TOC - Applied and Environmental Microbiology

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among Bacillus thuringiensis Subspecies and Strains. Gabrielle Prefontaine,. Paul Fast, Peter C. K. Lau, Mary A. Hefford, Zaher Hanna, and Roland. Brousseau .

APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Volume 53

December 1987

No. 12

GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Isolation and Characterization of a Temperate Bacteriophage from Streptomyces galilaeus. Sabine P. Kuhn, Jay S. Lampel, and William R. Strohl ........ Genetic and Physical Characterization of proBA Genes of the Marine Bacterium Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Atin R. Datta, Rachel Ostroff, and Anthony M.

MacQuillan .........................................................

Use of Oligonucleotide Probes To Study the Relatedness of Delta-Endotoxin Genes among Bacillus thuringiensis Subspecies and Strains. Gabrielle Prefontaine, Paul Fast, Peter C. K. Lau, Mary A. Hefford, Zaher Hanna, and Roland Brousseau .......................................................... Cloning of the Pachysolen tannophilus Xylulokinase Gene by Complementation in Escherichia coli. Panayiotis E. Stevis, James J. Huang, and Nancy W. Y. Ho ............................................................... Properties of Lactose Plasmid pLY101 in Lactobacillus casei. Mariko Shimizu-Kadota .....................................................

2708-2713

2733-2738

2808-2814

2975-2977 2987-2990

PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY Extracellular Enzyme Activities during Lignocellulose Degradation by Streptomyces spp.: A Comparative Study of Wild-Type and Genetically Manipulated Strains. Muralidhara Ramachandra, Don L. Crawford, and Anthony L. Pometto III .............................................. Clostridium acetobutylicum Mutants That Produce Butyraldehyde and Altered Quantities of Solvents. Palmer Rogers and Neil Palosaari ................ Macromolecular Organization of the Cellulolytic Enzyme Complex of Clostridium thermocellum as Revealed by Electron Microscopy. Frank Mayer, Michael P. Coughlan, Yutaka Mori, and Lars G. Ljungdahl ...................... Increased Production of Aspartase in Escherichia coli K-12 by Use of Stabilized aspA Recombinant Plasmid. Noriyuki Nishimura, Saburo Komatsubara, and Masahiko Kisumi .............. .................................. Production of Acetaldehyde by Zymomonas mobilis. Matt S. A. Wecker and Robert R. Zall ....................................................... Some Properties of Extracellular Acetylxylan Esterase Produced by the Yeast Rhodotorula mucilaginosa. Hung Lee, Rebecca J. B. To, Roger K. Latta, Peter Biely, and Henry Schneider ..................................... Induction of Cellulolytic and Xylanolytic Enzyme Systems in Streptomyces spp. C. Roger MacKenzie, Doris Bilous, Henry Schneider, and Kenneth G. Johnson ......................................................... Fermentation of Xylans by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Other Ruminal Bacteria. Robert B. Hespell, R. Wolf, and R. J. Bothast ..........................

2849-2853

Effect of Butanol Challenge and Temperature on Lipid Composition and Membrane Fluidity of Butanol-Tolerant Clostridium acetobutylicum. Shirley H. Baer, Hans P. Blaschek, and Terrance L. Smith .....

2854-2861

.........

2754-2760 2761-2766

2785-2792 2800-2803

2815-2820 2831-2834 2835-2839

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Oxidation of Gaseous and Volatile Hydrocarbons by Selected Alkene-Utilizing Bacteria. C. G. van Ginkel, H. G. J. Welten, and J. A. M. de Bont...... Calorimetric versus Growth Microbial Analysis of Cellulase Enzymes Acting on Cellulose. Rex E. Lovrien, Karl K. Williams, Mark L. Ferrey, and David A. Ammend....................................................... Chelating Properties of Extracellular Polysaccharides from Chlorella spp. Drora Kaplan, Daniel Christiaen, and Shoshana (Malis) Arad .................. Factors Affecting the Methanogenic Activity of Methanothrix soehngenii VNBF. Babu Z. Fathepure .......................................... FOOD MICROBIOLOGY A Phosphate-Bond-Driven Dipeptide Transport System in Streptococcus cremoris Is Regulated by the Internal pH. A. van Boven and W. N. Konings ......

MYCOLOGY Conversion of a New Metabolite to Aflatoxin B2 by Aspergillus parasiticus. Thomas E. Cleveland, Deepak Bhatnagar, Christopher J. Foell, and Susan P. McCormick ...................................................... Cell-Free Solubilization of Coal by Polyporus versicolor. Martin S. Cohen, William C. Bowers, Harold Aronson, and Edward T. Gray, Jr............ Solubilization of Leonardite by an Extracellular Fraction from Coriolus versicolor. John W. Pyne, Jr., Dorothy L. Stewart, James Fredrickson, and Bary W. Wilson.........................................................

2903-2907 2935-2941 2953-2956 2978-2982

2897-2902

2804-2807

2840-2843 2844-2848

APPLIED ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH MICROBIOLOGY 2725-2732 Adaptation of Aquatic Microbial Communities to Hg2+ Stress. Tamar Barkay Quantitative Assessment of Vaginal Microflora during Use of Tampons of Various Compositions. A. B. Onderdonk, G. R. Zamarchi, M. L. Rodriguez, M. L. Hirsch, A. Munioz, and E. H. Kass .............................. 2774-2778 Qualitative Assessment of Vaginal Microflora during Use of Tampons of Various Compositions. A. B. Onderdonk, G. R. Zamarchi, M. L. Rodriguez, M. L. Hirsch, A. Mufioz, and E. H. Kass .............................. 2779-2784 Testing for Bacterial Resistance to Arsenic in Monitoring Well Water by the Direct Viable Counting Method. J. L. Zelibor, Jr., M. W. Doughten, 2929-2934 D. J. Grimes, and R. R. Colwell ...................................... Adsorption of DNA to Sand and Variable Degradation Rates of Adsorbed DNA. Michael G. Lorenz and Wilfried Wackernagel .......................... 2948-2952 Production of Cytopathology in FRhK-4 Cells by BS-C-l-Passaged Hepatitis A 2967-2971 ........... Virus. Abidelfatah M. Nasser and Theodore G. Metcalf .....

GENERAL MICROBIAL ECOLOGY Annual Cycle of Bacterial Specific Biovolumes in Howe Sound, a Canadian West Coast Fjord Sound. L. J. Albright and S. K. McCrae................... Preservation of ATP in Hypersaline Environments. Bruce J. Tuovila, Fred C. Dobbs, Paul A. LaRock, and B. Z. Siegel.............................. Intestinal Colonization of Laboratory Rats with Oxalobacter formigenes. Steven L. Daniel, Paul A. Hartman, and Milton J. Allison ...................... Effects of Temperature and pH on Survival of Free Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus of Autographa californica. M. D. Knittel and Anne Fairbrother.............

2739-2744 2749-2753

2767-2770 2771-2773

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Enumeration of Vibrio cholerae 01 in Bangladesh Waters by Fluorescent-Antibody Direct Viable Count. P. R. Brayton, M. L. Tamplin, A. Huq, and R. R. Colwell ....................................................... Establishment of a Biochemically Active Intestinal Ecosystem in Ex-Germfree Rats. Tore Midtvedt, Bodil Carlstedt-Duke, Torgeir Hoverstad, Ann-Christine Midtvedt, K. Elisabeth Norin, and Henri Saxerholt ........ Production Rate of Planktonic Bacteria in the North Basin of Lake Biwa, Japan. Toshi Nagata....................................................... Metabolic Activity of Bacterial Cells Enumerated by Direct Viable Count. D. B. Roszak and R. R. Colwell ...................................... Tests of the Critical Assumptions of the Dilution Method for Estimating Bacterivory by Microeucaryotes. Sarah C. Tremaine and Aaron L. Mills ........ Distribution and Significance of Heterotrophic Marine Bacteria with Antibacterial Activity. Shanta Nair and Usio Simidu............................... Characteristics of Cyclic AMP Transport by Marine Bacteria. James W. Ammerman and Farooq Azam ........................................ Influence of Physical Disruption on Growth of Attached Bacteria. Robert E. Murray, Keith E. Cooksey, and John C. Priscu.........................

2862-2865 2866-2871 2872-2882 2889-2893 2914-2921

2957-2962 2963-2966 2996-2998

METHODS Relative Sensitivities of Environmental Legionellae to Selective Isolation Procedures. Katherine P. Roberts, Christine M. August, and John D.

Nelson, Jr........................................................... Examination and Characterization of Distribution System Biofilms. Mark W. LeChevallier, Timothy M. Babcock, and Ramon G. Lee................. Preparation and Characterization of the Deepoxy Trichothecenes: Deepoxy HT-2, Deepoxy T-2 Triol, Deepoxy T-2 Tetraol, Deepoxy 15-Monoacetoxyscirpenol, and Deepoxy Scirpentriol. S. P. Swanson, H. D. Rood, Jr., J. C. Behrens, and P. E. Sanders.......................................... Simplified Purification Method for Clostridium botulinum Type E Toxin. Juan A. Gimenez and Hiroshi Sugiyama ....................................... Gas Chromatography Analysis of Cellular Fatty Acids and Neutral Monosaccharides in the Identification of Lactobacilli. Aldo F. Rizzo, Hannu Korkeala, and llkka Mononen .................................................. Recovery of a Marker Strain of Escherichia coli from Ozonated Water by Membrane Filtration. Gordon R. Finch, Michael E. Stiles, and Daniel W. Smith .............................................................. Comparison of Four Membrane Filter Methods for Fecal Coliform Enumeration in Tropical Waters. Jesus Santiago-Mercado and Terry C. Hazen........ Inactivation of Legionella pneumophila by Hypochlorite and an Organic Chloramine. Larry J. Swango, Gerald R. Wilt, Amy D. Killen, Delbert E. Williams, and S. D. Worley.......................................... Growth Determinations for Unattached Bacteria in a Contaminated Aquifer. Ronald W. Harvey and Leah H. George ...............................

2704-2707 2714-2724

2821-2826 2827-2830

2883-2888 2894-2896 2922-2928 2983-2986 2991-2995

MICROORGANISM-PLANT INTERACTIONS Increased Phosphorus Uptake by Wheat and Field Beans Inoculated with a Phosphorus-Solubilizing Penicillium bilaji Strain and with VesicularArbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. R. M. N. Kucey .......................

2699-2703

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Plant Cell Wall Carbohydrates as Substrates for Azospirillum brasiliense. Mary L. Myers and David H. Hubbell ...................................... Identification and Characterization of Rhizosphere-Competent Bacteria of Wheat. M. Elliott Juhnke, D. E. Mathre, and D. C. Sands.............. Biosynthesis of Indole-3-Acetic Acid by the Pine Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Pisolithus tinctorius. W. T. Frankenberger, Jr., and M. Poth............. Evidence for Genetic Exchange and Recombination of Rhizobium Symbiotic Plasmids in a Soil Population. Peter R. Schofield, Alan H. Gibson, William F. Dudman, and John M. Watson.............................. Variability in Effectiveness of Rhizobia during Culture and in Nodules. R. W. Weaver and S. F. Wright............................................

2745-2748

2793-2799 2908-2913

2942-2947 2972-2974

Date of Issue: 1 December 1987

NOTICE Applied and Environmental Microbiology page charges have been reduced from $35 to $20 per page. While we continue to depend upon page charges to cover a portion of the costs of producing the journal, other economies have allowed us to reduce the extent of our reliance upon page charges to help support the ASM journals program.

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