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U.S. Summary: 2000

Issued July 2002

Census 2000 Profile C2KPROF/00-US

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U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. CENSUS BUREAU

Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 Geographic Area: United States [For information on confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, and definitions, see text] Subject

Number

Total population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281,421,906 SEX AND AGE Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138,053,563 Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143,368,343 Under 5 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 to 9 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 to 14 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 to 19 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 to 24 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 to 34 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 to 44 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 to 54 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 to 59 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 to 64 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 to 74 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 to 84 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19,175,798 20,549,505 20,528,072 20,219,890 18,964,001 39,891,724 45,148,527 37,677,952 13,469,237 10,805,447 18,390,986 12,361,180 4,239,587

Median age (years) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35.3

18 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Male . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

209,128,094 100,994,367 108,133,727 196,899,193 41,256,029 34,991,753 14,409,625 20,582,128

RACE One race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274,595,678 White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211,460,626 Black or African American . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34,658,190 American Indian and Alaska Native . . . . . . . . . . . 2,475,956 Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,242,998 Asian Indian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,678,765 Chinese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,432,585 Filipino . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,850,314 Japanese. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 796,700 Korean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,076,872 Vietnamese. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,122,528 1,285,234 Other Asian 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. . . . 398,835 Native Hawaiian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140,652 Guamanian or Chamorro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58,240 Samoan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91,029 108,914 Other Pacific Islander 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Some other race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,359,073 Two or more races . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,826,228 Race alone or in combination with one or more other races: 3 White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216,930,975 Black or African American . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36,419,434 American Indian and Alaska Native . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,119,301 Asian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,898,828 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. . . . . . 874,414 Some other race . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,521,486

Percent

Subject

Number

Percent

100.0 HISPANIC OR LATINO AND RACE Total population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281,421,906 Hispanic or Latino (of any race) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35,305,818 49.1 Mexican . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,640,711 50.9 Puerto Rican. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,406,178 Cuban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,241,685 6.8 Other Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,017,244 7.3 7.3 Not Hispanic or Latino . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246,116,088 White alone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194,552,774 7.2

100.0 12.5 7.3 1.2 0.4 3.6 87.5 69.1

6.7 RELATIONSHIP 14.2 Total population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16.0 In households. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13.4 Householder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.8 Spouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.8 Child. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5 Own child under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Other relatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nonrelatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) Unmarried partner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.3 In group quarters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35.9 Institutionalized population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38.4 Noninstitutionalized population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70.0 14.7 HOUSEHOLD BY TYPE 12.4 Total households. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 Family households (families). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.3 With own children under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . Married-couple family . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With own children under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . 97.6 Female householder, no husband present . . . . . 75.1 With own children under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . 12.3 Nonfamily households . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.9 Householder living alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 Householder 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.6 0.9 Households with individuals under 18 years . . . . . 0.7 Households with individuals 65 years and over . . 0.3 Average household size. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 Average family size. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.4 0.5 HOUSING OCCUPANCY 0.1 Total housing units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vacant housing units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . For seasonal, recreational, or occasional use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 2.4 Homeowner vacancy rate (percent). . . . . . . . . . . . . Rental vacancy rate (percent). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.1 12.9 1.5 4.2 0.3 6.6

281,421,906 273,643,273 105,480,101 54,493,232 83,393,392 64,494,637 15,684,318 6,042,435 14,592,230 5,475,768 7,778,633 4,059,039 3,719,594

100.0 97.2 37.5 19.4 29.6 22.9 5.6 2.1 5.2 1.9 2.8 1.4 1.3

105,480,101 71,787,347 34,588,368 54,493,232 24,835,505 12,900,103 7,561,874 33,692,754 27,230,075 9,722,857

100.0 68.1 32.8 51.7 23.5 12.2 7.2 31.9 25.8 9.2

38,022,115 24,672,708

36.0 23.4

2.59 3.14

(X) (X)

115,904,641 105,480,101 10,424,540

100.0 91.0 9.0

3,578,718

3.1

1.7 6.8

(X) (X)

HOUSING TENURE Occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105,480,101 Owner-occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69,815,753 Renter-occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35,664,348

100.0 66.2 33.8

Average household size of owner-occupied units. Average household size of renter-occupied units .

2.69 2.40

(X) (X)

- Represents zero or rounds to zero. (X) Not applicable. 1 Other Asian alone, or two or more Asian categories. 2 Other Pacific Islander alone, or two or more Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander categories. 3 In combination with one or more of the other races listed. The six numbers may add to more than the total population and the six percentages may add to more than 100 percent because individuals may report more than one race. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.

2 U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

Table DP-2. Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 Geographic area: United States [Data based on a sample. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see text] Subject SCHOOL ENROLLMENT Population 3 years and over enrolled in school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nursery school, preschool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kindergarten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elementary school (grades 1-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . High school (grades 9-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . College or graduate school . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number

Percent

76,632,927 4,957,582 4,157,491 33,653,641 16,380,951 17,483,262

100.0 6.5 5.4 43.9 21.4 22.8

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Population 25 years and over . . . . . . . . . . 182,211,639 Less than 9th grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,755,477 9th to 12th grade, no diploma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21,960,148 High school graduate (includes equivalency). . . . . 52,168,981 Some college, no degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,351,595 Associate degree. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,512,833 Bachelor’s degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28,317,792 Graduate or professional degree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,144,813

100.0 7.5 12.1 28.6 21.0 6.3 15.5 8.9

Percent high school graduate or higher . . . . . . . . . Percent bachelor’s degree or higher . . . . . . . . . . . .

80.4 24.4

MARITAL STATUS Population 15 years and over . . . . . . . . . . 221,148,671 Never married . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59,913,370 Now married, except separated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120,231,273 Separated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,769,220 Widowed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,674,500 Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,975,325 Divorced . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21,560,308 Female. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,305,294 GRANDPARENTS AS CAREGIVERS Grandparent living in household with one or more own grandchildren under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grandparent responsible for grandchildren . . . . . .

Subject NATIVITY AND PLACE OF BIRTH Total population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Native. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Born in United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . State of residence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Different state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Born outside United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Foreign born . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Entered 1990 to March 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Naturalized citizen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not a citizen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Number

Percent

281,421,906 250,314,017 246,786,466 168,729,388 78,057,078 3,527,551 31,107,889 13,178,276 12,542,626 18,565,263

100.0 88.9 87.7 60.0 27.7 1.3 11.1 4.7 4.5 6.6

REGION OF BIRTH OF FOREIGN BORN Total (excluding born at sea). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31,107,573 Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,915,557 Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,226,254 Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 881,300 Oceania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168,046 Latin America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,086,974 (X) Northern America. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 829,442 (X) LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME Population 5 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262,375,152 100.0 English only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215,423,557 27.1 Language other than English . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46,951,595 Speak English less than ″very well″ . . . . . . . . 21,320,407 54.4 Spanish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28,101,052 2.2 Speak English less than ″very well″ . . . . . . . . 13,751,256 6.6 Other Indo-European languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,017,989 5.4 Speak English less than ″very well″ . . . . . . . . 3,390,301 9.7 Asian and Pacific Island languages . . . . . . . . . . . 6,960,065 5.6 Speak English less than ″very well″ . . . . . . . . 3,590,024

5,771,671 2,426,730

100.0 42.0

VETERAN STATUS Civilian population 18 years and over . . 208,130,352 Civilian veterans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26,403,703

100.0 12.7

DISABILITY STATUS OF THE CIVILIAN NONINSTITUTIONALIZED POPULATION Population 5 to 20 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With a disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

64,689,357 5,214,334

100.0 8.1

Population 21 to 64 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159,131,544 With a disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,553,796 Percent employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.6 No disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128,577,748 Percent employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77.2

100.0 19.2 (X) 80.8 (X)

Population 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . With a disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33,346,626 13,978,118

100.0 41.9

RESIDENCE IN 1995 Population 5 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . 262,375,152 Same house in 1995. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142,027,478 Different house in the U.S. in 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112,851,828 Same county . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65,435,013 Different county . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47,416,815 Same state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25,327,355 Different state. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22,089,460 Elsewhere in 1995. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,495,846

100.0 54.1 43.0 24.9 18.1 9.7 8.4 2.9

ANCESTRY (single or multiple) Total population. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281,421,906 Total ancestries reported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287,304,886 Arab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,202,871 1,703,930 Czech1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Danish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,430,897 Dutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,542,494 English. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24,515,138 8,325,509 French (except Basque)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . French Canadian1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,435,098 German . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42,885,162 Greek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,153,307 Hungarian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,398,724 Irish1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,594,130 Italian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,723,555 Lithuanian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 659,992 Norwegian. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,477,725 Polish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,977,444 Portuguese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,177,112 Russian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,652,214 Scotch-Irish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,319,232 Scottish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,890,581 Slovak . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797,764 Subsaharan African. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,781,877 Swedish. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,998,310 Swiss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911,502 Ukrainian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 892,922 United States or American. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,625,093 Welsh. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,753,794 West Indian (excluding Hispanic groups) . . . . . . . . 1,869,504 Other ancestries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91,609,005

100.0 15.8 26.4 2.8 0.5 51.7 2.7 100.0 82.1 17.9 8.1 10.7 5.2 3.8 1.3 2.7 1.4 100.0 102.1 0.4 0.6 0.5 1.6 8.7 3.0 0.9 15.2 0.4 0.5 10.9 5.6 0.2 1.6 3.2 0.4 0.9 1.5 1.7 0.3 0.6 1.4 0.3 0.3 7.3 0.6 0.7 32.6

-Represents zero or rounds to zero. (X) Not applicable. 1 The data represent a combination of two ancestries shown separately in Summary File 3. Czech includes Czechoslovakian. French includes Alsatian. French Canadian includes Acadian/Cajun. Irish includes Celtic. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.

3 U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

Table DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 Geographic area: United States [Data based on a sample. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see text] Subject

Number

Percent

217,168,077 138,820,935 137,668,798 129,721,512 7,947,286 5.8 1,152,137 78,347,142

100.0 63.9 63.4 59.7 3.7 (X) 0.5 36.1

Females 16 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112,185,795 In labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64,547,732 Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64,383,493 Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60,630,069

100.0 57.5 57.4 54.0

Own children under 6 years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . All parents in family in labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10,210,295 6,320,632 6,212,015

100.0 With earnings . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mean earnings (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58.6 With Social Security income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mean Social Security income (dollars)1 . . . . . . . 100.0 With Supplemental Security Income . . . . . . . . . . . . 75.7 Mean Supplemental Security Income 12.2 (dollars)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 With public assistance income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9 Mean public assistance income (dollars)1 . . . . . 1.2 With retirement income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Mean retirement income (dollars)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . (X) Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Less than $10,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.0 $10,000 to $14,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $15,000 to $24,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,000 to $34,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33.6 $35,000 to $49,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.9 $50,000 to $74,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26.7 $75,000 to $99,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.7 $100,000 to $149,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $150,000 to $199,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.4 $200,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median family income (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6 Per capita income (dollars)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median earnings (dollars): Male full-time, year-round workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.9 Female full-time, year-round workers . . . . . . . . . . . 6.8 14.1 3.6 11.7 Subject 5.2 3.1 POVERTY STATUS IN 1999 6.9 Families . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . With related children under 18 years. . . . . . . . . . . . 9.3 With related children under 5 years. . . . . . . . . . . 19.9 Families with female householder, no husband present . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.9 4.9 With related children under 18 years. . . . . . . . . . . . With related children under 5 years. . . . . . . . . . . 4.8

CLASS OF WORKER Private wage and salary workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101,794,361 Government workers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,923,353 Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,603,761 Unpaid family workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400,037

Individuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78.5 18 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.6 Related children under 18 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.6 Related children 5 to 17 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.3 Unrelated individuals 15 years and over. . . . . . . . .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS Population 16 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . In labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Civilian labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Unemployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Percent of civilian labor force . . . . . . . . . . . . Armed Forces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Not in labor force. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21,833,613 12,787,501

COMMUTING TO WORK Workers 16 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128,279,228 Car, truck, or van - - drove alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97,102,050 Car, truck, or van - - carpooled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,634,051 Public transportation (including taxicab) . . . . . . . . . 6,067,703 Walked. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,758,982 Other means. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,532,219 Worked at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,184,223 25.5 Mean travel time to work (minutes)1 . . . . . . . . . . . . Employed civilian population 16 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129,721,512 OCCUPATION Management, professional, and related occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43,646,731 Service occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19,276,947 Sales and office occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34,621,390 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations. . . . . . . 951,810 Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,256,138 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18,968,496 INDUSTRY Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Manufacturing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wholesale trade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Retail trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Transportation and warehousing, and utilities . . . . Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services . . . . . . . Educational, health and social services . . . . . . . . . Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other services (except public administration) . . . . Public administration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,426,053 8,801,507 18,286,005 4,666,757 15,221,716 6,740,102 3,996,564 8,934,972 12,061,865 25,843,029

Subject

Number

Percent

INCOME IN 1999 Households . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105,539,122 Less than $10,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,067,027 $10,000 to $14,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,657,228 $15,000 to $24,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,536,965 $25,000 to $34,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,519,242 $35,000 to $49,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17,446,272 $50,000 to $74,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,540,604 $75,000 to $99,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,799,245 $100,000 to $149,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,147,826 $150,000 to $199,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,322,038 $200,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,502,675 Median household income (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41,994

100.0 9.5 6.3 12.8 12.8 16.5 19.5 10.2 7.7 2.2 2.4 (X)

84,962,743 56,604 27,084,417 11,320 4,615,885

80.5 (X) 25.7 (X) 4.4

6,320 3,629,732 3,032 17,659,058 17,376

(X) 3.4 (X) 16.7 (X)

72,261,780 4,155,386 3,115,586 7,757,397 8,684,429 12,377,108 16,130,100 9,009,327 6,936,210 1,983,673 2,112,564 50,046

100.0 5.8 4.3 10.7 12.0 17.1 22.3 12.5 9.6 2.7 2.9 (X)

21,587

(X)

37,057 27,194

(X) (X)

Number below poverty level

Percent below poverty level

6,620,945 5,155,866 2,562,263

9.2 13.6 17.0

3,315,916 2,940,459 1,401,493

26.5 34.3 46.4

33,899,812 22,152,954 3,287,774 11,386,031 7,974,006 10,721,935

12.4 10.9 9.9 16.1 15.4 22.7

-Represents zero or rounds to zero. (X) Not applicable. 1 If the denominator of a mean value or per capita value is less than 30, then that value is calculated using a rounded aggregate in the numerator. See text. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.

4 U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

Table DP-4. Profile of Selected Housing Characteristics: 2000 Geographic area: United States [Data based on a sample. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see text] Subject

Number

Total housing units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115,904,641 UNITS IN STRUCTURE 1-unit, detached . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69,865,957 1-unit, attached . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,447,453 2 units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,995,350 3 or 4 units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,494,280 5 to 9 units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,414,988 10 to 19 units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,636,717 20 or more units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,008,058 Mobile home. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,779,228 Boat, RV, van, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262,610 YEAR STRUCTURE BUILT 1999 to March 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1995 to 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1990 to 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1980 to 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 to 1979 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1960 to 1969 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1940 to 1959 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1939 or earlier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,755,075 8,478,975 8,467,008 18,326,847 21,438,863 15,911,903 23,145,917 17,380,053

ROOMS 1 room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 or more rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median (rooms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2,551,061 5,578,182 11,405,588 18,514,383 24,214,071 21,385,794 13,981,917 9,343,740 8,929,905 5.3

Occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105,480,101 YEAR HOUSEHOLDER MOVED INTO UNIT 1999 to March 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21,041,090 1995 to 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30,479,848 1990 to 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,948,257 1980 to 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,429,173 1970 to 1979 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,399,015 1969 or earlier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,182,718

Percent

Subject

100.0 OCCUPANTS PER ROOM Occupied housing units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105,480,101 60.3 1.00 or less. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99,406,609 3,198,596 5.6 1.01 to 1.50 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,874,896 4.3 1.51 or more. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.7 Specified owner-occupied units . . . . . . . . 55,212,108 4.7 4.0 VALUE 5,457,817 8.6 Less than $50,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.6 $50,000 to $99,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,778,971 0.2 $100,000 to $149,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13,110,384 $150,000 to $199,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,075,904 $200,000 to $299,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6,583,049 3,584,108 2.4 $300,000 to $499,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,308,116 7.3 $500,000 to $999,999. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313,759 7.3 $1,000,000 or more. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119,600 15.8 Median (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.5 13.7 MORTGAGE STATUS AND SELECTED 20.0 MONTHLY OWNER COSTS 15.0 With a mortgage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,663,887 Less than $300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255,243 $300 to $499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,149,992 $500 to $699 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,943,283 2.2 $700 to $999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,612,512 4.8 $1,000 to $1,499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,679,988 9.8 $1,500 to $1,999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,555,203 16.0 $2,000 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4,467,666 20.9 Median (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,088 18.5 12.1 Not mortgaged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,548,221 Median (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295 8.1 7.7 (X) SELECTED MONTHLY OWNER COSTS AS A PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD 100.0 INCOME IN 1999 Less than 15.0 percent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,165,963 9,661,469 19.9 15.0 to 19.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,688,019 28.9 20.0 to 24.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,210,523 16.1 25.0 to 29.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,325,083 15.6 30.0 to 34.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,719,648 9.9 35.0 percent or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441,403 9.7 Not computed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specified renter-occupied units . . . . . . . . GROSS RENT Less than $200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $200 to $299 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $300 to $499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $500 to $749 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $750 to $999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,000 to $1,499 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1,500 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No cash rent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Median (dollars) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

VEHICLES AVAILABLE None . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 ........................................... 2 ........................................... 3 or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10,861,067 36,123,613 40,461,920 18,033,501

10.3 34.2 38.4 17.1

HOUSE HEATING FUEL Utility gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottled, tank, or LP gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electricity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fuel oil, kerosene, etc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coal or coke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Solar energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Other fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No fuel used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

54,027,880 6,880,185 32,010,401 9,457,850 142,876 1,769,781 47,069 412,553 731,506

SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS Lacking complete plumbing facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . Lacking complete kitchen facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . No telephone service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

670,986 715,535 2,570,705

51.2 6.5 30.3 9.0 0.1 1.7 GROSS RENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF - HOUSEHOLD INCOME IN 1999 0.4 Less than 15.0 percent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.7 15.0 to 19.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20.0 to 24.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25.0 to 29.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.6 30.0 to 34.9 percent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.7 35.0 percent or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Not computed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-Represents zero or rounds to zero.

(X) Not applicable.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.

5 U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

Number

Percent 100.0 94.2 3.0 2.7 100.0 9.9 30.4 23.7 14.6 11.9 6.5 2.4 0.6 (X)

70.0 0.5 3.9 9.0 17.4 21.2 10.1 8.1 (X) 30.0 (X)

36.5 17.5 13.9 9.4 6.0 15.8 0.8

35,199,502

100.0

1,844,181 1,818,764 7,739,515 11,860,298 6,045,173 3,054,099 1,024,296 1,813,176 602

5.2 5.2 22.0 33.7 17.2 8.7 2.9 5.2 (X)

6,370,263 5,037,981 4,498,604 3,666,233 2,585,327 10,383,959 2,657,135

18.1 14.3 12.8 10.4 7.3 29.5 7.5

U.S. Race* Breakdown

Census 2000: United States Profile

Black or African American (12.3%) American Indian and Alaska Native (0.9%) Asian (3.6%)

White (75.1%)

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (0.1%) Some other race (5.5%) Two or more races (2.4%) *One race

Population Density by County 0 0

Hispanic or Latino (of any race) makes up 12.5% of the U.S. population.

300 Kilometers

Population by Sex and Age

300 Miles

Total Population: 281,421,906 85+ Years 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 12,000,000

6,000,000

Male

0

6,000,000

12,000,000

Female

Housing Tenure Total Occupied Housing Units:

105,480,101 33.8% Renter Occupied

66.2% Owner Occupied Average Household Size of Owner-Occupied Units:

2.69

people

Average Household Size of Renter-Occupied Units:

2.40

people

Population Per Square Mile by County

0 0

U.S. density is 79.6

100 Kilometers 100 Miles

0 0

100 100

300

500 Kilometers 300

500 Miles

USCENSUSBUREAU Helping You Make Informed Decisions •1902-2002 U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. CENSUS BUREAU

County and statistically equivalent entity

3,000.0 to 66,940.1 300.0 to 2,999.9 160.0 to 299.9 79.6 to 159.9 7.0 to 79.5 1.0 to 6.9 Less than 1.0 State Boundary County Boundary United States Mean Center of Population