Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at ...

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Oct 5, 2009 - treatment outcomes assessed in the study were as follows: cure (76.6%), failure (8.1%), default (6.6%), transferred ... param├Ętre: Centres de traitement de la tuberculose en Ibadan, Nigeria objectif: ... une bonne connaissance.

[Downloaded free from http://www.annalsafrmed.org on Monday, October 05, 2009] Annals of African Medicine Vol. 8, No. 2; 2009:100-104

Original Article

Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria Page | 100

Akinola A. Fatiregun, Abimbola S. Ojo, Afolabi E. Bamgboye Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence to: Dr. Akinola A. Fatiregun, Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, College of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract Objective: To assess treatment outcomes and determinants of outcome among tuberculosis patients. Design: A longitudinal study design involving a cohort of sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients at initiation of therapy, who were followed up to the end of treatment at eighth month. Setting: Tuberculosis treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria Results: A total of 1,254 patients were followed up with a mean age of 35.0┬▒3.3 years. The percentages of patients with treatment outcomes assessed in the study were as follows: cure (76.6%), failure (8.1%), default (6.6%), transferred out (4.8%), and death (1.9%). The cure rate varied significantly between treatment centers from 40 to 94.4% (P

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