruit, cooked, Carica papaya PEAS, GREEN, boiled, Pisum sativum PEAS, GREEN, drained solids, canned PITPIT, HIGHLANDS, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), Setaria palmifolia PITPIT/DURUKA, COASTAL, raw, Saccharum spp. PUMPKIN, boiled PUMPKIN, BUTTERNUT, boiled, Cucurbita pepo PUMPKIN, raw RADISH, ORIENTAL, raw, peeled SAGO PALM, Metroxylon vitiense., heart SHALLOT, peeled, boiled, Allium cepa SQUASH, boiled, Cucurbita pepo SWEDE, boiled, Brassica napus var. napobrassica TOMATO, PASTE, salted TOMATO, canned in tomato juice TOMATO, CHERRY, raw, Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme TOMATO, COMMON, boiled, Lycopersicon esculentum TOMATO, COMMON, raw, Lycopersicon esculentum TOMATO, ripe, Lycopersicon esculentum VEGETABLES, MIXED, European boiled ZUCCHINI, boiled, Cucurbita pepo

FRUITS E005 E003 E004 E010 E007 E008 E006 E009 E121 E016 E012 E013 E131 E133 E048 E025 E027 E029 E132 E069 E123 E124 E032 E030 E034 E066 E039 E036 E035 E037 E042 E125

APPLE, Malus pumila APPLE, canned, no added sugar APPLE, GRANNY SMITH, Malus pumila APRICOT, Prunus armeniaca APRICOT, canned in syrup APRICOT, canned in syrup, drained APRICOT, canned in artificially sweetened liquid APRICOT, dried, Prunus armeniaca AVOCADO, Persea americana BANANA, AUSTRALIAN, Musa sp. BANANA, COMMON VARIETIES, Musa sp. BANANA, PAPUA NEW GUINEAN, Musa sp. BANANA, SAMOAN, Musa troglodytarum CHINESE APPLE, “BAIR”, Ziziphus jujuba CRANBERRIES, Vaccinium sp. CURRANT, dried, Vitis vinifera CUSTARD APPLE, peeled, Annona squamosa DATE, dried, Phoenix dactylifera LYCHEE, PACIFIC, “DAWA”, Pometia pinnata DURIAN, Durio zibethinus FIG, Burkella fijiensis FIG, Ficus scabra FIG, Ficus carica FIG, dried, Ficus carica FRUIT SALAD, canned in syrup FRUIT, MIXED, dried GRANADILLA, flesh and seeds, Passiflora quadrangularis GRAPE, BLACK, Vitis vinifera GRAPE, GREEN, Vitis vinifera GRAPEFRUIT, Citrus paradisi GUAVA, HAWAIIAN, Psidium guajava JAMUN, raw, Eugenia brasilliensis

109

Key

Food - full name

E126 E049 E051 E052 E059 E057 E058 E056 E111 E061 E060 E064 E063 E096 E116 E065 E068 E070 E106 E072 E073 E076 E092 E078 E079 E081 E080 E082 E083 E086 E085 E002 E088 E089 E090 E091 E093 E117 E097 E100 E017 E101 E018 E103 E104 E107 E108 E127 E128 E118 E109 E110 E095 E129 E130

ROSE APPLE, “KAVIKA”, raw, Syzygium malaccense KIWIFRUIT, flesh and seeds, peeled, Actinidia chinensis LEMON, Citrus limon LIME, Citrus aurartifolia LYCHEE, Litchi sinensis & nephelium LYCHEE, canned in syrup, Litchi sinensis & nephelium LYCHEE, canned in syrup, drained LYCHEE, fruit, dried, edible portion with shells, Litchi sinensis & nephelium MALAY APPLE, flesh, skin and seeds, Syzygium samarangense MANDARIN, Citrus reticulata MANDARIN, canned in syrup MANGO, AUSTRALIAN, Mangifera indica MANGO, MALAYSIAN, Mangifera indica & odorata & foetida MANGO, PAPUA NEW GUINEAN, Mangifera indica MANGOSTEEN, Garcinia mangostana MELON, HONEY DEW, Cucumis melo NECTARINE, Prunus persica var. nectarina ORANGE, Citrus sinensis ORANGE, LOCAL, fruit, Citrus iyo PANDANUS, fruit, Pandanus sp. PANDANUS, PASTE, Pandanus sp. PASSIONFRUIT, Passiflora edulis PASSIONFRUIT, PURPLE OR YELLOW, Passiflora edulis PAWPAW, AUSTRALIAN, fruit, Carica papaya PAWPAW, PAPUA NEW GUINEAN, fruit, Carica papaya PEACH, Prunus persica PEACH, canned in syrup PEAR, canned in pear juice PEAR, PACKHAMS, Pyris sp. PINEAPPLE, AUSTRALIAN, Ananas comosus PINEAPPLE, canned in heavy syrup PINEAPPLE, PAPUA NEW GUINEAN, Ananas comosus PLUM, DARK, canned in syrup PLUM, RED, Prunus domestica POMELO, PINK FLESH, Citrus maxima PRUNE, Prunus domestica RAISIN, Vitis vinifera RAMBUTAN, Nephelium lappaceum ROCKMELON, Cucumis melo SAPODILLA, Achras zapota/manilkara SAPOTE, fruit, Calocarpum sapota SOURSOP, Annona muricata STARFRUIT, Averrhoa carambola STRAWBERRY, Fragaria SULTANA, Vitis vinifera TAMARIND, Tamarindus indica TAMARIND, pods, fresh, Tamarindus indica TARAWAU, FIJI, raw, Dracontomelon vitiense TARAWAU, VANUATU, raw, Dracontomelon vitiense TREE TOMATO, Cyphomandra spp. WATER APPLE, Eugenia aquea WATERMELON, AUSTRALIAN, red pulp, Citrullus vulgaris WATERMELON, PAPUA NEW GUINEAN, red pulp, Citrullus vulgaris GOLDEN APPLE, “WI”, FIJI, raw, Spondias dulcis GOLDEN APPLE, “WI”, VANUATU, raw, Spondias dulcis

NUTS AND SEEDS F059 F001 F002 F073 F074 F006 F007 F035 F036 F010 F011

ALMOND, INDIAN, ripe, Ternacinalia catappa ALMOND, kernels, blanched, Prunus dulcis ALMOND, with skin, Prunus dulcis BEACH ALMOND, Fiji, raw, Terminalia catappa BEACH ALMOND, Vanuatu, raw, Terminalia catappa BETEL NUTS, kernels, raw, Arecha catechu BRAZIL NUT, kernels, raw, Berltholletia excelsa BREADFRUIT, seeds, boiled, Artocarpus altilis BREADFRUIT, seeds, roasted, Artocarpus altilis CANDLENUT, kernels, raw, Aleurites moluccana CASHEW, roasted, salted, Anacardium occidentale

110

Key

Food - full name

F064 F056 F066 F067 F065 F004 F072 F043 F047 F048 F038 F037 F039 F044 F062 F052 F051 F031 F032 F054 F055 F075 F016

CHESTNUT, TAHITIAN, boiled, Inocarpus fagifer, previously edulis CHESTNUT, TAHITIAN, kernels, raw, Inocarpus fagifer, previously edulis CUT NUT, FIJI, raw, Barringtonia edulis CUT NUT, VANUATU, raw, Barringtonia edulis CHESTNUT, TAHITIAN, roasted, Inocarpus fagifer, previously edulis JAKFRUIT, seeds, boiled, Artocarpus heterophyllus JAVA ALMOND, “NGALI” NUT, raw, Canarium indicum MACADAMIA NUT, kernels, raw, Macadamia integrifolia MELON SEEDS, seeds coat removed, Citrullus lanatus NUTS, MIXED, salted PANDANUS NUTS, kernel, dried, Pandanus spp. PANDANUS NUTS, kernel, raw, Pandanus spp. PANDANUS NUTS, kernel, roasted, Pandanus spp. PANDANUS NUT, SAUCE, Pandanus conoideus PEANUT, kernel and skin, raw, Arachis hypogaea PEANUT, kernels, roasted, salted PEANUT, kernel and skin, roasted,salted PILI NUT, kernels, dried, Canarium spp. PILI NUT, kernels, raw, ripe, Canarium spp. PISTACHIO NUT, kernels, raw, Pistacia vera PUMPKIN SEEDS, seeds, raw, Cucurbita spp. VEITCHIA NUT, raw, Vietchia spp. WATERMELON, seeds, dried, Citrullus lanatus var. vulgaris

LEGUMES G051 G002 G056 G003 G004 G005 G006 G036 G035 G013 G016 G011 G012 G007 G014 G009 G054 G057 G017 G058 G059 G037 G041 G042 G043 G044 G040 G052 G053 G060 G055 G032 G034

BEAN SALAD, commercial BEANS, BAKED, canned in tomato sauce BEANS, BAKED, WITH PORK, IN TOMATO SAUCE, canned BEANS, BROAD, boiled, Vicia faba BEANS, BUTTER, boiled, Phaseolus lunatus BEANS, GREEN, boiled, Phaseolus vulgaris BEANS, GREEN, frozen, boiled, Phaseolus vulgaris BEANS, KATANAKU HIGHLANDS, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd) BEANS, KATANAKU HIGHLANDS, in bamboo BEANS, LIMA, dried, boiled, Phaseolus lunatus BEANS, MUNG, dahl, cooked, Phaseolus aureus BEANS, RED KIDNEY, canned, drained, Phaseolus vulgaris BEANS, RED KIDNEY, dried, boiled, Phaseolus vulgaris BEANS, SNAKE, boiled BEANS, SOYA, dried, boiled BEANS, SPROUTS, raw, Phaseolus aureus BEANS, SPROUTS, soya, raw BEANS, YARDLONG, green beans in pod, cooked BEANS, YARDLONG, green beans in pod, raw BEANS, MUNG, dahl, raw, Phaseolus mungo BEANS, RED GRAM, dahl, raw, Cajanus cajan LENTILS, dried, boiled, Lens esculenta PEAS, GREEN, boiled, Pisum sativum PEAS, GREEN, dried, boiled, Pisum sativum PEAS, GREEN, frozen, boiled, Pisum sativum PEAS, SPLIT, dried, boiled PEAS, with edible pod, boiled, Pisum sativum SOYA BEAN CURD, unsweetened, Glycine max MILK, SOYA BEAN, packet, Glycine max PEAS, GREEN, dried, fried, Pisum sativum SOYA BEANS, FERMENTED, Glycine max WINGED BEANS, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), mature, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus WINGED BEANS, pods, baked in traditional PNG oven (mumu'd), young, Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

FISH H002 H003 H005 H008 H010 H026

ANCHOVY, canned in oil, drained ANCHOVY, whole, fresh BREAM, THREADFIN, JAPANESE CARP, COMMON COD, CORAL COD, steamed

111

Key

Food - full name

H093 H094 H019 H090 H012 H088 H028 H092 H087 H096 H086 H033 H034 H075 H074 H076 H078 H050 H077 H051 H089 H091 H021 H060 H035 H079 H067 H070 H068 H069 H083 H085 H082 H084 H081 H080 H073

EEL FISH, Mastocembellus armatus FISH, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo), L. xanthophilus FISH, BATTERED, unspecified, commercial, deep fried FISH, dried and salted FISH, FINGERS, frozen, grilled MACKEREL, canned in natural oil MACKEREL, fried, Scomber japonicus MACKEREL, FRIGATE, boiled, Auxis thazard MACKEREL, SPANISH, cooked, Scomberomorus niphonius MACKEREL, SPANISH, “Walu”, raw, Scomberomorus cavalla MACKEREL, SPANISH, raw, Scomberomorus niphonius MULLET, fried, Mugil cephalus MULLET, steamed, Mugil cephalus REEF FISH, COMPOSITE, baked/grilled REEF FISH, COMPOSITE, raw REEF FISH, COMPOSITE, steamed/poached SALMON, PINK, solids with bone and liquid, canned SARDINES, Australian, canned in oil, Sardinops melanostictus SARDINES, United States of America, canned in oil, Sardinops melanostictus SARDINES, canned in oil, drained, Sardinops melanostictus SCAD, HAIRTAIL, dried, Megalaspis cordyla SHARK, BLUE, boiled, Prionace glauca SHARK, TEMPERATE, flesh, steamed SNAPPER, steamed SWEETLIP, PAINTED, raw TUNA, ALBACORE, flesh, raw, Thunnus alalunga TUNA, canned in brine TUNA, canned in brine, drained TUNA, canned in oil TUNA, canned in oil, drained TUNA, COMPOSITE, flesh, baked TUNA, COMPOSITE, flesh, grilled TUNA, COMPOSITE, flesh, raw TUNA, COMPOSITE, flesh, steamed TUNA, SLENDER, flesh, raw, Allothunnus fallai TUNA, SOUTHERN BLUEFIN, flesh, raw, Thunnus maccoyii YELLOWTAIL, FUSILIER, raw

SEAFOOD J046 J054 J055 J001 J003 J002 J047 J005 J006 J008 J032 J050 J011 J013 J014 J015 J042 J040 J017 J020 J049 J021 J043 J041 J024 J051 J052 J058 J045

ARK SHELL, boiled, Scapharca subcrenata CLAM, GIANT, raw, Tridacna maxima CLAM, “KAI”, meat only, raw, Batissa violocea CLAMS, “KAIKOSO”, raw, Anadara spp. COCKLES, boiled for 5 minutes COCKLES, fresh CRAB, MUD, flesh, boiled CRAB, SWIMMING, boiled CRABMEAT, canned in brine CUTTLEFISH, fresh FISH, ROE,RED LOBSTER, MANGROVE, raw, Thalassina anomala LOBSTER, raw LOBSTER, cooked MUSSEL, raw, Mytilus coruscus MUSSEL, smoked, canned in oil, drained, Mytilus coruscus OCTOPUS, cooked, Octopus vulgaris OCTOPUS, raw, Octopus vulgaris OYSTER, flesh, raw, Crassostrea gigas PRAWN, COCKTAIL PRAWN, GREATER TIGER, boiled, Penaeus monodon PRAWN, KING, cooked SCALLOP, cooked, Patinopecten yessoensis SCALLOP, Patinopecten yessoensis SEA CUCUMBER, edible muscle, Stichopus japonicus SEA-HARE, INTESTINES, raw, Dolabella auricularia SEA-HARE, SKIN, raw, Dolabella auricularia SEA URCHIN, raw, Tripneustes gratilla SEA URCHIN, flesh, boiled, Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus

112

Key

Food - full name

J038 J056 J057 J036 J053 J027 J028 J029 J033 J030

SEAWEED, AGAR SEAWEED, “LUMI”, raw, Ceratophyllum demersum SEAWEED, “NAMA”, raw, Caulerpa spp. SEAWEED, dried SICI-SHELL, meat, raw, Polinicies aemingiana SQUID, fried SQUID, raw STING RAY, raw TURTLE, cooked, Chelonia mydas TURTLE, raw

MEAT AND POULTRY K025 K026 K146 K152 K147 K017 K018 K020 K021 K005 K006 K061 K062 K023 K148 K008 K010 K030 K178 K024 K012 K014 K145 K042 K165 K166 K167 K168 K169 K170 K038 K039 K041 K040 K053 K149 K044 K049 K050 K051 K054 K056 K171 K172 K173 K174 K175 K176 K150 K060 K068 K070 K071 K072 K076 K077

PORK, BACON, breakfast, fried PORK, BACON, breakfast, grilled BEEF RIB, SHORTRIBS, choice, lean and fat, braised BEEF, SAUSAGE, grill and serve BEEF STEW, WITH POTATOES AND GRAVY BEEF, blade steak, lean, grilled BEEF, blade steak, lean and fat, grilled BEEF, brisket, lean and fat, corned, boiled BEEF, chuck steak, trimmed of 50% separable fat, simmered BEEF, CORNED AND CEREAL, canned BEEF, corned, canned BEEF, hamburger patty, frozen, fried BEEF, hamburger patty, frozen, grilled BEEF, mince, regular, simmered, drained BEEF, POT ROAST, lean and fat, stewed BEEF, rump steak, trimmed of 50% separable fat, grilled BEEF, rump steak, lean, grilled BEEF, sausage, grilled BEEF, sausage, raw BEEF, silverside, lean and fat, corned, boiled BEEF, skirt steak, lean & fat, simmered BEEF, topside roast, lean and fat, baked BOLOGNA, BEEF & PORK CAMP PIE, canned CHICKEN, whole, raw CHICKEN, lean only, raw CHICKEN, skin only, raw CHICKEN, whole, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) CHICKEN, lean only, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) CHICKEN, skin only, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) CHICKEN, unspecified, boneless, lean and skin, baked CHICKEN, breast, lean, baked CHICKEN, drumstick, lean and skin, baked CHICKEN, drumstick, lean, baked CHICKEN, gizzard CHICKEN, LIGHT MEAT, breast or wing, breaded and fried CHICKEN, ROLL DEVON/FRITZ, luncheon meat DUCK, roasted FRANKFURTERS, simmered GOAT MEAT, lean HAM AND CHICKEN ROLL LAMB, chump chop, whole, raw LAMB, chump chop, lean only, raw LAMB, chump chop, fat only, raw LAMB, chump chop, whole, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) LAMB, chump chop, lean only, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) LAMB, chump chop, fat only, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) PORK, LEG, HAM, RUMP HALF, lean and fat, roasted BEEF, hamburger mince, simmered, drained LAMB, chump chop, trimmed of 50% separable fat, grilled LAMB, chump chop, lean and fat, grilled LAMB, heart, baked LAMB, kidney, simmered LAMB, liver, fried LAMB, midloin chop, lean and fat, grilled

113

Key

Food - full name

K079 K179 K082 K088 K164 K161 K105 K162 K055 K057 K058 K059 K101 K104 K123 K124 K180 K151 K120 K132 K153 K154 K142 K139

LAMB, neck chop, lean and fat, simmered LAMB, sausages, raw LAMB, shoulder, lean and fat, baked MEAT, PASTE MUTTON FLAPS, lean (64%) and fat (36%), fried PÂTÉ DE CAMPAGNE PÂTÉ DE FOIE PÂTÉ, PORK LIVER PORK, fat, boiled PORK, HAM, leg, lean, noncanned PORK, HAM, steak, grilled PORK, HAM, lean and fat, canned PORK, leg, lean and fat, baked PORK, midloin chop, lean and fat, grilled PORK, SAUSAGE, home prepared, fried PORK, SAUSAGE, home prepared, grilled PORK, SAUSAGE, raw PORK, SPARERIBS, lean and fat, cooked SALAMI SPAM, canned TURKEY TAIL, cooked TURKEY, WHOLE, meat & skin & giblets & neck, roasted VEAL, schnitzel, frozen, fried VEAL, loin chop, lean and fat, grilled

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS M005 M006 M007 M048 M008 M009 M010 M046 M012 M045 M013 M014 M049 M052 M054 M051 M053 M044 M043 M020 M055 M056 M021 M022 M019 M004 M029 M023 M024 M025 M026 M028 M030 M031 M039 M040 M041

CHEESE, SPREAD, CHEDDAR CHEESE, BLUE VEIN CHEESE, BRIE CHEESE, CAMEMBERT CHEESE, CHEDDAR CHEESE, CHEDDAR, PROCESSED CHEESE, COTTAGE CHEESE, EDAM CHEESE, MOZZARELLA CHEESE, ROQUEFORT CHEESE, SWISS CREAM CHEESE, DIP, FLAVOURED CREAM SUBSTITUTE, POWDERED CREAM, PURE CREAM, REDUCED FAT, canned CREAM, SOUR CREAM, THICKENED, ultra high temperature FROMAGE FRAIS FROMAGE FRAIS, FATFREE ICE CREAM, VANILLA INFANT FORMULA, ISOMIL, water added Soy protein based formula, values based on 1 level scoop of powder/60ml water INFANT FORMULA, SIMILAC POWDER WITH IRON, water added Milk based formula, values based on 8.7g powder/60ml water MILK POWDER, SKIM MILK POWDER, WHOLE MILK, BREAST, colostrum MILK, BREAST, mature MILK, CONDENSED, skim, sweetened, canned MILK, CONDENSED, whole, sweetened, canned MILK, EVAPORATED, skim, canned MILK, EVAPORATED, whole, canned MILK, GOAT MILK, SKIM, fluid MILK, WHOLE MILK, ULTRA HEAT TREATED, whole YOGHURT, FRUIT YOGHURT, NATURAL, low fat, unsweetened YOGHURT, NATURAL, unsweetened

114

Key

Food - full name

EGGS N004 N005 N006 N003 N007 N008 N002 N014 N015 N013

EGG, CHICKEN, fried EGG, CHICKEN, poached EGG, CHICKEN, scrambled EGG, CHICKEN, white, hard boiled EGG, CHICKEN, whole, hard boiled EGG, CHICKEN, yolk, hard boiled EGG, DUCK, whole, raw, Anas platyrhyncha EGG, QUAIL, whole, raw EGG, TURTLE, whole OMELETTE, PLAIN

FATS AND OILS P008 P003 P025 P026 P029 P024 P022 P014 P015 P016 P017 P019 P021 P020

BEEF, DRIPPING BUTTER, REGULAR COCONUT CREAM, canned/ultra high temperature COCONUT CREAM, fresh, no water added COCONUT CREAM, water added COCONUT OIL GHEE, BUTTER MARGARINE, COOKING MARGARINE, POLYUNSATURATED, reduced fat MARGARINE, POLYUNSATURATED, regular OIL, OLIVE OIL, PEANUT PALM OIL, RED VEGETABLE OIL, POLYUNSATURATED

PROCESSED FOODS Q082 Q083 Q084 Q085 Q079 Q080 Q081 Q090 Q068 Q066 Q086 Q003 Q088 Q089 Q093 Q006 Q091 Q092 Q087 Q013 Q014 Q015 Q016 Q017 Q018 Q029 Q078 Q075 Q032 Q033 Q022 Q023 Q076 Q034 Q035 Q036

BABY FOOD, APPLESAUCE AND APRICOTS, strained BABY FOOD, APRICOT AND TAPIOCA, junior BABY FOOD, BEEF, junior BABY FOOD, LAMB, strained BABY FOOD, MIXED VEGETABLE, strained BABY FOOD, VEGETABLE AND BEEF, strained BABY FOOD, VEGETABLE AND LAMB, junior BANANA CHIPS, Samoan, Leilei brand BEANS WITH CHILI, canned CHEESE SNACK, TWISTIETYPE, extruded PLAIN CHEESEBURGER, DOUBLE PATTY AND BUN CHEESECAKE, commercial CHIPS, pea-flour, fried CHEESE FLAVOUR SNACKS, Twisties COCOA, Samoan, processed, Theobroma cacao CORN CHIPS, FLAVOURED TARO CHIPS, Samoan, Leilei brand TARO CHIPS, Samoan, Tausala brand FRANKFURTER ON BUN WITH CATSUP/MUSTARD HAMBURGER, BACON HAMBURGER, CHEESE HAMBURGER, EGG HAMBURGER, PLAIN IRISH STEW, canned, heated LASAGNA, commercial PAPADUMS, fried in vegetable oil PEANUT BUTTER, no added sugar PEANUT BUTTER, SMOOTH STYLE, WITH SALT PIE, APPLE, deep, baked PIE, FRUIT, commercial PIE, MEAT, family size PIE, MEAT, Individual size PIZZA, WITH MEAT & THICK CRUST PIZZA, HAM & PINE, frozen, baked PIZZA, SUPREME, frozen, baked POPCORN, REGULAR, commercial

115

Key

Food - full name

Q037 Q069 Q038 Q039 Q040 Q041 Q042 Q043 Q050 Q053 Q054 Q055 Q052 Q077 Q061 Q062 Q064 Q065

POTATO CRISPS, PLAIN POTATO CRISPS, PLAIN, SALTED POTATO STRAWS, PLAIN PRETZELS PUDDING, PLUM, canned PUDDING, SELF SAUCING QUICHE, HAM AND CHEESE, commercial, baked RAVIOLI, commercial SAUSAGE ROLL SOUP, Chicken noodle, dry mix, prepared SOUP, CREAM VEGETABLE, prepared, canned SOUP, MINESTRONE, home prepared SOUP, TOMATO, prepared, canned SPAGHETTI, IN TOMATO SAUCE, canned VEGETABLES AND SAUSAGES, canned VEGETABLES AND STEAK, canned, heated YEAST, COMPRESSED YEAST, dried

MIXED COOKED DISHES R020 R029 R025 R001 R003 R002 R018 R027 R019 R017 R022 R021 R004 R028 R026 R030 R014 R023 R015 R007

BEEF AND SWEET POTATO STEW BILA, boiled BIRO, cooked CURRY, CHICKEN, without bones CURRY, VEGETABLE CUSTARD FISH AND ISLAND CABBAGE, canned fish, fried FISH SALAD, TAHITIAN, raw LAPLAP, ISLAND CABBAGE, CASSAVA AND COCONUT LAPLAP, TARO, CHICKEN AND COCONUT CREAM MANIHIKIAN BREAD MEAT AND ISLAND CABBAGE, canned meat, fried MUTTON, BIRIANI PALUSAMI, TARO LEAF & COCONUT CREAM PALUSAMI, TARO LEAF & COCONUT CREAM & CORNED BEEF PALUSAMI, TARO LEAF & COCONUT CREAM & CORNED MUTTON, baked in traditional Fijian earth-oven (lovo) POI, PAIAI, (30% solids), Colocasia esculenta POKE RECIPE, pawpaw & arrowroot & banana & sugar, boiled SANDWICH, TOASTED, CHEESE AND HAM TOOR DAHL, cooked

CONFECTIONERY S004 S020 S006 S007 S008 S012 S013 S014 S015 S016 S019 S032 S021 S022 S034 S010 S036 S035 S026 S027 S028 S003 S011

CHOCOLATE BAR, BOUNTY BAR CHOCOLATE BAR, MARS BAR CHOCOLATE, DARK CHOCOLATE, MILK CHOCOLATE, MILK AND NUTS HONEY JAM, unspecified JELLY, CRYSTALS JELLY, prepared LICORICE MARMALADE, ORANGE MARZIPAN MERINGUE, commercial MUESLI BAR, FRUIT PANCAKE SYRUP SEED BAR, FRUIT AND NUT SHERBET SUGAR CANE JUICE SUGAR, BROWN SUGAR, RAW SUGAR, WHITE SWEETS, BOILED SYRUP, GOLDEN

116

Key

Food - full name

S029 S030

TOPPING, CHOCOLATE VIOLET CRUMBLE

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES T002 T043 T003 T004 T033 T005 T006 T007 T009 T010 T013 T014 T060 T035 T061 T017 T037 T057 T058 T019 T053 T038 T054 T044 T020 T039 T056 T021 T041 T022 T023 T024 T025 T026 T042 T027 T046 T050 T059 T052 T045 T048 T031 T051 T055 T036 T049

ALLSPICE POWDER BARBECUE, SAUCE, commercial CARDAMON, Elettaria cardamomum CHILLI POWDER CHILLI, SAUCE, bottled CHILLI, dried, Capsicum frutescens CINNAMON POWDER CLOVES, Eugenia caryophyllus CORIANDER, leaves, dried, Coriandrum sativum CORIANDER, seeds, Coriandrum sativum CUMIN, seeds, Cuminum cyminum CURRY POWDER GARLIC, boiled, Allium sativum GELATINE GINGER, boiled GINGER, ROOT, fresh, Zingiber officinale GRAVY POWDER, prepared GRAVY, POWDER, dried KIM CHEE LEMON GRASS, Cymbopogon citratus LEMONS, juice, freshly extracted, Citrus limon MAYONNAISE, commercial, dressing type MORNAY SAUCE MUSHROOM, SAUCE, made with butter, canned, heated MUSTARD, seeds MUSTARD, CREAM TYPE, commercial MUSTARD, FRENCH NUTMEG POWDER ONION, PICKLED, commercial, drained OREGANO POWDER OYSTER, SAUCE PAPRIKA PARSLEY, leaves, raw, Petroselinum crispum PEPPER, BLACK, Piper nigrum PICKLES, MUSTARD, commercial SAFFRON, Crocus sativus SOY, SAUCE, commercial STOCK CUBE THOUSAND ISLAND DRESSING TOMATO CATSUP TOMATO PASTA, SAUCE, commercial, heated TOMATO, SAUCE, commercial TURMERIC POWDER VEGEMITE VINAIGRETTE, SAUCE VINEGAR WORCESTERSHIRE, SAUCE, commercial

BEVERAGES W001 W002 W003 W005 W006 W007 W034 W008 W035 W009 W010 W011 W012

BEER, BITTER/DRAUGHT BEER, LOW ALCOHOL BEER, REDUCED ALCOHOL BRANDY CHAMPAGNE COCOA POWDER, Australian COCOA POWDER, Malaysian COFFEE POWDER, INSTANT COFFEE, BREWED, prepared with tap water CORDIAL, BLACKCURRANT, prepared CORDIAL, CITRUS, 25% prepared FRUIT DRINK, ORANGE GIN

117

Key

Food - full name

W015 W016 W014 W040 W017 W019 W020 W021 W023 W024 W025 W026 W027 W028 W038 W029 W039 W041 W042 W036 W037 W031 W032 W033

JUICE, ORANGE AND MANGO JUICE, ORANGE, commercial JUICE, TOMATO, canned, salted KAVA, Piper methysticum LIQUEUR, COFFEE FLAVOURED MILO POWDER MINERAL WATER AND JUICE MINERAL WATER, NATURAL OVALTINE POWDER PORT RUM SHERRY, DRY SHERRY, SWEET SOFTDRINK, COLA SOFTDRINK, COLA, DIET SOFTDRINK, LEMONADE SOFTDRINK, LEMONADE, DIET TEA, LEMON GRASS, brewed, Cymbopogon coloratus TEA, LEMON LEAF, brewed, Citrus spp. TEA, INDIAN, infused THICK SHAKE, MCDONALD'S WHISKY WINE, RED WINE, WHITE

COCONUT PRODUCTS X001 X002 X014 X009 X018 X016 X005 X008 X010 X011 X013 X003 X012

COCONUT CREAM, canned/ultra high temperature COCONUT CREAM, fresh, no water added COCONUT CREAM, prepared with water COCONUT MILK/WATER/JUICE, cavity fluid COCONUT OIL COCONUT TODDY, boiled COCONUT TODDY, slightly fermented COCONUT TODDY, fresh COCONUT, desiccated COCONUT, embryo germinating COCONUT, flesh, immature COCONUT, flesh, mature COCONUT, flesh, fresh, mature

WILD ANIMAL FOODS Y001 Y005 Y007 Y006 Y002 Y008 Y019 Y009 Y010 Y011 Y012 Y021 Y020 Y003 Y013 Y018 Y004 Y014 Y015 Y016 Y017

BANDICOOT, flesh, cooked, Echymipera spp. BANDICOOT, flesh, raw, Echymipera spp. CASSOWARY, cooked, Casuarius casuarius CASSOWARY, raw, Casuarius casuarius CROCODILE, cooked, Crocodilus porosus CROCODILE, raw, Crocodilus porosus DEER, flesh, cooked FLYING FOX, boiled FROG, raw, Rana tigerina GRUB, LARVA, raw, Cerambycidae family INSECT, SILKWORM, raw PIG, flesh, baked PIG, flesh, boiled PIGEON, cooked, general PIGEON, raw, general POSSUM, boiled, Phalanger spp. RAT, cooked, Rattus ruber RAT, raw SNAILS, small, Viviparus bengalensis SNAKE, raw, general, Chondrophython viridis ANTS, TREE, whole ant, Oecophylla spp.

118

APPENDIX VI FOOD INDEX

Food Name

A'a-matie Abuchu Ahi 'Ahia 'Ai Aibika Aikavitu Aila Aina All-bran Allspice powder Almond, beach, Fiji, raw, T. catappa Almond, beach, Vanuatu, raw, T. catappa Almond, Indian, ripe Almond, kernels, blanched Almond, with skin Amaranth Anchovy, canned in oil, drained Anchovy, fresh, whole Annilla Aoa 'Apele initia Apple Apple, canned, no added sugar Apple, granny smith Apricot Apricot, canned in syrup Apricot, canned in syrup, drained Apricot, canned, artificial sweet Apricot, dried Ara Ark shell, boiled Arrowroot, Polynesian, flour Artichoke, Jerusalem, peeled, boil As Asina Asparagus, boiled Asparagus, canned-brine, drained Aubergine Aupa Ava Avocado Babai Baby food, apples & apricot, strain Baby food, apricot & tapioca, jun. Baby food, beef, junior Baby food, lamb, strained Baby food, mix vegetable, strain Baby food, vegetable & beef, strain Baby food, vegetable & lamb, junior Bacon, breakfast, fried Bacon, breakfast, grilled Baga Banai Banana chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Banana, Australian Banana, buds & flowers, raw Banana, common varieties Banana, cooking, ami, baked Banana, cooking, boiled, unsalted

Key

B001 T002 F073 F074 F059 F001 F002 H002 H003

E005 E003 E004 E010 E007 E008 E006 E009 J046 A001 D007

D009 D010

E121 Q082 Q083 Q084 Q085 Q079 Q080 Q081 K025 K026

Q090 E016 D062 E012 A089 A004

Food Group

(see Pili nut) (see Malay apple) (see Malay apple) (see Malay apple) (see Pili nut) (see Edible hibiscus) (see Cassava) (see Chestnut) (see Chestnut, Tahitian) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS (see Spinach, tropical) FISH FISH (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Fern) (see Custard apple) FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS (see Pandanus nuts) SEAFOOD STARCHY STAPLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Almond, Indian) (see Yam, greater) OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Eggplant) (see Spinach, tropical) (see Almond) FRUITS (see Taro, swamp) PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY (see Pili nut) (see Yam, Chinese) PROCESSED FOODS FRUITS OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES

119

Source

d d f f d a a d d

a a a a a d a d e a d

d d

d v d u u u d d a a

f a d d d b

Food Name

Banana, cooking, flowers, boiled Banana, cooking, flowers, raw Banana, cooking, opine, baked Banana, cooking, raw Banana, cooking, ripe, fried Banana, PNG Banana, Samoan, M. troglodytarum Bandicoot, flesh, cooked Bandicoot, flesh, raw Barbecue sauce, commercial Basella Beach almond Bean salad, commercial Beans with chili, canned Beans, baked, can in tomato sauce Beans, baked, with pork, canned Beans, broad, boiled Beans, butter, boiled Beans, green, boiled Beans, green, frozen, boiled Beans, katanaku, Highlands, baked Beans, katanaku, Highlands, bamboo Beans, lima, dried, boiled Beans, mung, dahl, cooked Beans, red kidney, canned, drained Beans, red kidney, dried, boiled Beans, snake, boiled Beans, soya, dried, boiled Beans, sprouts, raw Beans, sprouts, soya, raw Beans, yard-long, cooked Beans, yard-long, raw Beche de mer Beef and sweet potato stew Beef ribs, lean & fat, braised Beef sausage, grill & serve Beef stew with potatoes & gravy Beef, blade steak, grill, lean Beef, blade steak, grill, lean & fat Beef, brisket, corned, boiled, l&f Beef, chuck steak, simmer, 50% trim Beef, corned and cereal, canned Beef, corned, canned Beef, dripping Beef, hamburger patty, froz, fried Beef, hamburger patty, froz, grill Beef, mince, regular, simmer, drain Beef, pot roast, stewed, lean & fat Beef, rump steak, grilled, 50% trim Beef, rump steak, grilled, lean Beef, sausage, grilled Beef, sausage, raw Beef, silverside, corned, boil, l&f Beef, skirt steak, simmered, l&f Beef, topside, roast, baked, l&f Beer, bitter/draught Beer, low alcohol Beer, reduced alcohol Beetroot, canned, drained Bele Belembe Bell pepper Betel nuts, kernels, raw Bhaji Bila, boiled Bindi Biro, cooked Biscuit, cabin, hard, Pacific Is. Biscuit, chocolate Biscuit, chocolate coated

Key

D128 D083 A095 A006 A005 E013 D131 Y001 Y005 T043

G051 Q068 G002 G056 G003 G004 G005 G006 G036 G035 G013 G016 G011 G012 G007 G014 G009 G054 G057 G017 R020 K146 K152 K147 K017 K018 K020 K021 K005 K006 P008 K061 K062 K023 K148 K008 K010 K030 K178 K024 K012 K014 W001 W002 W003 D014

F006 R029 R025 B013 B004 B003

Food Group

OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES FRUITS OTHER VEGETABLES WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Spinach, Ceylon) (see Almond, Indian) LEGUMES PROCESSED FOODS LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES (see Sea cucumber) MIXED COOKED DISHES MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY FATS AND OILS MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Edible hibiscus) (see Spinach, Tahitian) (see Capsicum) NUTS AND SEEDS (see Spinach, tropical) MIXED COOKED DISHES (see Okra) MIXED COOKED DISHES CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

120

Source

d d d n b n f d d d

a u a u a a a a d d a b a a d a d d d d a u u u a a a a a a m a a a u a a a f a a a o a d d

b f k f d d

Food Name

Biscuit, cream and jam filled Biscuit, cream, wafer Biscuit, fruit-filled Biscuit, plain, sweet Biscuit, shortbread Biscuit, wheatmeal Bogua Bologna, beef & pork Booi Bran, oat, raw Bran, wheat, unprocessed Brandy Branflakes Brazil nut, kernels, raw Bread roll, white Bread roll, wholemeal Bread, brown Bread, brown, toasted Bread, coastal, local produce Bread, French, Italian Bread, garlic Bread, white, regular Bread, white, regular, toasted Bread, wholemeal Bread, wholemeal, toasted Breadfruit seeds, boiled Breadfruit, baked Breadfruit, boiled Breadfruit, pulp, mature, raw Breadfruit, seeds, roasted Bream, threadfin, Japanese Broccoli, boiled Brussels sprouts, boiled Brussels sprouts, frozen, boiled Budo Bun, fruit, glazed Bush apple Butter, regular Bwiro Cabbage, Chinese, cooked Cabbage, Chinese, raw Cabbage, European white, boiled Cabbage, European white, raw Cabbage, European, boil with salt Cabbage, European, PNG, baked Cabbage, head Cabbage, red, boiled Cabbage, swamp, boiled Cabbage, swamp, raw Cake, chocolate, home prepared Cake, cream cake, sponge Cake, fruit, dark, commercial Cake, iced, commercial Cake, lamington Cake, madeleine Cake, plain, commercial Calaloo Camp pie, canned Candlenut, kernels, raw Capsicum, boiled Capsicum, green and red, raw Capsicum, raw Carambola Cardamon Carp, common Carrot, baby, canned, heated, drain Carrot, frozen, boiled Carrot, mature, peeled, boiled Carrot, mature, peeled, raw Carrots, raw

Key

B005 B006 B007 B010 B011 B012 K145 B018 B019 W005 B020 F007 B021 B022 B023 B024 B030 B091 B051 B025 B026 B027 B028 F035 A003 A002 A008 F036 H005 D122 D123 D124 B032 P003 C094 C035 C036 C019 C052 C010 C018 C098 C071 B033 B057 B034 B036 B060 B089 B037 K042 F010 D019 D096 D020 T003 H008 D021 D024 D022 D023 D002

Food Group

CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Pili nut) MEAT AND POULTRY (see Chestnut, Tahitian) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS BEVERAGES CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS NUTS AND SEEDS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS NUTS AND SEEDS STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES NUTS AND SEEDS FISH OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Chestnut, Tahitian) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Malay apple) FATS AND OILS (see Biro) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Cabbage) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Spinach, Tahitian) MEAT AND POULTRY NUTS AND SEEDS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Starfruit) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FISH OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES

121

Source

d d d d d d u d d d d a a d a a d o d a a d d n d d d n d d d d d a d d f a f d d d d d d d d d d d a m d d d d d d d d d d

Food Name

Cashew, roasted, salted Cassava, baked Cassava, baked Cassava, boiled Cassava, flour Cassava, leaves, boiled Cassava, leaves, raw Cassava, raw Cassowary, cooked Cassowary, raw Cauliflower, boiled Cauliflower, raw Celery, boiled Celery, raw Champagne Champignon, canned in brine Chayote Cheese flavour snacks, Twisties Cheese snack, twistie-type Cheese spread, cheddar Cheese, blue vein Cheese, brie Cheese, camembert Cheese, cheddar Cheese, cheddar, processed Cheese, cottage Cheese, edam Cheese, fresh Cheese, mozzarella Cheese, roquefort Cheese, Swiss Cheeseburger, double patty & bun Cheesecake, commercial Chestnut, Polynesian Chestnut, Tahitian, boiled Chestnut, Tahitian, kernels, raw Chestnut, Tahitian, roasted Chicken, b/less, baked, lean & skin Chicken, breast, baked, lean Chicken, drumstick, baked, l&s Chicken, drumstick, baked, lean Chicken, gizzard Chicken, lean only, baked, earth-oven Chicken, lean only, raw Chicken, lightmeat, breaded & fried Chicken, roll Chicken, skin only, baked, earth-oven Chicken, skin only, raw Chicken, whole, baked, earth-oven Chicken, whole, raw Chilli powder Chilli sauce, bottled Chilli, dried Chinese apple, “bair”, Ziziphus jujuba Chips, pea-flour, fried Chocolate bar, Bounty Bar Chocolate bar, Mars Bar Chocolate cake, dry mix, prepared Chocolate, dark Chocolate, milk Chocolate, milk and nuts Choko, leaves, boiled Choko, leaves, raw Choko, peeled, boiled Cincaru Cinnamon powder Clam, giant, Tridacna maxima, raw Clam, “kai”, B. violocea, meat only, raw Clam, “kaikoso”, raw, Anadara sp. Clams

Key

F011 A042 A041 A011 A010 C053 C050 A012 Y007 Y006 D025 D026 D027 D028 W006

Q089 Q066 M005 M006 M007 M048 M008 M009 M010 M046 M012 M045 M013 Q086 Q003 F064 F056 F065 K038 K039 K041 K040 K053 K169 K166 K149 K044 K170 K167 K168 K165 T004 T033 T005 E133 Q088 S004 S020 B106 S006 S007 S008 C095 C049 D034 T006 J054 J055 J001 J001

Food Group

NUTS AND SEEDS STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES STARCHY STAPLES WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES BEVERAGES (see Mushrooms) (see Choko) PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS (see Fromage frais) MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS (see Chestnut, Tahitian) NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FRUITS PROCESSED FOODS CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Scad) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD

122

Source

a d f f d f f f d d d d d d d

f u a a a d a a a d a d a u d b b d a a a a m f f u a f f f f b d d f f d o u b d d d d d d f f f m

Food Name

Cloves Coastal tree, C. subcordata, leaves, raw Coastal tree, P. grandis, leaves, raw Cockles, boiled for 5 minutes Cockles, fresh Coco pops Cocoa powder, Australian Cocoa powder, Malaysian Cocoa, Samoan, T. cacao, processed Coconut apple Coconut cream, canned/UHT Coconut cream, canned/UHT Coconut cream, fresh, no water Coconut cream, fresh, no water Coconut cream, water added Coconut cream, water added Coconut milk/water/juice Coconut oil Coconut oil Coconut sap Coconut toddy, boiled Coconut toddy, fermented Coconut toddy, fresh Coconut, desiccated Coconut, embryo germinating Coconut, flesh, immature Coconut, flesh, mature Coconut, flesh, mature, fresh Cod, coral Cod, steamed Coffee powder, instant Coffee, brewed Cordial, blackcurrant, prepared Cordial, citrus, 25% prepared Coriander leaves, dried Coriander seeds Corn chips, flavoured Corn flakes Corn flakes, sugar coated Corn, cob, baked Corn, cob, sweet, boiled, drained Corn, sweet, canned in brine, drained Corn, sweet, creamed, can, heated Corn, sweet, frozen, boiled Crab, mangrove Crab, mud, boiled Crab, swimming, boiled Crabmeat, canned in brine Cracker, sao, jatz Cranberries Cream cheese, dip, flavoured Cream substitute, powdered Cream, pure Cream, reduced fat, canned Cream, sour Cream, thickened, UHT Creeping spinach Cress, garden, leaves & stems, raw Crispbread, wholemeal Crocodile, cooked Crocodile, raw Croissant Crumpet, regular, toasted Cucumber pickles, dill Cucumber, common, raw, flesh Cucumber, common, raw, flesh & skin Cumin seeds Currant, dried Curry powder Curry, chicken, without bones

Key

T007 C102 C101 J003 J002 B039 W007 W034 Q093 X001 P025 P026 X002 X014 P029 X009 P024 X018 X016 X005 X008 X010 X011 X013 X003 X012 H010 H026 W008 W035 W009 W010 T009 T010 Q006 B041 B088 D059 D037 D098 D099 D100 J047 J005 J006 B016 E048 M014 M049 M052 M054 M051 M053 C024 B043 Y002 Y008 B044 B045 D120 D039 D041 T013 E025 T014 R001

Food Group

HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS BEVERAGES BEVERAGES PROCESSED FOODS (see Coconut embryo) COCONUT PRODUCTS FATS AND OILS FATS AND OILS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS FATS AND OILS COCONUT PRODUCTS FATS AND OILS COCONUT PRODUCTS (see Coconut toddy) COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS COCONUT PRODUCTS FISH FISH BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES PROCESSED FOODS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Crab) SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS FRUITS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS (see Spinach) GREEN LEAVES CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FRUITS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES MIXED COOKED DISHES

123

Source

d f f d d d d d f a d d d d d d d d f f f f f f a d d d d a d d d d u d u d u a a a d d d d d a u d a a a u d n n a d u a a d d d d

Food Name

Curry, vegetable Cuscus Custard Custard apple, flesh Custard square Cut nut, Fiji, raw, Barringtonia edulis Cut nut, Vanuatu, raw, B. edulis Cuttlefish, fresh Dalo Dalo ni tana Dari Date, dried Deer, flesh, cooked Devon/fritz, luncheon meat Dhal, Black gram, raw, P. mungo Dhal, Red gram, raw, C. cajan Donaj Doughnut, cake-style, choc coated Doughnut, cinnamon and sugar Doughnut, home made Drop scone, home prepared Drumstick leaves & shoots, raw Drumstick, leaves, boiled Drumstick, leaves, raw Duck, roasted Durian Duruka Edible hibiscus, leaves, boiled Edible hibiscus, leaves, raw Eel fish Egg, chicken, fried Egg, chicken, poached Egg, chicken, scrambled Egg, chicken, white, hard-boiled Egg, chicken, whole, hard-boiled Egg, chicken, yolk, hard-boiled Egg, duck, whole, raw Egg, quail, whole, raw Egg, turtle, whole Eggplant, boiled Eggplant, flesh only, raw Fa Fala Fau Fekaki Fekiki kai Fern, leaves, boiled Fern, leaves, raw Fig Fig, Burkella fijiensis Fig, dried Fig, Ficus scabra Fig, poke, leaves, boiled Fig, poke, leaves, raw Fish and island cabbage, fried Fish salad, Tahitian, raw Fish, battered, deep-fried, Fish, deep sea, “Walu” Fish, dried and salted Fish, finger, frozen, grilled Fish, L. xanthophilus, baked, earth-oven Fish, roe, red Flake Flour, cornflour Flour, wheat, white, plain Flour, wheat, white, self-raising Flour, wheat, wholemeal Flying fox, boiled Frankfurter, bun & catsup/mustard Frankfurters, simmered

Key

R003 R002 E027 F066 F067 J008

E029 Y019 K049 G058 G059 B087 B047 B095 B048 C086 C026 C055 K050 E069 C005 C006 H093 N004 N005 N006 N003 N007 N008 N002 N014 N015 D049 D001

C096 C011 E032 E123 E030 E124 C091 C040 R018 R027 H019 H096 H090 H012 H094 J032 B042 B084 B085 B086 Y009 Q087 K051

Food Group

MIXED COOKED DISHES (see Possum) MIXED COOKED DISHES FRUITS (see Slice, vanilla) NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS SEAFOOD (see Taro, common) (see Taro, Chinese) (see Yam, greater) FRUITS WILD ANIMAL FOODS MEAT AND POULTRY LEGUMES LEGUMES (see Doughnut) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES MEAT AND POULTRY FRUITS (see Pitpit/duruka) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES FISH EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS EGGS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Pandanus nuts) (see Pandanus nuts) (see Pandanus nuts) (see Malay apple) (see Malay apple) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES MIXED COOKED DISHES MIXED COOKED DISHES FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH SEAFOOD (see Shark) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS WILD ANIMAL FOODS PROCESSED FOODS MEAT AND POULTRY

124

Source

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d d a f f u d d d d d d d d d d d a a a a a a a a b d d

d d d f d f u d k k d f d d f a d d d a d a a

Food Name

French fries Frog, raw Fromage frais Fromage frais, fat-free Fruit drink, orange Fruit salad, canned in syrup Fruit, mixed, dried Fungi, cooked, F. velutipes Fungi, cooked, L. hatsudake Fungi, raw, Flammulina velutipes Fungi, raw, Lactarius hatsudake Galip Garlic, boiled Gelatine Ghee, butter Gin Ginger berries Ginger, boiled Ginger, root, fresh Glycine max Goat meat, lean Gourd, cooked Granadilla, flesh and seeds Grape, black Grape, green Grapefruit Gravy powder, prepared Gravy, powder, dry Grub, larva, raw Guava, Hawaiian Guinea squash Ham and chicken roll Ham, leg, lean & fat, roasted Hamburger mince, simmer, drained Hamburger, bacon Hamburger, cheese Hamburger, egg Hamburger, plain Hasbin Honey Horseradish tree Hot cakes and syrup, McDonald's Ice cream cone Ice cream, vanilla Ifi Ihi I'i Indian mulberry, M. citrifolia, leaves, raw Infant formula, Isomil, & water Infant formula, Similac, & water Insect, silkworm, raw Irish stew, canned, heated Island cabbage Island dumpling, cooked Ivi Jaibo Jakfruit, A.heterophyllus, raw Jakfruit, A.integer, raw Jakfruit, raw Jakfruit, seeds, boiled Jam Jambo Jambu Jamun Jamun, raw, Eugenia brasilliensis Java almond Jelly, crystals Jelly, prepared Jointfir, leaves, boiled Jointfir, leaves, raw

Key

Y010 M044 M043 W011 E034 E066 D115 D116 D048 D012 T060 T035 P022 W012 T061 T017 K054 D125 E039 E036 E035 E037 T037 T057 Y011 E042 K056 K150 K060 Q013 Q014 Q015 Q016 S012 B053 B054 M020

C103 M055 M056 Y012 Q017 B100

A091 A092 A090 F004 S013

E125 S014 S015 C079 C080

Food Group

(see Potato, fries) WILD ANIMAL FOODS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS BEVERAGES FRUITS FRUITS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Pili nut) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FATS AND OILS BEVERAGES (see Cranberries) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Beans) MEAT AND POULTRY OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES WILD ANIMAL FOODS FRUITS (see Eggplant) MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS (see Winged beans) CONFECTIONERY (see Drumstick) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Chestnut, Tahitian) GREEN LEAVES MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS WILD ANIMAL FOODS PROCESSED FOODS (see Edible hibiscus) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Island dumpling) STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES NUTS AND SEEDS CONFECTIONERY (see Water apple) (see Water apple) (see Water apple) FRUITS (see Almond, Indian) CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES

125

Source

d d d u d d d d d d d d t d d d m d d d d d d d n a a u a d d d d d d d a

f u u n d d

d d a t d

f d d d d

Food Name

Juice, orange and mango Juice, orange, commercial Juice, tomato, canned, salted Kabis Kafika Kahika Kal Kale seedling, boiled Kale seedling, raw Kalo Kamiri Kamrakh Kangkong Kango Kapiak Kapisi vai Karakap Kareve Karuga Karuka Kau Kaukau Kaurika Kava, Piper methysticum Kavika Kavika, raw, Syzygium malaccense Keam Keh Kehi'a Kenari Kering Kim chee Kiwifruit, flesh & seeds Kokoda Kokonas Kong-kong taro Kotel Kumal Kumala Kumara Kumi Kumu mosong Kutil Lady's finger Lama Lamb, chump/chops, whole, earth-oven Lamb, chump/chops, fat only, earth-oven Lamb, chump/chops, lean only, earth-oven Lamb, chump chop, grill, 50% trim Lamb, chump chop, grill, lean & fat Lamb, chump chops, fat only, raw Lamb, chump chops, lean only, raw Lamb, chump chops, whole, raw Lamb, heart, baked Lamb, kidney, simmered Lamb, liver, fried Lamb, midloin chop, grilled, l&f Lamb, neck chop, simmer, lean & fat Lamb, sausages, raw Lamb, shoulder, baked, lean & fat Laplap, cabbage & cassava & coconut Laplap, taro & chicken & coconut Lasagna, commercial Laulau Leek, boiled Leek, raw Lemon Lemon grass Lemons, juice, freshly extracted Lentils, dried, boiled

Key

W015 W016 W014

C039 C054

W040 E126

T058 E049

K174 K176 K175 K068 K070 K173 K172 K171 K071 K072 K076 K077 K079 K179 K082 R019 R017 Q018 D066 D067 E051 T019 T053 G037

Food Group

BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES (see Cabbage) (see Malay apple) (see Malay apple) (see Almond, Indian) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Taro, common) (see Candlenut) (see Starfruit) (see Cabbage, swamp) (see Watercress) (see Breadfruit) (see Watercress) (see Nightshade) (see Coconut sap) (see Pandanus nuts) (see Pandanus nuts) (see Water apple) (see Sweet potato) (see Almond, Indian) BEVERAGES (see Malay apple) FRUITS (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Malay apple) (see Malay apple) (see Pili nut) (see Scad) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FRUITS (see Fish salad) (see Coconut, flesh) (see Taro, Chinese) (see Almond, Indian) (see Sweet potato) (see Sweet potato) (see Sweet potato) (see Breadfruit) (see Fig) (see Almond, Indian) (see Okra) (see Pili nut) MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MIXED COOKED DISHES MIXED COOKED DISHES PROCESSED FOODS (see Malay apple) OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES LEGUMES

126

Source

d d d

d d

f f

m z

f f f a a f f f a a a a a f a k k a a a d d a a

Food Name

Lettuce, common, raw Lettuce, iceberg, raw Licorice Lime Lip kaukau Lip pamken Liqueur, coffee-flavoured Loaf, fruit Lobster Lobster, cooked Lobster, mangrove, raw, T. anomala Lollies Lumi Lupu Lychee Lychee, canned in syrup Lychee, canned in syrup, drained Lychee, dried Lychee, Pacific, P. pinnata Maaena Macadamia nut, kernels, raw Machaha Mackerel, canned in natural oil Mackerel, fried Mackerel, frigate, boiled Mackerel, Spanish, cooked Mackerel, Spanish, raw Magamuk Mah Mahoa Maita Makamaka Makmok Malay apple Mandarin Mandarin, canned in syrup Manggis Mango, Australian Mango, Malaysian Mango, PNG Mangosteen Manihikian bread Manioc Manioc leaves Maoa Margarine, cooking Margarine, poly-unsat, reduce fat Margarine, poly-unsat., regular Marita Marmalade plum Marmalade, orange Marrow, peeled, boiled Marungai Marzipan Masoa Mayonnaise, commercial Meat and island cabbage, fried Meat paste Melon seeds, seed coat removed Melon, honey dew Meringue, commercial Milk powder, skim Milk powder, whole Milk, breast, colostrum Milk, breast, mature Milk, condensed, skim, sweet, can Milk, condensed, whole, sweetened Milk, evaporated, skim, canned Milk, evaporated, whole, canned Milk, goat

Key

C046 C045 S016 E052

W017 B061 J011 J013 J050

E059 E057 E058 E056 E132 F043 H088 H028 H092 H087 H086

E111 E061 E060 E064 E063 E096 E116 R022

P014 P015 P016

S019 D068 S032 T038 R021 K088 F047 E065 S021 M021 M022 M019 M004 M029 M023 M024 M025 M026

Food Group

GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES CONFECTIONERY FRUITS (see Sweet potato, leaves) (see Pumpkin, leaves) BEVERAGES CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD (see Sweets) (see Seaweed) (see Palusami) FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) NUTS AND SEEDS (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) (see Breadfruit) (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) (see Spinach, tropical) (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS (see Mangosteen) FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS MIXED COOKED DISHES (see Cassava) (see Cassava, leaves) (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) FATS AND OILS FATS AND OILS FATS AND OILS (see Pandanus nut) (see Sapote) CONFECTIONERY OTHER VEGETABLES (see Drumstick, leaves) CONFECTIONERY (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES MIXED COOKED DISHES MEAT AND POULTRY NUTS AND SEEDS FRUITS CONFECTIONERY MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS

127

Source

a u d d

d d d a f

d d d d f a u d d d d

a d d a d d d k

t m a

d d d d k a d d a a a a a b b a a a

Food Name

Milk, skim, fluid Milk, whole Milk, whole, ultra high temperature Milo powder Mineral water and juice Mineral water, natural Mixed vegetables, frozen, boiled Mokmok Moli Moli kana Mornay sauce Muesli bar, fruit Muesli, Swiss-style Muesli, toasted Muffin, English, toasted Muli Mullet, fried Mullet, steamed Mumut Muruk Mushroom sauce, canned, heated Mushrooms, can, brine, heat, drain Mushrooms, common, raw Mussel Mussel, smoked, canned-oil, drain Mustard seeds Mustard, cream type, commercial Mustard, French Mutton biriani Mutton flaps, lean and fat, fried Namambe Nangai Natavoa Naviso Nectarine Ngali Ngali nut, raw, Canarium indicum Nightshade, leaves, cooked Nightshade, leaves, raw Niknik Noodles, chow mein Noodles, egg, unenriched, cooked Noodles, Maggi-type, boiled Nutmeg powder Nuts, mixed, salted Oats, rolled, cooked Octopus, cooked Octopus, raw Oil, olive Oil, peanut Okari Okra, boiled Okra, raw Olive, green, stuffed, drained Omelette, plain Onion, mature, boiled Onion, mature, raw Onion, pickled, commercial, drain Orange Orange, local Oregano powder Ota dina Ota karesi Ovaltine powder Oyster sauce Oyster, flesh, raw Palm oil, red Palusami, corned mutton, earth-oven Palusami, taro leaf & coconut Palusami, taro leaf & coconut & beef

Key

M028 M030 M031 W019 W020 W021 D069

T054 S022 B062 B063 B064 H033 H034

T044 D029 D070 J014 J015 T020 T039 T056 R004 K164

E068 F072 C032 C065 B102 B103 B097 T021 F048 B065 J042 J040 P017 P019 D072 D073 D126 N013 D076 D077 T041 E070 E106 T022

W023 T023 J017 P021 R030 R028 R026

Food Group

MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Arrowroot, Polynesian) (see Orange, local) (see Pomelo) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES CONFECTIONERY CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Orange, local) FISH FISH (see Bandicoot) (see Cassowary) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES MIXED COOKED DISHES MEAT AND POULTRY (see Chestnut, Tahitian) (see Pili nut) (see Almond, Indian) (see Pitpit/duruka) FRUITS (see Pili nut) NUTS AND SEEDS GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Durian) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES NUTS AND SEEDS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS SEAFOOD SEAFOOD FATS AND OILS FATS AND OILS (see Almond, Indian) OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES EGGS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FRUITS FRUITS HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Fern) (see Cabbage, swamp) BEVERAGES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES SEAFOOD FATS AND OILS MIXED COOKED DISHES MIXED COOKED DISHES MIXED COOKED DISHES

128

Source

a a a d a d d

m d d a d d a

d d d d a d d d d z

d f d d u u d d d d d d a a d d d m d d d d d d

d d a d f k k

Food Name

Pancake syrup Pancake, home prepared Pandanus fruit Pandanus nut, kernel, dried Pandanus nut, kernel, raw Pandanus nut, kernel, roasted Pandanus nut, sauce Pandanus paste Pandanus, flour Papadums, fried in vegetable oil Papaya Papaya shoots Paprika Parsley, leaves, raw Parsley, raw Parsnip, peeled, boiled Passionfruit Passionfruit, purple/yellow Pasta, egg, boiled Pasta, white, boiled Pastry, chocolate, filled, roll Pastry, Danish Pastry, filo, baked Pastry, puff, commercial, baked Pastry, short, commercial, baked Pâté de campagne Pâté de foie Pâté, pork liver Pawpaw shoots, cooked Pawpaw shoots, raw Pawpaw, Australian Pawpaw, PNG Pawpaw, raw, unripe Pawpaw, unripe, cooked Peach Peach, canned in syrup Peanut butter, no added sugar Peanut butter, smooth, with salt Peanut, kernel & skin, raw Peanut, kernels, roasted, salted Peanut, roasted, salted Pear, canned in pear juice Pear, Packhams Peas, dried, fried Peas, green, boiled Peas, green, boiled Peas, green, canned, drained Peas, green, dried, boiled Peas, green, frozen, boiled Peas, split, dried, boiled Peas, with edible pod, boiled Pele Pepper, black Pepper, sweet Pickles, mustard, commercial Pie, apple, deep, baked Pie, fruit, commercial Pie, meat, family size Pie, meat, individual size Pig, flesh, baked Pig, flesh, boiled Pigeon, general, cooked Pigeon, general, raw Pili nut, dried, PNG Pili nut, raw, ripe, PNG Pinat Pineapple, Australian Pineapple, canned in heavy syrup Pineapple, PNG Pistachio nut, kernels, raw

Key

S034 B066 E072 F038 F037 F039 F044 E073 A088 Q029

T024 T025 D079 D080 E076 E092 B067 B068 B092 B046 B069 B070 B071 K161 K105 K162 C013 C012 E078 E079 D081 D127 E081 E080 Q078 Q075 F062 F052 F051 E082 E083 G060 D051 G041 D119 G042 G043 G044 G040 T026 T042 Q032 Q033 Q022 Q023 Y021 Y020 Y003 Y013 F031 F032 E086 E085 E002 F054

Food Group

CONFECTIONERY CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS FRUITS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS FRUITS STARCHY STAPLES PROCESSED FOODS (see Pawpaw) (see Pawpaw) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS FRUITS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES FRUITS FRUITS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS FRUITS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS FRUITS FRUITS LEGUMES OTHER VEGETABLES LEGUMES OTHER VEGETABLES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES (see Edible hibiscus) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Capsicum) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS NUTS AND SEEDS NUTS AND SEEDS (see Peanut) FRUITS FRUITS FRUITS NUTS AND SEEDS

129

Source

a a j n n n n j j a

d b d d d d d d d d d d d o a d d d a n d d d d d b a a a d d f d a u a a a a d d d d d d n n n d n n a d d a

Food Name

Pitpit, Highlands, baked Pitpit/Duruka, coastal, raw Pizza with meat, thick crust Pizza, ham & pineapple, froz, bake Pizza, supreme, frozen, baked Plantain Plantain flowers Plum, dark, canned in syrup Plum, red flesh Poi, paiai Poke recipe, boiled Polynesian arrowroot Pomelo, pink flesh Popcorn, regular, commercial Pora Pork, fat, boiled Pork, ham leg, non-canned, lean Pork, ham steak, grilled Pork, ham, canned, lean and fat Pork, leg, baked, lean & fat Pork, midloin chop, grilled, l&f Pork, sausage, fried, home prep Pork, sausage, grill, home prep Pork, sausages, raw Pork, spareribs, lean & fat, cooked Poro Port Possum, boiled Potato chips Potato chips Potato crisps, plain Potato crisps, plain, salted Potato fries, deep fried Potato salad, canned Potato straws, plain Potato, baked, salt & fat added Potato, hash brown, McDonald's Potato, mashed, dried, home prep Potato, pale skin, peeled, baked Potato, pale skin, peeled, boiled Prawn, cocktail Prawn, greater tiger, boiled Prawn, king, cooked Pretzels Prune Pudding, plum, canned Pudding, self saucing Puha, boiled Puha, leaves & upper stem, raw Puk puk Pumpkin seeds, raw Pumpkin, boiled Pumpkin, butternut, boiled Pumpkin, leaves, boiled Pumpkin, leaves, raw Pumpkin, raw Puraka Quiche, ham & cheese, comm., baked Radish, oriental, raw, peeled Raisin Rambutan Ramen Rat, cooked Rat, raw Ravioli, commercial Reef fish, composite, bake/grill Reef fish, composite, raw Reef fish, composite, steam/poach Rice bubbles Rice with coconut cream

Key

D004 D003 Q076 Q034 Q035

E088 E089 R014 R023 E090 Q036 K055 K057 K058 K059 K101 K104 K123 K124 K180 K151 W024 Y018

Q037 Q069 A013 A015 Q038 A016 A014 A017 A019 A018 J020 J049 J021 Q039 E091 Q040 Q041 C092 C060 F055 D087 D086 C025 C048 D043 Q042 D088 E093 E117 Y004 Y014 Q043 H075 H074 H076 B072 B098

Food Group

OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS (see Banana) (see Banana) FRUITS FRUITS MIXED COOKED DISHES MIXED COOKED DISHES (see Arrowroot) FRUITS PROCESSED FOODS (see Nightshade) MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY (see Nightshade) BEVERAGES WILD ANIMAL FOODS (see Potato, fries) (see Potato crisps) PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES PROCESSED FOODS STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD PROCESSED FOODS FRUITS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Crocodile) NUTS AND SEEDS OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Taro, swamp) PROCESSED FOODS OTHER VEGETABLES FRUITS FRUITS (see Noodles) WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS PROCESSED FOODS FISH FISH FISH CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS

130

Source

n f a d d

d d k d a n a a a a a a a f u d d

a a a a d n a a a a d d a d d d d z z b a a d d d a d d d d d d d d d a d

Food Name

Rice, brown, boiled Rice, parboiled, boiled Rice, white, boiled Rice, white, boiled, coastal Rice, white, boiled, Highlands Rockmelon Rolled oats Rose apple Roti, cooked Rourou Rukau viti Rum Saffron Sago palm, heart Sago, flour Sago, flour, meal Saijan Saimen Sak sak Salami Salmon, pink, solids & liquid, can Samoan taro Sandwich, toasted, cheese & ham Sapodilla Sapote, fruit Sardines, Aust., canned in oil Sardines, canned in oil, drained Sardines, USA, canned in oil Sausage roll Scad, hairtail, dried Scallop, cooked Scallop, raw Scone, plain, home prepared Sea cucumber, edible muscle Sea slug Sea urchin, flesh, boiled Sea urchin, flesh, boiled Sea urchin, Tripneustes gratilla Sea-hare, intestines, raw, D. auricularia Sea-hare, skin, raw, D. auricularia Seaweed, agar Seaweed, dried Seaweed, “Lumi”, raw, C. demersum Seaweed, “Nama”, raw, Caulerpa sp. Seed bar, fruit and nut Semolina Shallot, peeled, boiled Shark, blue, boiled Shark, temperate, flesh, steamed Sherbet Sherry, dry Sherry, sweet Sici-shell, meat, raw, P. aemingiana Sikalui Sikeci Silverbeet, boiled Silverbeet, raw Slippery cabbage Snails, small Snake, general, raw Snapper, steamed Softdrink, cola Softdrink, cola, diet Softdrink, lemonade Softdrink, lemonade, diet Soup, chicken noodle, dry, prep Soup, cream vege, canned, prepared Soup, minestrone, home prepared Soup, tomato, canned, prepared Soursop

Key

B073 B093 B077 B075 B076 E097

B078

W025 T027 D130 A023 A022

K120 H078 R015 E100 E017 H050 H051 H077 Q050 H089 J043 J041 B080 J024 J045 J045 J058 J051 J052 J038 J036 J056 J057 S010 B090 D093 H091 H021 S036 W026 W027 J053

C066 C003 Y015 Y016 H060 W028 W038 W029 W039 Q053 Q054 Q055 Q052 E101

Food Group

CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS FRUITS (see Oats) (see Water apple) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Taro, leaves) (see Taro, leaves) BEVERAGES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES OTHER VEGETABLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES (see Drumstick) (see Noodles) (see Sago) MEAT AND POULTRY FISH (see Taro, giant) MIXED COOKED DISHES FRUITS FRUITS FISH FISH FISH PROCESSED FOODS FISH SEAFOOD SEAFOOD CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS SEAFOOD (see Sea cucumber) SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD SEAFOOD CONFECTIONERY CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS OTHER VEGETABLES FISH FISH CONFECTIONERY BEVERAGES BEVERAGES SEAFOOD (see Coconut sap) (see Candlenut) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Edible hibiscus) WILD ANIMAL FOODS WILD ANIMAL FOODS FISH BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS FRUITS

131

Source

d d a d d d

d

d d f d n

a u d d d a a u d m d d d f d f f f f d d f f d d d e a d d d f

d d d n d d a d a d d d d d

Food Name

Sow thistle Soy sauce, commercial Soya bean curd, unsweetened Soya bean milk, packet Soya beans, fermented Spaghetti, canned-tomato sauce Spam, canned Special K Spinach, Ceylon, boiled Spinach, Ceylon, raw Spinach, frozen, boiled Spinach, New Zealand, boiled Spinach, New Zealand, raw Spinach, Tahitian, boiled Spinach, Tahitian, raw Spinach, tropical, leaves, baked Spinach, tropical, leaves, boiled Spinach, tropical, leaves, raw Spinach, vine Sprouting coconut Squash, boiled Squid, fried Squid, raw Starfruit Sting ray Stock cube Strawberry Sugar cane juice Sugar, brown Sugar, raw Sugar, white Sukau Sultana Swede, boiled Sweet potato, composite, baked Sweet potato, composite, boiled Sweet potato, composite, raw Sweet potato, composite, steamed Sweet potato, konime, baked Sweet potato, konime, baked & salt Sweet potato, konime, boiled Sweet potato, leaves, cooked Sweet potato, leaves, raw Sweet potato, orange, peeled, boil Sweet potato, pale, raw Sweet potato, seyspen, baked Sweet potato, white, flesh, boiled Sweet potato, yellow, raw Sweet yam Sweet yam, roasted Sweetlip, painted, raw Sweets, boiled Syrup, golden Ta'amu Tai Talie Talis Talisai Talise Talo Tamarillo Tamarind Tamarind, fresh pods Ta'o Tapiak Tapioca Tapioca leaves Tapiok Tarawau, Fiji, raw, Dracontomelon vitiense Tarawau, Vanuatu, raw, D. vitiense

Key

T046 G052 G053 G055 Q077 K132 B081 C076 C075 C069 C001 C034 C093 C084 C051 C009 C008

D094 J027 J028 E018 J029 T050 E103 S035 S026 S027 S028 E104 D095 A036 A034 A032 A035 A028 A029 A027 C038 C072 A030 A031 A037 A039 A040

H035 S003 S011

E107 E108

E127 E128

Food Group

(see Puha) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES LEGUMES LEGUMES LEGUMES PROCESSED FOODS MEAT AND POULTRY CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Spinach, Ceylon) (see Coconut embryo) OTHER VEGETABLES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD FRUITS SEAFOOD HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FRUITS CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY (see Fern) FRUITS OTHER VEGETABLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES (see Yam) (see Yam) FISH CONFECTIONERY CONFECTIONERY (see Taro, giant) (see Candlenut) (see Almond, Indian) (see Almond, Indian) (see Almond, Indian) (see Almond, Indian) (see Taro, common) (see Tree tomato) FRUITS FRUITS (see Taro, common) (see Cassava) (see Cassava) (see Cassava) (see Cassava) FRUITS FRUITS

132

Source

d d m m a a d d d d d d d d d d d

d d d f m d a u a o t d d d s s s d d d d d a d d a d

m d d

d d

f f

Food Name

Taro chips, fried Taro chips, Samoan, Leilei brand Taro chips, Samoan, Tausala brand Taro kong kong Taro leaves Taro tru Taro, Chinese, baked Taro, Chinese, boiled Taro, Chinese, raw Taro, common, baked Taro, common, black, boiled Taro, common, composite, raw Taro, common, red, boiled Taro, common, white, baked Taro, common, white, boiled Taro, common, yellow, boiled Taro, elephant foot yam, raw Taro, giant swamp, baked Taro, giant swamp, boiled Taro, giant swamp, raw Taro, giant, baked Taro, giant, boiled Taro, giant, raw Taro, leaves, cooked Taro, leaves, raw Taro, raw, C.antiquorum Taro, Samoan Taro, stalks, cooked Taro, stalks, raw Taro, Tahitian Tarua Tea, Indian, infused Tea, lemon grass, brewed, C. coloratus Tea, lemon leaf, brewed, Citrus sp. Te-karewe Te-kunikun Te-mai Tempeh Thick shake, McDonald's Thousand island dressing Tipop Tivi Toamu Tomato catsup Tomato pasta sauce, comm., heated Tomato paste, salted Tomato sauce, commercial Tomato, canned in tomato juice Tomato, cherry, raw Tomato, common, boiled Tomato, common, raw Tomato, ripe Tonaj Toor dahl, cooked dish Topping, chocolate Tree ants, whole Tree tomato Tubua Tulip Tumutumu maukeni Tuna, albacore, flesh, raw Tuna, bullet Tuna, canned in brine Tuna, canned in brine, drained Tuna, canned in oil Tuna, canned in oil, drained Tuna, composite, flesh, baked Tuna, composite, flesh, grilled Tuna, composite, flesh, raw Tuna, composite, flesh, steamed

Key

A097 Q091 Q092

A065 A063 A064 A048 A046 A052 A055 A058 A057 A059 A060 A102 A103 A066 A100 A101 A062 C097 C078 A050 C020 C004

W036 W041 W042

W037 T059

T052 T045 D102 T048 D105 D103 D118 D106 D107 R007 S029 Y017 E118

H079 H067 H070 H068 H069 H083 H085 H082 H084

Food Group

STARCHY STAPLES PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS (see Taro, Chinese) (see Spinach, Tahitian) (see Taro, common) STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES STARCHY STAPLES (see Taro, giant) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Spinach, Tahitian) (see Taro, Chinese) BEVERAGES BEVERAGES BEVERAGES (see Coconut sap) (see Almond, Indian) (see Breadfruit) (see Soya beans, fermented) BEVERAGES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Almond, Indian) (see Almond, Indian) (see Taro, giant) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES OTHER VEGETABLES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES OTHER VEGETABLES (see Doughnut) MIXED COOKED DISHES CONFECTIONERY WILD ANIMAL FOODS FRUITS (see Spinach, tropical) (see Jointfir) (see Pumpkin, leaves) FISH (see Mackerel) FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH FISH

133

Source

f f f

n n s f d s n n n n s d d s d d s d d d d d

u f f

d d

a d d d a a d a d b d n d

z a a d a z z z z

Food Name

Tuna, frigate Tuna, slender, flesh, raw Tuna, southern bluefin, flesh, raw Turkey tail, cooked Turkey, whole, roasted Turmeric powder Turtle, cooked Turtle, raw Tuti 'Ufi suamalie 'Ufi-pala 'Ufi-palai 'Ufi-pilita Uhi Uhi nagava Uhlei U'i Uli 'Uma'a 'Umala 'Umala vai 'Umara 'Ura Uru Utau Uvi Vanilla slice Vara Veal schnitzel, frozen, fried Veal, loin chop, grilled, lean & fat Vegemite Vegetable oil, polyunsaturated Vegetables and sausages, canned Vegetables and steak, can, heated Vegetables, mixed, European, boil Veitchia nut, Vietchia sp., raw Venison Via kana Vinaigrette sauce Vine spinach Vinegar Violet crumble Vulatolu Water apple Water cabbage Water dropwort, leaves, cooked Water dropwort, leaves, raw Water spinach Watercress, leaves, cooked Watercress, leaves, raw Watermelon, Aust., red pulp Watermelon, PNG, red pulp Watermelon, seeds, dried Weet-bix Whisky Wi, Fiji, raw, Spondias dulcis Wi, Vanuatu, raw, S. dulcis Wild sugar cane flower Wild sugar cane flower Wine, red Wine, white Winged bean leaves, cooked Winged bean leaves, raw Winged bean, root, baked Winged beans, mature, baked Winged beans, young pods Worcestershire sauce Wot Wut Yam Wai

Key

H081 H080 K153 K154 T031 J033 J030

B105 K142 K139 T051 P020 Q061 Q062 D061 F075

T055 T036 S030 E109 C002 C061 C068 C037 E110 E095 F016 B101 W031 E129 E130

W032 W033 C028 C031 A096 G032 G034 T049

Food Group

(see Mackerel) FISH FISH MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES SEAFOOD SEAFOOD (see Candlenut) (see Yam, Chinese) (see Yam, tikau) (see Yam, tikau) (see Yam, kaile) (see Yam, greater) (see Yam, sweet) (see Yam, Chinese) (see Yam, greater) (see Yam, greater) (see Sweet potato) (see Sweet potato) (see Cabbage, swamp) (see Sweet potato) (see Breadfruit) (see Breadfruit) (see Yam, kaile) (see Yam, greater) CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS (see Coconut embryo) MEAT AND POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES FATS AND OILS PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS OTHER VEGETABLES NUTS AND SEEDS (see Deer) (see Taro, swamp) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Spinach, Ceylon) HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES CONFECTIONERY (see Cassava) FRUITS (see Cabbage, swamp) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES (see Cabbage, swamp) GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES FRUITS FRUITS NUTS AND SEEDS CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS BEVERAGES FRUITS FRUITS (see Pitpit) (see Pitpit/duruka) BEVERAGES BEVERAGES GREEN LEAVES GREEN LEAVES STARCHY STAPLES LEGUMES LEGUMES HERBS, SPICES, SAUCES (see Taro, giant) (see Taro, giant) (see Yam, greater)

134

Source

z z u u u n j

d a a d b a d d f

d d d d d d d d d d t z d f f

d d d d d n d d

Food Name

Yam, Chinese, raw Yam, Chinese, spiny, raw Yam, composite, baked Yam, composite, boiled Yam, D.trifida, raw Yam, greater, baked Yam, greater, raw Yam, kaile, raw Yam, sweet, baked Yam, tikau, raw Yams, cooked, multiple methods Yams, D.rotundata, raw Yeast, compressed Yeast, dried Yellowtail, fusilier, raw Yoghurt, fruit Yoghurt, natural, low fat, unsw Yoghurt, natural, unsweetened Zucchini, boiled

Key

A076 A069 A098 A099 A077 A070 A075 A074 A071 A078 A081 A083 Q064 Q065 H073 M039 M040 M041 D109

Food Group

STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES STARCHY STAPLES PROCESSED FOODS PROCESSED FOODS FISH MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS OTHER VEGETABLES

135

Source

s d d d d d s d d s u s d d d a a a a