TOEFL ITP Test Taker Handbook

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A single copy of this Handbook is distributed free to all students registered for a TOEFL ITP test. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in ...
Test Taker

HANDBOOK This official TOEFL® handbook will help prepare you to take the TOEFL ITP ® tests.

The TOEFL ITP® Assessment Series

The TOEFL Program does not operate, license, endorse or recommend any schools or study materials that claim to prepare students for the tests in a short time or that promise them high scores on the tests. The TOEFL Program assumes no liability for failure to provide any unauthorized services.

Copyright © 2016 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo, TOEFL, TOEFL ITP, and TOEFL iBT are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries. MEASURING THE POWER OF LEARNING is a trademark of ETS. A single copy of this Handbook is distributed free to all students registered for a TOEFL ITP test. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from ETS, Princeton, NJ USA.

CONTENTS Important Note . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Preparing to Take the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Before the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 During the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Completing Your Answer Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Identifying Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Example: Part Of Tomiko Saito’s Answer Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

What to Bring to the Test Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Test Center Procedures and Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

ID Document Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Acceptable Primary ID Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Acceptable Supplemental ID Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Unacceptable ID Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Dismissal from a Test Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Sample Answer Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8–9 Practice Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 How to Mark Your Answer Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Level 1 Practice Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Section 1—Listening Comprehension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Section 2—Structure and Written Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Section 3—Reading Comprehension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Level 2 Practice Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Section 1—Listening Comprehension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Section 2—Structure and Written Expression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Section 3—Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Answer Spaces For Practice Questions—Level 1 and Level 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Score Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Test Taker Requests for Cancellation of Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Score Cancellation by the Test Supervisor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Score Cancellation by ETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

CONTENTS Understanding Your Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 How Your Scores Are Reported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Scores Obtained on Different Editions of the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Acceptable Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

Policy and Guidelines for the Use of TOEFL ITP Test Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Normally Appropriate Uses and Misuses of TOEFL ITP Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Appropriate Uses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Misuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22 22 22 22 22 22

Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Test Question Inquiries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 How to Complete Your Admission Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Answer Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Country and Region Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Native Language Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Admission Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . inside back cover

important note This Handbook contains information about the TOEFL ITP ® Level 1 and Level 2 tests. Your instructor will tell you which of these tests you will take. Because Levels 1 and 2 are similar, you should read the descriptions of the tests and the procedures to be followed during the test. The practice questions on pages 10–20 are samples of the types of questions you will encounter when you take either test. Although actual test questions will be similar to the practice questions, they will vary in difficulty.

General Information TOEFL ITP tests are paper based and use 100 percent academic content to evaluate the English language proficiency of non-native English speakers. All questions are in multiple-choice format, with four answer choices per question. The tests evaluate skills in three areas: Listening Comprehension measures the ability to understand spoken English as it is used in colleges and universities. Structure and Written Expression measures recognition of selected structural and grammatical points in standard written English. Reading Comprehension measures the ability to read and understand academic reading material written in English. The test you take may include questions that do not count toward your score. These are either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations, or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions.

Scores obtained at an institutional administration are reported only to the institution administering the test. Students who need TOEFL® scores for admission to universities and colleges where English is the medium of instruction must take the official TOEFL test. TOEFL ITP scores are valid for two years from the test date. Because language proficiency can change considerably in a relatively short period of time, scores more than two years old cannot be reported or verified.

• • •

If you need official TOEFL scores for admission to a college or university, register to take the official TOEFL test. Online information is available through the TOEFL website (www.ets.org/toefl). Download an Information and Registration Bulletin for the TOEFL testing program by visiting the website at www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/about/bulletin.

Test Structure Level 1 Section

Number of Questions

Administration Time

Score Scale

Listening Comprehension

50

35 minutes

31 - 68

Structure and Written Expression

40

25 minutes

31 - 68

Reading Comprehension

50

55 minutes

31 - 67

TOTAL

140

115 minutes

310 - 677

Number of Questions

Administration Time

Score Scale

Listening Comprehension

30

22 minutes

20 - 50

Structure and Written Expression

25

17 minutes

20 - 50

Reading and Vocabulary

40

31 minutes

20 - 50

TOTAL

95

70 minutes

200 - 500

Level 2 Section

3

Your admission form is inside the back cover of this Handbook. Complete the form according to the directions given. After you have completed the form, put it in a safe place; you will need it when you take the test. Before the test begins, you will copy information from your admission form onto your answer sheet.

Preparing to Take the Test TOEFL ITP tests are not based on the content of any particular English course but rather on your English language proficiency—your overall ability to use English. Improvement in proficiency may take some time and is generally achieved through a combination of practice and study.

Before the Test There are several things you can do to prepare for the test and improve your English proficiency: Become familiar with the test format and know how to mark your answers on the answer sheet. You can then focus your attention on the test questions themselves. Carefully review the test directions and the sample questions on pages 10–20, and the sample answer sheet. Immerse yourself in the language as frequently as possible and in as many ways as possible. Read textbooks or other materials that cover a variety of subject areas (for example, sciences, social sciences, arts, business) and are written in an academic style. Watching movies and television and listening to the radio provide excellent opportunities to build your listening skills. TOEFL ITP Practice Tests, Volume 1. Prepare for the TOEFL ITP test with real practice tests from ETS. This book contains two complete TOEFL ITP practice tests, a CD-ROM of the listening passages, answer keys, scoring information, study tips, and test-taking strategies. Official Guide to the TOEFL ITP ® Test. This Official Guide is specifically written to help students prepare for the TOEFL ITP test and includes: A description of all the types of questions on the test Practice questions and answers with explanations Two full-length practice tests Useful strategies for improving academic English skills A CD-ROM for the Listening section (MAC ® compatible)

During the Test

• Work quickly and carefully. • Do not spend too much time on any one question. your answers on your answer sheet and not in the • Mark test book. only one answer for each question. If you mark • Mark more than one answer, that question will be counted as • • •

wrong—even if one of the answers you marked is correct. You will receive credit only for answers marked in the circles on the answer sheet. Your score will be based on the number of questions you answer correctly. There is no penalty for guessing. Try to answer every question to the best of your ability. Pay close attention to the time during the Reading section of the test. In the Reading section you have to pace yourself, so work quickly and if you do not know the answer to a question, come back to it later. You cannot bring scratch paper into the testing room or make notes on the answer sheets. You can take notes in the blank areas of the test books during the listening parts of the test.



• •



Completing Your Answer Sheet

• •

·· ·· ·· ·· ··

4

When you take the test, you will be given an answer sheet like the one shown on page 8.

Identifying Information It is important that you fill out this portion of your answer sheet very carefully because the identifying information you provide will be printed exactly the same way on the score report sent to the institution administering the test. Look at the sample answer sheet on page 11; then read “Part of Tomiko Saito’s Answer Sheet” on page 5. Practice filling out the sample answer sheet according to the instructions given. When you have finished, continue reading the rest of this Handbook. If you did not write your native country code or native language code on your admission form, turn to page 23 and follow the directions for completing these areas on the admission form. You will not be permitted to use your Handbook when you are completing your answer sheet in the testing room.

EXAMPLE: PART OF TOMIKO SAITO’S ANSWER SHEET ① ② ③





In area 1 (NAME), Tomiko Saito printed her name in the boxes just as she did on her admission form. She printed her family name first (SAITO), left a space blank, then printed her first name (TOMIKO), left a space blank, then printed her middle initial. Under each box she filled in the circle corresponding to the letter she placed in that box. ② In area 2 (STUDENT NUMBER), she copied from her admission form the student number assigned by her institution and then filled in the corresponding circle beneath each number. (If you are not given a student number, you will leave this area blank.)

Now practice filling in the sample answer sheet on page 8. Be sure to use your admission form when you fill in the indentifying information. Your admission form contains all the information you will need except for areas 6–10. Be sure to take the form to the testing room on test day. Responses to Questions. You will mark your answers to the test questions in areas identified as Section 1, Section 2, and Section 3 on the answer sheet. Each row of four circles corresponds to the four answer choices for each question; only one of the answer choices is correct. You will not use all of the answer response spaces. The marks you make will be read by an electronic scoring machine, and the machine can read only one mark in each row of four circles. The machine-scoring process is subject to frequent, careful quality control checks, including hand scoring a sample of the answer sheets received from each institution. Every effort is made to ensure accurate scoring. However, you are responsible for marking your answer sheet





In area 3 (DATE OF BIRTH), she copied her birth date from her admission form and then filled in the corresponding circle beneath each number. ④ In area 4 (NATIVE COUNTRY CODE), she copied the number she wrote on her admission form and then filled in the corresponding circle beneath each number. ⑤ In area 5 (NATIVE LANGUAGE CODE), she copied the number she wrote on her admission form and then filled in the corresponding circle beneath each number.

properly. Follow these directions: Use a medium-soft (No. 2 or HB) black lead pencil. Be careful to mark the space that corresponds to the answer you choose for each question. Also, make sure you mark your answer in the row with the same number as the number of the question you are answering. You will not be permitted to make any corrections after time is called. Mark only one answer to each question. Completely fill the circle with a heavy, dark mark so you cannot see the letter inside the circle; light or partial marks may not be read properly by the machine.

• •

• •

• Erase any extra marks completely.

The examples below show you the correct way and wrong ways to mark your answer sheet. Be sure to fill in the circles the correct way.

5

What to Bring to the Test Center

Identification

Form. You must bring your completed • Admission admission form. If it is not completed, it may cause you

Test takers may be required to present valid and acceptable identification each time they report to a test center. It is your responsibility to ensure that your ID documents are up-to-date and available on the day of the test. When ID documents are presented, they must be examined carefully by the staff member responsible for admitting the test takers. In addition to checking the name on your ID against your admission form, the staff member will also check your photograph.

• •

considerable delay. Directions for completing the form are on page 23. Identification Document. You may be required to provide identification (ID) before you take the test. Refer to “Identification” on this page for more information. Pencils and Erasers. You must bring several sharpened, medium soft (No. 2 or HB), black lead pencils. You may not use a pen, a pencil with colored lead, or a liquid lead pencil to mark your answer sheet. You will also need a good-quality eraser that will completely erase any unintended marks you make on your answer sheet. Pencils and erasers will not be supplied by the test supervisor.

Test Center Procedures and Regulations The following procedures and regulations apply during the entire test session, which begins when you are admitted to the test center and ends when you leave the test center: Dress so that you can adapt to any room temperature. Friends or relatives who accompany you to the test center will not be permitted to wait in the test center or be in contact with you while you are taking the test. Except for ETS-authorized observers, visitors are not allowed in the testing room while testing is in progress. You may be required to present valid and acceptable identification documents (see “Identification” on this page). Other than ID, personal items are not allowed in the testing room. This includes cell phones, PDAs, smart phones, smart watches, and any other electronic devices. Before the test, you will receive instructions from test center staff regarding where to store personal items. You will not have access to your personal items during the test or during any breaks. Test centers assume no responsibility for test takers’ personal belongings. The test center staff will assign you a seat. No test taker will be admitted after test materials have been distributed. Paper of any kind is not permitted in the testing room. There is no scheduled break during the test. You must have the supervisor’s permission to leave the testing room. Any lost time cannot be made up. At the conclusion of the test, you will be required to return your test book and answer sheet to the supervisor.

• • • •

• • • • •

ID Document Requirements Acceptable ID documents vary according to the location of the test administration. However, there are general guidelines. Each ID document must meet all of the following requirements: be an original document; photocopied documents are not acceptable be valid; expired documents (bearing expiration dates that have passed) are not acceptable show the test taker’s full name, matching exactly the name that appears on the admission form show a recent photograph that clearly matches the test taker include the test taker’s signature

• • • • •

Acceptable Primary ID Documents The following ID documents are preferred for admission to a test center within the test taker’s country of citizenship: Passport with photograph and signature National ID with photograph and signature Driver’s license with photograph and signature State or Province ID card, including those issued by motor vehicle agencies, with photograph and signature

• • • •

• Military ID with photograph and signature Acceptable Supplemental ID Documents may be required to provide a supplemental ID • You in addition to your primary ID if the test center staff





• • 6

questions your primary ID document for any reason, or if your primary ID document is otherwise acceptable but is missing your full name, photograph or signature. Supplemental ID documents cannot be used to resolve name discrepancies. The name on your primary ID must exactly match the name you used when you registered, excluding accent marks and spaces. If you cannot provide a supplemental ID listed below that contains your signature, you can present 2 government-issued IDs with photographs, as long as they are in the same name you used when you registered. Government-issued ID, including, but not limited to, those listed under Acceptable Primary ID Documents above Student ID

of Identity Letter from your • Confirmation educational institution: If you do not have a passport, or if your passport does not include your signature and photograph, a letter on official letterhead from the school you most recently attended is an acceptable supplemental ID document. The letter must have your photograph glued (not stapled) to it, and the title, signature and seal of the official who issued the letter must overlap the photograph, as shown below. Student letters are valid for one year after date of issue.

Unacceptable ID Documents The following documents are not acceptable as primary or supplemental ID under any circumstances: Any document that is photocopied or expired Any document that does not match exactly the name you used when you registered International driver’s license Draft classification card International student ID Credit/debit card of any kind Notary-prepared letter or document Birth certificate Social Security card Employee ID Any temporary ID Diplomatic, consulate or embassy ID

Dismissal from a Test Center A test supervisor is authorized to dismiss you from a test session or your scores may be canceled due to violations such as, but not limited to, the following: taking a test book or answer sheet from the testing room attempting to take the test for someone else or have someone else take the test for you giving or receiving assistance during the test failing to follow instructions given by the test supervisor reading or working on one section of the test during the time allowed for another, or continuing to work after time is called taking dictionaries, other books, notes, or recording or photographic devices into the testing room creating a disturbance or behaving inappropriately copying test questions or answers cheating in any other way The TOEFL Program will accept any decisions or recommendations made by the test supervisor regarding unacceptable behavior of test takers.

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• • • • • • • • • • • •

7

SAMPLE ANSWER SHEET

YEAR

4. NATIVE 5. NATIVE COUNTRY LANGUAGE CODE CODE

3. DATE OF BIRTH

2. STUDENT NUMBER (if assigned) Start here

MO.

DAY

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

C

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

G

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

6

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

H

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

7

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

8

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

J

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

K

6. SEX

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

L

MALE

(PRE-TOEFL)

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

FEMALE

(TOEFL-ITP)

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

1

2

3

4

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

A

A

A

A

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

B

B

B

B

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

C

C

C

C

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

V

D

D

D

D

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

E

E

E

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F

F

F

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

G

G

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

7.

Q3792/1-2 109019-102832 • TF815E250 • Printed in U.S.A.

1. NAME: Print your name as you entered it in the first 21 boxes on your admission form. Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) name, and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below each box, use a No. 2 (H.B.) pencil and fill in the circle containing the same letter.

786529

ITP

8. PLACE OF TESTING

LEVEL 2

NAME OF SCHOOL/INSTITUTION

LEVEL 1

9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES

10. SIGNATURE AND DATE: Please copy the following statement in the space provided below; use handwriting. “ I hereby affirm that I am the person whose name is given on this answer sheet.” Also sign your name on the line provided, and enter today’s date (in numbers).

DATE:

MO.

DAY

YEAR

SIGNED: (WRITE YOUR NAME AS IF SIGNING A BUSINESS LETTER.)

EXAMPLE

Be sure to fill in completely the circle that corresponds to your answer choice. Completely erase errors or stray marks. You may find more answer spaces than you need. If so, leave them blank.

A

B

INCORRECT

INCORRECT

INCORRECT

INCORRECT

A

A

C

D

A

B

C

D

C

D

B

C

D

A

C

D

SECTION 3

D

21 A

B

C

D

41 A

B

C

D

1

A

B

C

D

21 A

B

C

D

1

A

B

C

D

21 A

B

C

D 41

A

B

C

D

2

A

B

C

D

22 A

B

C

D

42 A

B

C

D

2

A

B

C

D

22 A

B

C

D

2

A

B

C

D

22 A

B

C

D 42

A

B

C

D

3

A

B

C

D

23 A

B

C

D

43 A

B

C

D

3

A

B

C

D

23 A

B

C

D

3

A

B

C

D

23 A

B

C

D 43

A

B

C

D

4

A

B

C

D

24 A

B

C

D

44 A

B

C

D

4

A

B

C

D

24 A

B

C

D

4

A

B

C

D

24 A

B

C

D 44

A

B

C

D

5

A

B

C

D

25 A

B

C

D

45 A

B

C

D

5

A

B

C

D

25 A

B

C

D

5

A

B

C

D

25 A

B

C

D 45

A

B

C

D

6

A

B

C

D

26 A

B

C

D

46 A

B

C

D

6

A

B

C

D

26 A

B

C

D

6

A

B

C

D

26 A

B

C

D 46

A

B

C

D

7

A

B

C

D

27 A

B

C

D

47 A

B

C

D

7

A

B

C

D

27 A

B

C

D

7

A

B

C

D

27 A

B

C

D 47

A

B

C

D

8

A

B

C

D

28 A

B

C

D

48 A

B

C

D

8

A

B

C

D

28 A

B

C

D

8

A

B

C

D

28 A

B

C

D 48

A

B

C

D

9

A

B

C

D

29 A

B

C

D

49 A

B

C

D

9

A

B

C

D

29 A

B

C

D

9

A

B

C

D

29 A

B

C

D 49

A

B

C

D

10 A

B

C

D

30 A

B

C

D

50 A

B

C

D

10 A

B

C

D

30 A

B

C

D

10 A

B

C

D

30 A

B

C

D 50

A

B

C

D

11 A

B

C

D

31 A

B

C

D

11 A

B

C

D

31 A

B

C

D

11 A

B

C

D

31 A

B

C

D

12 A

B

C

D

32 A

B

C

D

12 A

B

C

D

32 A

B

C

D

12 A

B

C

D

32 A

B

C

D

13 A

B

C

D

33 A

B

C

D

13 A

B

C

D

33 A

B

C

D

13 A

B

C

D

33 A

B

C

D

14 A

B

C

D

34 A

B

C

D

14 A

B

C

D

34 A

B

C

D

14 A

B

C

D

34 A

B

C

D

15 A

B

C

D

35 A

B

C

D

15 A

B

C

D

35 A

B

C

D

15 A

B

C

D

35 A

B

C

D

16 A

B

C

D

36 A

B

C

D

16 A

B

C

D

36 A

B

C

D

16 A

B

C

D

36 A

B

C

D

17 A

B

C

D

37 A

B

C

D

17 A

B

C

D

37 A

B

C

D

17 A

B

C

D

37 A

B

C

D

18 A

B

C

D

38 A

B

C

D

18 A

B

C

D

38 A

B

C

D

18 A

B

C

D

38 A

B

C

D

19 A

B

C

D

39 A

B

C

D

19 A

B

C

D

39 A

B

C

D

19 A

B

C

D

39 A

B

C

D

20 A

B

C

D

40 A

B

C

D

20 A

B

C

D

40 A

B

C

D

20 A

B

C

D

40 A

B

C

D

Copyright © 2015 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.

C

3CS

B

2CS

A

1CS

1

8

B

TCS

SECTION 2

B

3R

SECTION 1

CORRECT

2R

TEST FORM

1R

TEST BOOK NUMBER

TOEFL ITP Background Questionnaire 1. Before today, how many times have you taken a TOEFL ITP test? a. None b. One c. Two or more Note: There is no option D for this question.

2. Reason for taking a TOEFL ITP test a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

To demonstrate my proficiency in English for placement in an English language program To demonstrate my proficiency in English upon completing a program in English as a foreign language To enter a short-term, non-degree program in an English-speaking country To enter a degree program in a non-English speaking country where English is not the dominant medium of instruction To enter a collaborative international degree program where English language training will be a feature of the program To obtain an indication of my English language proficiency for my own information Scholarship

3. What is your current level of study? a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

Elementary school Middle school High school 2 year college/community college 4 year undergraduate college Graduate/post-graduate college Other

4. How much time have you spent studying English in a middle/high school or a college/university? a. b. c. d. e. f.

None Less than 1 year 1 year or more, but less than 2 years 2 years or more, but less than 5 years 5 years or more, but less than 10 years 10 years or more

9

TEST BOOK NUMBER

Practice Questions

How to Mark Your Answer Sheet

The following practice questions and the directions for each section are similar to those you will find in the tests. Because the directions are part of the timed test, you should become familiar with them before you take the test. You will get the most benefit from the practice questions by trying to answer them just as you would in the actual test. These questions can also be found at www.ets.org/toefl. Read the questions carefully, and mark your answers in the spaces provided on page 20. The answer keys are on page 24, but you should not look at them until you have tried to answer all the questions. Each section of the test has a time limit. The supervisor will tell you when to start and stop each section. During each time period, you may read or work only on the section of the test you are told to work on. If you finish one section early, you may not go on to the next section before you are told to do so, and you may not go back to a section you have already worked on. Failure to follow this rule will be considered cheating, and your scores will be canceled.

Look at the following example.

10

The number of judges on the United States Supreme Court is determined by Congress, by the Constitution. (A) nevertheless (B) instead (C) despite (D) not

TEST

SECTION 1

Sample 1 A B Answer C D 21

A

B

C

D

4

2

A

B

C

D

22 A

B

C

D

4

3

A

B

C

D

23 A

B

C

D

4

4

A

B

C

D

24 A

B

C

D

4

5

A

B

C

D

25 A

B

C

D

4

6

A

B

C

D

26 A

B

C

D

4

7

A

B

C

D

27 A

B

C

D

4

8

A

B

C

D

28 A

B

C

D

4

9

A

B

C

D

29 A

B

C

D

4

B

C

D

5

B

C

D

B

C

D

B

C

D

B

C

D

B

C

D

The correct sentence should read, “The number of judges 10 A B C D 30 A on the United States Supreme Court is determined by 11 A B C D 31 A ­Congress, not by the Constitution.” Therefore, you should 12 A B C D 32 A choose ­answer (D). With your pencil, fill in the space that 13 A B C D 33 A contains a “D.” 34 A 14 A Berase C Dyour If you wish to change an answer, completely 15 A B C D 35 A first answer and fill in your new one. 16 A

B

C

D

36 A

B

C

D

17 A

B

C

D

37 A

B

C

D

18 A

B

C

D

38 A

B

C

D

19 A

B

C

D

39 A

B

C

D

20 A

B

C

D

40 A

B

C

D

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

M

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

N

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

O

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

R

S

S

S

S

S

S

S

T T Section 1—Listening Comprehension

T

T

T

T

T

U

U

U

U

U V

You will read: (A) He isn’t sure what course1 to2 take. 3 4 R R R R R R R R R R R R (B) The math course is too short. A A A A S S S S S S S S S S S S S S (C) He may not meet the graduation B B B B T T T T T T T T T requirements. T T T T T C C C U U U U U U U (D) U U The U U U U U date has C graduation been D D D D V V V V V V V V V changed. V V V V V

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

E

E

E

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F

F

F

Directions: Y Y Y Y Y

Level 1 Practice Questions

U

U

This section is designed to measure the abilityVtoVunderstand V V V V spoken English. It contains three parts, eachW administered W W W W W by audio recording. X X X X X X Part A

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Y

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Z

Directions: In Part A, you will hear short conversations between two people. After each conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test TEST bookBOOK and NUMBER choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.



Sample 1 A B Answer C D 21 2

A

B

C

On the recording, you will hear: 3 A B C (woman) I don’t like this painting very much. 4 A B C (man) Neither do I. (narrator) What does the man mean? 5 A B C 6 A B C In your test book, you will read: 7 A B C (A) He doesn’t like the painting either. 8 A B C (B) He doesn’t know how to paint. 9 A B C (C) He doesn’t have any paintings. (D) He doesn’t know what to do.10 A B C 11 A

B

C

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

B

PRACTICE C D 41 A B

D

22 A

B

D

23 A

C D 42 A B C D (narrator)

B

C

D

43 A

D

24 A

B

C

D

44 A

D

25 A

B

D

45

D

26 A

B

C

D

46 A

B

C

D

D

27 A

B

C

D

47 A

B

C

D

D

28 A

B

C

D

48 A

B

C

D

D

29 A

B

C

D

49 A

B

C

D

D

30 A

B

C

D

D

31 A

B

C

D

B

C



D

B

C

D

B

C

D

C



15 A

B

C

D

35 A

B

C

16 A

B

C

D

36 A

B



D

C

D

17 A

B

C

D

37 A

B

C



D

B

C

D

B

C

D

B

C

D

1. You will hear: 38 A 18 A B lab C Dnow (man) Shall I lock up the computer before I go home? 19 A B C D 39 A (woman) Don’t bother. I’m not20leaving A B for C Da 40 A while—I can check it on my way out. (narrator) What will the woman probably do? You will read: (A) Lock the computer lab later. (B) Leave with the man. (C) Buy a new lock for the computer lab. (D) Show the man where the lab is. 2. You will hear: (man) Do you mind if I turn the television off? (woman) Well, I’m in the middle of watching a program. (narrator) What does the woman imply? You will read: (A) The man should watch the program too. (B) The man should leave the television on. (C) The program will be over soon. (D) She’ll watch television later. 3. You will hear: (woman) I heard the math requirements for graduation are being changed. (man) Yes. And I may be short one course. (narrator) What does the man mean?

10 9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES



SIG

INCOR A

B

SECTION 2

A

You learn from the conversation that neither the man nor 32 the 12 A B C D A woman likes the painting. The best answer to the question, 13 A B C D 33 A “What does the man mean?” is (A), “He doesn’t like the 14 C D 34 A painting either.” Therefore, the correct choiceAis Banswer (A).

NAME

LEVEL 1 (TOEFL-ITP)

InY this of YtheY test you will hear Glonger G Y Ypart Y Y Y Y conversations. After each conversation you will hear Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of Be sure to fill in completely the circle that to the TEST FORM the question and fill in the space that corresponds corresponds to your answer choice. CORRECT Completely erase errors or stray marks. letter of the answer you have chosen. You may find more answer spaces than A B C D you need. If so, leave them blank. Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book.

SECTION 1

Listen to an example.

Part B

FEMALE

B

21 A B C D CONVERSATION 1 A B AND C D C D QUESTIONS C

D

(man) B C D

(woman) A B C D (man)

50 (woman) A B C D (man)

(woman) (man)

(woman) (man)



(woman)



(man)

2 A 4B through C D 227.A Listen B C to D a Questions 3 A B about C D 23 A B C D conversation a trip. Are you ready 24 ABig 4 A B Cfor D “The B Apple”? C D Excuse me? 5 A B C D 25 A B C D You know, New York26City. You 6 C D B C D are goingA toB New York Awith us, A BI wanted C D 27 to A show B C D aren’t7you? 28 A 8 A around B C D my everybody oldB C D neighborhood. 9 A B C D 29 A B C D Oh...sure! miss it— 10 A IBwouldn’t C D 30 A B C D especially when the31tour guide is a 11 A B C D A B C D native New Yorker. 32 A at 12 A we B could C D start B the C D I thought 13 Aof BModern C D 33 A Right B C now D Museum Art. there’s14an 34twentiethA exhibit B C D on A B C D century painters. 15 American A B C D 35 A B C D Fine with me...but what were you 16 A B C D 36 A B C D saying about...a big apple? 17 AApple.” B C D B C D for “The Big It’s37a Anickname 18 A IBthink C D I 38 A Bonce C D New York. heard that it started ­musicians 19 A with B C jazz D 39 A B C Din the 20’s. 20 A B C D 40 A B C D Oh. Whenever they played a concert in a city, they called that city an “apple.” In those days, New York was the biggest city in the country, so they called it “The Big Apple.” Hey, I have an idea! Let’s go to a jazz club while we’re there. Sounds good.

Questions:   4. You will hear: (narrator) You will read:

What is the man planning to see? (A) An art exhibit. (B) A Broadway play. (C) A modern dance production. (D) An opera.

  5. You will hear: (narrator) You will read:

What can be inferred about the man? (A) He is a jazz musician. (B) He wants to join the woman’s club. (C) He is in his twenties. (D) He was born in New York.

11

1

A

B

C

2

A

B

C

3

A

B

C

4

A

B

C

5

A

B

C

6

A

B

C

7

A

B

C

8

A

B

C

9

A

B

C

10 A

B

C

11 A

B

C

12 A

B

C

13 A

B

C

14 A

B

C

15 A

B

C

16 A

B

C

17 A

B

C

18 A

B

C

19 A

B

C

20 A

B

C

ITP

  6. You will hear: In your test book, you will read: It on isyour required all science majors. (narrator) What does the word “Apple” inPrint theyour name as you entered it in the first(A) 1. NAME: 21 boxes admission of form. Using one box for each letter, nameIt (surname), then your (given) again. first print your family(B) will never befirstshown phrase “The Big Apple” refer to? 2. STUDENT NUMBER (if assigned) name, and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below pencil and fill in the (C) It can the help improve theirStart here each box, use a No. 2 (H.B.) circle containing sameviewers letter. You will read: (A) An instrument. memory skills. (B) A city. (D) It will help with course work. (C) A theater. A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (D) A concert. The best answer to the question, ‘‘Why does the speaker B

B

B

B

  7. You will hear: C C C C (narrator) Who gave New York its nickname? D D D D You will read: (A) Painters. E E E E (B) Tour guides. F F F F (C) Musicians. G G G G (D) Grocers.

B

B

B

C

C

C

D

D

D

E

E

E

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

B

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

recommend watching the program?’’ is (D), ‘‘It will help C C C C C C C C C C C C C C 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 with course work.’’ Therefore, the correct choice is (D). D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 E Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in E E E E E E E E E E E E E 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 your test book.

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G G G G G TALK G G AND G G QUESTIONS G G G G G 6 PRACTICE

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(narrator) Questions 8 through 10. Listen to a talk 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 I I I I I I I I I I I I I I about animal behavior. J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 Directions: In this part of the test you will hear (woman) Today’s discussion is about a common K KPrintK your K name K as K youK entered K Kit in K K 21 K boxes K animal K your K admission K K K K K 7. the first on form. 6. SEXyawn. reaction—the The 8. PLACE OF TES several talks. After each talk, you willK1. NAME: hear some Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) LEVEL 2 2. STUDENT NUMBER L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L dictionary defines a yawn as “an(if assigned) questions. The talks and questions will not bename, repeated. and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below MALE (PRE-TOEFL) Start here M eachMbox, useMa No. 2 (H.B.) pencil and fillMin the circle containing the M same letter. involuntary reaction to fatigue or M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M After you hear a question, read the four possible NAME LEVEL 1for boredom.” That’s certainly true N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, FEMALE (TOEFL-ITP) necessarily 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A O A O A and A O A O A O A O A O A O A O A O A O A human A O A O A yawns, A O A O A but A 0 not O O O O O on your answer sheet, find the number of theOA question 10 for animal yawns. The same action B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B P B 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 fill in the space that corresponds to the letterPBof PBthePBanswer P 9. BACKGROUND can have quite different meaningsQUESTIONNAIRE in 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C Q C 2 2 2 RESPONSES you have chosen. Q different species. 3 3 animals 3 2 3 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 D R D R D R D R D R D D D D R D D R D R D 3some example, 1 R R R D R D R D R D R D R D R D R D RFor R R Here is an example. 4onA 4 4 4 4 4 A 4 A 4 A E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E S E yawn E S E S Eto S E intimidate E S E S E 4 4intruders S S S 5 5lizards 5 B 5 are 5 B 5 5 5 5 F F T F T F T F T F T F T F T F T F T F T F T F their F T F territory. F T F T F T F Fish F 5 and On the recording, you will hear: B B T F T T T T T examples of this. Hippos use yawns 6 6 6 C 6 C 6 C 6 C 6 6 6 6 G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U when they want to settle a quarrel. (narrator) Listen to an instructor talk to his class about 7 7 7 D 7 D 7 D 7 D 7 7 7 7 H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V Observers have seen two hippos yawn a television program. 8 8 as 8 two 8 E 8hours 8 E 8 8 8 8 I interesting I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I W I at I each I W I other I W I for I as I long (man) I’d like to tell you about an E W W W W W W W they TV program that’ll be shownXJ this 9 F 9 F 9 9 9 9 J X Jcoming J X J X J X J X J X J X J X J X J X J X J before J X J X J X J stop J X J quarreling. J 9 9 9 9 F X X X X X like7.baboons Thursday. It’ll be on from K9 Kto K10K pm K Y K Y K K Y K Y K Y K Y K Y K Y K Y K Y KAsY KforY K social K Y K animals K 6. SEX G G Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 8. PLACE OF TES or lions—they yawn to establish on Channel 4. It’s part of a L series called LEVEL 2the L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z L Z The Z pecking order withinMALE social(PRE-TOEFL) groups, “Mysteries of Human Biology.” subject M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M and lions often yawn to calm social NAME of the program is the human brain—how it LEVEL 1 N N N Topics N N N N N N N N N N N tensions. N N N N Sometimes N N N these (TOEFL-ITP) animals functions and how it can malfunction. FEMALE SI physiological that will be covered are dreams, O O memory, O O O O O O O O O O O O yawn O O Ofor O a O strictly O O 10 and depression. These topics are to 9.increase oxygen P Pillustrated P P P P P P P P P P P P reason—that P P P P P is, P P BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE sure tocuriously fill in completely the circle that when BOOK NUMBER TEST FORM with outstanding computer TEST animation that levels. Be And enough, Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q corresponds Q Q Q to Qyour Q answer choice. RESPONSES CORRECT INCO makes the explanations easy to follow. Make Completely errors or stray marks. they yawn forerase a physical reason like 1 2 A 3 B 4 C D A B R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R You R may R find R more R Ranswer spaces than an effort to see this show. Since we’ve been that, they doIf what you need. so, leave humans them blank. do—they A Aaway A A S S I know S S S S S S S S S S S try S to S stifle S S the S S S studying the nervous system inS class, yawn by looking you’ll find it very helpful. B B B B T T T T T SECTION T T T 1 T T T T T T or T by T covering T T T their TSECTION T mouths. 2 U D U 21 U U U D U 41 U U U D U U U U U D U 21 A B C Sample 1 U 1 U A U B C A U B C A U B C C C D C C 1 A B C A U B Answer C Now listen to a sample question. Questions: V B V C V D V 22 V A V B V C V D V 42 V A V B V C V D V V V V V B V C V D V 22 A B D 2 A 2 A C D D D D 2 A B C (narrator) What is the main E E E 3 A B C W W W W will W W 3 W 3 W 43 A W B W C W D 23 A W B  W C8. DYou A W B hear: C W D W W W A W B W C W D 23 A B C D purpose of the program? the speaker’s point? F F F 4 A B C X B X C X D X 24 X A X B X (narrator) X D X 44 X A X B X C X D X What X X is X X B X X D X 24main 4 A 4 A C C A B C D Y YYou will read: (A) Animals yawn for a number of G In your test book, you will read: Y B Y C Y D Y 25 Y A Y B Y C Y A Y B Y C Y D Y Y Y Y Y B Y C Y D Y 25 A B C G 5 A 5 A 5 A B C D 45 D reasons. (A) To demonstrate the latest Z B ZofC Z D Z 26 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z 46 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z Z Z Z Z B Z C Z D Z 26 A B C D 6 use 6 A A (B) Yawning results only from fatigue 6 A B C computer graphics. 7 A B C D 27 A B 7 A B C C D 47 A B C D A B C D 27 A B C D or7boredom. (B) To discuss the possibility of an (C) Human yawns are the same as 28 28 8 8 48 8 A B SI A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D C economic depression. those animals. 9 A ofBother 9 A B C B brain. C D 29 A B C D 49 A B C D C D 29 A B C D (C) To explain the workings9 ofAthe (D) Only social animals yawn. (D) To dramatize a famous 10 mystery 10 50 10 A B C A BOOK B story. C NUMBER D 30 A B C TEST A B C D A toBfill in C completely D 30 the A circle B Cthat D Be sure TEST FORM 9. DYou will hear: corresponds to your answer choice. CORRECT 31 A B 31 11 11 11 A BINCO A B C D C D A B C D A B C D C Completely errors or straywhen marks. are (narrator) According to erase the speaker, The best answer to the question, “What is the main purpose You may find more answer spaces than A B 12 C D A B 32 32 12 12 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C hippos likely to yawn? you need. If so, leave them blank. of the program?” is (C), “To explain the workings of the 33 33 13 13 13 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C You will read: (A) When they are swimming. brain.” Therefore, the correct choice is (C). (B) When areD quarreling. 34 2A B C D 14 A B C D 34 SECTION 14 A they 14 A B C A B C1 D B CSECTION (C) When they areD socializing. 21 A B 21 Sample 1 A 1 A 1 A Here is another example. C 35 A 15 15 15 A B B Answer C D D 35 A B C C D D 41 A B C D A B B C C D A B B C C D D A B B C C (D) When they areD eating. 22 A 22 A 2 A 2 A 2 A A B B C C D D 36 A B B C C D D 42 A B C D B C A B B C C D D B C 36 16 16 16 A B C D A B C You will hear: 10. You will hear: 23 A B 23 A B 3 A 3 A 3 A 17 17 17 A B B C C D D 37 A B C C D D 43 A B C D A B B C C D D 37 A B C C D D A B B C C (narrator) Why does the speaker (narrator) What physiological reason for 24 A 24 A 4 A 4 A 44 A B C D 4 A B C D B C D B C D B C D B C 38 38 18 18 18 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C recommend watching the program? yawning is mentioned? Part C

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8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 A A A A A A A A A 9 2.9STUDENT 9 9 9 9 9(if assigned) 9 9 9 B B B NUMBER B B B B B B Start here 7. 6. SEX C C C C C 8. C PLACE C C OFCTE LEVEL 2 L L L L L L L L L L L L L L MALE D D (PRE-TOEFL) D D D D D D D A M A M A M A M A M A M A M A M A M A M A M A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 M   MA2. MAThroughout the animal kingdom, E bigger E E than E E E E E NAM E 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 B N Bthe B elephant. B N B N B N B N B N B N B N B N B N B N B 1 1 1 1LEVEL N N N FEMALE F F (TOEFL-ITP) F F F F F F F C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C O C 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 O OC OC(A) whale is only the G G GPrint Gyour G name G as G you Gentered G 1. NAME: 3 3 Using 3 one 3 box 3 for3 each 3 letter, 3 first 3 pr D D D D D D D D D D D D D D P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 39. BACKGROUND (B) only the whale is H H H H QUESTIONNAIRE H H H H H name, and then your middle name. L RESPONSES 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 E is E the E whale E Q E Q E E Q E Q E Q E Q E Q E 4 4 4 each Q Q Q Q Q QE QE(C) only I I I box,I useI a No. I 2 (H.B.) I I pencil I a 5 2 5 3 5 4 5 5 5 5 F only F R F whale F R F is F the F R F R F R F R F R F 5 5 5 1 R R R R R RF RF(D) J J J J J J J J J 6 A 6 A 6 A 6 6 6 6 G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S G S 6 6A 6A A K K A K A K A K A K A K A K A K   HT3. HTThe 7 7 7 be 7 easily 7 B 7 B 7 7 7 7 H H H H H B B T fact T H T H T H T H T money T H T orders T H T H T can T usually B L B L B L B L B L B L B L B L B L cashed has made them a popular form8 of8 payment. 8 C 8 C 8 C 8 C 8 8 8 8 UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI UI C M C M C M C M C M C M C M C M C M VJ VJ(A) of 9 D 9 D 9 D 9 9 9 9 J V J V J V J V J V J V J V J V J V J V J V J 9 9D 9D D V N N D N D N D N D N D N D N D N WK WK(B) that K W K W K W K W K W K W K W K W K W K W K W K 7. E E E W 6. SEX E O E O E O E O E 8. E PLACE E O E OFO ETE O O O LEVEL 2 XL XL(C) L is L that L X L X L X L X L X L X L X L X L X L X X X MALE F P F (PRE-TOEFL) F FP F FP F FP F P F P F P F P P

I NAME: I I PrintI yourI name I asI youI entered I Iit in the I first I 21I boxes I on I your I admission I I form. I I I 1. Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J name, and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below same K KeachKbox, K useKa No. K 2 (H.B.) K K pencil K and K fillKin the K circle K containing K K Kthe K K letter. K K K J

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You will read: (A) To exercise the jaw (B) To eliminate fatigue. NB NB NB (C) To get greater strength C for C O C O O attacking. D P D P D P (D) To gain more oxygen. E Q

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G S G S G S G S G S Section 2—Structure and Written Expression H T

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This section is designed to measure your abilityUI toUI recognize UI UI UI language that is appropriate for standard written English. J V J V J V J V J V There are two types of questions in this section, with special K W K W K W K W K W directions for each type.

Structure

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Directions: Questions 1–4 are incomplete O sentences. O O O O O Beneath each s­ entence you will see four words P or P phrases, P P P P marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the Qone Q word Q Q or Q Q phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your R R R R R R TEST BOOK answer sheet, find the number of the question andNUMBER fill in S S S S S S the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you T T T T T T have chosen. Look at the following examples.

O P Q R S

(D) which is Y M Y M Y M Y M Y M Y M

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G GG G G Q G Q Q Q LEVEL 1 H H H FEMALE R H R (TOEFL-ITP) R gives R H R H R Constitution G Q

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H R H R H R   4. The first article of the United States O O O O O O O O O O O O O O 1 SI SI SI SI SI SI SI SI SI Congress to pass laws. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE J T J T J T J T J T J T J T J T J S T (A) the power RESPONSES Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q K U K U K U K U K U K U K U K U K U (B) has the power R R R R R R R R R R R R R R L circle L 1that L 2V L 3V L 4V L V L V L V L V V V Be sure to fill in completely the TEST (C) FORM the power is A A A S S S S S S S S S corresponds S S S toS your S answer choice. CORRECT M marks. M W M W M W M AW M W M W M INCO M W W W Completely erase errors or stray (D) of the power

You than B BN A B B B CN DN AN B T may T find T more T Tanswer spaces N X N X N X X N X N X X X X you need. If so, leave them blank. C C C C U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U O Y O Y O Y O Y O Y O Y O Y O Y O Y D DP DP DP P P P V V V V V SECTION V V V 1 V V V V V V V V V V V VSECTION V 2P Z P Z P Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Directions: InC questions 5–10, each sentence hasE four W W W W W W Sample 1 W 1 W A W B Answer C W D 21 A W B W C W D 41 A W B W D W W W A W B W C W D 21 AQ BQ CQ D Q EQ EQ 1Q AQ BQ C T

T

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Written Expression

Example I underlined words or phrases. The four underlined Fparts X B X C X D X 22 X A X B X C X D X 42 X A X B X C X D X X X X X B X C X D X 22 AR BR CR D 2 A 2 A Geysers have often been compared to R FR FR 2R AR BR C of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Identify Y B Y C Y D Y 23 Y A Y B Y C Y D Y 43 Y A Y B Y C Y D Y Y Y Y Y B Y C Y D Y 23 AS BS CS G 3 A 3 A DS GS S 3S AS BS C volcanoes they both emit hot the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in Z B Z C Z D Z 24 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z 44 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z Z Z 4 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z 24 A T B T CT DT T T 4T A T B T C 4 A liquids from below the Earth’s surface. order for the sentence to be correct. Then, TEST on your BOOKanswer NUMBER TEST (A) due to 5 A B C D 25 A B C D 45 A B C D 5 A B C D 25 AU BU CU DU U U 5U AU BU C sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space (B) because 6 A B C D 26 A B C D 46 A B C D 6 A B C D 26 AV BV CV DV V V 6V AV BV S C that c­ orresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. (C) in spite of 7 A B C D 27 A B C D 47 A B C D 7 A B C D 27 AW BW CW DW W W 7W AW BW C Look at the following examples: (D) regardless of 8TEST 8 sure A BOOK B C NUMBER D 28 A B C TEST D 48 A B C D A toB fill in C completely D 28 the AX circle BX Cthat X DX X SECTION X 8X AX 1BX C Be FORM corresponds to your answer choice. The sentence should read, “Geysers have often been CORRECT 29 9 A B C D 29 A B C D 49 A B C D 9 A B C D A B C D Y marks. Y Answer Y D Y 21 Y A Y 9B Y AC Y BINCO Y C Completely erase errors or stray Sample 1 A B C D Example I You may find more answer spaces than compared to volcanoes because they both10emit hot liquids A B C D A B 30 10 10 A B C D 30 A B C D 50 A B C D A B C D A B C D A B Z B Z C Z D Z 22 Z A Z B Z C Z D Z C you need. If so, leave them 2 blank. A from below the Earth’s surface.” Therefore, you should are sometimes call11rainbow 11 A B C D 31 A B Guppies 11 C D A B C D 313 A B C D A B C A B C D 23 A B C D choose answer (B). 1 SECTION 2 A 32 SECTION 12 A

B

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21 Example II Sample 1 A A B B Answer C D D 33 13 C 22 2 A A B B C C D D 34 During the early period of ocean 14 23 3 A navigation, any need for A B B C C D D 35 15 24 sophisticated instruments 4 A A B B C C D D 36 16 and techniques. 25 5 A A B B C C D D 37 17 (A) so that hardly 26 6 A A B B C C D D 38 18 (B) where there hardly was 27 7 A A B B C C D D 39 19 (C) hardly was 28 8 A A B B C C D D 40 20 (D) there was hardly 9 A B C D 29 The sentence should read, “During the early period 10 A B C D 30 of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for 11 A B C D 31 sophisticated instruments and techniques.” Therefore, you 12 A B C D 32 should choose answer (D).

Now begin work on the questions. PRACTICE QUESTIONS   1.

Refrigerating meats (A) retards (B) retarding (C) to retard (D) is retarded

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the spread 17 of A bacteria. B C D 37 18 A

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32 A B C D 24 12 A B C 4 A B C D A B C D 21 A 1 A B C A B B C C D D 33 5 A B C D 25 A 13B AC BD C 22 A 2 A A B B C C D D A B B C C 34 14 6TEST A BOOK B C NUMBER D 26 A B C TEST D 23 A 3 A 3 A C D D 43 A B C D A B B C C D D 35 A B B C C D D A B B C C 15 15 C 7 A B C D 27 A B C D CThe sentence should read,4 “Guppies are sometimes called 24 4 A D 44 A B C D A B B C C D D 36 A B B C C D D A B B C C 16 A 16 C D A 8 A BTherefore, C D 28 A B C D rainbow fish because of the 5males’ bright colors.” 25 A 5 A C D D 45 A B C D A B B C C D D 37 A B B C C D D A B B C C 17 A 17 C 9 A B C D 29 A B C D you should choose answer (A). 26 A 6 A 6 C D D 46 A B C D A B B C C D D 38 A B B C C D D A B B C C 18 18 C A 10 A B C D 30 SECTION A B C1 D 27 7 47 7 C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B 39 19 19 C D A B C D A B C D A B C 21 Sample Answer 1 Example II A B B C C D D 31 A A B B C C D D C 11 A 282 A 8 A 8B A C D D 48 A B C D A B B C C D D 40 AA B BB C CC D DD 22 A 20 AC B BD C C 20 C 12 A B C D 32 A B C D Serving several term in Congress, 9 A B C D 293 AA BB CC DD 23 A 9B AC BD C C D 49 A B C D 13 A B C D 33 A B C D B 10 A B C D 304 AA BB CC DD 24 A 10B AC BD C C D 50 A B C D 14 A B C D 34 A B C D Shirley Chisholm became an 11 important C D A B C D 315 AA BB CC DD 25 A 11B AC BD C 15 A B C D 35 A B C D C 12 A B C D 326 AA BB CC DD 26 A 12B AC BD C C D 16 A B C D 36 A B C D United States politician. 13 A B C D 337 AA BB CC DD 27 A 13B AC BD C C D 17 A B C D 37 A B C D D 14 A B C D 348 AA BB CC DD 28 A 14B AC BD C C D 18 A B C D 38 A B C D 15 A B C D 359 AA BB CC DD 29 A 15B AC BD C C D 19 A B terms C D 39 The sentence should read, “Serving several in A B C D 16 A B C D 36 C D DD 30 A 16B AC BD C 10 AA A BB B CC CUnited 20 Congress, Shirley Chisholm became an important D 40 A B C D 17 A B C D 3711 AA BB CC DD 31 A 17B AC BD C C D C

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1 A 41 A Bof C C D Dbecause A B B C D D 13 C C fish theDmales’ bright colors. 2 DA C D D 42C A B C D A B B C C D D 14 C B

States politician.” Therefore, you should choose answer (B).

38 12 AA BB CC DD 32 A 18B AC BD C 39 13 AA BB CC DD 33 A 19B AC BD C D 40 14 AA BB CC DD 34 A 20B AC BD C

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40 13

PRACTICE QUESTIONS  5. Electrical disturbances on Earth are frequently caused A B with storms on the surface of the sun. C D

  6. Inventor Granville Woods received him first patent on A B January 3, 1884, for a steam boiler furnace. C D  7. A deficient of folic acid is rarely found in humans A B because the vitamin is contained in a wide variety of C D foods.  8. The gopher digs with the big strong claws of its two front A B foot and with its overhanging front teeth. C D   9. An internationally famous ballerina, Maria Tallchief A demonstrated that the quality of ballet in North America B C could equal those of the ballet in Europe. D 10. As two nuclei move closer together, their mutual A B electrostatic potential energy becomes more large and C D more positive.

Section 3—Reading Comprehension This section is designed to measure the ability to read and understand short passages similar in topic and style to those found in universities and colleges. Test takers read a variety of short passages on academic subjects. Each passage is followed by a number of questions about the material. To avoid creating an advantage to individuals in any one field of study, sufficient context is provided so that no subjectspecific familiarity with the subject matter is required to answer the questions. Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. You are to choose the one best answer, (A), (B), (C), or (D), to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.

14

D D D D D R R R R R E E E E E S S S S S F F F F F T T T T T G G G G G U U U U U SAMPLE PASSAGE AND QUESTIONS HV HV HV HV HV I I I I I W W W W W The railroad was not the first institution to Jimpose J J J J X X X X X regularity on society, or to draw attention to the K K K K K Y Y Y Y importance of precise timekeeping. ForLY as long as L L L L Z Z Z Zand Z Line merchants have set out their wares at daybreak M M M M M

D D D D R R R R E E E E S S S S F F F F T T T T G G G G U U U U H H H H V V V V I I I I W W W W J J J J X X X X K K K K Y Y Y Y L L L L Z Z Z Z M M M M

communal festivities have been celebrated, people have N N N N N N N N N been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the O O O O O O O O O time of day. The value of this tradition is today more P P P P P P P P P apparent than ever. Were it not for public acceptance of TEST BOOK NUMBER TEST Q unbearably Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a single yardstick of time, social life would be R R services, R R R R R R R (10) chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods, S Sstarts; S S the S S S S S and information would proceed in fits and T to T unravel. T T T T T T T very fabric of modern society would begin SECTION 1 (5)

Example I

U U 21 U Sample 1 UA UB Answer C D

2 VA

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What is the main idea of the passage? W 23 W 3 W A (A) In modern society we must make moreXA X X 24 4 A A time for our neighbors. Y Y 25 5 YA A (B) The traditions of society are timeless. Z Z Z 26 A (C) An accepted way of measuring time6is A essential for the smooth functioning7 A B C D 27 A 8 A B C D 28 A of society. (D) Society judges people by the times 9 A B C D 29 A 10 TEST A BOOK B C NUMBER D 30 A at which they conduct certain activities. 11 B to C agree D 31 A The main idea of the passage is that societies Aneed 12 A Bsmoothly. C D 32 A about how time is measured in order to function 13 Therefore, you should choose answer (C). A B C D 33 A 14 A B Example II Sample 1 15 AA BB 2 In line 7, the phrase ‘‘this tradition’’ 16 AA BB 3 refers to 17 AA BB 4 A B (A) the practice of starting the business18 A B 5 day at dawn 19 AA BB 6 (B) friendly relations between neighbors 20 AA BB 7 A B (C) the railroad’s reliance on time

C D 34 Answer C D 21 C D 35 C D 22 C D 36 C D 23 C D 37 C D 24 C D 38 C D 25 C D 39 C D 26 C D 40 C D 27

U C V C W C X C Y C Z C

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SECTION 1 A B C D

8 A B C D 28 schedules 9 A B C D 29 (D) people’s agreement on the measurement of time 10 A B C D 30 11 A B Cclause, D 31 The phrase ‘‘this tradition’’ refers to the preceding 12 A neighbors ‘‘people have been in rough agreement with their as B C D 32 to the time of day.’’ Therefore, you should choose answer 33 13 A B C D(D).

PRACTICE PASSAGE

U B V B W B X B Y B Z B

A A A A A A A A A A A A A

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36 The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen 16 A edge B C of D the Arctic Ocean. It stretches southward across theClargest 17 A B D 37 and northernmost state in the United 18 States, at A B ending C D 38 800 miles from Line a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 19 A B C D 39 (5) where it begins. It is massive in size20and A Bextremely C D 40 complicated to operate. The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It weaves through crooked canyons, climbs sheer (10) mountains, plunges over rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter, and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily. Resting on H-shaped steel racks called “bents,” long (15) sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. Other long sections drop out of

sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. The pattern of the pipeline’s up-and(20) down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. (25) The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil. One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest (30) and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single business could raise that much money, so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. Each company controlled oil rights to (35) particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings. Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply shortages, equipment breakdowns, labor disagreements, treacherous (40) terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating. PRACTICE QUESTIONS 1.

The passage primarily discusses the pipeline’s (A) operating costs (B) employees (C) consumers (D) construction

2.

The word “it” in line 5 refers to (A) pipeline (B) ocean (C) state (D) village

6.

The word “undertaken” in line 31 is closest in meaning to (A) removed (B) selected (C) transported (D) attempted

7. How many companies shared the costs of constructing the pipeline? (A) Three (B) Four (C) Eight (D) Twelve 8.

The word “particular” in line 35 is closest in meaning to (A) peculiar (B) specific (C) exceptional (D) equal

9. Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction costs each member of the consortium would pay? (A) How much oil field land each company owned (B) How long each company had owned land in the oil fields (C) How many people worked for each company (D) How many oil wells were located on the company’s land 10. Where in the passage does the author provide a term for an earth covering that always remains frozen? (A) Line 4 (B) Line 15 (C) Line 23 (D) Line 37

3. According to the passage, 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each (A) day (B) week (C) month (D) year 4. The phrase “Resting on” in line 15 is closest in meaning to (A) Consisting of (B) Supported by (C) Passing under (D) Protected with 5. The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline’s route EXCEPT the (A) climate (B) lay of the land itself (C) local vegetation (D) kind of soil and rock

15

Q R

Level 2 Practice Questions

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Section 1—Listening Comprehension X

Y understand Y Y Y Y This section is designed to measure the ability to spoken English. It contains three parts, each Zadministered Z Z Z Z by audio recording.

Part A

U V

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U U U Part B V

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Directions: In Part B, you will hear short conversations E E E W W W W W W W W W W W W W W between two people. After each conversation, you willF hear F F X X X X X X X X X X X X X X a question about the conversation. The conversations and G G Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z TEST and BOOKchoose NUMBER read the four possible answers in your test book the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

TEST

S

In this part, you will hear the speaker on the TEST recording make SECTION 1 Be sure to fill in completely the circle that BOOK NUMBER TEST FORM to your answer a short statement. The statement will be spoken just one Sample 1 choice. Listen to an example. corresponds A B Answer C D 21 A B C INCO D CORRECT Completely erase errors or stray marks. You may find more answer time. You must then read four sentences, labeled (A), (B), 2 spaces A BthanC D A22 B A C B D C A D B you need. If so, leave them blank. On the recording, you will hear: (C), and (D), in the test book and choose the one closest in (woman) How’s your new job? 3 A B C D 23 A B C D meaning to the sentence just heard. 4 2 A B C D 24 A B C D SECTION 1 (man) OK, but it’ll takeSECTION a while 5 A A B B C C D D 25 A 1 B A C B D C 21 21 Listen to an example. Sample 1 A B Answer 1 the C D A B C D 41 A B C D to learn A new B C ropes. D 6 Aabout 22 A B B C C D D 26 A 2 B A C B D C 2 A B C D 22 A B C D 42 2 A the A B C D What does B man C D say (narrator) On the recording, you will hear: his job? 7 23 3 A B C D 23 A B 3 A B C D C D 43 A B C D A A B B C C D D 27 A 3 B A C B D C (narrator) When she read the letter In the test book, you will read: 8 24 24 4 4 A B C D A B C D A B C D 44 A B C D A A B B C C D D 28 A 4 B A C B D C she couldn’t believe her eyes. (A) He has trouble getting there sometime. 9 25 25 5 5 A B C D A B C D A B C D 45 A B C D AA BB C C D D 29 A 5 B A C B D C In the test book, you will read: (B) He isn’t familiar with the work yet. 10 26 26 A B 6 6 A B C D A to B read C D it. A B C D 46 A B C D A B C C D D 30 A 6 B A C B D C (A) She couldn’t see the letter well enough (C) It makes him feel restricted. 11 27 27 A B 7 7 A B C D A B C D A B C D 47 A B C D A B C C D D 31 A 7 B A C B D C (B) She was amazed by what the letter said. (D) He doesn’t have time to explain it. 12 28 28 8 8 A B C D B C D A B C D 48 A B C D A A B B C C D D 32 A 8 B A C B D C (C) She was surprised to receive anotherAletter. The correct choice is (B). 9 A B C D 2913 A A B B C C D D 33 A 9 B A C B D C A B before. C D 29 A B C D 49 A B C D (D) She didn’t realize she had read the9letter The correct choice is (B).

10 A 11 A

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

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B C   1. You will hear: 14 A B C D 34 (narrator) To tell the truth, I’m not much A B C D 35 interested in ancient 15 history. 16 B C in D 36 You will read: (A) There’s great interestAshown my ancient history17class. A B C D 37 (B) It’s hard to tell which 38 18 Afacts B are C Dtrue in ancient history.19 A B C D 39 (C) It isn’t easy to read ancient history 20 A B C D 40 texts. (D) I really don’t care much for ancient history.   2. You will hear: (man) He lacks discipline in his study habits. In the test book, you will read: (A) His study habits are poor. (B) He doesn’t have a good place to study. (C) His habit is to study late. (D) He was disappointed with his studies.   3. You will hear: (narrator) She never wakes up before her alarm goes off. You will read: (A) She never hears her alarm clock ringing. (B) Her alarm clock doesn’t ring when it should. (C) She doesn’t know where her alarm clock is. (D) She always sleeps until the alarm clock wakes her.

16

C D 50 A B C D PRACTICE QUESTIONS10 C

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11 A

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3014 A A B B C C D D 34 A 10B A C B D C D 3115 A A B B C C D D 35 A 11B A C B D C D

  4. You will hear: 12 A B C D 3216 A A B B C C D D 36 C D (man) Everybody said this 33 astronomy 17 A B C D 37 13 A B C D C D course would be easy. A B C D 18 A A B B C C D D 38 34 14 A B C D C D (woman) But it hasn’t quite worked 35 15 way, C D A B has C Dit? 19 A A B B C C D D 39 out that 20 A A B B C C D D 40 16 A the B woman C D 36 C D (narrator) What does think 37 C D B C D A B C D about 17 the Acourse? D A long. B C D 38 A B C D C You will read: (A) It’s18too (B) Few it. A B C D 19 people C D A B Ctook D 39 (C) It’s unexpectedly 40 20 A B C D difficult. C D A B C D (D) There are too many field trips.   5. You will hear: (man) Do you think Professor Smith will cancel class on account of the special conference? (woman) Not likely. (narrator) What does the woman mean? You will read: (A) She doesn’t like the professor very much. (B) She doubts classes will be canceled. (C) She doesn’t want to attend the conference. (D) She wonders whether the professor is an accountant.   6. You will hear: (man) This exam is going to cover a lot of chapters. (woman) But it’s mostly a review of the required reading anyway, isn’t it? (narrator) What does the woman say about the exam? You will read: (A) Most of the students have taken it already. (B) The students are not ready to take it. (C) It won’t cover much new material. (D) It isn’t going to cover many chapters.

A 12B A C B D C

A 13B A C B D C

A 14B A C B D C

A 15B A C B D C

A 16B A C B D C

17 A

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TEST BOOK NUMBER

ITP

Part C

TEST

The correct choice is (A). SECTION 1

Directions: In this part of the test you will hear several Sample 1 A B Answer Here is another example. C D 21 A B C D talks. After each talk, you will hear some questions. 1. NAME: Print The your name as you entered it in the first 21 boxes on your admission form. 2 A B C D 22 A B C D Onfirstthe you will Using hear one box a for each letter, print recording, your family name (surname), then hear: your first (given) talks and questions will not be repeated. After you 32. STUDENT A B CNUMBER D 23 (ifAassigned) B C D name, and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below (narrator) How does maglev operate? Start here question, read the four possible answers in youreach testbox,book use a No. 2 (H.B.) pencil and fill in the circle containing the same a letter. 4 A B C D 24 A B C D and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, In the test book, you will read: 5 A B C D 25 A B C D find the number of the question and fill in the space 0 0 0 0 0 026 0 0 0 0 0 A A A Athat A A A A A A A A A A (A) A A A A nuclear A A Aenergy. It uses 6 A B C D A B C D corresponds to the letter of the answer you have It rests B B chosen. B B B B B B B B B B B B (B) B B B B on B aBcushion B 1 1of 1 1 1 127 1 1 1 1 1 7 A B C D A B C D pressurized C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C Cair. C 2 2 2 2 2 228 2 2 2 2 8 A B C D PRACTICE CONVERSATION AND QUESTIONS (C) It flies over magnetically activated A B C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 3 3 3 3 3 329 3 3 3 3 9 A B C D A B C D tracks. E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 4 4 4 4 4 430 4 4 4 4 Here is an example. 10 A to B aCjetD A B C D (D) It uses a device similar F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F Fengine. F F F F F 5 5 5 5 5 531 5 5 5 5 11 A B C D A B C D On the recording, you will hear: G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G 6 6 6 6 6 632 6 6 6 6 12 A B C D A B C D The correct choice is (C). (narrator) Listen to the talk. 1. NAME: Print your name as you entered it in the first 21 boxes on your admission form. H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H 7 7 7 7 7 733 7 7 7 7 13 Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) A B C D A B C D (woman) Although I think the United States 2. STUDENT NUMBER (if assigned) 8 8 8 8 Start 8 834 8 8 8 8 I Iname, I and I then I your I middle I I name. I Leave I I oneIbox IblankI between I I names. I IThen, I below I I 14 A B C D here A B C D generally has an excellent system each box, useof a No. 2 (H.B.) pencil and fill in the circle containing the same letter. J J Jthat J J J PRACTICE J J J J JDIALOGUE J J J J AND J J QUESTIONS J J J 9 9 9 9 9 935 9 9 9 9 transportation, I do notJ think 15 A B C D A B C D K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K it does a good job of Ktransporting 7. finding 6. SEX to aA conversation A 0 B 0C A PLACE 0D 036 08. 0 B 0COF 0DTE0 A A A A A A A A A (narrator) A A A A A Listen A A A A A A 016 0about LEVEL 2 people between cities that L are L L only L La L L L L L L L L L aL new L apartment. L L L L L MALE 117 1 A 1 B (PRE-TOEFL) 1C 1D 137 1 A 1 B 1C 1D 1 B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B few hundred miles apart. A person M M M M M M M M M M M (man) M M M Hey, M M IM heard M M Myou’re M lookingC for a D 2D 238 2 A 2 B 2C 2NAM C C C Cand C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C 218 2 A 2 B 2LEVEL commuting between Detroit 1 apartment. N N N N N N N N N N N N N N different N N N N N N N 19 3 A 3 B (TOEFL-ITP) Chicago, or between San Francisco 3C 3D 339 3 A 3 B 3C 3D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 3FEMALE O strip O O cities, O O O O O O O (woman) O O O O Yeah, O O the O Oplace O O I’m O in now is a real 1 and Los Angeles, so-called E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 420 4 A 4 B 4C 4D 440 4 A 4 B 4C 4D P P P short P P P P P P P P P P P dump. P P P P P P P 9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE may spend only a relatively F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 RESPONSES time in the air while spending Q Q Qseveral Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q (man) Q Q Q It Q looked Q Q okay Q Q when Q Q I was there. G G airport. G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 hours getting to and fromR the (woman) Oh, the boiler keeps breaking and 1 2when 3 4 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 7 several 7 7 7days 7 7 7 7 7 H Halmost H H as H H H H H H H H H H itHdoes, H HweHlose H the H heat H 7 for This situation makes flying A A A A S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S time-consuming as driving. 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 I IMoreover, I I I I I I I I I I I I atI a Itime. I I I I I B B B B T T fuel T Tjust T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T airplanes use a lot of their 9 9 9 it? 9 9 9 9 9 9 J (man) J J J Why J J doesn’t J J JtheJ owner J 9 replace J J J J J J J J J J C C C C U simply U U U are U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U U getting into the air. They K K K K K K K K K K (woman) K K K K Well, K K she K says K K it’s K cheaper K to keep fixing 7. 6. SEX 8. PLACE OF TE not fuel-efficient on shortV trips. DLEVEL D 2D D V V HighV V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V person; just L L LOne L L L L L L L L L L it. L She’s L L a L nice L L enough L MALE speed trains may be an WLanswer. (PRE-TOEFL) E EofE W W W W W W W W W W W W W sort W Wof W W W In W any W stingy. case, I’m sick M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M fairly new proposal for Msuch a train NAM F 1F F X X X X X X X X X X X X X X being X X cold. X X X X X LEVEL is for something called Na N“maglev,” N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N FEMALE (TOEFL-ITP) G you G Y Y levitated Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y (man) Y Y Y Can Y Y you Y get Y Yyour Y Ydeposit back if meaning a magnetically O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O 1 Z Z Z Zride Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z move? Z Z Z Z Z Z Z train. Maglevs will not actually P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P 9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE (woman) If I give two months notice, I can get on the tracks, but will fly above tracks RESPONSES Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q the Q whole Q Q Qthing Q Qback. Q that are magnetically activated. This S 2 3 4 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R will save wear and tear on the tracks. (man) So, what kind of place are you1 looking These trains will go faster A A A A S S than S S one S S S S S S S S S S for? S S S S S S S hundred fifty miles perTEST hour—at that sure toTfill to in the one circle B that B B T BOOK T T NUMBER T T T T T TEST T TFORM T T T T I Tthink T Be TI’ll T try T completely T into (woman) get of Bthose corresponds to your answer choice. speed, conventional trains have trouble CORRECT INCO Completely or stray marks. theerrors CThey’re C C C U U U U U U U U U U U U U U high U Urises U Unear U erase U Uuniversity. You may find more answer spaces than staying on the tracks. As you can see, A B C D A B nothing really special, but at least V V V V for V V V V V V V V V V V V you V need. V VIf so,V leave V them blank. D D D D maglevs offer exciting possibilities they’re new and functional. E E E W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W the future. 1 (man) I’ve heard thatSECTION those 2buildings are SECTION F F F X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X noisy. 21 A are Now listen to a sample question: Sample 1 A B Answer 1 A B C C D 21 A B C D 41 A B C D pretty 1 A B The C Dwalls B thin C D and G Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y you Y Ycan Y hear Y Y everything Y Y going on Gin 2 A B C 2 A B C D 22 A B C D 42 A B C D 2 A B C D 22 A B C D (narrator) What is the main Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z the Z other Z Z apartments. Z Z Z Z 3 A B C D 23 A B C D 43 A B C D 3 A B C D 23 A B C D 3 A B C topic of the talk? (woman) Oh, that’ll never do. I need some place 4 A B C D 24 A B C D 44 A B C D 4 A B C D 24 A B C D In the test book, you will read: quiet to finish my thesis. I guess I’ll 4 A B C S 5 A B C D 25 A B C D 45 A B C D have to5 look 5 A B C A B C D 25 A B C Maybe D (A) Energy conservation. at some more ads. (B) A new kind of transportation. 6 A B C D 26 A B C D 46 A B C D new isn’t 6 Anecessarily 6 A B C B C D 26better. A B C D Be sure to fill in completely the circle that BOOK NUMBER (C) Strip cities. 27 don’t you try some of those 7TEST 7 7 A B C A B C D 27 A B C TEST D 47FORM A (man) Why B C D A B C D A B C D corresponds to your answer choice. CORRECT INCO (D) Advantages of air 8 A B C D 28 A B C D 48 A B C D apartments Completely erase errors or stray marks. in Windsor? They’re 28 8 8 A B C A B C D A B C D You may find more answer spaces than A B C D A B transportation over railroads. supposed to be Cnice. you need. leave them blank. 9 A B C D 29 A B C D 49 A B C D 9 A BIf so, 9 A B C D 29 A B C D (woman) Aren’t 10 they awfully expensive? The correct choice is (B). 10 A B C D 30 A B C D 50 A B C D 10 A B C A B C D 30 A B C D SECTION 1 SECTION 2 (man) Not really. You’d be surprised at how 11 A B C 11 A B C D 31 A B C D 11 A B C D 31 A B C D Sample 1 A B Answer 1 A B 1 A B C C D 21 A B C D 41 A B C D reasonable C Dof21them A B are. C D The some Here is another example. 12 A B C D 32 A B C D 12 A B C D 32 A B C D 12 A B C outA there 2 A B C D 22 A B C D 42 A B C D problem 2 with 2 A B C A B being C D 22 B C isD that On the recording, you will hear: 33 Athat 13 A B C D 33 A B C D 13 A B Crun 13 A B C D out B way. C D 3 A B C D 23 A B C D 43 A B C D the bus3doesn’t 3 A B C A B C D 23 A B C D 34problem. 14 fuel 14 A B C (narrator) When are airplanes not A Befficient? C D 34 A B C D A B C be D a A B C IDcan’t That’d14 definitely 4 A B C D 24 A B C D 44 (woman) 4 A B C D 24 A B C D 4 A B C A B C D 35 A I afford 15a AcarB right 15 A B C D 35 A B C D 15 A B C C D now. B guess C D I’d In the test book, you will read: 5 A B C D 25 A B C D 45 A B C D 5 A B C D 25 A B C D 5 A B C better 16 check here 36 A B 16 A B C A B C D 36 A B C D A Ba few C D places C in D the (A) On short trips. 16 6 A B C D 26 A B C D 46 A B C D city before 6 A I Bmake 6 A B C C Da 26 A B C D decision. 17 A B C D 37 A B C D 17 A B C D 37 A B C D 17 A B C (B) On long trips. 7 A B C D 27 A B C D 47 A B C D 7 A B C D 27 A B C D 7 A B C (C) When flying over cities. 18 A B C D 38 A B C D 18 A B C D 38 A B C D 18 A B C 28 A B C D 48 A B C D 28 A B C D 8 8 8 A B C A B C D A B C D (D) When flying at high altitudes. 19 A B C D 39 A B C D 19 A B C D 39 A B C D 19 A B C

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  7. You will hear: PRACTICE QUESTIONS (narrator) What is wrong with the woman’s 1. most important event in San Francisco’s current apartment? history was the disastrous earthquake and fire You will read: (A) It’s too noisy. of 1906. (B) It’s not convenient to the 1. NAME: Print your name as you entered university. Using one box for each letter, first pr (A) The name, and then your middle name. L (C) The heating system is defective. (B) It was the each box, use a No. 2 (H.B.) pencil a (D) The owner is unpleasant. (C) That the   8. You will hear: (D) There was a A A A A A A A A A (narrator) What must the woman do to have her B Bvitamins. B B B B B B B deposit returned? 2. Vegetables are an excellent source 1. NAME: in Print your name as you entered it in the first 21 boxes on your admission form. C C C C C C C C C You will read: (A) Tell the owner two months (A) of Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) 2. STUDENT advance that she’s moving. D D D NUMBER D D (ifDassigned) D D D name, and then your middle Leave one box blank between names. Then, below name. (B) has Start here each box, pencil and fill in the circle containing the same letter. (B) Alert the housing authorities touse a No. 2 (H.B.) E E E E E E E E E (C) where her problem. F F F F F F F F F (D) that (C) Move to another apartment A A A inAthe A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 G G G G G G G G G same building. 3. Microscopes make small things appear B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 H H H H H H H H H (D) Leave by the end of the month. larger than . C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2   9. You will hear: I I I I I I I I I D D D D D D D D D(A) D really D D are D D D D D D D D D 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (narrator) What does the woman require of her J J J J J J J J J (B) are really E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 next apartment? K K K K K K K K K (C) are they really F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 You will read: (A) It must be on a higherF floor. L L L L L L L L L (D) they really are (B) It must have quiet surroundings. G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G G 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 M M M M M M M M M (C) It must be within driving 4. HThe Montreal 7 7 miles. 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 H H distance H H H H H H H city H Hof H H H H H H H over H H707 square N N N N N N N N N of the university. 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 I I I I I I I I I(A) covers I I I I I I I I I I I I O O O O O O O O O (D) It must be in a new building. J J J J J J J J J(B) J that J Jcovers J J J J J J J J J 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 10.   You will hear: P P P P P P P P P K K K K K K K K K(C) covering K K K K K K K K K K K K 7. 6. SEX (narrator) Why might living in Windsor be a Q Q Q Q Q 8. Q PLACE Q Q OFQTE LEVEL 2 L isL covered L L L L L L L L L L problem for the woman? L L L L L L L L L(D) MALE (PRE-TOEFL) R R R R R R R R R M M M M M M M M M MCollins’s M M Mstruggle M M MtoMmake M Ma place M You will read: (A) Rent would be very expensive. 5. MJanet for S herself S S S inS S S S NAM S LEVEL 1 (B) Public transportationNwouldn’t N N N N N N N Nballet N Nis N N Nof N N story N N N N theNkind a life a fascinating FEMALE T T (TOEFL-ITP) T T T T T T T be available. O O O O O O O O Onovel O Omight O O be O written. O O O O O O O U U U U U U U U U 1 (C) Apartment complexesP inP Windsor P P P P P P P(A) of P P P P P P P P P P P P 9. BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE V V V V V V V V V are old. RESPONSES Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q(B) by Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q (D) Apartments in Windsor tend to W W W W W W W W W 1 2 3 4 R R R R R R R R R(C) R for R whom R R R R R R R R R R be noisy. X X X X X X X X X A A A A S S S S S S S S S(D) S about S S which S S S S S S S S S Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

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T T T T T Section 2—Structure and Written Expression U

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This section is designed to measure your abilityV toVrecognize V V V language that is appropriate for standard written W W English. W W W There are two types of questions in this section, X with X Xspecial X X directions for each type. Y Y Y Y Y Z

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Directions: In questions 6–10, each sentence has four E E E W W W W W W W W W W W W W W underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of F F F X X X X X X X X X X X X X X the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), or (D). Identify the TEST BOOK NUMBER TEST G Gin Y Y underlined Y Y Y Y word Y Y or Y phrase Y Y Ythat Y must Y one be changed Z Z for Z the Z Zsentence Z Z Z to Z be Z correct. Z Z Z Then, Z order on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.SECTION 1 S

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Directions: Questions 1–5 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the oneTEST word or phrase BOOK NUMBER that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter you have chosen. Look at the following example: Mt. Hood in the state of Oregon. (A) although (B) and (C) is (D) which The correct choice is (C).

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Be sure to fill in completely 2 the A circle B that C D 22 A B C D adults fully corresponds to your answer choice. CORRECT INCO Completely erase errors 3 or stray A marks. B C D 23 A B C D You may find more answer spaces than A24 B C D A B you need. If so, leave them 4 blank. A B C D A B C D

understand the kinds and amounts of 5 A SECTION 1 SECTION B C 6 2A Sample 1 A B Answer 1 A B C D 217 A C D 21 A B eC D 41 necessary A B C D for an effective xercise A 2 A B C D 22 A B D 2 A B C D 228 A C D 42 A B C D A 3 A B C D 23 A B pChysical D 43 A B C D fitness program. 3 A B C D 239 AA 4

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PRACTICE QUESTIONS

PRACTICE QUESTIONS

1. Receptors for the sense of smell are located at the top of the nasal cavity. (A) upper end (B) inner edge (C) mouth (D) division

6. How many people know that the Brooklyn Bridge, A built in 1883, were the world’s first suspension bridge? B C D

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7. Anna Maxwell’s gift for organization was exemplified 2. Passenger ships and aircraft are often equipped with A B 1. NAME:CPrint your name as you entered it in the first 21 boxes on your admission form. ship-to-shore or air-to-land radio telephones. Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname), then your first (given) by her service while the Spanish-American War 2. STUDENT NUMBER (if assigned) name, and then your middle name. Leave one box blank between names. Then, below Start here pencil (A) highways each box, use a No. 2 (H.B.) and fill in the circle containing the same letter. D (B) railroads in 1898. (C) planes A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (D) sailboats B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8. When a severe ankle injury forced herselfCtoCgive up C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3. Dotting the marshy expanse of the Florida Everglades A B C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 are little islands known locally as hummocks. reporting in 1926, Margaret Mitchell began E writing E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 (A) generally D F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 (B) to all her novel, Gone with the Wind. G G G G G G G G G(C) G in G that G G G G G G G G G G 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 area H

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I I I I 9. Anne Elizabeth McDowell is best remembered for J J J J A B K K K a weekly journal, Woman’s Advocate, whoK she L L L L C D M M M M launched in January 1855.

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Z Z word Z Z or Z Z Directions: Each sentence has an underlined phrase. Below each sentence are four other words or phrases marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). You are to choose the one word or phrase that best keeps the meaning of the original sentence if it is substituted forTEST the BOOK underlined NUMBER word or phrase. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter you have chosen.

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This section is designed to measure the ability to read and understand short passages similar in topic and style to those found in universities and colleges. Test takers read a variety of short passages on academic subjects. Each passage is followed by a number of questions the To Be sure to fill inabout completely the material. circle that TEST FORM corresponds to your answer choice. CORRECT avoid creating an advantage to individuals any one field Completely erase errors orin stray marks. may find more answer spaces than A B C D of study, sufficient contextYou is provided so that no subjectyou need. If so, leave them blank. specific familiarity with the subject matter is required to answer the questions. SECTION 1 SECTION 2

I t is difficult to get young people to plan for their old age, which seems very distant to them. (A) impossible (B) faraway (C) observable (D) fearful The correct choice is (B).

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Directions: thisD section2you several C D 42 A BIn C A will B Cread D 22 A B passages. C D Each one is followed by several questions about 3 A B C D 23 A B it.C You C D 43 A B C D D are toC choose the one best answer (A), (B), (C), or (D) to 4 A B C D 24 A B C D each D 44 A B C D question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of 5 A B C D 25 A B C D C D 45 A B C D the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the 6 A B C D 26 A B C D C D 46 A B C D letter of the answer you have chosen. 7 A B C D 27 A B C D C D 47 A B C D Answer all questions following the passage on the basis 8 A B C D 28 A B C D C D 48 A B C D of what is stated or implied in the passage.

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ST E name. and then name. one between below Start here M each box, use aVNo. V 2 (H.B.) same andVfill inVtheVcircle containing the D same D letter. D D V each V Vbox,VuseVa No. V 2 (H.B.) V Vpencil V and V fill Vin the V circle V containing Vthe pencil V Vletter. 5F F 5F 5 F 5F F 5F 5 F 5F 5 F 5F 5 F 5F 5 F 5F 5 F 5F 5 F 5F 5 FF 5 F 55 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 FF 5 F SAMPLE PASSAGE AND QUESTIONS W W W W W W W W 6. WIt can E E E W WbeWinferred W W Wfrom W Wthe W passage W W Wthat the new clock 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 66 G G G G G G G G G G GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG GG G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G G G6 G G G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G G6 G AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AX AXwill A AX Abe AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A AX A 0 A 0 A 0 A 0 A 0F A 0F A 0F A 0 A 0 0 0 0 0 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 77 H H clock H H being H H H H H H H Hfor H Hnavigation H HH HH HH HH HH HH HH HH H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H H H7 H H H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H H7 H A newH atomic developed BY BY BY BY BY BY BY BY BY(A) long-lasting B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B BY B 1 B 1 B 1 B 1 B 1G B 1G B 1 B 1 B 1 1 1 1 1 satellites will I I perform I I Ibetter I I than I Iprevious I I I I I devices. I I I I I IThe I I I I I I I I I I I I II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 II 8 8II 8II 8 8II 8II 8 8II 8 8II 8 8II 8 8II 8 8II 8 8II 8 II 8 88 I CZ CZ CZ CZ CZ CZ CZ CZ CZ(B) CCZ Charmful CZ CCZ CCZ C CZ humans CCZ CCZ CCZ CCZ CCZ CCZ CCZ C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 C 2 2 2 2 to clock, which J Jincorporates J J J J aJ hydrogen J J J Jmaser, J J J J Jwill J J Juse J J Ja J J J J J J J J J J JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 9 JJ 9 JJ 9 9 J9 Dcompact D D D D D D D D(C) DD Dproduced D DD DD DDin DDgreat DD DD DD DD DD DD D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 D 3 3 3 3 numbers Line new microwave K K Kcavity K K design K K to K provide K K KK a KK K K K K K Kand KK KK KK KK KK KK K K 6.K KSEX K K K K7. K K K K K K K K K K K K K K6. SEX K K K K 7. K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K 8. PLACE OF TESTING 8. PLACE OF TESTIN6 (D) very attractive looking E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 4 E 4 E 4LEVEL E 4 E24 E 4 E 4 E 4 E 4 4 4 4 LEVEL 2 (5) lightweight package, and new electronic techniques to L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L LL MALE LL LL LL(PRE-TOEFL) LL LL LL LL LL LL LL MALE LL LL (PRE-TOEFL) LL LL LL LL LL LL LL LL LS F Fprovide F F F F F F FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF F5 F5 F5 F5 F5 F5 F5 F5 F5 5 5 5 maintain Mlong-term stability. The clockF can According to MMtheMMpassage, from M M M M M M M M M MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM M7. M MM MM M M M M M M M M M M M M signals M M M M M M M M how M M M M many M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M NAME OF SCHOOL/INSTITUTION NAME OF 6 G6 G6LEVEL Git is G stable G G G G G G Gsatellites GG GG GG will GG GG GG GG1 Gto G Gcalculate G GG GG GG G G6 G precise navigation information because to LEVEL 16 G6 G6 G6 G6 6 6 6 be used a position? Be sure to fill in completely the circleN TEST BOOK N N N N N N N N N N NN NN N N N N NUMBER N N N N N N N N N N TEST NN NN N N FEMALE N N N N N N(TOEFL-ITP) N N N N N N N N N N N N N NFEMALE N N N N (TOEFL-ITP) N N NthatN N N N N N N N N N N N NF FORM corresponds to your choice. one second in three years. differences 7Print 7 your 7 7 7INCO 7 H H HyourH Hinas HyouHentered H H H NAME: HHboxes HHPrint H HHname HH H Hform. Hentered HH H1. H Hthe H answer H H H 7name H H H 7entered H 7 Hform. 1. NAME: Print yourmillion name as you entered The it in1.the NAME: first 21 Print boxes on name your admission itHinHthe first 1. 21 onHyour your admission asH you it NAME: in first 217your boxes on as7you admission it7 inHthe first 21 CORRECT OHform. (A) 1 erase errors orO marks. 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BACKGROUND QUESTIONNAIRE 9 DAY YEAR MO. eachused box, use 2 (H.B.) pencil andposition fill in each the use (H.B.) letter. and fill in the circle each containing box, use the a No. same 2J(H.B.) letter. pencil and fill each inMO. the box, circle use containing a No. 2J(H.B.) theJsame pencil letter. and fill in CODE the circl handwriting. ha (10) location can be toa No. calculate that toJcontaining within CODE 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 J circle Jbox, Ja No.J 2the Jsame Jpencil J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J RESPONSES RESPONSES (C) 3 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ QQ Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q a few yards. “KISEX hereby I amKtheKperson wh “ K K K K K SECTION K K K 1 K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K K KSECTION K K K 6. K K 7. K that 2 K1 K2affirm 6. 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S S MALE S S A S S A S S A S S A S S S S S S S S S SMALE S 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 and 11 B B B B B B B B B B B B BMB BMB BMB BMB BM B BMB BMB BMB BMB MBMB MB B1 B B1 B B1 MB B1 MB B1 B B1 B B1 B B1 B B1 B B1 M1 B 1 M1 B 1Also B 1sign B 1 M1 B 1 name B1 1 B 1 the B 1line B 1provided, B M1 M1 2 A B C D 22 2 MBA BNAME A B C D 42 MA MMB MM C M D M MM MM2 MMA MMB MM C M D 22 A M Byour C M D Mon M B AlC B T T itT can T be T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T (A) T T T TT teach TT TT T TTB TTB TTB TT TT TT TT TTdate TT (inB TTnumbers). 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W Wfill W W W Wcircle W W containing W W W W W W same W W W W W W W W W W W W WM (D) To provide information 5 Q5 5 5 55 F F F F F F F F F F F F FQF FQF FQF FQF FQ F FQF FQF FQF FQF QFQF QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 QFFQ5 Q5 F Q5 F5 5 FRESPONSES F5 5 F5 5 F5 5 F5 5 F5 F5 5 F 6 A B C D 26 6 A B C FQD Q5F26 A B C D 46 A B C D A B QCQDQ Q Q 6QA B C most impressive? FX X FX X FX X X X X X X X X X X X XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX X X X X X X X X X XF X XF X XF X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6 RG 6R RG 627 6 RG 6 RG 6 6 RG 616 RG 626 RG 636 RG 646 RG 6 6 RG 6 6 G6 G 66 6 G G G G G G G G G G GG GRG GRG GRG GRG GR G GRG GRG GRG GRG RGRG RG G G G G G G G G G G RA RB RC RD R6 A RG R6 A RG R7 RA RB RC 7 A B C D 27 A B C D 47 A 0 A 0A AY 0B AG 0C AG 0D AY 0 AY 0 AY 07 AY 0A 0 Y 0B 0 Y0C A AY A AY A AY A A A AY A AY A AY A AY AD AY G Y G Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y YAY YAY YAY YAY YAY YAY YAY YAY YAYAYAYAY Y AY Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y (A) Its compact sizeH H H H H H H H8H HSAH HSBH HSCH HSDH HS28 7 SH 77 7 7S SH 728 7 SH 7 7 SH 7A7 SH 7A7 SH 7A7 SH 7A7 SH 7 7 SH 7 7 H7 H H H H H HSH HSH HSH HSH SHSH SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH HS7 SH A B C D 48 BA B BB B BC B BD B B B B B B8 B BA B BB B BC B BD B 1 B 1A B 1B B 1C B 1D B 1 B 1 B 18 B 1A 1 1B 1 1C Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZ ZBZBZBZBZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ ZZ Z (B) Its weight 8 T8I T8I 8 T8IB8 T8IB8 T8IB8 T8IB8 T8I 8 T8I 8 I 8 88I 8 I I I I I I I I I I I I ITI ITI ITI ITI I29 I ITI ITI ITI ITI TITI TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 TIIT8 T8IT T8I29 T 9 CA CB CC CD C CA CB CC CD C C 49C CA C CB C CC C CD C C C C C C9 C CA C CB C CC C CD C 2 C 2A C 2B C 2C C 2D C 2 C 2 C 29 C 2A 2 2B 2 C (C) Its accuracy 9 U9JC9 U9JC9 U9JC9 U9J 9 U9J 9 J 9 9J9 9 J JUJ JUJ JUJ JUJ UJUJ UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 UJJU9 U9JU U9J30 J J J J J J J J J J J J JUJ JUJ JUJ JUJ JU 30 10 DA DB DC DD D 10D DA D DB D DC D DD D 39 DU9J3A DU9J3B9 DU9JC 50D DA D DB D DC D DD D D D D D D 10D 3A 3 3B 3 C 3C D 3D D 3 D 3 D 3 DA DB DC DD D D (D) Its ability measure SIGNED: K Kto K K K Kdistance K K K K K K KVK KVK KVK KVK KV K KVK KVK KVK KVK VKVK VK KV 6. K KV K KV VK KV7. VK KV VK KV VK KV VK KV VK KV VK KV VKV6. K31VK V7. K VKD VKD VKD VKD VK VK SIGNE K K6 SEX SEX V V V 31 11 EA EB EC ED E EA EB EC ED E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E118.E PLACE 8. E PLACE 11OF DE4 4 4 4 4 4B 4 C EA E EB E OF EC ETESTING ED E 4 E 4A (WRITE E 4B E 4C E E E 4ATESTIN YOUR LEVEL 2 LEVEL 2 NAME AS IF SIGNING A BUSI L L is L (C). L L L L L L L L L LWL LWL LWL LWL LW L LWL LWL LWL LWL WLWL WLL LL LL LL L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L L E E E W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W 32 32 The correct choice MALE MALE 12 FA FB FC FD F FA FB FC FD F F F F F F F F F (PRE-TOEFL) 12F FA F FB F FC F FD F 5 F 5A (PRE-TOEFL) 12F 5A 5L5B 5LC F FF FF FF F 5B F 5C F 5D F 5 F 5 F 5 EXAMPLE BeMsure to in completely theM circle that Be sure to fillTEST in completely theNUMBER circle Be TEST sure fill M in complete TEST BOOK NUMBER TEST BOOK FORM M BOOK M M NUMBER M M M M M TEST M TEST MFORM MM BOOK MXM MXMNUMBER MXM MXM MX M MXM MTEST MX M fill MXFORM M MXTEST M XM M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M MX XM M XMthatXM MF XM MF Xto MFORM M M F X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 33 33 13 GA GB GC GD G GAcorresponds NAME OF 13G GA GtoGByour 13GXto DG your answer 6choice. 6A G 6BINCORRECT 6 G 6 INCORRECT 6Ayour 6 6Bansw 6 C GB GC Gto G Ganswer G G G choice. G G G G G G Gcorresponds GG G G GCNAME G GD GOF GSCHOOL/INSTITUTION G 6C G 6D Gcorresponds G6 INCORRECT INCORRE LEVELCompletely 1 CORRECT LEVEL 1 CORRECT Completely erase errors or stray marks. erase errors or stray marks. Completely erase errors N N N N N N N N N N NN NYN NYN NYN NYN NY N NYN NYN NYN NYN YNYN YN NY FEMALE N NY YN NY YN NY N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N G G Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y 34 34 (TOEFL-ITP) (TOEFL-ITP) FEMALE 14 HA HB HC HD H HAYouHBmayHCfindHDmore 14Hfind 14Hmore A Hmore B HH CHH D Hspaces A than B H 7C H 7D HYou A 7 7answe B7 F C answer may find 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 H H answer H H H Hspaces H H Hthan H H H HYou HAHmay H H H H H H H B C D A B C D A B AC BD CA DB AC BD CA youOneed. so, them you blank. you need. leave the O O O O O O O O O O OO OZO OZO OZO OZO O35 O OZO O OZOIfO O Zleave OZO ZO OZ O OZblank. O OZ ZO OZ ZO OZ ZO OZ Zneed. O OZ ZO OZIf so, O OZleave O OZ them OZ10.ZO O ZO ZO AND O DATE: O O Please OIf so, Ocopy O the O SIGNATURE 10. SIG Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z Z 35 15 IA IB IC ID I IA IB IC ID I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 15 15I 8A 8 8B 8 C I I IA I IB I IC I ID I 8 I 8A I 8B I 8C I 8D I 8 I 8 I 8 statement in the space provided below; sta Be sure each mark is darkP and completely fillsPthe answer space. P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P36 P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P BACKGROUND P P P P QUESTIONNAIRE P P P P P P P9. 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Score Report The institution where you take the test will receive your scores on a list containing the names and scores of everyone who tested at the institution at the same time you did. The institution will also receive a copy of each test taker’s score report and is responsible for giving you your personal copy of your score report. Scores obtained at an institutional administration are reported only to the institution administering the test. Students who need TOEFL scores for admission to universities and colleges where English is the medium of instruction must take the official TOEFL test. TOEFL ITP scores are valid for two years from the test date. Because language proficiency can change considerably in a relatively short period of time, scores more than two years old cannot be reported or verified. A TOEFL ITP score is measurement information and its release is subject to all restrictions indicated in this Handbook. However, the score is not the property of the test taker.

the Level 2 test contains less difficult questions than the Level 1 test, and because it is shorter, it provides effective measurement in the 20-50 score range for each section and in the 200-500 score range for the total score. For Level 2, 50 and 500 are the maximum obtainable scores. The scaled scores are the ones that appear on score reports. The scaled score for each section is simply an indication of the test taker’s performance on that section. It is neither the number nor the percentage of questions answered correctly. The process used to convert your raw scores to scaled scores is called “score equating.” Score equating ensures that test scores are equal for persons of equal proficiency regardless of the difficulty level of the particular test taken. Scaled scores are equated by methods based on item response theory. To obtain the total score, add the scaled scores for each section and multiply by ten thirds. The example shows how the three scaled section scores are used to obtain the total score.

Example:

Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 48 + 56 + 52 = 156 (156 × 10) ÷ 3 = 520

Test Taker Requests for Cancellation of Scores If you wish to cancel your scores, you must tell the test supervisor immediately after you take the test; it is impossible to request score cancellation any other way or at a later time. If you make such a request, your scores will not be reported.

Score Cancellation by the Test Supervisor The test supervisor reserves the right to request that ETS not score a test taker’s answer sheet if the test taker did not follow instructions or if the supervisor suspects that the test taker cheated. No scores will be reported for the affected test taker.

Score Cancellation by ETS Following the test administration, ETS reserves the right to cancel scores if there is any reason to question their validity. No scores will be reported for the affected test takers.

Understanding Your Scores The information in this section will help you understand your scores when you receive them. For this reason, you should keep this Handbook and refer to it when you get your scores. You will receive no other information about interpreting your scores.

How Your Scores Are Reported Test scores include three section scores and a total score. Each correct answer counts equally toward the score for that section. There is no penalty for wrong answers. The total number of correct answers is called the “raw score.” (NOTE: Some of the questions in the test may not count toward the section or total scores.) The raw score for each section is converted by statistical means to a number on a scale. TOEFL ITP section scores are reported as scaled scores that range from 31 to 68; total scores are reported on a scale from 310 to 677. Because

Test scores cannot be perfectly precise. A person’s score can vary just by chance from one test administration to another, even when there is no change in the person’s true proficiency. The standard error of measurement is the index that describes the degree of precision in a measurement. In the case of the TOEFL ITP tests, the standard error of measurement of the total score is approximately 14 scaled score points. This means that if a test taker’s “true” proficiency score––the score the person would earn if the test could measure his or her ability with perfect precision––is, for example, 560, the chances are about two out of three that the person’s observed score will be somewhere between 546 and 574 (560 plus or minus 14).

Scores Obtained on Different Editions of the Test Although every effort is made to keep the level of difficulty of each edition of the test the same, slight differences in difficulty do occur. However, the method of scoring the test takes even these minor differences into account. As an example, a total score of 500 on one edition of the test represents the same level of English-language proficiency—as measured by the test—as a score of 500 on another edition.

Acceptable Scores Each institution determines for itself what scores, or ranges of scores, are acceptable. These vary from institution to institution, depending on such factors as field of study and level of study. However, an acceptable score depends entirely on the requirements of the institution. There are no specific passing or failing scores set by ETS for the TOEFL ITP tests. If you have questions about how your scores have been interpreted, contact the institution that administered the test.

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Policy and Guidelines for the Use of TOEFL ITP Test Scores Introduction These guidelines are designed to provide information about the appropriate uses of TOEFL ITP test scores. They are intended to protect test takers from unfair decisions that may result from inappropriate uses of scores. Adherence to the guidelines is important. The TOEFL ITP Program and its local ETS TOEFL ITP associates have a particular obligation to inform users of the appropriate uses of TOEFL ITP test scores and to identify and try to rectify instances of misuse. To this end, the following policies and guidelines are available to all TOEFL ITP test takers, institutions, and organizations that are recipients of TOEFL ITP test scores.

Policies In recognition of their obligation to ensure the appropriate use of TOEFL ITP test scores, the TOEFL ITP Program and its local ETS TOEFL ITP associates developed policies designed to make score reports available only to approved recipients, to protect the confidentiality of test takers’ scores, and to follow up on cases of possible misuse of scores. The policies are discussed below. Confidentiality: TOEFL ITP scores, whether for an individual or aggregated for an institution, are confidential and can be released only by authorization of the test taker, the test taker’s parent or guardian if the test taker is a minor, or by compulsion of legal process. We recognize test takers’ rights to privacy with regard to information that is stored in data or research files held by ETS and local ETS TOEFL ITP associates and our responsibility to protect test takers from unauthorized disclosure of information. Encouragement of Appropriate Use and Investigation of Reported Misuse: All organizational users of TOEFL ITP scores have an obligation to use the scores in accordance with the guidelines that follow. Organizations have a responsibility to ensure that all individuals using TOEFL ITP scores are aware of the guidelines and to monitor the use of scores, correcting instances of misuse when they are identified. The TOEFL ITP Program and local ETS TOEFL ITP associates are available to assist institutions in resolving score-misuse issues.

Guidelines Use Multiple Criteria: Regardless of the decision to be made, multiple sources of information should be used to ensure fairness and to balance the limitations of any single measure of knowledge, skills, or abilities. These sources may include hours of English-language classes, school grades, and recommendations from past teachers and administrators. When used in conjunction with other criteria, TOEFL ITP scores can be a powerful tool. The TOEFL ITP Program recently conducted a scale anchoring study to provide performance descriptors for the three sections of the TOEFL ITP test. However, some readers of this document may understand performance feedback in

22

relation to speaking and writing, two skills not assessed by the TOEFL ITP test. Maintain Confidentiality of TOEFL ITP Scores: All individuals who have access to TOEFL ITP scores should be aware of the confidential nature of the scores and agree to maintain their confidentiality. Policies should be developed and implemented to ensure that confidentiality is maintained.

Normally Appropriate Uses and Misuses of TOEFL ITP Scores The suitability of a TOEFL ITP test for a particular use should be explicitly examined before using test scores for that purpose. The list of appropriate uses of TOEFL ITP scores that follows is based on the policies and guidelines outlined on this page. The list is meant to be illustrative, not exhaustive, in nature. There may be other appropriate uses of TOEFL ITP scores, but any use not listed below should be discussed in advance with TOEFL ITP Program staff and the local ETS TOEFL ITP associate to determine its appropriateness. If a use other than those listed below is contemplated, it is important for the score user to validate the use of the scores for that purpose. The TOEFL ITP Program staff and local ETS TOEFL ITP associates are available to provide advice on the design of such validity studies.

Appropriate Uses Based on the test design and the validity evidence collected to date, TOEFL ITP test scores are recommended for the following uses: 1. Placement in intensive English-language programs requiring academic English proficiency at a college or graduate level. 2. Progress monitoring in English-language programs stressing academic English proficiency. 3. Exiting English-language programs by demonstrating proficiency in English listening and reading. 4. Scholarship programs, as contributing documentation for academic English proficiency. 5. Admissions to short-term, non-degree programs in English-speaking countries where the sending and receiving institutions agree to use TOEFL ITP scores. 6. Admissions to undergraduate and graduate degree programs in non-English speaking countries where English is not the dominant form of instruction. 7. Admissions and placement in collaborative international degree programs where Englishlanguage training will be a feature of the program.

Misuses Any use of test scores for purposes other than those listed above should be discussed with ETS before being implemented.

Comments Test takers can provide comments during the test administration by informing their test administrator. If you have questions or comments regarding the TOEFL ITP test, please contact your local ETS TOEFL ITP associate or the TOEFL ITP Program, ETS, 660 Rosedale Road, Princeton, New Jersey 08541, USA or email us at [email protected]

Test Question Inquiries Language specialists prepare the test questions. These specialists follow careful, standardized procedures developed to ensure that all test material is of consistent high quality. Each question is reviewed by several members of the ETS staff. The TOEFL Committee of Examiners, an independent group of professionals in the fields of linguistics, language testing, and language teaching that reports to the TOEFL Board of Trustees, is responsible for the test content. After test questions have been reviewed and revised as ­appropriate, they are selectively administered in trial situations and then assembled into tests. The tests are then reviewed according to established ETS and TOEFL Program procedures to ensure that all possible versions of the tests are free of cultural bias. Statistical analyses of individual questions ensure that all questions provide appropriate measurement information. Although ETS employs extensive quality control checks throughout the development of test questions and the preparation of final tests, typographical ­errors or flaws in questions may occasionally occur. If you suspect a problem and want to question a test item for any reason, please contact TOEFL Institutional Services immediately after taking the test: TOEFL Institutional Services Email: [email protected] Mailing address: TOEFL Institutional Services ETS PO Box 6156 Princeton, NJ 08541-6156, USA Fax number: 973-735-1903 Please include the name of the test, the section of the test, the test date, the institution where the test was taken, and, if possible, the number of the test item being questioned. If you have a complaint about the testing facilities or the test administration staff, contact Institutional Services within three days after the test date. Be sure to give the date of the test, and the institution, city, and country in which you tested.

How to Complete Your Admission Form Remove the admission form (inside back cover) from this Handbook, then fill out the form according to the following instructions. A. If the institution assigns you a student number, enter the number in the boxes in the top left-hand corner of the form. B. Print the location of the testing room, the test date, and the time of the test in the appropriate spaces. Also check the box for the test you will take. (Someone at the institution may already have entered this information.) C. In the area marked NAME, print or type your name. Using one box for each letter, first print your family name (surname). Leave one box blank, and then print your first name. Leave the next box blank, and then print as many letters of your middle name as you have room for. D. In the area labeled BIRTH DATE, put a number in each box. If you were born before October or before the tenth day of the month, be sure to write a zero. As an example, if your birth date were September 4, 1985, your completed boxes would look like this:

E. In the area marked NATIVE COUNTRY CODE, copy the code number of your native country from the list on page 25. If your country is not listed, write in 999. (Note that the names of some countries may have changed since this Handbook was printed.) F. In the area marked NATIVE LANGUAGE CODE, look for your native language in the list on page 26. Copy the code number that is next to your native language. Remember that there are many languages spoken in the world, and not all of them are included in the list. If your language is not in the list, enter 999 in the boxes. G. Complete the examination record form portion of the admission form. Do not detach it. This portion of the admission form will be detached by the person admitting you to the testing room. You must provide all the information requested, and you must sign your name on the signature line. The examination record form will not be returned to you; it will become the institution’s record of your signature and address as of the day you are tested.

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Answer Keys

Answer Key for Level 1 Practice Questions Structure and Written Expression

Listening Comprehension



1. A 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. D





6. B 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. D

1. A 2. B 3. B 4. A 5. C



6. A 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. D

Reading Comprehension



1. D 2. A 3. A 4. B 5. C



6. D 7. C 8. B 9. A 10. C

Answer Key for Level 2 Practice Questions Structure and Written Expression

Listening Comprehension



24

1. D 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. B



6. C 7. C 8. A 9. B 10. B



1. A 2. A 3. D 4. A 5. D



6. C 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. C

Vocabulary and Reading Comprehension



1. A 2. C 3. C 4. A



5. B 6. A 7. D 8. D

COUNTRY AND REGION CODES Use this list when indicating the code for the country where you are currently living (your mailing address) and the code for the country where you were born (your native country). Afghanistan................ 001 Albania....................... 003 Algeria....................... 005 American Samoa....... 007 Andorra...................... 008 Angola....................... 010 Anguilla...................... 011 Antigua and Barbuda................... 012 Argentina................... 015 Armenia..................... 016 Aruba......................... 017 Australia..................... 020 Austria....................... 025 Azerbaijan.................. 029 Bahamas................... 035 Bahrain...................... 040 Bangladesh................ 045 Barbados................... 050 Belarus...................... 094 Belgium...................... 055 Belize......................... 056 Benin......................... 058 Bermuda.................... 060 Bhutan....................... 063 Bolivia........................ 065 Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba........................ 067 Bosnia and Herzegovina............ 069 Botswana................... 070 Bouvet Island ............ 071 Brazil.......................... 075 Brunei Darussalam............. 081 Bulgaria..................... 085 Burkina Faso............. 593 Burundi...................... 092 Cambodia.................. 307 Cameroon.................. 095 Canada...................... 100 Cape Verde................ 106 Cayman Islands......... 110 Central African Republic................... 113 Chad.......................... 114 Chile.......................... 115 China, People’s Republic of.............. 457 Colombia................... 120 Comoros.................... 122

Congo, The Democratic Republic of.............. 630 Congo........................ 125 Cook Islands.............. 126 Costa Rica................. 130 Côte D’lvoire.............. 290 Croatia....................... 133 Cuba.......................... 135 Curacao..................... 137 Cyprus....................... 140 Czech Republic......... 142 Denmark.................... 150 Djibouti....................... 153 Dominica.................... 154 Dominican Republic................... 155 Ecuador..................... 165 Egypt......................... 170 El Salvador................ 175 Equatorial Guinea...... 183 Eritrea........................ 182 Estonia....................... 184 Ethiopia...................... 185 Falkland Islands......... 188 Faroe Islands............. 187 Fiji.............................. 190 Finland....................... 195 France........................ 200 French Guiana........... 203 French Polynesia....... 202 Gabon........................ 204 Gambia...................... 205 Gaza Strip................. 206 Georgia...................... 208 Germany.................... 210 Ghana........................ 215 Greece....................... 220 Greenland.................. 225 Grenada..................... 227 Guadeloupe............... 228 Guam......................... 229 Guatemala................. 230 Guinea....................... 233 Guinea-Bissau........... 234 Guyana...................... 235 Haiti........................... 240 Holy See (Vatican City State)................ 597 Honduras................... 245 Hong Kong................. 250 Hungary..................... 251

Iceland....................... 255 India........................... 260 Indonesia................... 265 Iran, Islamic Republic of.............. 270 Iraq............................ 273 Ireland........................ 275 Israel.......................... 280 Italy............................ 285 Jamaica..................... 295 Japan......................... 300 Jordan........................ 305 Kazakhstan................ 308 Kenya......................... 310 Kiribati....................... 312 Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of............................. 314 Korea, Republic of..... 315 Kosovo, Republic of............................. 317 Kuwait........................ 320 Kyrgyzstan................. 323 Lao People’s Democratic Republic................... 325 Latvia......................... 328 Lebanon.................... 330 Lesotho...................... 333 Liberia........................ 335 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya............... 340 Liechtenstein............. 343 Lithuania.................... 344 Luxembourg............... 345 Macao........................ 347 Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of.............. 348 Madagascar............... 350 Malawi....................... 355 Malaysia.................... 360 Maldives.................... 361 Mali............................ 363 Malta.......................... 365 Marshall Islands........ 368 Martinique.................. 366 Mauritania.................. 369 Mauritius.................... 370 Mexico....................... 375

Micronesia, Federated States of.................. 107 Moldova, Republic of.............. 376 Monaco...................... 378 Mongolia.................... 379 Montenegro............... 354 Montserrat................. 381 Morocco..................... 380 Mozambique.............. 385 Myanmar.................... 090 Namibia..................... 388 Nauru......................... 386 Nepal......................... 387 Netherlands............... 390 Netherlands Antilles..................... 395 New Caledonia.......... 396 New Zealand............. 405 Nicaragua.................. 420 Niger.......................... 425 Nigeria....................... 430 Niue........................... 433 Northern Mariana Islands..................... 367 Norway...................... 435 Oman......................... 443 Pakistan..................... 445 Palau......................... 447 Palestinian Territories................. 211 Panama..................... 450 Papua New Guinea... 400 Paraguay................... 455 Peru........................... 460 Philippines................. 465 Poland....................... 470 Portugal..................... 475 Puerto Rico................ 474 Qatar.......................... 477 Reunion..................... 482 Romania.................... 483 Russian Federation... 484 Rwanda..................... 487 St. Kitts and Nevis..... 486 St. Lucia..................... 521 St. Maarten (Dutch Part)............. 502 St. Vincent and the Grenadines........ 522 Samoa....................... 620

San Marino................ 488 Sao Tome and Principe............ 489 Saudi Arabia.............. 490 Senegal..................... 497 Serbia........................ 494 Seychelles................. 498 Sierra Leone.............. 500 Singapore.................. 505 Slovakia..................... 503 Slovenia..................... 504 Solomon Islands........ 506 Somalia...................... 507 South Africa............... 510 Spain......................... 515 Sri Lanka................... 520 Sudan........................ 525 Suriname................... 527 Swaziland.................. 530 Sweden...................... 535 Switzerland................ 540 Syrian Arab Republic................... 545 Taiwan (Republic of China).................. 555 Tajikistan.................... 556 Tanzania, United Republic of.............. 560 Thailand..................... 565 Timor-Leste................ 566 Togo........................... 567 Tonga......................... 570 Trinidad and Tobago..................... 575 Tunisia....................... 580 Turkey........................ 585 Turkmenistan............. 584 Turks and Caicos Islands..................... 586 Tuvalu........................ 587 Uganda...................... 590 Ukraine...................... 589 United Arab Emirates.................. 591 United Kingdom......... 588 United States............. 592 Uruguay..................... 595 Uzbekistan................. 594 Vanuatu..................... 596 Venezuela.................. 600 Vietnam..................... 605

Virgin Islands (British).................... 077 Virgin Islands (U.S.)....................... 607 West Bank................. 611 Yemen........................ 623 Zambia....................... 635 Zimbabwe.................. 480 Use 999 for any country/region not listed.



25

NATIVE LANGUAGE CODES Afrikaans.................... 101 Akan.......................... 104 Albanian..................... 405 Amharic..................... 107 Arabic........................ 501 Armenian................... 401 Assamese.................. 301 Azerbaijani................. 402 Bambara.................... 417 Bashkir....................... 403 Basque...................... 404 Belarusian................. 408 Bemba....................... 111 Bengali....................... 305 Berber........................ 113 Bikol........................... 303 Bosnian...................... 411 Bulgarian................... 407 Burmese.................... 307 Catalan...................... 410 Cebuano.................... 312 Chichewa................... 114 Chinese..................... 315 Chuvash.................... 412 Croatian..................... 414

26

Czech........................ 413 Danish....................... 416 Dutch......................... 419 Dyula......................... 418 Efik............................. 116 English....................... 422 Estonian..................... 425 Ewe............................ 119 Farsi........................... 504 Fijian.......................... 601 Finnish....................... 428 French........................ 434 Fulah.......................... 122 Ga.............................. 125 Galician...................... 436 Ganda........................ 151 Georgian.................... 438 German..................... 437 Greek......................... 440 Guarani...................... 201 Gujarati...................... 320 Gwichin...................... 266 Hausa........................ 133 Hebrew...................... 507 Hiligaynon.................. 319

Hindi.......................... 323 Hungarian.................. 443 Igbo........................... 136 Icelandic.................... 447 lloko........................... 326 Indonesian................. 328 Inupiaq....................... 269 Italian......................... 450 Japanese................... 331 Javanese................... 332 Kannada.................... 335 Kanuri........................ 121 Kashmiri..................... 338 Kazakh....................... 339 Khmer........................ 310 Kikuyu........................ 142 Kinyarwanda.............. 123 Konkani...................... 352 Korean....................... 340 Kosraean................... 604 Kurdish...................... 342 Kurukh....................... 359 Lao............................ 343 Latvian....................... 452 Lingala....................... 145

Lithuanian.................. 453 Luba-Lulua................. 148 Luo............................ 153 Luxembourgish.......... 358 Macedonian............... 454 Madurese................... 375 Malagasy................... 156 Malay......................... 345 Malayalam................. 346 Maltese...................... 455 Mandingo................... 159 Marathi....................... 348 Marshallese............... 607 Mende........................ 162 Minangkabau............. 362 Mongolian.................. 341 Mossi......................... 128 Nauru......................... 608 Nepali........................ 351 Norwegian................. 456 Nyanja....................... 131 Oriya.......................... 353 Oromo........................ 127 Palauan..................... 610 Polish......................... 459

Pohnpeian................. 613 Portuguese................ 461 Punjabi....................... 355 Pushto........................ 357 Romanian.................. 464 Russian...................... 467 Samoan..................... 616 Santali........................ 372 Serbian...................... 415 Shona........................ 170 Sindhi......................... 360 Sinhalese................... 361 Slovak........................ 473 Slovenian................... 474 Somali........................ 173 Spanish...................... 478 Sundanese................ 364 Swahili....................... 176 Swedish..................... 481 Tagalog...................... 367 Tajik........................... 482 Tamil.......................... 370 Tatar........................... 371 Telugu........................ 373 Thai............................ 376

Tibetan....................... 379 Tigrinya...................... 179 Tonga......................... 622 Turkish....................... 484 Turkmen..................... 483 Twi............................. 182 Uighur........................ 368 Ukrainian................... 487 Urdu........................... 385 Uzbek........................ 495 Vietnamese................ 388 Wolof......................... 185 Xhosa........................ 178 Yapese....................... 631 Yiddish....................... 442 Yoruba....................... 188 Yupik.......................... 300 Zhuang...................... 396 Zulu............................ 191 Use 999 for any language not listed.

Admission Form

STUDENT NUMBER If the institution assigns you a student number, enter the number here and in item 2 on your answer sheet.

TOEFL ITP ® Program PO Box 6156 Princeton, NJ 08541-6156 USA You are scheduled for testing as follows:

TEST DATE___________________________________ REPORT HERE

TIME OF TEST________________________________ ☐ Level 1

☐ Level 2

Complete this form before your test day, using the instructions on page 23 of the Handbook. Bring the form with you to the testing site — you will need this information when you take the test.

NAME Print one letter per box.

BIRTH DATE Print your LAST NAME, then FIRST NAME, then MIDDLE NAME. Leave a blank box between names.

NATIVE COUNTRY CODE

Month

Day

Year

NATIVE LANGUAGE CODE

You must bring acceptable identification with you to the testing site or you may not be permitted to test. See page 6 of the Handbook for more information on identification requirements. The institution will give you your personal copy of your score report. TOEFL ITP test scores are not reported to other institutions. If you need TOEFL® scores for admission to universities and colleges where English is the medium of instruction, you must take the official TOEFL test.

EXAMINATION RECORD FORM STUDENT NUMBER

Retain this record for confirmation of signature and address of test taker.

If the institution assigns you a student number, enter the number here and in item 2 on your answer sheet.

Institution:________________________________________ Test Date: _________________ ☐ Level 1

☐ Level 2

◾ In these boxes, print your name exactly as you did above. Signature:___________________________________________________________________________________________ (Write your name as if signing a legal identification document.) ◾ On the lines below, print your name and the address where you can be reached in the next three weeks.

Complete Name



Number and Street Address

City

Province or State (Include ZIP or postal code.)

Country

Copyright © 2016 by Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ, USA

The TOEFL ITP ® Assessment Series Visit: www.ets.org/toeflitp

112309-82644 • Y316E.001 • Printed in U.S.A.

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